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DECEMBER, 1912 NO. 12

sV «'

Life andLioM
for 00 oman


Kingdom of peace ! whose music clear
Swept through ^udea's starlit shies,
Still the harsh sounds of human strife
Break on thy heavenly harmonies;
Yet shall thy song of triumph ring
In full accord, from land to land,
Hnd men with angels learn to sing
"Behold the kingdom is at hand!"

— 6mtly fiimttngton Miller.

Conventional Womaiis Boards
oF Missions


Entered at the Post Office at Boston, Mass., as Second-class matter.


A Christmas Carol (Poem.) By Alida G.
Radcliffe 505

Editorial Paragraphs 506

Miss Stanwood and the Central Com-
mittee. By Mrs. Lucy W. Peabody . 509

Leaves from the Journal of a Medical
Missionary in China. By Dr. Estella
A. Perkins 510

Practical Christianity in Japan. By Kate

G. Lamson 515

Things that are not Shaken in Guadala-
jara. By Mrs. Sara B. Howland . . 523

Cora May Welpton. By Mrs. Eula Bates
Lee 528

JumoB Wobk.

The Sunday-School Cradle Roll vs. The
Missionary Roll. By Mary Preston . 531

§0»*4 at ih$ g Miiiu

Editorial Paragraphs 534

A Few of Our Patients at Lintsingchow.

By Dr. Susan B. Tallmon ... 534
Two Gifts from the Pacific Coast . . 636

Receipts 552

Our Field Correspondents. Miss Mary
L. Matthews, Turkey; Miss Gates and
Miss Bruce, India; Mrs. Jennie Cozad
Newell, Japan ...... 538

Oub Wobk at Home.

The Woman's Board Annual Meeting at

Andover. By Caroline H. Adam . . 542

Our Golden Anniversary Gift . . . 54T

Receipts 64S

Montana poarb of J$tig£tcms

704 Congregational House, Boston, Mass.


Mrs. CHARLES H. DANIELS, Wellesley, Mass.

1st Vice President

Mrs. A. A. LINCOLN, Wollaston, Mass.

Vice Presidents

Mrs. N. G. CLARK, Boston Mrs. J. L. BARTON, Newton Centre, Mass.

Mrs. E. E. STRONG, Auburndale, Mass. Miss SUSAN HAYES WARD, Newark, N. J,

Corresponding Secretary

Recording Secretary

MRS. J. FREDERICK HILL, Cambridge, Mass.

Home Secretary
Miss HELEN B. CALDER, Boston

Foreign Secretary

Miss KATE G. LAMSON, Boston

Editorial Secretary

Miss ALICE M. KYLE, Boston

Secretary of Young People's Work




Assistant Treasurer

Miss S. EMMA KEITH.'Boston



Roman's Poarb of ifflts&ion* of tfje pacific


Mrs. R. B. CHERINGTON, Porterville, Cal.

Home Secretary Foreign Secretary and Editor

Mrs. W. T. WILCOX, 527 E. 18th Street, Mrs. E. R. WAGNER, 355 Reed Street, San
Oakland, Cal." * Tose, Cal.


Miss HENRIETTA F. BREWER, 770 Kingston Avenue, Oakland, Cal.

Assistant Treasurer

Mrs. W. W. FERRIER, 2716 Hillegas Street, Berkeley, Cal.

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Vol. XLII.


No. 12

9 Christmas Carol


This carol, with appropriate music by John B. Marsh, may be found in Hymns of
the Church, a new and choice collection of hymns compiled by the late Rev. W. V. W.
Davis, D.D. and the Rev. Raymond Calkins, D.D.

The angels sang in the silent night,

While the shepherds watched, and the heav'ns were bright;

And tho' years like a river have flowed along,

Yet we are singing the angels' song.

Peace upon earth and to men good will,

And glory to God, we are singing still.

They heralded in the joyful morn,

When the Prince of Peace as a child was born ;

And we look back through the ages dim,

And come like the shepherds to worship Him.

Saviour, Redeemer and Priest and King,

Our hearts are the gifts that to Thee we bring.

Fir tree and pine and the myrtle bough
Are woven in garlands to greet Thee now,
And the frosty sunshine of Christmas day
Is fairer to us than the light of May.
O Jesus ! Lord of the worlds above,
Thine be the glory and ours the love.

So shall we welcome Thee year by year;
So shalt Thou grow to our hearts more dear;
So shall no taint of the world's alloy
Shadow the light of our Christmas joy :
While peace upon earth, and to men good will
And glory to God we are singing still.


Life and Lights


When Miss Child was so suddenly summoned hence after the annual
meeting in Washington in 1902 we felt that our loss was irreparable, but
Miss Stanwood's we comforted ourselves with the thought that we still
Resignation. had Miss Stanwood who had been so closely associated
with Miss Child that in our thought and speech they appeared as one.
Now, ten years after Miss Child's departure, we are called upon to part
with our beloved Home Secretary. We could not tell Miss Child and
Mrs. Judson Smith our appreciation of their efficient and self-sacrificing
years of service for the cause dear to them and to us. Happily Miss

Stanwood is still with us and the pain
of parting is lightened somewhat by
the opportunity of expression.

It is hardly possible to imagine an
executive meeting without our Miss
Stanwood seated in her long accus-
tomed place with her expert knowl-
edge of every situation under
consideration, with her rare felicity
and facility of expression, with her
positive convictions combined with
unfailing courtesy, with her adapta-
bility to new conditions, with her
sympathetic interest in both the
foreign and home problems. And to
outsiders who visited the Board rooms
for helps in preparing for auxiliary
meetings the Home Secretary could
always be depended on as a reposi-
tory of the desired information and full of strategic suggestions. So
both in the rooms and in the wide constituency of the Woman's Board
Miss Stanwood has won for herself such a large place in the hearts
of her co-workers that the overwhelming thought is, "How can we do
without her?" "The workers fail, the work goes on."

What Miss Stanwood accomplished during her thirty years of service
in the first half century of the Woman's Board of Missions will be an
inspiration to many a young woman who wants to make life tell.

G. h. c.


igi2l Editorial 507

The sympathy of many friends and sometime co-workers is extended
to Miss Cornelia S. Bartlett, formerly of Smyrna, in the recent death of

Missionary ner father, Rev. Lyman Bartlett, at Pasadena. Father and

Personals, daughter have been inseparable companions in their life in
Turkey and during later years when ill health has rendered a sojourn in
the home land a necessity to both.

Mrs. Charles N. Ransom, daughter of Dr. Calhoun of the Syrian
Mission, who has given the last twenty-two years to work in Africa, has
prolonged her stay in the vicinity of Boston to attend the annual meeting
of the Woman's Board. During her stay she has rendered gracious and
acceptable service in many meetings where she has given vivid accounts
of the opportunities and needs in South Africa.

Among recent visitors in the mission rooms have been Mr. and Mrs.
Thomas King of the Rhodesia Branch of the South African Mission, who
have just come home for furlough.

Mrs. George Allchin, after extended furlough, sailed November 9th
from San Francisco to join her husband in Osaka, Japan. Miss Charlotte
B. DeForest also sailed at this time.

There was a commission service in the rooms of the American Board,
October 16th, for Dr. and Mrs. Floyd O. Smith. They are designated to
the Eastern Turkey Mission with the expectation that they will be located
at Diabekir.

The gratifying increase of nearly fifteen hundred subscribers due to the
efforts made in many auxiliaries during the Simultaneous Campaign of
Subscription 1911-1912, has been partially nullified by the failure of
Renewals, some six hundred old subscribers to renew their annual sub-
scriptions. Doubtless this has been due in many cases to summer jour-
neyings, change of residence and other interruptions in the ordinary
course of life. Will not these friends and others who really mean to take
Life and Light please attend to the matter promptly so that January
first may see many of the names now missing from the roll of readers
restored to. the list?

An important part of our year's work will be a series of institutes now
being planned by secretaries of the American Board in conference with

Co-operative Institutes with the three Woman's Boards. The plan contem-
the American Board. plates holding four series of simultaneous insti-
tutes from January 15th to March 15th in the four districts of the American
Board. Two of these series will be held in the territory of the W. B. M.,

508 Life and Light [December

one in the territory of the W. B. M. I., and one in the territory of the
W. B. M. P.

Ordinarily an institute will open with an informal gathering of speakers
and local leaders on Saturday evening and will close on Monday evening.
Missionaries and secretaries making up a team will assist in as many
church services as possible on Sunday, speaking also to Sunday schools
and young people's societies. Meetings on Monday will take the form
of a school of methods for promoting missions in local churches. At
various sessions the following subjects among others will be considered:
Apportionment, Every Member Canvass, Missions in the Sunday School,
Mission Study -and Woman's Work. There will also be addresses by
missionaries. A popular evening meeting will close the institute.

Each team will usually consist of one or more secretaries and mission-
aries of the American Board, a secretary and a missionary from the
Woman's Board, a representative of the Sunday School and Publishing
Society, a representative of the state apportionment committee and others.
Cities will be selected which are Congregational centers of sufficient
importance to make possible attendance from the surrounding country.
This is not a campaign for raising money but has as its aim missionary
inspiration and education. Earnest prayer is asked for this united effort.

Two of the articles in the Noveinber number have been reprinted as

aids to the study of China, — Mrs. Lawrence Thurston's "China's Break

New with the Past" and "The Churches of the American Board

Publications, in North China" by Rev. E. E. Aiken, formerly of Pao-
ting-fu. Price 3 cents. Also, the W. B. M. I. have issued an interesting
leaflet by Miss Martha S. Wiley of Foochow entitled "Chinese Woman-

In the following tabulated statement of the contributions to the Board

during the year just closed we are pleased to call attention to the

The increase for regular work. This is especially gratifying in

Treasury, that it is the result of a gain on the part of each of a large
majority of the Branches. The gifts of the Branches for regular work
amount to $116,000, an increase of nearly $4,500 over last year. The
annual report of the treasurer will be found at the close of the receipts
for the month.





Receipts from September 18 to October 18, 1912

Regular Work.


Work of 1912.

Special Objects.















For Twelve

Months to

October 18,



















THE Central Committee on the United Study of Missions rejoices that
it is not to lose Miss Stanwood, even though she resigns from her
active work as secretary of the Woman's Board of Missions. It would
be a loss indeed, as Miss Stanwood for ten years has continued the work
laid down by her predecessor, Miss Child, the originator of the plan of
united study. Miss Stanwood's knowledge and experience seem essential
to the Committee. She has been in every way an ideal successor to Miss
Child. She understood her plans from the beginning and sympathized
with them. She took up the duties as a sacred legacy from a friend, as
well as in ^response to the call from her Board. Looking back over the
ten years of her service, we are impressed with their great value to the
study of missions, and it would be difficult to think of the Committee
without her.

I dare not say all the things in my heart, as I am sure Miss Stanwood
would think it quite improper, and we have all learned to respect her as
a wise and kindly critic. So often she has been called in emergency for
counsel. Never has she failed and her advice is always well worth
having. She has read the manuscripts carefully and both the choice of
topics and the style of books have been influenced by her fine judgment.
She is a most conscientious committee member, never shirking her part
of the work, giving her best to the consideration of each topic. Her

510 Life and Light [December

sense of humor has often relieved our darkest situations. During- the
absence of the chairman she served in that position and every detail was
cared for most perfectly. Her thorough and orderly mind admirably fit
her for such office. Since she is so near the officers of the Committee she
has been much in demand for sub-committee work, so that an unusual
amount of responsibility has fallen upon her.

We would express our deepest gratitude and warmest appreciation of
all that she has meant to all of our interdenominational work. With
absolute loyalty to her own Board and devotion to her secretarial duties,
she has had also the wider vision of united service for the Kingdom of
God. Her encouragement and assistance during the Jubilee helped to
make it possible. We thank the Woman's Board of Missions for appoint-
ing Miss Stanwood as their representative on our Central Committee.
We trust that the service may extend over many years. It is a united
committee in more senses than one. Never was there such complete har-
mony and unanimity; no jar nor bitterness thus far has marred its work.
A spirit of deep affection exists between all its members and none pos-
sesses more fully the love and regard of her associates than our dear Miss

We are glad that she is to have a lovely quiet afternoon of rest, after
her long morning of service; we are glad, too, that we may talk a little
about the things we love best in her, while she is here; and we are most
of all glad that this is not a farewell.



Dr. Perkins went to China first under the Methodist Board as Dr. Estella L.
Akers. In 1885 she married Rev. Henry P. Perkins, when they became missionaries
of the American Board, first at Tientsin and later at Paoting-fu, remaining until
1910. Mrs. Perkins met with a serious accident while attempting to board a train
in Paoting-fu and has been compelled to give up her work in China. She and her
husband are now residing in Westboro, Mass. These notes from her diary give
glimpses into the daily life of devotion among the people whom she loves.

MONDAY. We gave the Ma family a clean bill of health to-day.
There have been thirteen cases of scarlet fever in that clan in two
months. Little Ma Tze welcomed me with the most beautiful smiles.
He does not look much like the sick baby to whom I was called six weeks
ago, — poor fever-parched child that he was, clasping a fat, unhappy frog

igi2~\ Leaves from the Journal of a Medical Missionary 511

in his tiny, hot hands. Ma Tze is one of many who have learned to
love, instead of to fear and hate the "foreign devil" duringthis epidemic.
Given a period of comparative freedom from a contagious disease in this
country, when it starts again there is sure to be a most thorough-going
epidemic, like the present one. Everyone who is not immune is bound
to have it. Every fretting, ailing baby will be taken by mamma or older
sister into the midst of every
gathering in the neighborhood.
Weddings, funerals, shows, — all
furnish an abundance of disease
germs, warranted to "take." In
one home I found three children
ill, the neighbors far too neigh-
borly, and in the court a coffin
containing the body of a girl,
dead ten days ago of the fever,
waiting until a convenient
season for her people to come
from the country for it. There
is need of instruction here, if
there were only more time. I
must say, however, that these
young mothers have been very
obedient to orders. I know by
the number of dispensary cases
of sequelae in patients I did
not treat that the careful follow-
ing of directions by the mothers
of my children must have
saved half of them from bad

results of the disease. It is a comfort to be able to do something more
than prescribe a little medicine.

Wednesday. I was amused and tried at- the same time yesterday. I
had settled to an afternoon of study with the teacher when an urgent call
came for me to go to the city. Of course 1 was glad to go, work in the
homes is so much more satisfactory, but I was not prepared to find the
patient as well as I was. After the usual urging to partake of tea and
more tea and other refreshments the women confessed that no one was ill,
but the old lady wanted to know whether it was true that the world was


512 Life and Light [ December

round. Her son had read that statement in a book. She didn't believe
it, but if the foreign tai-fu, who had come so far to help her Chinese
sisters, said it was round, round it should be.

Saturday. I am glad to be home again this morning from a tour among
our country stations. At Hsin Tien Tze we had a big feast, given by the
woman who brought her son to the hospital in March with a broken
elbow. She is very grateful for the useful arm her son now has, and for
the opening of the heart which came to her at the hospital. One of the
delicacies of the feast was beef stew seasoned with sugar. The son had
observed our cook preparing meals and, never having seen salt so white
as ours, naturally supposed it was sugar and that the foreigner preferred
sugar with his meat. At Hsin Tien Tze I saw something that opened my
doctor eyes with horror, — a baby six days old, being stuffed with pre-
masticated peanuts. Some half dozen of us were sitting on the kang,
talking and reading, when I happened to turn to speak to a young mother,
just as a mouthful of chewed peanut was being transferred from mamma's
mouth to baby's. And there are 400,000,000, more or less, of the sons
and daughters of Han still living! Hsin Tien Tze people have the
prettiest accent I have heard in China, and they are very gentle and

I am sure the medical work is helping to get the good will of the
people. Yesterday we were looked upon with suspicion at the inn, until
it was discovered that the red box on the cart contained medicine. Then
women began to crowd around with a different look and we had hardly
time for our dinner, so busy were we with eyes, heads, coughs, dyspep-
sias and pains. I am sure if I used needles like a Chinese doctor I might
have jabbed every one of the eligible points in the human anatomy.

Friday. It is still raining. Everything is blue with mould, even the
wounds of the patients. We dress them twice a day and still they are
sickening. We have no business to have so many operations in summer,
but what can one do? Women come miles, hobbling on their little, often
sore feet, or brought by some male relative, in barrow or basket! All one
can do is to operate, when operation is necessary. In spite of water-
soaked brick walls, floors and even kangs, many cases have done verv well
and the patients are so grateful and willing to listen to the Bible woman
who spends a good deal of her time in the hospital now, as she cannot do
her regular work because of these floods of rain.

Monday. There was an interesting case to-day. I was called to the
city to a well-to-do merchant's house. The patient was a twelve-year-

i9 z2 ~\ Leaves from the Journal of a Medical Missionary


old girl, a relative who was visiting. Several days ago she fell into a big
kettle of scalding medicinal plaster at a neighboring pharmacy. The
burn is a very severe one, covering the outer surface of one leg, side and
arm, besides a burn on the abdomen as large as a teacup. The Chinese
doctors are afraid to touch the case as the outcome is not likely to be a
favorable one, and the despairing merchant has sent for us. Well he
knows that in case of the girl's death he and the druggist will be held
responsible and will have to pay over most unreasonable sums of money.
We shall not be hindered by want of dressings from making the child as
comfortable as possible.


Wednesday. There are those who talk of the stoicism of the Chinese.
Some are stoics, and some are not. This afternoon one of the servants
came in without his usual decorum, saying there were two men fighting,
opposite the hospital, and one was bleeding to death. In such a case a
woman's hospital cannot refuse men patients, so we opened to the
"dying" breaker of the peace. His hand was cut quite badly as he had
grasped the blade of the knife flourished by the other. It required a few
stitches, which were set to the tune of "Oh, my paternal grandmother, I
am being killed, I am being killed," at the top of the bully's voice.

Saturday. To-day the friends of the girl who fell into the kao yao

514 Life and Light [December

sent presents of fruits and cakes and put up a bien over the hospital doors.
It is quite a large signboard with the names of about forty men on it
painted in blue and gilt. These are the business men on the merchant's
street, who have contributed. They have given the girl a large collar of
white cloth having the same names written on it. She was marched down
from the city with music and banners to return thanks for her recovery.
We told them to thank God.

Tuesday. We have passed through a dreadful storm, with no more
serious harm than a few broken windows and a shattered gate. On the
way to the dispensary to-day when passing through the Mohammedan
street, the women were more polite and smiling than usual, asking me
to come in to "rest awhile" and so on. There was no sign of the hus-
bands and fathers who were ready to take our lives the night before last.
I felt brave enough during the actual rioting but last night every loud
sound on the street sent cold shivers up my back.

Thursday. I have malaria — or malaria has me — again. I was too
sick yesterday to go to see a patient in the city. I gave the messenger a
note to Dr. W. but found to-day that the Mohammedan husband would
not let her summon him. The patient died. How much- we need native
assistants, and how much the Chinese women need the aid of doctors of
their sex from among their own people. The Southerners already have
a few who have been educated in the hospitals or in America. There is
no prejudice here against the woman doctor.

Wednesday. I am just back from a country trip. How good a
civilized house seems. I do not feel like the same person that rode into
the compound two hours ago, behind a most disreputable looking cart.
We were all one khaki color from plodding half a day in a blinding dust
storm. We ended our ministrations at an early hour this morning. After
prescribing, teaching and talking all day and evening we found our duties
were not over with the good-bys to the women and children. The men
of the little church now came forward and begged us to play some of the
hymns and sing them over and over until one of their number, a blind
man, could catch the tunes and play them on his flute. Our voices did
not respond very musically, but we did our best and had our reward. I
hope they will not forget the tunes before next Sunday.

Thursday. The women of China are a wonder. When the Revolu-
tionists called for women recruits, they responded nobly. The school-
girls are as patriotic as the boys. In Tientsin, Dr. Leonora Howard
King, who thirty years ago won the lasting friendship of the Viceroy Li


Practical Christianity in Japan


Hung Chang and his wife by her tireless ministry to the latter, gave
weekly lessons in First Aid to 'the Wounded, to thirteen of the pupils
attending Keen School, a school for girls from high-class families.

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