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family in heaven and earth.' Thus, then, he puts the home
paramount to everything else, the home, to which God hath
given the children, that wind round our hearts a tie that can-
not be sundered. The home is the fountain from which the
stream flows, in whom the family of heaven and earth is
named. In it are named not only those we see and commune
with, but those also that are departed. And not alone these,
but even the angels. Therefore we see that the text brings us
under the shadow of the cross. Jesus worked miracles, but
this He did because God was behind them. Now He works
His miracles through the sacraments. Some doubt the sacra-
ments of the bread and wine, the water of baptism, and that
hands can confirm. But we see their power because He is
behind the sacraments. It is He who works these sacraments
at a distance from the object of His benediction and through
His agents, He makes Himself man that we may share His
bone and His flesh. And what cheers us on is the conviction
that we are of the family. The real home brings us into com-
munion with God, and the church is a part of that home. By



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246 HISTORY OF GENERAL CONVENTION.

the revelation of the Trinity we know that God determined,
Jesus fulfilled, and the Holy Ghost sanctified, thus being united
in the salvation of humanity. Be loyal, therefore, my brethren,
and remember that you are a part of the family, and at last
you shall be washed and made fit to associate with the angels
and archangels around the Father's throne."

THE REV. WILLIAM PRALL, D. D. — ON FIXITY OF CHARACTER.

In St. Peter's Church, of which Rev. Anthon T. Gesner is
Rector, Rev. William Prall, D. D., Rector of St. John's Church,
Detroit, Mich., preached. The text was Rev. xxn:ii, — "He that
is unjust, let him be unjust still; he that is filthy, let him be
filthy still; and he that is righteous, let him be righteous still;
and he that is holy, let him be holy still." Dr. Prall said that
God's love for man was very strong and deep and eternal, is
shown by the fact that He gave His Son, Jesus Christ, for his
redemption; this truth should at all times be kept gratefully in
mind; but there is another truth, which is too much the fashion
to forget, it is this: That God is just, He metes out justice as
well as bestows love. The natural world is governed by law,
so is the moral word; why should not law work to its perfection
in man as well as in the universe at large. The tendency is
for character to become fixed; the more good we do, and the
oftener we do good deeds, the more does goodness become a
part of our nature, and the more certain is it, that we shall
continue to be and to do good. The converse of this is true;
if a man loves evil and continues to do it, the more evil he
does the more firmly does evil become habitual to him and
part of his very self. That fixity of character is one of the
great facts of God's moral world is true, and it is a truth
fraught with blessings in very many ways. The declaration of
the text should fill the minds of the good with joy unspeakable,
because a time will come when it will be said of the righteous
and of the holy, they shall so remain. The text should fill the
mind of the sinner with solemn concern, lest he come to a time
when it is said of him let him remain unholy still. In a day
when we are too prone to trespass upon the goodness of God,
and because of his kindness and love, put away his service from
us. The sermon was opportune and it was able.



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HISTORY OF GENERAL CONVENTION. 247

BISHOP MILLSPAUGH — ON THE LAY PRIESTHOOD.

At St. Paul's Church the preacher was Bishop Millspaugh,
of Kansas. The Bishop is a warm friend of the Rector of
the Church, Rev. John Wright, D. D., and was for many years
a very intimate friend of a former Rector, Rev. E. S. Thomas,
late Bishop of Kansas, of whose life and work Bishop Mills-
paugh, in loving words, spake before; the preacher then began
his sermon which was on the priesthood of all the laity, which
he said involves very solemn responsibilities, and should make
every one think with prayerful care upon his duty. This relation-
ship is, alas, too often forgotten by men; the press of business,
the stress of life, its temptations and cares, put out of mind the
truth that we are priests unto God. The baptismal sacrament
and vows, are out of our thoughts, it may be, but they are not
out of God's thoughts, and we shall be judged in their light.
In this glad hour let us, remembering that we are all priests
unto God, offer ourselves in holy sacrifice unto Him; so shall
our joy be complete and our acceptance with our Father in
heaven be perfect.

BISHOP HALL — ON THE SACRAMENTS.

The notice that the Bishop of Vermont would preach in St.
Paul's Church was sufficient to ensure a large congregation; the
sermon was on the Sacraments of the Church. All who know
Bishop Hall know the ground he took, for his positions arc so
well defined and positive, that no room for question exists.
The Bishop assumed that the Church is a Divine institution,
that she has a divinely appointed and ordained ministry, whose
duty and whose office it is to offer unto God both gifts and
sacrifices, that by Holy Baptism men are made children of God,
admitted into the Church, and thus become members of the
household of faith. That Baptism is instituted by Christ and
will abide a sacrament in His Church till He shall come to
judge the quick and the dead. That the Holy Communion is
also of Christ's institution and is of perpetual obligation in the
Church, that in it, is Jesus Christ Himself, that all the faithful
are to find here strength and comfort and "Him of whom Moses
in the Law and the Prophets did write." In Bishop Hall's
sermon in regard to the Sacrament of the Lord's Supper, the



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248 HISTORY OF GENERAL CONVENTION.

Church stands alike removed from the reformers of Geneva on
the one hand, and the teaching of Rome on the other. The
Bishop's earnest, impassioned words, his definitiveness, and
powerful appeals to all present to be loyal in life and heart, in
faith and in practice to the Sacramental teaching of the Church,
made a profound impression. To the Bishop Jesus Christ is
very real in all the sacraments of the Church, and this is to
him a joy and strength.

BISHOP PERRY — ON FOLLOWING CHRIST.

At St. Paul's Church, the Bishop of Iowa was the preacher
in the evening; the subject was: "Forsaking all for Christ's
sake and following Him." The Bishop said: "It is in the
Gospel required that a man who will serve Christ, must be
ready to give Him the very highest thoughts of his mind, and
the warmest love of his heart; in so doing, all the blessings He
has to give are gained; if we have to forsake father or mother,
or worldly goods, the reward is sure, the promise certain. We
place too much value upon the every day things of life, too little
value upon the things eternal. God would have us consider
n«,i c^f our hearts upon things in their relative value, and so
race, develop all that is in us, in just proportions; if
>t, evil and worry, dissatisfaction, and disappointment
kind comes; man being out of harmony with the great
r of the world, can do nothing other than eat the bread
In following the rule laid down by Christ, all is
;ht; we grow in grace, for the light of God in the soul of
orms to known Taws; if we dwell upon spiritual things,
: devout, prayerful, consecrated lives, if we take enough
1 business and worldly employ to contemplate God,
:ome to us in all the blessings of His grace and plenti-
es power."



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CHAPTER XXIV.

The House of Deputies.

october 2 1 st.

lyiORNING Prayer was read by the Rev. A. Beatty, D. D.,
*** of Kansas, Bishop Barker, of Olympia, pronounced the
benediction, Rev. Francis Lobdell, D. D., of Western New York,
proposed the following resolution, which was passed:

That the President of this House be, and hereby is, em-
powered to fill vacancies upon the part of this House which
may occur between the meetings of the General Convention in
Commissions, Joint Committees and Committees of the Conven-
tion.

Mr. George C. Thomas, of Pennsylvania, proposed a vote of
thanks to the Minneapolis and St. Paul daily papers, for the
very faithful reports; this was passed. It was generally agreed
by Bishops, Priests and Laymen, that no previous Convention
had ever been reported so thoroughly and well. There are
six daily papers in the two cities; four of which have evening
editions. The Pioneer Press and the Globe, in St. Paul, gave
every morning, accounts of the proceedings of the preceding
day; the Despatch, of the same city, gave evening reports. In
Minneapolis, the Times newspaper had made an arrangement
with the editors of The Living Church and the Church Stand-
ard, by which the three papers worked in harmony. In addition,
long before the Convention it engaged Rev. Wm. Wilkinson to
supply biographical sketches daily during the Convention, of
leading men in both Houses, which he did, and Bishop Perry
it is understood, wrote notes on such doings in the House of
Bishops as were of interest to the general public. This paper
also had a photographer at the disposal of its reporters for the
purpose of taking photographs of men and scenes, and thus



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250 HISTORY OF GENERAL CONVENTION.

produced reports which have become historic. The Tribune,
the other morning paper published in this city, also had artists
making photographs which it published, and excellent reports
of what was said and done. The Journal and the Evening
Tribune showed great enterprise and gave long reports of the
proceedings, and printed many likenesses of representative men.
The New York Churchman, the Church Standard, of Philadel-
phia, and the Living Church, of Chicago, printed reports which
deserve a permanent place in every Church library, and, in ad-
dition, had editorial and other comment upon the proceedings
which are of permanent value to well informed Churchmen.
The writer of this History, with great care, before the Conven-
tion opened, had gathered facts and prepared notes on Bishops
and Clerical and Lay Deputies, and Church officials; was one
of the Committee of Arrangements for the General Convention
and in daily attendance at its sessions; yet has found it neces-
sary to make large use of reports in papers named, and cheer-
fully and gratefully acknowledges many obligations.

Mr. Bennett, of Massachusetts, submitted the following reso-
lution, which was agreed to:

Resolved, That the special Committee of this House, to whom
were referred the proposed Amendments to the Constitution, be
authorized to print with their report the present Constitution
and the Amendments thereto which have been approved at this
Convention. Carried.

The Rev. Dr. Elliott, of Maryland, submitted the following
report, which was concurred in:

The Committee of Conference on the relations of the two
Houses on the matter of messages respectfully report that it
does not seem to the Committee that there is any occasion for
proposing action upon the subject.

The Rev. Dr. Elliott, of Maryland: At an informal meet-
ing of all the Deputies now in Minneapolis who have been ap-
pointed by the chair to serve on the Committee which has
been raised to consider the messages of the House of Bishops
relating to the Constitution, and to report to the next General
Convention, it was unanimously

Resolved, That in view of the sincerely regretted declination
of the Rev. Dr. Huntington to serve with the Committee, the
House of Deputies be requested to appoint the President of
the House, the Rev. Dr. Morgan Dix, to serve on said Com-
mittee and to act as chairman thereof.



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HISTORY OF GENERAL CONVENTION. 25 1

Resolved, further, That Dr. Elliott be asked to move a reso-
lution to this effect, and that it be placed upon the minutes of
the House.

The resolution was unanimously passed on being put by
Secretary Hutchins. Dr. Dix was taken completely by surprise,
but he, in graceful words, thanked the House for honoring him
in this way, and accepted the position.

The Rev. Dr. Richards, of Rhode Island, brought in a report
from the Committee on the Admission of new Dioceses, which
had considered Message No. 62, from the House of Bishops,
referring to the erection of the Missionary District of Northern
Texas into a Diocese. There had been no preliminary convo-
cation of the proposed Diocese, or such action taken as is need-
ful by the law of the Church, and so Northern Texas remains
a Jurisdiction.

Dr. Richards reported from his Committee favorably on the
erection of a new Missionary Jurisdiction in North Carolina.

Rev. Chauncey B. Brewster, of Long Island, and the Rev.
Dr. L. Waterman, of New Hampshire, spoke on the subject;
when Mr. McBee, of North Carolina, made a powerful plea in
behalf of the division, which he said would contain a larger
number of souls than fifteen out of the eighteen Jurisdictions
the Church already had; he was followed on the same side by
Rev. Dr. Lindsay, of Massachusetts.

Dr. John Fulton closed the discussion in a speech replete
with kindness and admiration for the noble work done by
Churchmen under the greatest difficulties, in Carolina; he sup-
ported the resolution to erect a new Jurisdiction. The vote
was as follows: Clerical, fifty-one Dioceses, yes. One, no.
One divided. Lay vote, thirty-eight, yes. Six, no. Divided,
two. So the resolution was agreed to.

REVISION OF THE CONSTITUTION.

The Rev. Dr. Hoffman submitted the following report:

"The Committee of Conference on the Disagreements of the
two Houses of this Convention, respecting the amendments to
Articles 1, n, and 111 of the Constitution, as communicated in
Messages 37 and 74 of the House of Bishops, unanimously re-
port, as the result of their conference, a recommendation that
the following resolution be adopted by both Houses:



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252 HISTORY OF GENERAL CONVENTION.

11 Resolved, That the following amendment be made to the
Constitution, and that the proposed amendment be made known
to the several Dioceses, in order that it may be finally agreed
to and ratified in the next General Convention, in accordance
with the provision in Article ix of the Constitution:

" Insert in place of Articles i, n, and in of the Constitution
the following:

CONSTITUTIONS.
I.

"Section I. There shall be a General Convention of the
Church, consisting of the House of Bishops and the House of
Deputies, which Houses shall sit and deliberate separately ; and
in all deliberations freedom of debate shall be allowed. Either
House may originate and propose legislation, but every act of
the General Convention must be adopted by both Houses, and
be certified by the signatures of the presiding officer and of
the secretary of each House.

"Sec. 2. Every Bishop of this Church having jurisdiction,
every Bishop Coadjutor, and every Bishop whose resignation
of Jurisdiction shall have been accepted, shall have a seat and
a vote in the House of Bishops. A majority of all Bishops
entitled to vote, exclusive of those who have resigned their
Jurisdiction and those who are Bishops in foreign lands, shall
be necessary to constitute a quorum for the transaction of
business.

" Sec. 3. The senior Bishop of this Church, in the order of
consecration, having jurisdiction within the United States, shall
be the presiding officer of the House of Bishops. He shall
discharge such duties as may be prescribed by the Constitution
and Canons of the General Convention, or, for its own needs,
by the House of Bishops, and shall hold office for life, unless
he resign or be relieved from that office by vote of a majority
of the Bishops entitled to a vote in the House of Bishops.

"Sec. 4. The Church in each Diocese which shall have
been admitted to the General Convention shall be entitled to
be represented in the House of Deputies by not more than four
presbyters, canonically resident in the Diocese, and not more
than four laymen, communicants of this Church, and having
domicile to the Diocese. Each Diocese shall prescribe the man-
ner in which its Deputies shall be chosen.

"A majority of the Dioceses entitled to representation shall
be represented by clerical Deputies, and also a majority of the
Dioceses so entitled shall be presented by lay Deputies, to con-
stitute a quorum for the transaction of business. The absence
of a majority of the Deputies of either order of any Diocese
shall not invalidate the representation of such Diocese, so long



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HISTORY OF GENERAL CONVENTION. 253

as there be present one or more Deputies of either order. If
any Diocese be not represented, or be represented in one order
only, such Diocese shall nevertheless be bound by the acts of
the General Convention.

" On any question, the vote of the majority of the Deputies
present shall suffice, unless otherwise ordered by these Consti-
tutions, or unless the clerical or lay representatives from any
Diocese require that the vote be taken by orders ; and in all
cases of a vote by orders, the two orders shall vote separately,
each Diocese having one vote for its clerical and one for its lay
representation, if present; and the concurrence of the votes of
the two orders, by not less than a majority in each order of all
the Dioceses represented in that order at the time of the vote,
shall be necessary to constitute a vote of the House. Provided,
however, that, if it shall appear that a constitutional quorum of
the House has not voted, the presiding officer shall declare
that there has been no vote of the House ; and in such a case
the question may be again put to the House when a quorum
shall be present, at any time before the final adjournment of
the Convention then in session.

Sec. 5. In either House any number less than a quorum
may adjourn from day to day. Neither House, during the ses-
sion of the General Convention, shall adjourn without the con-
sent of the other for more than three days, nor to any place
other than that in which the Convention shall be sitting.

" Sec. 6. The General Convention shall meet in every third
year on the first Wednesday in October, unless a different day
be appointed by the preceding Convention, and at such place
as shall have been determined on by the Convention ; and if
there shall appear to the presiding officer of the House ot
Bishops sufficient cause for changing the place so appointed,
he may appoint another place for such meeting. Special meet-
ings may be called in accordance with canonical provisions of
the Convention."

The question then was on the report of the Committee of
Conference. The vote was taken by orders and Dioceses ; both
orders voted, yes, and the report was agreed to.

Rev. Dr. Huntington, from the Committee on Amendments
to the Constitution, which had considered Message No. 80 from
the House of Bishops, recommending the following amendment
to the Constitution, be proposed and made known to the several
Dioceses. Add to Article v of the Constitution the following:

"The General Convention may accept a cession of a part of
the territorical jurisdiction of a Diocese when the Bishop and
Convention of such Diocese shall propose such cession, and
three-fourths of the parishes in the ceded territory, and also



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254 HISTORY OF GENERAL CONVENTION.

the same proportion of the parishes within the remaining ter-
ritory, shall consent thereto ; reported the following resolution: 11

The resolution was placed on the calendar.

A message (No. 87) was received from the House of Bishops,
announcing that it had passed the following resolution:

Resolved, the House of Deputies concurring, That Title I,
Cannon 16, Section 7, Sub-section 1, be amended by the inser-
tion of a form of certificate of the election of a foreign Mis-
sionary Bishop in place of that adopted by the General Con-
vention in 1844.

The message was referred to the Committee on Canons.

A message (No. 88) was received from the House of Bishops,
announcing that it had under further consideration the subject
of Message No. 56 from the House of Deputies, and had adopted
the following resolution :

Resolved, the House of Deputies concurring, That Title I,
Canon 19, Section 14, Subdivision 2, be amended by adding,
after the words "judicial sentence," the words following, to-wit:
" or of mental infirmity, assured by the judgment of four neigh-
boring Bishops convened for the purpose and acting upon the
testimony of sufficient medical authority ; M so that the para-
graph amended shall read:

(2) A Diocese without a Bishop, or of which the Bishop
is, for the time, under a disability by reason of a judicial sen-
tence, or of mental infirmity, assured by the judgment of four
neighboring Bishops, convened for the purpose, and acting upon
the testimony of sufficient medical authority, may, by its Con-
vention, be placed under provisional charge and authority of
the Bishop or Bishop Coadjutor of another Diocese, or of a
Missionary Bishop, etc.

The message was referred to the Committee on Canons.

A message (No. 89) was received from the House of Bishops,
announcing that it had received a report of the Committee of
Conference respecting the proposed amendments to amendments
1, 11, and in of the Constitution, and had adopted the resolu-
tion contained in the said report.

The President: No action is required upon this message.

Now was the time for the order of the day, and the busi-
ness being the presentation of memorials of members of fofmer
General Conventions, who, in the last three years, have passed
to the rest of Paradise. The House joined in prayer, which
being ended, Rev. Dr. Alsop introduced the report proper, in
beautiful words, saying, that within the last three years the



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HISTORY OF GENERAL CONVENTION. 255

Church had lost many members whose place could not easily
be filled.

"As we come to name after name in the list given below,
we would fain stop to speak of virtues and services which once
enriched our communion. Here are names which the world
will not willingly let die; clergymen and laymen of whom we are
justly proud; men whom we loved and revered; men whose
presence and counsel were a benediction to this body. They
have gone to their rest and reward, but have left behind them
memories which we do well to cherish, while with our best
powers we put our hands and hearts to the work passed on to
us; when in the battle field the front ranks are often thinned,
those who rush to fill the vacant places do it not seldom with
heavy hearts and tear-dimmed eyes, and with the same feeling
we close up our ranks. God give us courage to be faithful
and true as those whom to-day we commemorate."

The following is the list of deceased members:

Alabama, H. Stringfetlow, attended eight General Conven-
tions. J. Ireland Tucker, attended two General Conventions.

Arkansas, Legan C. Roots, attended three General Conven-
tions.

California, George F. Bugbee, attended one General Con-
vention.

Central New York, Russell A. Olin, attended one General
Convention.

Central Pennsylvania, Robert A. Lamberton, attended seven
General Conventions; H. Coppee, attended seven General Con-
ventions.

Chicago, S. C. Judd, attended six General Conventions.

Colorado, E. J. Bowell, attended five General Conventions.

Connecticut, George R. Curtis, attended one General Con-
vention; Z. A. Kidston, W. A. M. Wainright, attended two
General Conventions.

Easton, F. F. Barber, attended nine General Conventions.

East Carolina, M. C. Hugus, attended six General Conven-
tions.

Kentucky, W. Cornwall, attended nine General Conventions.

Long Island, C. H. Hall, attended seven General Conven-
tions.

Maine, W. H. Washburn, attended six General Conventions.

Maryland, C. M. Mathews, attended one General Conven-
tion.

Massachusetts, Phillips Brooks, attended five General Con-
ventions; G. C. Shattuck, attended eight General Conventions;
R. C. Winthrop, attended five General Conventions; A. H. Rice,
attended two General Conventions.

Milwaukee, W. Ashley, attended three General Conventions;
D. Keene, attended four General Conventions.



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2$6 HISTORY OF GENERAL CONVENTION.

Michigan, H. P. P. Baldwin, attended fifteen General Con-
ventions.

New Hampshire, H. A. Coit, attended four General Con-
ventions; G. Alcott, attended four General Conventions.

Oregon, W. L. McEwan, attended one General Convention;



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