Winifred S. (Winifred Stuart) Gibbs.

The minimum cost of living; a study of families of limited income in New York city online

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At the present writing, October 1, 1916, the same
diet would cost thirty-four cents per unit per day.

The following diet is the basic one for the
average family. Calculations for increase accord-
ing to the size of family are made with these
figures as , the starting point. It is understood
that the prices quoted varied slightly according to
locality and season.

Ration Allowance, 2 Adults, 3 Children — One Week

Food Lbs. Cost Cal. Pro. P2O5 CaO Fe Acid Base
Beef 1

Soup [...4 S.80 3572 303 6.969 0.2274 0.04545 151.5
Meat I

Codfish 1 .12 515 125 3.150 0.1890 0.00504 53.0

Eggs Id. .35 892 81 2.141 0.5352 0.01695 67.8

Butterine..l .25 5115 8 0.204 0.1534

Milk 14qt3. 1.26 8792 419 26.640 21.0129 0.02989 228.

Cheese V2 .12 997 65 3.230 2.4925 12.9

Bread 12 .48 14068 506 10 . 566 1 . 5497 . 04226 380 .

Macaroni.. 1 .08 1624 60 1.624 0.1624 0.00550 43.8

Rice 1 broken .06 1591 36 0.907 0.0477 0.00477 43.0

Oatmeal... 3 .10 5049 227 11.683 1.6230 0.04868 162.3

Sugar 3M -28 6349

Beans 2 .20 3128 204 10.197 1.9706 0.06256 156.4

Carrots 4 .12 636 16 1.400 1.0684 0.01018 152.0

Onions 4 .12 796 25 1.910 0.9552 0.00876 24.3

Potatoes.. 15 .45 4560 122 7.570 0.8664 0.06840 403.2

Apples 4 .12 856 6 0.428 0.1883 0.00428 51.2

Tomatoes.. 1 .05 103 5 0.0265 0.0890 0.00175 35.0

Prunes 2 .16 2322 16 1.856 0.4644 0.02090 185.8

Cocoa 14 .13 1128 49 2.482 0.3046 0.00564 1.6

Tea Vi .10

Coffee J^ .12

Dates 1 .10 1416 9 0.425 0.4243 0.00146 97.0

5.57 63509 22S2 93.4085 34.3250 0.38247 914.3 1334.5



The Estimate of Minimum Requirement 19



No. of units 3

Cost per unit per month ....$8.19

" " family per week ... . 5.57
"day 81

" " unit " " 27



Since the budget calculations are usually made
by the month the following table has been ar-
ranged on a monthly basis. This table is based
upon the ration quoted above. The quantities of
food are of course approximate since it would not
be practical to weigh each portion. These tables
do give, however, the same well-balanced ration as
that described in the beginning of this chapter.

Ration Allowances — One Month



1 Adult and 2 Children 1 Adult and 4 Children 2 Adults and 3 Children


1 " "3

2 " "1


2


" 2


1 "


4


4




5




S


1 Adult and 6 Children 1 Adult and 7 Children 1 Adult and 8 Children


2 " "4


2


" 5


1 "


9




2


.. g


2 "
2 "


7
8


Food Amount


Amount


Amount


Amount Amount


Amount


Bread. ..34. 66 lbs.


39.44 lbs.


52.00 lbs.


62.83 lbs. 73.66 lbs.


98.21 lbs.


Butter . . 6.49 "


6.49 "


6.49 "


8.66 " 8.66 "


10.82 "


Milk 60.62qts.


60.62 qts.


60.62 qts.


90.93 qts. 90.93 qts.


90.93 qts.


Eggs .... 4 . 33 doz.


4.33 doz.


4.33 doz.


6.49 doz. 8.66 doz


8.66 doz.


Cereal . .12.99 lbs.


17.32 lbs.


21.65 lbs.


25.98 lbs. 28.14 lbs.


28.14 lbs.


Tea, Coffee and










Cocoa . . 3 . 24 "


4.33 "


5.41 "


5.41 " 5.41 "


6.49 "


Sugar. . .14.07 "


15.15 "


15.15 "


20.56 " 24.89 "


29.22 "


Meat .. .14.07 "


17.32 "


22.19 "


17.32 " 22.73 "


27.06 "


Pot 43.3 "


51.96 "


64.95 "


69.28 " 77.94 "


90.93 "


Veg 51.96 •'


51.96 "


47.63 "


64.95 " 82.27 "


95.26 "


Fruit . . .23.81 "


25.98 "


30.31 "


47.63 " 60.62 "


69.28 "



20 The Minimum Cost of Living

Anyone who has had experience in working with
the tenement population knows how intimate a
connection exists between food and the more com-
mon diseases of poverty. Among our seventy-five
famines, before the granting of the allowance,
record after record reads — ''Children anaemic,"
''Mother suffering from malnutrition." Because
of this, special care has been taken with the dietary,
and part two will set forth the results.

Table for Converting Unit Needs into Dollars and Cents

Cost per month at Cost per month at

Units 0.27 per day Units $.30 per day

1.0 $ 8.19 1.0 % 9.10

1.1 9.00 1.1 10.01

1.2 9.83 1.2 10.92

1.3 10.65 1.3 11.63

1.4 11.47 1.4 12.74

1.5 12.29 1.5 13.65

1.6 13.10 1.6 14.56

1.7 13.93 1.7 15.47

1.8 14.74 1.8 16.38

1.9 15.56 1.9 17.29

2.0 16.38 2.0 18.20

2.1 17.20 2.1 19.11

2.2 18.02 2.2 20.02

2.3 18.84 2.3 20.93

2.4 19.66 2.4 21.84

2.5 20.48 2.5 22.75

2.6 21.29 2.6 23.66

2.7 22.11 2.7 24.57



The Estimate of Minimum Requirement 21

Cost per month at Cost per month at

Units $.27 per day Units $.30 per day

2.8 22.93 2.8 $25.48

2.9 23.75 2.9 26.39

3.0 24.57 3.0 27.30

3.1 25.39 3.1 28.21

3.2 26.21 3.2 29.12

3.3 27.02 3.3 30.03

3.4 27.85 3.4 30.94

3.5 28.67 3.5 31.85

3.6 29.48 3.6 32.76

3.7 30.30 3.7 33.67

3.8 31.12 3.8 34.58

3.9 31.94 3.9 35.49

4.0 32.76 4.0 38.40

4.1 33.58 4.1 37.31

4.2 34.40 4.2 38.22

4.3 35.22 4.3 29.13

4.4 36.04 4.4 40.04

4.5 36.86 4.5 40.95

4.6 37.67 4.6 41.86

4.7 38.49 4.7 42.77

4.8 39.31 4.8 43.68

4.9 40.13 4.9 44.59

5.0 40.95 5.0 45.50

5.1 41.77 5.1 46.41

5.2 42.59 5.2 47.32

5.3 43.41 5.3 48.23

5.4 44.23 5.4 49.14

5.5 45.05 5.5 50.05

5.6 45.86 5.6 50.98

5.7 46.68 5.7 51.87

5.8 47.50 5.8 52.78

5.9 48.32 5.9 53.69



22 The Minimum Cost of Living





Cost per month at






Cost per month at


Units


$.27 per day


Units


$.30 per day


6.0


49.14


....6.0...


$54.60


6.1


49.96


....6


.1. .


55.51


6.2


50.76


6

....6


.2.
.3. .


56.42


6.3


51.60


57.33


6.4


52.42


....6


.4. .


58.24


6.5


53.24


....6


.5. .


59.15


6.6


54.05


6


6


60.06


6.7


54.87


6


7


60.97


6.8


55.69


....6
6,


.8. . ,
9


61.88


6.9


56.51


62.79


7.0


57.33


....7,


.0. .


63.70


7.1


58.15


....7,


.1. .


64.61


7.2


58.97


....7,


.2. .


65.52


7.3


59.79


7


3


66 43


7.4


60.61


....7


.4. .


67.34


7.5


61.45


....7,


.5. .


68.25


7.6


62.24


. . . .7


.6. .


69.16


7.7


63.06


7,


7


70.07


7.8


63.88


7,


8


70.98


7.9


64.70


....7,


.9. ..


71.69


8.0


65.52


....8,


0. . .


72.90


8.1


66.34


....8


,1. .


73.71


8.2


67.16


....8.


.2. . ,


74.62


8.3


67.98


....8,


3. . .


75.33


8.4


68.60


....8,


4. . .


76.44


8.5


69.62


....8.


5. . .


77.35


8.6


70.43


8


6


78.26


8.7


71.25


8.


7


79.17


8.8


72.07


8,


8


80 . 08


8.9


72.89


....8.


,9. . .


80.99



The Estimate of Minimum Requirement 23

Fuel and Light

Information was also sought on this item and an
average of all the neighborhoods of the city showed
that a tenement apartment of three rooms could
be heated and lighted at the rate of $3.25 per
month, provided the problem were viewed by the
year. According to season it would read something
like this:

Winter $5.00 to $6.00

Spring and Autumn $2 . 50 to $3 . 50

Midsummer $2.00

In estimating needs for this item this allowance
was not increased as the size of the apartments
increased, since most of the families made constant
use of only three rooms, even though they might
possess more.

Clothing

The clothing needs were difficult to decide upon.
It is obviously not an easy thing to standardize
clothing. During the previous five years, however,
there has been in the informal budgets kept by
the women much light thrown upon this subject.
The tentative sum fixed upon was $2.00 per in-
dividual per month. It was understood that this



24 The Minimum Cost of Living

would provide sufficient clothing only on condition
that the mother would have time and strength as
well as ability to do her own sewing and mending.

It will be understood that the clothing division
suggested below is far from satisfying the workers.
It is merely an attempt to make the best possible
use of a necessarily small clothing allowance. The
final figures are based largely on actual practice.
The most casual observer will see at once that
there is no provision for the small but necessary
accessories of dress. The annual clothing allowance
for man, woman and four children is as follows:
man, $30.20; woman, $28.75; boy 14, $26.05; girl
12, $22.25; girl 6, $17.85; girl 3, $10.75.

The following division of this allowance is quoted
from ''Clothing the Family," by Mary A. Ditmas.
Mrs. Ditmas while sewing teacher of the division
did some intensive work in clothing budgets.

DIVISION OF CLOTHING ALLOWANCE FOR MAN,
WOMAN AND 4 CHILDREN

Man
1 suit $10.00

1 pair trousers 2 . 00

2 light shirts at $.75 each 1 . 50

3 colored shirts at $.75 each 2 . 25

2 pairs shoes 5 . 00

8 pairs hose at $.15 a pau- 1 . 20



The Estimate of Minimum Requirement 25

Underwear:

Winter, 2 suits at $1.00 each $2.00

Summer, 3 suits at $.75 each 2.50

2 hats 1.75

1 necktie 25

1 pair suspenders 25

4 collars 50

2 sets sleeping garments 1 .00

Total $30.20



Clothing for Woman — One Year

Shoes, 2 pairs, $2.50 each $ 5.00

Repairs 1 . 25

Aprons, 3 (homemade) 45

Hats, Winter hat 1.50

Summer hat 1 . 25

Coats, Winter, 1 3.00

Summer, 1 2.00

Dresses, 2 wash dresses (homemade) 2 . 00

2 house dresses (homemade) 1 . 50

Skirts, 1 woolen 2 .00

Waists, 2 wash waists (homemade) 1 .00

Hosiery, 6 pairs 60

Gloves, 1 pair cotton 25

1 pair woolen 75

Underwear:

Winter, three union suits, $.75 each 2.25

Summer, three union suits, $.25 each 75

2 corset covers (homemade) 75

2 flannelette skirts (homemade) 50

2 night dresses (homemade) 70

1 pair corsets 1 . 00

Linen 50

Total $28.75



26 The Minimum Cost of Limig

Girl of Twelve Years

Shoes, 2 pair at $2.00 .....$ 4.00

Repairs 1 . 25

1 pair rubbers 65

Gloves, 2 pair woolen at $.25 50

Hats, Winter (trimmed at home) 1 .00

Summer (trimmed at home) 75

Coats, Winter 2.50

Summer 1 . 00

Sweater (homemade) 1 . 25

Dresses, one woolen dress 1 . 50

3 wash dresses (homemade) (at $.50) 1 .50

Skirts, 1 woolen skirt (homemade) 1.00

Waists, 2 middy blouses (homemade) 75

Hosiery, 6 pair at $.10 60

Underwear:

Winter, 3 union suits at $.50 1 . 50

Summer, 3 union suits at $.10 30

2 flannelette skirts (homemade) 80

2 night dresses (homemade) 60

2 white muslin petticoats (homemade) 30

Ribbons, etc 50

Total $22.25



Boy of Fourteen Years

Overcoats, winter, one coat $ 4 . 50

One sweater 1 .00

Hats, two 75

Suits, one 2 . 50

Trousers, 3 wash trousers 1 . 50

One woolen trouscr 75

Blouses, 4 cotton (homemade) at $.20 80

3 outing blouses 1 . 50

Gloves, 1 pair 25

Hosiery, 12 pairs stockings 1 . 20



The Estimate of Minimum Requirement 27

Shoes, 3 pairs at SI. 75 $ 5.25

Repairs 2 . 00

Rubbers 60

Underwear:

Summer, 3 suits at $.25 75

Winter, 3 suits at $.75 2 .25

Underbodies (homemade) 45

Total $26.05

Girl op Six Years

Shoes, 2 pairs at $1.25 $ 2.50

Repairs 1.25

Rubbers 60

Gloves, 2 pairs woolen at $.25 50

Hats, 1 felt (trimmed at home) 75

1 summer (trimmed at home) 50

Coats, winter (made at home) 1 . 75

Summer (made at home) 1 . 00

Sweater (made at home) 50

Dresses, 2 woolen (homemade) 1 . 50

4 wash dresses (homemade) 1 . 75

Hosiery, 6 pairs at $.10 60

Underwear, 3 underwaists (homemade) 35

Winter, 3 union suits at $.50 1 . 50

Summer, 3 shirts 30

4 pairs muslin drawers (homemade) 60

2 flannelette skirts (homemade) 50

2 cotton petticoats 50

2 nightgowns 40

Ribbons 50

Total $17.85

Girl of Three Years

Shoes, 2 pairs at $1.25 $ 2.50

Repairs 75

Hats, 2 caps at $.25 50



28 The Minimum Cost of Living

Suits or dresses:

4 wash suits or dresses (homemade) $ 1 . 50

4 pairs rompers (homemade) 60

Coats, 1 winter 2 . 00

1 summer (homemade) 1 .00

Hosiery, 4 pairs stockings 40

Underwear, 3 winter union suits at $.25 75

3 summer union suits at $.15 45

2 nightgowns (homemade) 30

Total $10.75

SUNDRIES

The workers realized that the provision possible
for this item would be inadequate. The amount
finally fixed was $1.00 each for the first three mem-
bers of the family per month, and fifty cents each
for each additional person. This provided only for
the barest necessities. This item had also to in-
clude provision for insurance. The Association
advocates insurance only for the breadwinner.
Most of the families, however, make payments for
children's insurance.



PART II

THE SEVENTY-FIVE EXPENSE ACCOUNTS
IN DETAIL



The figures on the following pages give the main
items in the budget, and the actual expenditures
for these items in each family. The estimate
spoken of has been slightly modified to meet
individual needs. The estimate for sundries at
the time the study was made was $2.00 per
family per month. The increase according to size
of family came later. The sum paid for insurance
by each family has been added to the estimate for
sundries. When the $2.00 rate was in use it was
understood that special needs must be provided for
through some other source.



Expense Accounts of the Seventy-five Families 31

YEARLY SUMMARY OF SEVENTY-FIVE BUDGETS

Est. of needs Act. Exp. Act. Inc. Act, over Act. under
1 mo. 12 mo. 12 mo. 12 mo. budget budget Summary

Family No. 1, Woman, 2 children, 13, 8

Rent free free free . . .$386.00

Food 17.33.. 207.96.. 289.48 $81.52

F. &L.... 3.25.. 39.00.. 24.24 $14.76..BaI. end

Clo 6.00.. 72.00.. 29.82 42. 18. .of 12 mo.

Sund 3.30.. 39.60.. 40.90 1.30 $1.56



$29.88. .$358.56. .$384.44. .$386.00. .$82.82. .$56.94

Family No. 2, Woman, 2 children, 11, 5

Rent $13.00. .$156.00. .$156.00. .$520.33

Food 17.33.. 207.96.. 240.89 $32.93

F.&L 3.25.. 39.00.. 17.15 $21.85

Clo 6.00.. 72.00.. 33.83 38.17. .Bal. end

Sund 3.07.. 36.84.. 61.29 24.45 of 12 mo.

Baby'sBd 2.30 2.30 $8.87

$42.65. .$511.80. .$511.46. .$520.33. .$59.68. .$60.02

Family No. 3, Woman, 2 children, 15, 11

Rent free free free $269.96

Food $17.33. .$209.96. .$193.18 $16.78

F.&L 3.25.. 39.00.. 43.21 $4.21 Bal. end

Clo 6.00.. 72.00.. 15.89 56. 11. .of 12 mo.

Sund 3.00.. 36.00.. 15.16 20.84. .$2.52



$29.58. .$356.96. .$267.44. .$269.96. .$ 4.21. .$93.73

Family No. 4, Woman, 3 children, 10, 9, 6

Rent $13.00. .$156.00. .$156.05. .$569.11. .$ .05

Food 18.02.. 216.24.. 286.70 70.46



F.&L 3.25.. 39.00.. 41.36 2.36 Bal. end

Clo 8.00.. 96.00.. 39.97 $56.03. .of 12 mo.

Sund 5.00.. 39.60.. 42.19 2.59 $2.84



$47.27. .$546.84. .$566.27. .$569.11. .$75.46. .$56.03

Family No. 5, Woman, 3 children, 9, 6, 4

Rent $12.00. .$144.00. .$150.00. .$483.68. .$ 6.00

Food 17.33.. 207.96.. 187.36 $20.60

F.&L 3.25.. 39.00.. 29.19 9. 81.. Bal. end

Clo 6.00.. 72.00.. 60.39 11.61. .of 12 mo.

Sund 3.73.. 44.76.. 49.16 4.40 $7.58



$42.31. .$507.72. .$476.10. .$483.68. .$10.40. .$42.02



32



The Minimum Cost of Living



Est. of needs Act. Exp. Act. Inc.
1 mo. IS mo. 12 mo. 12 mo.

Family No. 6, Woman, 3 children, 8, 6, 4

Rent $10.00. .$120.00. .$120.00. .$515.61

Food 18.07.. 210.84.

F. &L.... 3.25.. 39.00.

Clo 8.00.. 96.00.

Sund 4.39.. 52.68.



Act. over Act. under
budget budget Summary



256.05 $39.21

27.19 $11.81..Bal. end

47.37 48.63. .of 12 mo.

64.95 12.27 $.05



$43.71. .$524.52. .$515.56. .$515.61. .$51.48. .$60.44



Family No. 7, Woman, 3 children, 8, 6, 4

Rent $10.00. .$120.00. .$122.00. .$602.44. .$ 2.00.



Food


. 17.20.


206.40.


F. &L...


. 3.25.


39.00.


Clo


. 8.00.


96.00.


Sund....


. 5.25.


63.00.



219.72 13.32

31.77 $ 7.23. .Bal. end

47.06 48.94. .of 12 mo.

134.49 71.49 $47.40



$43.70. .$524.40. .$555.04. .$602.44. .$86.81. .$56.17



Family No. 8, Woman, 3 children, 17, 11, 5

Rent $11.00. .$132.00. .$151.00. .$701.36. .$19.00.



Food . . .


. . 27.85.


. 334.20


F. &L..


.. 3.25.


. 39.00


Clo


. . 10.00.


. 120.00


Sund . . .


. . 7.68.


. 92.16




$59.78.


.$717.36



307 . 08 $26 . 52

16.85 22. 15.. Bal. end

79.53 40.47. .of 12 mo.

126.05 34.49 $19.65



.$681. 71.. $701. 36.. $53. 49. .$89. 14



Family No. 9, Woman, 3 children, 14, 10, 8

Rent $12.00. .$144.00. .$135.00. .$535.03 $ 9.00.



Food . .
F. &L.
Clo. . . .
Sund..



20.27..
3.25..
8.00..
3.47..



243.24.,
39.00.
96.00.
41.64..



220.76 22.46

32.59 0.41.. Bal. end

43.54 52. 46.. of 12 mo.

79.90 $38.26 $23.22



$46.99. .$563.88. .$511.81. .$535.03. .$38.26. .$90.33



Family No. 10, Woman, 3 children, 11, 8, 6

Rent $16. 00.. $192. 00.. S1S4. 00.. $594. 46 $ 8.00.



Food . . .


. . 18.84.


. 220.08.


F. &L..


.. 3.25.


. 39.00.


Clo. . . .


. . 8.00.


. 96.00.


Sund . . .


. . 3.38.


. 40.56.




$49.47.


.$593.64.



291.49 $65.41

28.31 10. 69.. Bal. end

35.18 60. 82.. of 12 mo.

47.27 6.71 $8.21



.$586.25. .$594. 46.. $72. 12.. $79. 51



Expense Accounts of the Seventy-five Families 33

Est. of needs Act. Exp. Act. Inc. Act. over Act. under
1 mo. 12 mo. 12 mo. 12 mo. budget budget Summary
Family No. 11, Woman, 3 children, 11, 10, 5

Rent $ 8.00..$ 96.00..$ 84.00. .$491.05 $12.00

Food 21.84.. 262.08.. 259.35 2.72

F. &L 3.25.. 39.00.. 33.61 5.39..Bal. end

Clo 8.00.. 96.00.. 57.13 38.87. .of 12 mo.

Sund 2.91.. 34.92.. 56.28 $21.36 $.68



$44.00. .$528.00. .$490.37. .$491.05. .$21.36. .$58.98

Family No. 12, Woman, 3 children, 8, 6, 4

Rent $13.00. .$156.00. .$156.00. .$572.27

Food 20.02.. 240.24.. 261.47 $21.23



F. &L 3.25.. 39.00.. 30.40 $8.60..Bal. end

Clo 8.00.. 96.00.. 72.91 23.09. .of 12 mo.

Sund 3.60.. 43.20.. 51.24 8.04 $.25



$47.87. .$572.02. .$572.02. .$572.27. .$29.27. . $31.69

Family No. 13, Woman, 3 children, 12, 10, 7

Rent $21.00. .$252.00. .$252.00 . .$731.48

Food 20.48.. 245.76.. 336.11 $90.35

F.&L 3.25.. 39.00.. 35.83 $3.27..Bal. end

Clo 8.00.. 96.00.. 48.00 48.00. .of 12 mo.

Sund 3.95.. 47.40.. 56.21 8.81 $3.33



$56. 68. .$680. 16.. $728. 15.. $731. 48.. $99. 16.. $51. 27

Family No. 14, Woman, 3 children, 12, 10, 7

Rent $18. 00.. $216. 00.. $216. 00.. $711. 14

Food 20.48.. 245.76.. 313.76 $68.00

F.&L 3.25.. 39.00.. 36.85 $2.15

Clo 8.00.. 96.00.. 63.45 32. 55.. Hal. end

Sund 2.00.. 24.00.. 38.50 14.50 of 12 mo.

C. F 3.90.. 46.80.. 35.80 11. 00.. $6. 78



$55.63. .$667.56. .$704.36. .$711.14. .$82.50. .$45.70

Family No. 15, Woman, 3 children, 10, 9, 3

Rent $11. 00.. $132. 00. .$1.32.00 .. $516.16



Food


. 22.11.,


265.32.


F.&L...


. 3.25..


39.00


Clo


,. 8.00.,


, 96.00


Sund. ...


. 2.00..


24.00,



259.24 $ 6.08

32.81 6. 19.. Hal. end

53.44 42.56. .of 12 mo.

32.66 $ 8.66 $6.01



$46.36. .$556.32. .$510. 15.. $516. 16..$ 8.66. «?^4.83



34 The Minimum Cost of Living

Est. of needs Act. Exp. Act. Inc. Act. over Act. under
1 mo. 12 mo. 12 mo. 12 mo. budget budget Summary
Family No. 16, Woman, 3 children, 12, 8, 6

Rent $13.00. .$156.00. .$143.00. .$642.86 $13.00

Food 28.21.. 338.52.. 306.51 32.01

F. &L 3.25.. 39.00.. 32.55 6.45

Clo 8.00.. 96.00.. 56.53 39.47. .Bal. end

Sund 3.66.. 43.92.. 63.72 $19.80 of 12 mo.

C. F 4.60.. 55.20.. 31.25 23,95. .$9.30



$60. 72.. $728. 64.. $633. 56.. $642. 86.. $19. 80. $114. 85

Family No. 17, Woman, 3 children, 10, 8, 5

.$ 84. 00.. $503. 29 $84.00

. 270.10 $53.86

. 36.23 2. 77.. Bal. end

. 57.97 38.03. .of 12 mo.

. 44.53 2.53 • $10.46



Rent . . .


..$14.00.


.$108.00.


Food. ..


. . 18.02.


. 216.24.


F.&L..


. . 3.25.


. 39.00.


Clo


. . 8.00.


. 96.00.


Sund . . .


. . 3.50.


. 42.00.



$46. 77.. $561. 24. .$492.83. .$503.29. .$56. 39. $124. 80

Family No. 18, Woman, 3 children, 14, 11, 4

Rent $10.00. .$120.00. .$ 99.25. .$406.25 $20.75

Food 19.66.. 235.92.. 230.62 5.30

F.&L 3.25.. 39.00.. 39.77 $ .77 Bal. end

Clo 8.00.. 96.00.. 54.74 41.26. .of 12 mo.

Sund 2.00.. 24.00.. 30.42 6.42 $11.45



$42.91. .$514.92. .$454.80. .$466.25. .$ 7.19. .$67.31

Family No. 19, Woman, 3 children, 12, 10, 9

Rent $13.00. .$156.00. .$149.50. .$526.65 $ 6.50

Food 18.44.. 221.28.. 241.29 $20.01

F.&L.... 3.25.. 39.00.. 24.81 14. 19.. Bal. end

Clo 8.00.. 96.00.. 57.35 38.65. .of 12 mo.

Sund 2.65.. 31.80.. 42.51 10.71 $11.19



$45.34. .$544.08. .$515.40. .$526.65. .$30.72. .$59.34

Family No. 20, Woman 3 children, 11, 9, 6,

Rent $ 1.00..$ 12.00..$ 12.00. .$494.61

Food 18.02.. 216.24.. 290.00 $73.76

F.&L 3.25.. 39.00.. 36.90. .^ $2. 10. .Bal. end

Clo 8.00.. 96.00.. 65.05 30.95. .of 12 mo.

Sund 3.73.. 44.76.. 75.25 30.49 $15.41



$34. 00.. $408. 00.. $479. 20. .$494.01 .$104.25. .$33.05



Expense Accounts of the Seventy-five Families 35

Est. of needs Act. Exp. Act. Inc. Act. over Act. under
1 mo. 12 mo. 12 mo. 12 mo. budget budget Summary
Family No. 21, Woman, 3 children, 14, 11, 8

.$111. 00.. $554. 63. .$15.00

. 277.02 41.10

. 29.69 $9.31..Bal. end

. 48.58 47. 42.. of 12 mo.

. 69.56 22.16 $18.78



Rent. ..


..$ 8.00.


.$ 96.00.


Food...


. . 19.65.


. 2.35.92.


F. & L. .


. . 3.25.


. 39.00.


Clo


. . 8.00.


. 96.00.


Sund...


.. 3.95.


. 47.40.



$42. 85.. $514. 32.. $535. 85. .$554. 63.. $78. 26.. $56. 73

Family No. 22, Woman, 3 children, 10, 7, 4

Rent $10.00. .$120.00. .$105.00. .$415.89 $15.00

Food 25.39.. 304.68.. 237.18 67.50

F. &L 3.25.. 39.00.. 43.00 $4.06 Bal. end

Clo 10.00.. 120.00.. 11.76 108.24. .of 12 mo.

Sund 4.00.. 48.00.. 17.32 30.68. .$1.57



$52. 64.. $631. 68.. $414. 32.. $415. 89..$ 4. 06. $221. 42

Family No. 23, Woman, 3 children, 11, 8, 5

Rent $15.00. .$180.00. .$180.00. .$698.86

Food 24.57.. 294.84.. 311.14 $16.30

F. &L 3.25.. 39.00.. 41.59 2.59

Clo 8.00.. 96.00.. 42.29 .$53.71. .Bal. end

Simd 4.50.. 54.00.. 98.77 44.77 of 12 mo.

C. F 2.60.. 31.20.. 22.00 9. 20.. $3. 07



$57.92. .$695.04. .$695.79. .$698.86. .$63.66. .$62.91

Family No. 24, Woman, 3 children, 12, 11, 10 .

Rent $13.00. .$156.00. .$149.50. .$559.09 $ 6.50

Food 20.47.. 245.64.. 267.18 $21.54

F.&L 3.25.. 39.00.. 25.06 13.94. .Bal. end

Clo 8.00.. 96.00.. 78.20 17.80. .of 12 mo.

Sund 3.50.. 42.00.. 32.66 9. 34.. $6. 49



$48.22. .$578.64. .$552.60. .$559.09. .$21.54. .$47.58

Family No. 25, Woman, 3 children, 14, 10, 8

Rent $11.00. .$132.00. .$138.00. .$657.66. .$ 6.00

Food 29.48.. 353.76.. 322.37 $31.39

F.&L 3.25.. 39.00.. 34.35 4. 65.. Bal. end

Clo 10.00.. 120.00.. 60.42 59.58. .of 12 mo.

Sund 4.60.. 55.20.. 92.21 37.01 $10.31



$58.33. .$699.96. .$647.35. .$657.66. .$41.01. .$95.62



36



The Minimum Cost of Living



Est. of needs Act. Exp. Act. Inc. Act. over Act. under
1 mo. 12 mo. 12 mo. 12 mo. budget budget Summary
Family No. 26. Woman, 3 children, 10, 8, 5

Rent $14. 00.. $168. 00.. $157. 00., $651. 46 $11.00

Food 24.47.. 293.64.. 309.12 $15.48

F.&L 3.25.. 39.00.. 17.83 21.17. .Bal. end

CIo 8.00.. 96.00.. 71.83 24. 17. .of 12 mo.

Sund 3.51.. 42.12.. 91.64 49.52 $4.04



$53.23. .$638.76. .$647.42. .$651.46. .$65.00. .$56.34



Family No. 27, Woman, 3 children, 15, 10, 9

Rent $14.00. .$168.00. .$179.50. .$008.88. .$11.50

Food 22.11.. 265.32.. 238.63 $26.69

F.&L 3.25.. 39.00.. 36.18 2. 82.. Bal. end

Clo 8.00.. 96.00.. 101.71 5.71 of 12 mo.

Sund 3.00.. 36.00.. 51.32 15.32 $1.54



$50.36. .$704.32. . .$607 . 34 . . $608 . 88 . .$32.53. .$29.51



Family No. 28, Woman, 3 children, 12, 10, 7



Rent $13.00.

Food 22.11.

F.&L.... 3.25.

Clo 8.00.

Sund 2.00.



$156


00


265


32


39


00


96


00


24


00



.$156.00. .$592.74

. 259.55 $ 5.77

. 26.88 12.12 Bal. end

. 43.69 52.31. .of 12 mo.

. 65.04 $41.04 $35.58



$48.36. .$580.32. .$551.16. .$592.74. .$41.04. .$71.20



Family No. 29, Woman, 3 children, 11, 8, 6

Rent $10.00. .$120.00. .$115.00. .$396.55 $ 5.00.



Food . . .


. 19.66.


235.92


F.&L...


. 3.25.


39.00


Clo


. 8.00.


96.00


Sund . . .


. 3.30.


39.60



193.67 42.25

15.95 23.05 Bal. end

34.81 61. 19.. of 12 mo.

33.41 6. 19. .$3.71



$44.21. .$530.52. .$392.84. .$396.55 $137.68



Family No. 30, Woman, 4 children, 15, 13, 12, 10



Rent $19.00. .$228.00



Food 27.84..

F.&L. .. 3.25..

Clo 10.00..

Sund 2.00..



334 . 08
39.00

120.00
24.00



$.52.09. ..$745.08



.$208.25. .$671.38 $19.75

. 342 . 63 $ 8 . 55

...39.44 M Bal. end

. 31.31 88.69. .of 12 mo.

. 47.15 23.15 $2.60



.$668.78. .$071.38. .$32. M $108.44



Expense Accounts of the Seventy-five Families 37

Est. of needs Act. Exp. Act. Inc. Act. over Act. under
1 mo. 12 mo. 12 mo. 12 mo. budget budget Summary
Family No. 31, Woman, 4 children, 13, 11, 9, 7

Rent $14.00. .S168.00. .$148.00. .$515.10. . $26.38. .$20.00

Food 24.57.. 294.84.. 220.55 74.29

F.&L 3.25.. 39.00.. 18.92 20.08. .Bal. end

Clo 10.00.. 120.00.. 55.59 64 .41. .of 12 mo.


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Online LibraryWinifred S. (Winifred Stuart) GibbsThe minimum cost of living; a study of families of limited income in New York city → online text (page 2 of 5)