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PRINCIPLES AND PRACTICE OF
VETERINARY SURGERY.




HORSE IN SLINGS



THE



Principles and Practice



VETERINARY SURGERY



WILLIAM WILLIAMS,

F.K.C.V.S., F.R.S.E., Etc.

EX-PRESIDENT OF THE ROYAL COLLEGE OF VETERINARY SURGEONS ; PRINCIPAL, AND PROFESSOR OF

VETERINARY MEDICINE AND SURGERY AT THE NEW VETERINARY COLLEGE, EDINBURGH ;

EXAMINER IN VETERINARY HYGIENE FOR B.Sc. (AGRICULTURE), EDINBURGH UNIVERSITY;

PROFESSOR OF VETERINARY SURGERY AND EXAMINER IN AGRICULTURE FOR THE

HIGHLAND AND AGRICULTURAL SOCIETY OF SCOTLAND ; FOREIGN

CORRESPONDENT OF THE S0Ci6t6 CENTRALE DE MEDICINE

v£t6rinaire ; and author of " the principles
and practice of veterinary medicine. '



EIGHTH EDITION.



REVISED BY THE AUTHOR, ASSISTED BY HIS SON,
W. OWEN WILLIAMS, F.R.C.V.S., F.R.P.S. .



JOHN MENZIES & CO., EDINBURGH AND GLASGOW.
J. & A. CHURCHILL, LONDON.



PRINTED FOR THE AUTHOR BY J. SKINNER & COMPANY,

AND PUBLISHED BY

JOHN MENZIES & CO., EDINBURGH AND GLASGOW.

London, J. & A. Churchill.

New York, Sabiston & Murray.

Toronto, Williamson & Co.



CONTENTS.



CHAPTER I.

Inflammation.



Definkion— Pathology— Phenomena— Causes— Varieties due to Causation
—Local Symptoms— Chronic Inflammation— Terminations— Eesolu-
tion— Effusion, ...... ^"30

CHAPTER II.

Terminations of Inflammation — continued.

Suppuration— Acute Abscess — Diffuse Suppuration — Superficial Suppm-a-
tion— Comparison between Pus, Mucus, and Epithelium— Pyogenic
Eever or Strangles — Pyemia — Re-absorption of Pus — Formation of
Sinuses — Ulceration — Varieties and Treatment of Ulcers — Morti-
tication. ....... 31-59

CHAPTER III.

Symptoms of Inflammation.

General Symptoms of Inflammation — Inflammatory Appearances of the
Blood— Treatment of Inflammation — Treatment of Chronic Inflam-
mation, ....... 60-77



CHAPTER IV.

Feactdkes and Diseases of Bones.

Causes of Fracture — Symptoms — Modes of Union — Treatment of Frac-
tures — Compound Fractures — Separation of Epiphyses — False Joints
and Non-Union, ..... 78-90

CHAPTER V.

Partiodlar Fractures.

Fractures of Inferior Maxilla — Fractures of Anterior Maxilla and of other
Facial Bones — Fractures of Cranial Bones — Fracture by ' ' Counter
Stroke " — Concussion of the Brain — Hernia Cerebri, . 91-116



VI CONTENTS.

CHAPTEE, VI.

Particular Fractures — continued.

PAOS

Fractures of the Vertebrae— On Broken Back — Fracture of the Sacral and
Coccygeal Bones — Fracture of the Pelvic Bones — Fracture of the
Femur — Fracture of Tiliia — Fracture of the Tarsal and Metatarsal
Bones, ....... 117-130



C'jIAPTER VII.

Particular Fractures — continued.

Fractures of Scapula — Humerus — Condyles^Olecranon — Radius — Uln.'v
— -Trapezium, Carpal, Metacarpal, and Sesamoid Bones — "Split
Pasterns " — Navicular and Pedal Bones — Broken Ribs — Luxations-
Case of Dislocation of Third Cer\dcal Vertebra, . . 131-146

CHAPTER VIII.

Diseases of the Bones and Articulations.

Classification of the Bones — Ostitis — Sore Shins — Splints — Peculiarity of

Splint Lameness — Scrofulous Ostitis, . . . 148-164

CHAPTER IX.

Diseases of the Bones and ARTicuLATiONS^cow'/nifcti

Ulceration— Caries — Necrosis — Central and Subperiostal Suppuration

in the Substance of a Bone, . . . 105-177



CHAPTER X.

Non-Inflaiimatort Diseases of Bones.

Rickets- Molli ties Ossium — Osteo-Porosis — FragUitus Ossium — Osteo-
sarcoma — Effects of Mercurial Poisoning on Bones, . 1 7S-201

CHAPTER XI.

Diseases of the Joints.

Classification of the Joints — Anchylosis of the Vertebrae — Acute Syno-
vitis — Chronic Scrofulous Synovitis — Calcification of the Synovial
Fringes — Rheumatoid Arthritis — Kennel Lameness — Morbid Condi-
tion of Cartilage — Traumatic Inflammation of Joints — Hydrops
Articulorum— Anchylosis, ..... 203-229

CHAPTER XIL

Lameness.
Diagnosis — Definition — Signs — Causes — Congenital Muscular Atony —



CONTENTS.



Methods of Examination— Sprains — Strains of Psose Muscles —
Chorea — Stringhalt — Shivering — Myositis — Kheumatic Tiameness —
Emboli, ....... 231-252

CHAPTER XIII.

Particular LAiiENESSEa.

Shoulder Lameness — Shoulder-Slip — Elbow Lameness — Sprain of Radial

or Superior Carpal Ligament — Carpitis, , . . 253-268

CHAPTER XIV.

Particular Lamenesses — continued.

Speedy Cut — Broken Knees — Sprain of Flexor Tendons — Sprains of
Suspensory Ligament — Sprain of Fetlock- Joint — Sesamoiditis— Ring-
Bones, ....... 2G9-290

CHAPTER XV.

Particular Lamenesses— coniiraMcc?.

Hip-Joint Lameness— Sprain of Gluteal Tendons, or Trochanteric Lame-
ness — Sprain and Atrophy of Crural IMuscles — Stifle -Joint Lameness
— Laceration of Flexor IMetatarsi Muscle, . . . 291-298

CHAPTER XVI.

Particular Lamenesses — contin ucd.

Diseases of the Hock — Bog-Spavin — Bone-Spavin — Conformation of Hock
most subject to Spavin — Thorough-Pin — Capped Hocks — Injuries to
Gastrocnemii Muscles — Curb, ..... 299-316

CHAPTER XVIL

Treatment of Lameness.

Rest— Position of the Limb — Removal of Shoes- -High-Heeled Shoe —
Thin-Heeled Shoe — Hot and Cold Fomentations — Local Bleeding —
Purgatives — Counter-irritants — Blisters — Setons — Actual Cautery —
Theory of their Action, ..... 317-324

CHAPTER XVIII.

Diseases op the Feet.

Preliminary Observations on Shoeing — Foot Lameness, divided into three
kinds : (1.) Diseases of the Bones and Cartilages; (2.) Diseases of the
Horn-Secreting Structures ; (3.) Accidental Injuries — Disease of the
Pyramid of Os Ped s — Side-Bones — Navicular Disease, Theories of
— Causes, Pathology, and Treatment — Xeurotomy, its favourable
and unfavourable Effects — Gelatinous Degeneration of the Navicular
Bursa — Pathological Anatomy — Comparison to White Swelling, 325-355



CONTENTS.



CHAPTER XIX.

Diseases of the Yeet— continued.



Inflammation of the Feet — Divisions of Laminitis — Pathological Changes

—Causes— Symptoms — Treatment — Mr. Broad's Treatment, . 356-369



CHAPTER XX.

Diseases of the 'FEET—eontinued.

Diseases of the Horn-Secreting Structures — Villitis — Carbuncle of Coro-
nary Band — False-Quarter- Sand-Crack— Horn Tumours— Seedy-
Toe-Corns— Thrush— Canker, .... 370-386



CHAPTER XXI.

Diseases of the Feet— continued.

Punctures of the Feet by " Gathered Xails " and by " Pricks " in Shoe-
ing—Importance of thoroughly examining Wounded Feet and of
giving Exit to all Discharges — Weak Feet liable to Injuries —
— Quittor — Treatment— Foul in the Foot of Horned Cattle — Foot-
Rot in Sheep, ....... 387-106



CHAPTER XXII.

Tumours.
Classification, ....... 408-411

CHAPTER XXIII.

Simple Tumours.

Fibroma or Fibrous Tumour— Papilloma — Lipoma — Neiiroma — Enchon-
droma — Cru^ta-Petrosa Tumours — Fsammoma — Osseous Tumours —
Osteoma — Parasitic Cysts — Cystic Tumours — Teeth Tumours —
Sarcomata — Melanosis — Actino-Mycosis — Carciridinata — Hard
Cancer — Soft Cancer — EpitheHal Cancer, . , , il2-ii7

CHAPTER XXIV.

Wounds.

Definition — Classification— Incised— Punctured— Lacerated— Contused —
Gun-Shot — Poisoned — Treatment of Wounds— Sutures — Collodion—
Styptic-Colloid— Shellac Paste— Non-interference, . . 448-457



CONTENTS, ix

CHAPTER XXV.

WoDNDS — continued.

PAOB

Gun • Shot — Cannon Balls — Wind Contusions — Musket-Shot — Grape-Shot
—Small-Shot— Consequences of Gun-Shot Wounds — Wounds of
the Abdominal Parieties — Wounds and Bruises having Special Names
— Burns, Scalds, and the Effects of Cold — Poisoned Wounds —
Speedy-Cut — Tread — Cutting or Brushing, . , . 458-472

CHAPTER XXVI.

Wounds — continued.

^lethods of Repair — Immediate Union — Primary Adhesion— Granulation
— Secondary Adhesion — Healing under a Scab — Formation of the
Cicatrix, and Comiiletion of the Reparative Procesn, . . 473-483



CHAPTER XXVII.

Results of Wounds.

Erysipelas, Simple and Phlegmonous — Symptoms and Treatment —
Tetanvis, Idiopathic and Traumatic— Various Forms of — Symptoms
—Pathology— Treatment, ..... 484-492

CHAPTER XXVIII.

Diseases and Injuries of the Facial Region.

Wounds of the Lips — Tumours — Bruises of the Mouth — Affections of tlie
Buccal Membrane — Sporadic Aphthae — Paralysis of the Lips — Open
Parotid Duct — Salivary Calculi- -Ptyahsm — Ranula — Epulis — Glos-
sitis — Ulcer and Induration of the Tongue in Horned Cattle — Para-
lysis of the Tongue, ...... 493-503

CHAPTER XXIX.

Diseases and Injuries of the Facial Region— con



Online LibraryWilliam WilliamsThe principles and practice of veterinary surgery → online text (page 1 of 68)