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Biographical anecdotes of the founders of the French republic, and ..., Volume 2 online

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ing found than the former^ and in order to keep up
the good opinion that feemed to have been conceived
of me^ I added]

" I have never heard of. any plots, but, what I
learned from the publick indignation. Whenever I
had an opportunity to afTift any man, I never a(ked
>vhat were his principles the patriotick jour-
nals will confirm all that I have faid. ^ I have always
been beloved by the peafants on my lordfliip, and,
inftead of burning, they were all eager to protect my'
caftle. I can add, that not a Angle ibldier of the re-
giment du jRfii^y in which J ferved twenty-five
years, had ever any caufe to cpn?plain of me."

, One of the judges. " I jQiall foon fee whether yoa
belonged to that feginient. Did you know M.

" yes^ Sir, I knew tw« o/ that name: one very
tall, vpry ]&t, and Very I'eafanaUe; the other very
little, very thin, and (pointing to my head) Very
fpoUfc." ,

Th,e fffmf }^dg!t> ** I perceive you have known
fcim/' ' .. , •

[One of tie doors was now opened^ . and M.
^argue^ ci-devant major ^formerly my brother officer
in the regiment du Roi, and my companion in the

^ • « Here one of the judges trod on nay toes^but I proceeded ne-



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lAZAHKr a^t

chamber of the Abbaye, entendj tfnrUd by thr4e
men,, in order to be tried as foon as I was difpoftd

»f.\ . •: . ■

^ After the unfortunate affair of Nancy y I repaired
to Paris, where I have remained ever fince. I was
arretted in my own apartment, twelve days fince, and
was fo little afraid of being made a prifoner, that I
wsdked out daily as ufual. No feals were affixed to
my papers, &c. becaufe nothing fafpicious was found
about me. 1 was never infer ibed in the civil lift.-—
I never ftgned any petition.— I never cai^ried on any
reprehenfible correfpondence. During my abode in
the capital I have followed the natural gaiety pf
my charader, which, in conformity with my prin-
ciples, would never permit me firioujly to engage in
publick affairs- The fincerity of thefe confeflions
muft convince you that I am not a dangerous man—
and I now hope you will be fo good as to grswit me
.. that liberty to which I am no lefs attached by necef-
.fity than by principle/*

The Prejidenty after taking off bis hat^faid^ — ^'*^I
. do not perceive any thing tending to x^vAtx .Monfieur
fufpeded ; I am for granting hipi his liberty. — Is this
your opinion ?**

All the judges. ^ Yes ! yes ! It is but what is

Scarcely were thefe divine words uttered, when
every one in the tribunal embraced me. I heard fe-
yeral perfons above me applaud the fentence, and
cry out Bravo I On lifting my eyes, I perceived
Xeveral heads crowded about an air-hole in the cham-
Xa ^ ber,



hcTy whence proceeded the bfuvzing i^d I hwi be«.
fcre jQoticed,

The Prefident now fclefted three* perfons to hrtn
a depotation, in cyder to announce to the people the
fentonce that had been pronounced. During the
prodanuttion, I demanded of the judges a copy of
the judgment: they- promifed to grant it. TTic
Prefident aiked why I did not wear the crofs of
Saint Louis, which hf knew I had received f On
(his I told him that I had been requefted by my fellow
prtfoners to leave it off. He replied, that the Na-
tional Aflcmbly not having as yet prohibited the
wearing of it, it appeared fufpicious to conceal it.

In the mean time the three deputies returned, and
dtfiredme to he covered-^ they then conducted me
out of the wicket. The moment I arrived m the

ftreet, one of them exclaimed,—" Hats off!

, CitizenS'i beheld him for whom ypur judges demand
aid and ajfiftance /" — Thefe words were no fooner
pronounced, than the Executive Pow£r lifted mejup,
and, fctting me in the middle of four torches, I was
embraced by the furrounding multitude. All the
fpeftators then cried out, Vive la Nation ! Thefe
' honours, with which I, was much afFe£ted, placed
me under the fafeguard of the people, who, amidft
loud and reiterated plaudits, allowed me to pals
•through them, followed by the three deputies whom
the prefident had charged to condu& me fafe home.
—One of them told me, that he was a ftone^mafen,
belonging to the Fauxhourg St. Germain ; thelother
was a journeyman wig la ft kc r, born at Botifges ; the
V.__.. , , third,



third, who was doAed in the. untibrai of the natbnal
guard, faid, he was a federate. The ftone-mafon
afked me if I was afraid? and defired me to have no
apprehenfions ) ^^ for, as I was ujider the protedion
j>f the people,' jit would be inftantdeaA to moleft
me.'* « I was glad,*' added he,. « when you were
acquitted; for I foon perceived that ypu'were not ant
of the caUrpillars of the. civil lijt"

When we had reached the ftreet St. Ben^ity we
got into a hackney-coacfa) whidi ftopfi^ed att my lodg-
jngs. The firft movement on the part of my^hoft—^
of my friendy on feeing me return, was. t9 offer his
purfe to my conduiElors, who refufedjt> and addled lir* ^
terally as follows:— ^^ do notfMow this trade for
momy / Hen is your friend^ be hat promifed "us a
glafs of brandy ; we fhall drink ity and then return,
to our poft. , . ,

They demandMi a» certificate, that they had
condu£led me home without any accidfent, I thea
aecompanied into the ftfeet, and embraced them oooft
cordially* ^

After a few hours flcep, I took a walk in the gaiw
.den of citizen Egalit^ that Vary day, and I could
4>erceive many pe|fons rubbing their eyesi as if to
difcover if it was really jtne. I was/enlbraccd'even
by ftrangers 5 in fhort^ it was a feftival to mei \
In a few days after my liberation, I deemed it ^n©-
ceffary to publi(h this account j -arfd th<; principal
reafon that induced me to it is to exhibit proofs^ tha^
if the people arc impetuous and irrefiilible when they
Xj deem



5t34 aUltEA¥, ^ ,FVZY*

deem themfelves betrayed, one 014^ not pn tbte
account to defpairof.tbeir jufUce*'*


Fof merly confined by the king of Pniffia^ atid'
«Rtil tetdy languiiUng in a dungeon at Olmut^i by
mitHiiand of the einperour, like ha Fs^ette^.wv
originally arretted on a neutral territory, Ib exprefr
contraii^ntion of the laws of nations.

pefeended from an ancient and noble family, he
entered at aH early period of life into the c$rps iff
engineers, and aldiough appertaining to the privi*^
-kged orders, foon diftinguifhed himfelf by an ardent
and fmcere attachment to the caufe of liberty. In
confequence of this, added to his family intereft, he
krf came a member of the Iegiflatur<^ fi\kA the*prefi*
dent's xrhatr, three different times, and in that fitua^P
ttoh, adiially receivod and adnuhiftered the firft con-
liitiittona} oath*

. Bythe aonftituent afT^nbly, he'was chofen to «9Kw
ecute the grand plan of the departmental dxyAoa^
i^rhich he himfelf had firft conceived of France, and
in 1792, we find him a£Ung as a general officer wk*
4er his friend, La Fayette, with whom he was after*
mrards confined* Such was the mercy of dei^xytiftff,
that they were not permitted to behold ea* other's
JalFerings, being carefully feparated by floUe WsUs>
maSy bolts, and iron wicktts f

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' Their companion ui miBfortiifie, and th«|r ftmi*
mon friend, would have.rifen tp a higher rank in die
army, had not his prtSmnsM been topped Jby his
principles* He aUb was a deputy to the conftitua&t
afiembly, and diftinguifEed himfelf by his love of
liberty* Without being tried by any court of law,
found guilty of aiiy crime before any tribunalf or
even accufed of any offence, this brave man was
inunerfed within the walls of a dungeon, exducbd
.from Uie Goaverfe of mankind, and 'deprived of the
xxMafort and conr<4ation of a wife, and iix children
wha adox« him. His friend Bureau* de Pusy, was
in like manner fecluded from bis wife and chsU>
while to augment the horrour of the pi&mt^ Ma*
.dame La Fayette, and her two dai|ghteca were flmt
up in the lame filthy cell, with their, huiband smd
£ither, to whofe mtferies they incei&ntly added, by
the hourly exhibition of their own. O ddpotifio I
it is ignorance alone that can pronounce tbj name
without a paroxyfm of rage ! .

The families of JLa Fayette, and Maubourg, before
united in friendlbip, may now be Ikid to be united i^
Jove, a marriage having juft taken place betw^n »
fon of the onei and a daughter of the other, in ,t)i[ip
vicinity of AUona, where they have remained evKr
fince their deUvci'ance &^m. m uiiOMrited ca^

H. MA-*


( ^36 1


This gentleman! if not a native of, was at leaft a
confiderAIe planter in the Frendi Weft^Indialflands.
He was, however, educated in Europe, and muft
be allowed to poflefs extraordinary talents, and con-
fiderable learning.

Happening to be in St. Doining6, at the time of
the revolution, he was elefted one of the deputies for
the colonjF. That ifland fo latdy a prey to war and
maflacres, is the fecond in point of fize, but it was
the firft in the Weft Indies, in refpeft to produce
and cultivation; Before the prefent \mfortunate
war, the riches and luxury of tiie inhabitants afto*
«niihed the European.- Living in a ftate of Afiatick
*ljplendour, the proprietors of the Aigar* works, in the
neighbourhood of the Cape, might be faid to rival
the nabobs ofBengal. Their wealth procured them
Silil that a capricious fancy could long for ; and their
power on^ their own eftates, was fuperiou? to that of
an oriental bafhaw, in his government Like all.
Ae great men in fouthern climates, they afFeded
to keep their harams. The negro, fahab'oe, mullatto,.
quadroon, and meftisee, were ready either to folicit .
•their languid- appetites, or iatiate their fiery pafflon^s.
The barbarous but lively mufick of Africa, thfe fine
flavoured fruits pr&duced between the tropicks, th'e
dislicious wines of 'Fiance, and the myftick maa^s of
the dance formed by their compliant female attentf-
ant^Jh^ a tbou£md varied hues, made the manfion-


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hoiife oMie fiaye-owiier>reii^Me a Malioaid<!aiipara»

Far diSefent wer^ the other piCHrtions oftbe iceii^
A long line of negroes^ Vfkh drivers at ceitaiji flatci
diftances brandUhed Aeir knotted fcourges, and
opened die Weeding oiufoks with each inRiSttd
wound. Two or three pallid men, withering in tfeo
fun, that fcorched Aitii into ivaji felt their paflion»
fttblimed by the heat ef the dtmstte, and now urged
to unreoutting labour^ and n^ ealled jer fireib pvt^

At the mill^ jrott m^t behold a fcw mutilated
females feeding the rollers with Ardb entes to the
dctreme danger of their ytt remaianig aieaibef»; at
the ftill-houfe, was not unfrequentlj tobtfeen, aa
unhappy wretch^ who had Hed from flavery^into the
wood&— from* man to natur&««-chained to the eternal
fire; while after the labours of the day^tbe ieU
ilares retired not to refi^ but to new exertions in
the boiling-houfe, carrying a load . of accurfed fugar-
•ane on ther fearified backs I

In fiich a ftate of ibctety as this, where the plan*
ter can turn defpot with impunity, and force thou-
fands of men with a darker complexion than his
own to endure every thinjg; fliort of death ; it
need occafion but little wonder, that this found of //-
ierty (hould be dreadful.

The French revolution accordingly found the
planters in general, ftern and inflexible royallfts*
The fttbje£l of the prefent notaoe^ is expre&ly of this
dcfcription, for he fcems to doubt whether freedom




tlfi ^ MAIOUET*

be a bicflihg t© bip obtained, or a curfe it be depre-
cated. But as ke is an honefl: and able man, not^-
Wfdiftanding bis prejudices/^e confeffes, that it is
nnjuji to keep the negroes in a ftate of bondage *V
and yet he a£hially attempts toc demonftrate the
neceffity of it : as^ if juftice were to give way ^

policy t«

« I curfe, as well as yoa do," lays he " the firft man
who made a beaft of burden of his equal ; let the .
planter leam, tbatflavery h a violation of the law
of nature ! Let him confider it not as a right, but z%
a neceffary evil, of which we are oWigcd -fome
time longer to put up. with the inconveniences^
as the puniihmcht for the barbarity and avarice of
0ttr progenitors/'

M. Malouet was an able fupporter of monarchy^
irrthe National Affembly,and i« allowed on allfidea
to hare been an eloquent and accomplaftied fpeaker»
He, however, at length deemjed it prudent to emi-
grate, and he has taken refuge in tWs coUntry, Where
he occafionally commiti his ideas to the prefs, Hif
laft* publication is entitled, " Examen de cttte quef^

• ** ^ pUu ne phtje que j'/rige auffi en f>rin(^£e en droit imprt-*
finptiblef te/clavage des negres /"

■ t ** ye mMub comme vout U primer bommt pii ft de Jon fimblor
hU un bete de fimme, ffcr

, ** ^e U planUur Ameritdin 4^pr4nM de toute parte fue te^lamagt^
efl en effet la violation du droit naturelt fu*U le confidere^ non (ommt
un iroity mats comme ,»« mal n/ceffsire dont ncut dtvens fubtr enama
fuelfuet tempsj let wcoHv/nient cmme h pe'mi de hi ^rharii » de U
n^t/ de m peresr\




Sitn : ^elfira pour Us Colmes de rAmirtqut It
Refultat dt la Revolution Franfa^Cy de la Guerre
qui en eft la fuife'^^ de la Patx qui doit la tefmf'^
ner V* He wilhes in this pamphlet to prevent the
poffibility of emancipation on the part of the ne^
groes, and for that pmrpofe, he recommends it to the ,
Belligerent powers, to leave all internal regulations
to the <2olonrfts themfelves ! He allows, however,
that negro flavery feems to become unpopular every
where, artd he hint^ in more than one paffagc, that
Europe will foori be fupplied with fugars, folely frona

M. Malouct's plantation in St. Domingo, has
been deftroyed during the troubles, and his friends are
afraid left a late failure in the city fliould have ftraiten^
«d his circumftances ♦.


The fete of a royal miftrefs, however mdancholy
the cat^rophe may be, is fcldom bewailed by the
people, and this was precifely the cafe, in refpeft to
this lady, whofe executfonhad been long ago pre-
diSed by Demorande, and accompliflied in a mannei-,
, that neither the viflim nor the prophet could have
evef dreamed of.

Madame du Barry, rendered a beauty by the hand

• ^^ Jt M*avQb d*autrt i^etb^ui^ a tffr'tr i U maifoa Mtdlmam
ftu m99 bakitatim Jitfofi/t an pwvotr da r/fuilicamea, ^ le fecours
fut }f M rifit defids piat^g sns tfont eu d*autres hmtti ^ ftlfes fus


Digitized by VjOOQ IC

rf Mtiicey aMd a oountefs by die commniid of
Lents XV. and tkimted bf accident from a brotljel
to a f aitnerfhtp in the tbrme, afibrds onp of the
mnfoiaBipUs of foUjrasd profligacy, that produced
and inAeed, juftified the Ffisnch revcJution.

Her origin waa obTcure^ but iathe days of bar
^ory» ibe found meana to claioi a rdationfliip wkh
(Rme of tbe firft ftmilies in Ireland, and a^lually
wnferf ed employments on two or three mb^ foldiers -
^ fortnne, from that country, whom flw called her
^ajAfj, and wbo deemed themfelves amply compen*
fated for the difgracc, by regiments and ^reix di Sf^

The favourite, conduced herfclf in a 0iaQneir„tba{r
at once demonftrated her own infolence, the king'a
folly, and the courtiers' fervility. Her lev^ was aty
tended by all that was gr^t, or more properly fpeak-
ing, by sQl that was mean in France, ^ On rifing one
morning from bed, in prefence of the monarch, and
h\& diffipated companions,.^fhe ordered the Pdpe's
nuncio to hand her pne flipper, while the ,grand
^moner (an archbifhop) put on the other ! each
deeming himfelf highly honoured by the CPaploy-
menti and fully recompenced with the tranfitpry view
•of her charms.

The chancellor of France, at her requeft, figned
a patent, conftituting her negro, governor of the
eaftle of Lucienne, with, a penfion of fix hundred
livres a year. The princes of the blood, were treat-
ed by her, fome times with irjfplence, and at other
tii^ics with a vulgar femiliarity. Wbea the lat^
S duke

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duke of Orleans* father, folicij(ed her intoreft tela*
tire to bis marriage with Madame de Monteilbn,
ihe tapped him on the belly (he was a iat inan)y
craClced a joke on his perfon, permitted him to con-
fiminiate the nuptials, and engaged to take all the
conieqoenoes upon herfelf. The late queen (Marie
Antotn^te), while dauphinefs, was at laft obliged
to entertain, and even pay court- regularly to her*
She tflued ims, in the £ime manner as the monarch,
and drew on the royal treafury,^to whatever amount
file pleafed, without the intervention of the royal
ftgnet. In fliort,4ier teilet was of gold,^ her jewels
were fiiperiour tO'tiiofe of any prihceft'm Europe
(ouf own moft gracious queen's only excepted), and
her villa, or as it was termed her pavilion, at Lu-
cienne, was fornilhed at an expence equal to a Ger-
man fubfidy*

So powerful was her intereft, that the death of
Louis XV. and the indignation of the people, nei-
ther produced feclufion nor reftitution.

At the revolution, this lady, who, according to
the Parifians, — always fond of indemnifying them*
felves for their flavery by a pun,— had rifen from an
Ecu to a Louisy very natyrally took part with a
court, to which flic was atta^ch^d, both by .vanity
and gratitude* He vaft wealth, however, and her
penchant for a nobleman of high rank, prevented her
from emigrating, and. adding to the number of the
mblejfe who aiTembled at Coblentz.

Soon after the king's execution, (he repaired to
this country, and might have found an afyJum here,

Y but



242 ' GARIN.

but the was naturally of art intriguing <IifpofitidJi,
and inftantly comn^nced a negoctation for th^ ref*
toration of the monarchy.

Her charms made no impreiSon on Mr. Pitt, but
b!s zeal, if not his perfon, attra&^ her warmeft re-*
gards. ' She al\¥ays fpoke of him with raptures, cpn*:
fidered him as the protestor of the exUed princes,,
and actually returned to France with his miniahir€
piSfure attached by a gold cbsyn to her neck— that
onci lovely neck, fo foon to be feyercd by the un-
pitying guillotine !

Calrgula made his horfe Conful — Madamie 'du Barry
created ha- Uack page a governor, and adu^Uy bar-
tered a crolx de &t. Louis fof a paroquet. The
philofopher fcarcely knows which moft to delpife:
the Romans of one age, or the French of another J


Was one of the municipal officers of Paris, and
appertained to that powerfurbody, at a time it regu-
lated the deftiny of the whole empire.

In-1793, the capital was menaced with the dread-
ful fcourge of famine, and if we are to believe fome .
fpeculatlveTTien, this originated in z populicide con-
fpiracy, on the part of the then exifting government.

It has been afferted, with more zeal than truths
that the Committee of Ptiblick Safety, Garat, the
minifter of the hom^ department, and Pache the
mayor, were all e>ther adlors or accomplices in this
infemal plot ! Be this as it may, fo far is certain,


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that Garin, who had become a member of the pom-
mittee of Subfiftence, imagining thai; an infamous
coalition exifted, .which countera£ted all his endea-
vour?, determined t6 denounce the authors of it.
On this the forty-eight feftions nominated a fpecial
commiflion, in order to enquire into the fa£ts, and
Baboeuf the fecretary of the committee, having laid
a report before them, they took him, Garin and his
colleague Favanne, under their fpecial proteftion.

The Committee of Publick Safety, notwithftand-
ing this, diffolved the commiflion ; Garin was ftrip-
ped of his office and arretted ; he was not, however,
fcnt to prifon, but remained during ten months con-
fined in his houfe, with three keepers.

. He was one of the few members of the Commune y
who did not participate in the confpiiacy of the 9th
Tbermidon On the contrary, he repaired v/ith his
guards to the Champs -Ely sees^^ to combat, with his
. accuftomed energy, the fadtion of Robefpierre. Some
time after this, he obtained his libzrtyj but he fell
fick the day after, and died in the courfe of a week.

Occupied in favour of liberty from the begin-
ning of the revolution, he had not only neglected,
but ruined -his fortune, and died poor. His family,
consequently, is in want, and depends folely o» the
bounty of the republick.


The lady now known by this name, and formerly by
thofe of Madame de Brulart, and Madame de Genlis,
has diftixiguijlhed herfelf in the republick of letters.
Y2 At

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At an early period of her life, (he entered into
the fervice of the family of Orleans, and poflefled
great influence over the duke, until he turned politic
ciatty a fituation he was but little calculated for,
either by nature or education. On his miflion to
England, which has ftiU fomething apocryphal in it,
fhe excufed his departure, in ^ note, which th«
amiable and refpeSable duchefs, his unfortunate con-
fort, tranfmitted to all the journals. She alfo ad-
vifed hiin againft accepting the regency ; and he
being like Mr. Burke's friend. Lord Kepple, no
great cleri^ fee arranged the letter, announcing his

Having fuccceded at the commence»ient of the re-
volution to a large fortune, fhe gave in her refignation
as gouvernantfy but afterwards accompanied one
of her female pupils to England, which occafioned
her to be included in the lift of emigrants. She
was afterwards decreed in a ftate of accufation, on
account of her fuppofed conne£lion with Dumou-
ri'ezj but, on the cpntrary, fhe had given that ge-
neral gi:eat offence, by declaring it as her opinion,
that France, after overturning the monarchy, was"
bound in honour to maintain the republick.

Madame de* Sillery, who had lived on terms of
intimacy with D'Alembert, and all the great men
of France, during her own time, was fuppofed to
have drawn up the celebrated paper, publifhed in
the name of the duke of Orleans, entitled, *' Ca*
hurs-a fes commetansy* which gave a woiidcrful
Impulfion to the publick mind, and ierved as a


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HK^Iel to'moft of thofe printed anterior to the meet*
ing of the ftates-general. She, however, denies this
noiY, as (he did at that time to Madame de Houfflers ;
and it is thought to -be the produAion of his friend
La Clos i a man more celebrated for his talents than
}ns morals. To the honour of this lady, fhe was al-
ways ready to patronize men of genius, and to her was
Jeft the dire£tion of fuch fums as the duke of Orleans
chofe to confer on thofe who fuftained the honour of
French literature. She alfo procured a penfion from
M. de Calonhe, for an author whom fhe had never
feen, but whofe productions fhe was charmed with.

After having married one of her pupils (the accom-
plifhed Pamela) to the brave and unfortunate Lord
£dward Fitzgerald, and placed another under the pro-
teft'on of her own family, fhe retired to and now
refides in the King of Denmark's German domini-
ons, in the neighbourhood of Altona, with her niece,
"who is married to M. de Valence,
• Madame de Sillery complains bitterly of the arts
that have been recurred to in order to calumniate'her;
and, with a view to obviate all fufpicion, (he has pub-
lifhed a hiftory of her life, fince the important epoch
of the revolution, in which flie endeavours to refcue
her charaftpr from the afperfions of ignorance and
malevolence. She tells us, that after having confe-
crated twenty-five years t$ the education of her Chil-
dren and her pupils, {he at laft enjoys that retirement
after which her heart had always panted. She has been
accufed of a turn for intrigue ; but is this likely, when
it is recolleifted that flie never folicited a favour from
Y3 th«



246 SffADAMt 91 SXUBJtr.

the courti and never onct waited on a mitltftef ; that
fhe occupied nearly the whole of her time in the du^
ties of inftru<Slion ; (hut herfelf up in a conTent^ and
never gave or received an entertainment during tfcir«
teen years ?

She had early forefeen that the views of the court,
the diforder of the finances, and the general difcoti-
tent) Were likely to produce an inteftine commotion.
In order to avoid its effeds, ihe had determined to
repair to Nice with her pupils ; but this refolution
gave fUch a ftab to the frail and futttl popularity of
the houfe of Orleans^ that the fcheme was abandomecL

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