William Wheeler Thornton.

A treatise on the Federal employers' liability and safety appliance acts, and on the federal statutes on hours of labor, including Interstate commerce commission's rules and diagrams for equiments of cars online

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Online LibraryWilliam Wheeler ThorntonA treatise on the Federal employers' liability and safety appliance acts, and on the federal statutes on hours of labor, including Interstate commerce commission's rules and diagrams for equiments of cars → online text (page 101 of 102)
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State courts follow Federal courts in construing, 42.
State legislature, effect upon, 28, 31, 34.
Street railway, applies to, 53.
Supersedes state legislature, 36.
Territories, effect of Act of 1906 in, 40.
United States employees, 549.
Validity as to part contracts, 14.
When it can be applied, 54.
"While," meaning in statute, 54.

Statute of Umitatione—

Accrual of action in case of death, 232.
Action must be brought within two years, 230.



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992 INDEX TO employers' uability act.

[References are to pages.]

Statute of Limitations — Continued.
Amendment of pleading, 307.
Answer as to, 312.
Substituting administrator for plaintifiF beneficiary, 215, 309.

Steam Siiovel—

Operating, 74, 78, tujte 4.

Street Railway-
Statute applies to, 53, 106.

Survival of Action—

Amendment of 1010, effect, 219.
Damages recoverable, 259, 262.

Substitution-
Administrator for beneficiary, 215, 309.

Switch-
Repairing, 72, 78, note 4; 100.
Snow, cleaning from, 94.

Switcliing Care-
Cars destined for another state, 95.
Intent to immediately move into interstate commerce, 108.
Interstate cars, 58, 92.

Switciiman—

When not engaged in interstate oonmierce, 106.

Switzerland-
Rule as to fellow servant, 5.



Telegrapli Unes—

Repairing, 98.

Telegrapli Operator—

Within statute, 93.

Terminal Tracks-
Injuries to servant working on, 93.

Territories-
Act of 1906 valid in, 40.
Power of Congress in, 43.
Railroads governed by statute, 43.
Statute applies to, 62.



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INDEX TO employers' UABIUTY ACT. 993

[References ore to pages.]

Test—

Of Uability, 110.

Right of action under, 76.

Ticket Seller-
Application of statute to, 91, note 23, 94.

Track-
Additional, laying, 82.
Defective, 210.
Relaying, 82, note 14.
Repairing, 70, 73, 76, 78, note 4, 79. 93, 210.

Train-
Inspecting, 106.
Making up, 97.

Trainman-
Application of statute to, 68, 70.

Trestle-
Working on, 98.

Tunnel-
Building, 105.

V.

Variance-
Decisions concerning, 313.

Venue—

Where action to be brought, 289, 312.

Verdict-
Damages, apportions, 258.
Directing, 314.
Quotient, 294.

W.

Water-
Hauling, 106.

Weigher—

Of interstate cars, 96.

While Engaged in Interstate Commerce-
Meaning, 62.
Rule as to, discussed, 54.



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994 INDEX TO EM1»L0YEBS' LIABILITY ACT.

[ReleieDoet are to pages.]

Widow—

Action, can not maintain, 214, 309.

Beneficiaries, fee.

Georgia, statute as to, 142.

Separated from husband when he died, 223.

Wilful injury—

Joinder of action for with one for negligence, 292, note 11.
No cause of action for given, 292.

Wisconsin—

Ck>n8titutionality of fellow servant statute, 23.
Damages under statute, rule as to, 182.
Practice imder state statute, 197.

Witness-
Competency, 317.

Work-
Going to and from, 88, 101, 102, 125.

Workmen's Compensation Statute-
English Act, 5.
No recovery imder for interstate employee, 36, note 60.

Writ of Error-
Appeal and Writ of Error, see.



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INDEX TO
SAFETY APPLIANCE ACT.



A.

pleferences are to pages.]



Aceidenta—

Reports conceming, 555.

Action—

CivU action, recovering penalty, 435, 760, 754, 768, 787, 791, 796, 801,

805, 823, 827, 843.
Courts, see.

Distinction between recovering damages and penalty, 435.
Penalty, see.
Penalty, action to recover is a civil action, 435, 750, 754, 768, 787, 791,

796, 801, 805, 823, 827, 843.
Removal to Federal court, 412, 488.

Air Brakes-
Engine and tender counted as two cars, 768.
Percentage to train required, 768.
Transfer trains, on, 462.

Air Hose-
Employee connecting, engaged in interstate commerce, 780.
Obviating necessity for grabirons, 416.

American Railway Association-
Resolution concerning drawbar, 332.

Asti Pans-
Statute concerning, 690.

Assumption of Risic—

Bumper on car, 867.

Coupling defective cars, 867.

Employee, when he does not assume risk, 471.

Grab irons, defective, 455, note.

Safety cock, in turning, 867.

Automatic Brakes-
Brakes, see,

995



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996 INDEX TO SAFETY APPLIANCE ACT.

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B.

Bad Order Card—

Placing on defective car no defense, 411, 791.

Belt Railway—

Can used on must be equipped according to Federal statute, 367, 735,
821.

Boiler Inspection-
Statute concerning, 683, 689.

Brakemen—

Constitutionality of statute fixing number of to train, 459, note 26.

Brake Step-
Order of Interstate Commerce Commission as to, 616.

Brakes-
Automatic, no statute requiring, 459, note 26.
Car must have handbrake, 415.
Failure to equip train with, 458.
Handbrakes, see.

Negligence in not equipping train with, 471, note 6a.
Percentage of number to train, 458, 459.
Statute concerning, 606.
Steps for, 616.

Switching, cars must have, 889.
Trains too long to operate with air brake, 466.

Bumpers-
Assumption of risk by employee as to, 867.

Burden-
Car used in interstate commerce, 545.
Car, equipping, burden on defendant to show, 867.
Due care in equipping cars, defendant must show, 827.
Excuse for not equipping, defendant must show, 419, note 3, 497, 498, 453.
Government has to show car was not equipped as statute requires, 405,

728.
In what respect appliance out of repair, 868.
Plaintiff in action to recover damages for injiiry, 867.
Preponderance of evidence, 728.

Rests on government to show defects, 740, 744, 752, 760.
Right to move car, 453, 497, 498.



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INDEX TO SAFETY APPLIANCE ACT. 997

[References are to pages.]
C.



Caboose Caro—

Equipment, 039 to .646.



Burden to show diligence in equipping car, 867.

Cars, see.

Defect not discoverable, 706, 711, 786.

Diligence in repairing no defense, 728, 760, 772.

Duty to equip cars is absolute, 420, 426, 727, 745, 758, 760, 786, 824,

827, 840, 867.
Inspection, degree to be used, 708, 711.
Ordinary care used, no defense, 722.
Reasonable care used, no defense, 787, 796.

Car8—

Air brakes, $ee.

Bad order card, placing on, no defense, 411, 791.

Belt railway, using defective car on, 367, 735, 821.

Both ends of cars must be equipped, 745, 750, 763, 768, 772, 823,

840.
Brakes, see.

Burden to show right to move, 453.
Care, see.
Couplers, see.

Defect in, undisooveraUe, 805.
Defined, 395.

Diligence in discovering defects, 420, 426.
Distance car hauled inmiaterial, 350, 364.
Drawbars, see.

Duty to repair absolute, 745, 758, 760.
Electric cars subject to statute, 398.

Employee putting out of order is act of railway company, 760, 772.
Empty can must be equipped, 284, noU e, 398, 399, 729, 847.

in interstate train, 250, 292.
Equipping according to statute, must be, 422, 806.
Foreign car, defendant hauling over its line, 840.

not boimd to receive when defective, 411, 772.
Fouivwheeled car, 400.
Handbrakes, must have, 415.
Handbrakes, see,
Handholes, see.



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INDEX TO SAFETY APPLIANCE ACT.

[Refer^oes are to pages.]

Car»— Continued.

Hauling in interstate train, 371, 398, 722, 896, 901.

not essential to commission of ofifense, 370.

over another line of railway, 375, 380, note 45.
Height of drawbars differing, 404, note 18.
Inspection of continuous, duty, 827.
Insurer of equipment, company is not, 827.
Interstate articles carried by independent express company, 362.

car used in "connection" with intrastate oar, 371.

freight car loaded with, 398.

must be equipped according to statute, 847.
Intrastate car on interstate railroad, 358.
Knowledge of object is not an element of the offense, 449.
Ladder, see.

Lading immaterial to constitute offense, 722.
Logging cars, 400.

Long commodities, loading car with, 415.
M. C. B. defect card, placing on car, 411, 791.
Making up train, 369.

Moved, must be to constitute offense, 745, 750, 824, 827.
Not loaded with interstate traffic. 357.
Permitting to be hauled over defendant's railway, 374, 755«
Presumption as to sufficiency of equipment, 426.
Proof of use in interstate commerce, 391, note 59e, 392.
Receiving defective car from another railroad, not bound to do so, 411,

772.
Repairing cars, see.
Repairing en route, 728.
Running boards, 415.
Running boards, see.

Sand cars, hauling defendant's sand, 355, note 10.
Sill steps, 415.
Sill steps, see.

Spur track, defective car on, 368.
Switching defective cars, an offense, 366, 367.
Temporary suspension of transportation, 374.
Terminal tracks, use of defective cars on, 367.
Test under statute, 855.
Train is test of statute, 357, note 12d.
Use of defective care forbidden, 349, 351, 370, 479, 772.

in interstate commerce, 369, 371. 373, 352, note 6.

what is a use, 356.

when on switch track, 855.



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INDEX TO 8AFE1T APPUANCB ACT. 999

[Referencee are to paces.]

Chains-
Broken, ufling on oars, 755.
When may be used, 803.
When statute prohibits, 407.

Colorado Case-
Railroad wholly within state, 378, 379, 300.

Common Carriers-
Defined, 344.

Complaint-
Interstate conunerce, must show car was used in, 703.

Constitutionality of Statute-
Hours of labor statute, 506, 508, 510.
Release of damages, 491.

Resolutions of American Railway Association, 332, note.
Safety Appliance Act, 334, 847.

Construction of Statute-
Intent of Ck>ngress to be ascertained, 791.
Liberally construed, 334, 439.
Remedial, statute is, 847.
Secret intent of legislation, 389.
Used in moving interstate traffic, 354, note 7.

Contributory Negligence-
Comparative negligence when case not based on, 848.
Defeats action, 868.
Defense of, still in force, 867.

Knowledge of danger by employee, 867.



Couplers (Automatic)—

Adjacent cars, couplers defective, no excuse, 763.
Automatic, must be, 400, 762, 867.

locomotives must have, 659.
Belt railway cars must have automatic couplers, 821.
Both ends of car must have, 406, 729, 745, 768, 772, 823, 840.
Broken so can not be used, 728.
Coupling by impact, must, 400.
Difficult to use, 729, 770, 772.
Drawbars, see.

Engine, on, below minimum hdght, 887.
Height, failure to maintain at, 887.
Insufficient operation, 410.
Kind that must be used, 402.



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1000 INDEX TO SAFETY APPLIANCE ACT.

[References are to pages.]

Couplers (Automatic)— Continued.

Kinking, 760, 861.

employee going between car to adjust, 766.
Locomotive, front end, 410.
Models of, using in evidence, 878.
Necessity of going between cars to couple, 405, 766.
Negligence, not to equip car with, 868.

failing to use diligence, delinquency, 465.
Order of Interstate Commerce Commission concerning, 669.
Permitting car to be hauled with defective couplers, 755.
Preparation for coupling, 410.
Reasonable effort to operate, 728.
Shims to raise couplers, 449.
Stub pilot of locomotive, 469.
Sufficiency, 401, 405.
Switching, cars must have, 889.
Uncoupling, going between cars to make, 407, 703.

Courts-
Federal question, when presented, 412.
Removal of actions from state court, 412, 488.
State courts have power to entertain action for damages, 487.

D.

Damages-
Amount, 847.

Comparative negligence, when do^ not reduce, 848.
Suit in state court to recover, 487.
Validity of statute concerning releasing, 491.
What employees may recover, 468.

Defect in Car-
Knowledge of not necessary to constitute offense, 824, 829, 837.

Defense-
Burden to show right to move car, 453.

Door Step—

Order of Interstate Commerce Commission, 643.

Drawbars-
Couplers, see.

Height above rails, 408, 409, 611, 728.
Order of Interstate Commerce Commission, 610, 611.
Repairing en route, 728.

Resolutions of American Railway Association, 332.
validity, 332, note.



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INDEX TO SAFETY APPLIANCE ACT. 1001

pleferences are to pages.]



Drawings^

For equipment of cars, 663 to 680.



Electric Cars—

Subject to sUtute, 397, 396.

Employee—

Congress may protect, 722.
Coupler, difficult to use, 766, 768.

putting out of order, railroad liable, 772.
Uncoupling, going between cars to make, 703.

Empty Care-
Can, see.
Must be equipped, 356, 398, 399, 728, 847.

Engine-
Automatic couplers, must have, 659.
Couplers on, 887.
Front end, 410.
Locomotive, see.

Evidence-
Disposition of cars, 848.
Excuse, burden to show, 497, 498.
Expert testimony, 498.

concerning grabirons, 904.
Inspection by jury, 904.
In^>ector's, weight, 496, 843.

failure to inform defendant of their official character, 877, 878.

memorandum made by, 497.
Jury must consider all the evidence, 843.
Models of couplers, using, 496, 877.
Positive and negative, relative force, 828.
Preponderance sufficient. 868, 780, 787, 823, 827.
Reasonable doubt, 292.
Recitals in defendant's records, 848.
Reconciliation of conflicting statements, instruction, 861.
Satisfactory, must be to recover penalty, 728, 740, 744, 750, 768.
Sufficiency to recover penalty, 292, 805.
Weight, 848.

Express Company-
Carrying interstate traffic, 362.



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1002 INDEX TO SAFETY APPLIANCE ACT.

[References are to pages.]

F.

Federal Question—

When presented, 412.

Federal Court-
Removal of case to, 488.

Flat Care-
Equipment, 620.

Freight Car-
Equipment, 681.



Geddes Case-
Discussion in, 376 to 378, 390.
Denied as an authority, 380.

Gondola Care-
Equipment, 622, 624, 627.

Grab Irons—

Handholds, see.

Grip Irons-
Statute requiring, 606.



H.

Hand Brakes-
Hopper and gondola cars must have, 622.

Rules concerning, 607, 614 to 616, 622, 624, 625, 627, 629, 630, 632,
636, 639, 646, 657.
brake steps, 616.
Statute requiring, 606.

Handholds-
Car must have, 414, 415.
Coupling lever used as, question for jury, 843.
Expert testimony concerning, 904.
Failure to provide or repair, 451, 501.
Interstate Commerce Commission adopt rules oonoenuDg, 607, 610, 611,

613.
Interurban cars, 903.
Kind, what is sufficient, 843.



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INDEX TO SAFETY APPLIANCE ACT. 1003

[References are to paget.]

Handholds — Continued.

Location not fixed by statute, 787.

Long commodities on cars, 415.

Number of violations, 780.

On side of car not sufficient, 838.

Order of Interstate Commerce Commission, 614, 619, 625, 626, 628, 690,

631, 634, 635, 637, 638, 640, 641, 644, 645, 646, 647, 648, 649, 650,

651, 653. 656.
Penalty for faUure to equip, 501, 608, 609.
Repairing, 609.

Rules concerning, 619 to 621, 622, 624.
Statute requiring, 606.
Street cars, 904.
Substitute, 452, 780, 787.
Sufficiency, 413, 415^ 455, note,

question for jury, 416.
Train defined, 353, 780.
Where to be put, 413, 415, 679.

Handrails—

Order of Interstate Commerce Commission, 658, 659.

Haul—

Defined, 353.

Dist-ance defective car moved immaterial, 364.

Highway of Interstate Commerco—

Another company using, 375, 380, note 45.
Permitting cars to be hauled over, 374.
Raihoad devoted to, 358.

Hopper Cars—

Equipment, 622.

Hours of Labor-
Accidents causing delay, 700, 956.
Act of God, 517, 700.
Action to recover damages, 539.

to recover penalty, 539.
AH employees, applies to, 698.
Casualty, 517, 534, 700.
Change of work, 525, 526.

Commingling of intrastate and interstate duties, 524.
Congested traffic, 529.
Constitutionality of statute, 506, 510.
state statute. 508.



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1004 INDEX TO SAFETY APPLIANCE ACT.

[References are to pages.]

Hours of Labor — Continued.

Construction is liberal, 513, 924.

"Consecutive" hours, 527.

Continuously operated day and night, 699.

"Continuous" hours, 527.

Continuity of service, 950, 953.

Criminal statute, act is not, 924.

Deadheading, 700.

Defense, 539.

Delay in starting caused by another train, 524.

Economical reasons as a defense, 539.

Emergency, 533. 956.

what is not, 953.
Employees subject to act, 515.

not liable to penalty, 700.
Engine watching, 932.
Extending time of service, 956.
Ferry employees, 701.
Fireman watching engine, 525.
Hotbox causing delay, 522.
Hours for labor, 521.
Illness of telegraph operator, 918.
Inability to compel employees to act, 514.
Indefinite respite from work, 528.
Inspecting engine, 521.

Interstate Commerce Commission's power, 700.
Jury, question for, 541.
Liability of railroad to penalty absolute, 513.
Meals, time of, not deducted 953.
Negligent injury to employee, 539.
Occurrence of conditions ordinarily expected, 537.
"Off duty" as defined in statute, 516.

when, 940.
Office continuously operated, 531.

keeping open, 924.

operated only during daytime, 530.

what is an office, 699.
"On duty" as defined in statute, 516.

what is, 940.
Operated only during the daytime, 699.
Operator at local station, 533.
Orders, 531.

of Interstate Commerce Commission concerning, 696.



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INDEX TO SAFETY APPLIANCE ACT. 1005

[References are to pages.]

Hours of Labor — Continued.

"Other employee/' as used in section two, 615.
Passenger delayed, liability for delay, 540.
Penalty, action to recover, 539.

amount of, 540.
"Period,'' as used in statute, 533, 546.
Permitting overwork, 513.
Proviso to section two, 530.

to section three, 534, 536.
Purpose of statute, 512, 699, 924.
Railroad, to what kind statute applicable, 698.
Release from duty for an hour and a half, 950.

what is, 940.
Remedial, statute is, 512, 514.
Reports, requirements of Interstate Commerce Commission, 097.

failure to make, 541.
Rules of Interstate Commerce Commission concerning, 698 to 702.
Scope of statute, 514.
Sidetracking trains. 523.
Stations, 530, 699.
Statute, 682.

Statutory provisions, 505.
Steam, unable to raise, 522.
Street railways, 700.

Sudden illness of telegraph operator, 538.
Suspension of operation of statute for a given trip, 536.
Telegraph operators, 530, 531, 699, 701.

emergency, 953.

sudden iUness, 538, 918.

trainmen using, 702.
Telegraph office, what covered by statute, 924.
Ten consecutive hours, 698.
Terminal defined, 535.

Time delayed can not be deducted from period of time of service, 523.
Towers, 530, 699.

Towermen and switch tenders using telephone, 533.
Train baggagemen, 702.

despatchers, 937.
Unavoidable accident, 517, 534.
Unbroken intervals of time, 527.
Voluntary action on part of employee, 513.
Watching engine, 525, 932.
Week, 533.



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1006 INDEX TO SAFETY APPLIANCE ACT.

[References are to paget.]

I.

Inspectors-
Discrediting, 596.

Failure to disclose defects in cars, 728.

Informing defendant of defects in cars, need not, 796, 801, 877, 878.
memorandum made by, as evidence, 597.

Instructions-
Degree of care required by defendant, 878.
Refusal of one covered by another, 878.

Interstate Car—

"Connection" with intrastate car, 371.

Intention-
Secret intention of Congress, interpretating statute, 389.

Interstate Commerce-
Air hose, employee coupling, engaged in, 780.
Belt raUway, statute applies to, 367, 735, 821.
Car must be shown to have been used in, 814.

Freight designed for another state not yet left state of asngnment, 376.
Highway of, 358.
Illustrations, 349.
Interterritorial Act of 1903, 351.
Instrumentalities of, 354, note 7.
Moving car in, necessary, 745.
Power of Congress concerning, 386.
Proof that car was used in, 391, note 59e, 392.
Raib-oad wholly within one state, 376 to 380« 714.
Return of train to state of origin, 355.
Statute concerning, 414.
Switching foreign cars, 797.
Test, 346, 855.
What is, 346, 347, 715.
When begins, 801, 822.

Interstate Commerce Commission-
Order concerning equipment of cars, 610.
Rules may adopt concerning cars, 607.

Interstate Railroads—

Belt lines, 367, 735, 821.

Crossings over, 386.

Highway of interstate commerce, see.



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INDEX TO SAFETY APPLIANCE ACT. 1007

pEteferenoeB are to pagm.]



Intsrsttts Trafflo— *

Car used in, 354, 309.
Interstate commerce, «m.
What is, 354.

Interterritorial Aet—

Equivalent to Act of 1903, 351.

Interurbtn Raitway—

Subject to Act, 903.



J.



Jeopardy—

Twice in jeopardy, 504.

Judicial Notice—

Safety Appliance Act, 489.

Jury—

'Contributory negligence, question for, 856.
Evidence, all, must consider, 843.
Handholds, may examine, 416.
Hours of labor statute, 520.
Penalty, action to recover, 498.
Trial by, in action for penalty, 498.
Verdict directing, 499.
Whether injured servant was engaged in interstate commerce, 412.



Knowledge of Defective Car—

Not necessary to commission of offense, 449.

L
Ladders-
Caboose cars, 633 to 646.
Car must have, 415.
Freight cars, 661.
Gondola cars, 622 to 629.
Hopper cars, 622 to 629.
Locomotives, 652 to 660.
Order of interstate commerce commission concerning, 617, 624, 627, 628,

629, 643, 650, 653, 667.
Passenger cars, 646 to 652.
Rules concerning, 607, 617 to 619.
Statute requiring, 606.



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1008 INDEX TO SAPBTY APPLIANCE ACT.

pEteferenoee are to paget.]

Locomotive—

Engine, see.

Equipment, 652 to 660.

Front end, 410.

Ladders on, 652 to 660.

Stub-pilot, using on as an act of negligence, 469, noie Z,

M.

M. C. B. Defect Card-
Placing on defective car no excuse for violating statute, 411, 791.
when used, 41 1, note 30.

Medale—

Statute awarding as badges of honor, 556.

N.
Negligence—

Automatic couplers, failure to use, 467.
Brakes, failure to use, 471, noU 6a, 466, noU 29.
Burden to show, 867.
Contributory negligence by plaintiff, 477, 485.

does not defeat action, 485.
Duty as to cars, 422.
Excuse for defendant, none allowed, 420, 423, 424, 722, 745, 758, 760,

786, 824, 827, 840, 867.
Failure to equip car with couplers, 867.
Handholds defective, 455, note.
Penalty not dependent upon, 824.
Pleading, sufficiency, 489.
Proximate cause of injury, 469.
Removal of actions to Federal Court, 488.
State courts, actions to recover damages, 487.
Stub-pilot, using on to constitute, 469, note 3.
Two acts combining to produce injury, 486.
What employees may use, 468.

P.

Passenger Care-
Equipment, 646 to 652.

Penalty-
Action to recover, 435, 492.

is a civU case, 493, 497, 750, 754, 760, 764, 768, 787, 791, 796, 801,
805, 823, 827, 843.



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INDEX TO SAFETY APPLIANCE ACT. 1009

[Referenoee are to paget.]

Penalty — Continued.
Amount, 500.

Burden on government, 402, 495.
Criminal action, 492.
Evidence sufficient to recover, 495, 805.
Handhdds, failure to equip car with, 451, 501.
Hauling car in interstate train, 796, 801.
unequipped car, incurs penalty, 768.
Incurring, 762.
Jeopardy, 504.
Joint action to recover, 494.
Jury trial, entitled to, 498.
Knowledge of defect in car, 449.
Operating car in interstate commerce, 729.
Petition of government to recover, 494, 698.
Presumption, 492.
Proof, sufficiency, 495, 805.
Verdict, directing, 499.
What must be shown to recover, 714.

Plans-

For equipment of cars, 665 to 680.

Pleading-
Action for negligence, 489.
Government's petition to recover penalty, 494, 696.



R.



Railroad-
Defined, 345.



Reasonable Doubt-
Evidence, see.
Proof beyond need not be made, 392, 823, 827.

Release of Damages-
Validity of statute, 847.

Removal of Action—

When allowed, 412.

Repairs-
Burden to show excuse for not making, 419, note 3.
Construction of statute concerning, 435.
Diligence in discovering defect, 420.
in making, 418.



Digitized by VjOOQIC



1010 INDEX TO SAFETY APPLIANCE ACT.

[Referenoes are to pages.]

Repaire — Continued.

Duty to make it absolute, 422, 763, 772.

Hauling car to shops for, 441, 444, 763, 848.

Immediate, should be made, 763, 772.

In transit, car in, 805.

Knowledge of defect, not necessary to ofiFeose, 420.

Presumption as to, 426, 446, 449, 805.

Sending cars to repair shops, 369.

Shops for, necessity to have, 444, note lid, 449.

Transit, repairing cars in, 426, 445, 448, 805.

When must be made, 912.

Repair Point-
Hauling car to, 893.
Nearest available repair point defined, 893.

Repair Sliope—

Must have at convenient points, 444, rude lid, 449.

Reports-
Requirements of interstate commerce commission, 695.

Running Boards—

Car must have, 415.

Order of interstate commerce commiwnon concerning, 616, 632, 686, 630,
642, 657.



Safety Appliance Act-
Statute, 602.

Safety Raiiing—

Must provide, 631, 635, 638.

Servant-
Jury determines whether engaged in interstate oommeroe, 412.
Railroad liable for his neglect, 404, note 18.

Sliims—

Use of to raise couplers, 455.

Sliope for Repairs-
Must be at convenient points, 44, note Ud, 449.

Sill Steps—

Car must have, 415, 607.



Online LibraryWilliam Wheeler ThorntonA treatise on the Federal employers' liability and safety appliance acts, and on the federal statutes on hours of labor, including Interstate commerce commission's rules and diagrams for equiments of cars → online text (page 101 of 102)