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APRIL, 1916

NO. 4

Lif^ and ligM
for Woman

aCfje return of Casiter gfioulb be to tfje
Cfjr isitian tfje call of a trumpet. 3t is( tfje
netiJg of a great bictorj» ; it i^ ttje solution
of a great perplexity ; it ig tfje as^sJurance
of a great triumpfj.

— jf rebcrtcfe tS^tmplt

Conppegation^l COom^ais Doards
oF Missions


Entered at the Post Office at Boston, Mass., as Second-class Matter


An Easter Song. By Elizabeth Judson

Woods 145

•'If in This Life Only." By Frances J.

Dyer 146

Editorials 148

Changing China. By Bertha P. Reed . 155
The Recent Conference in Panama. By

Sara B. Bowland 158

After the Bazaar at Niigata. By Edith

Curtis 164

The Y. W. C. A. Conference in Foochow.

By Irene Domblaser 169

Board of the Pacific.

Progress in Peking 173

From the War Zone . . , , . 174

The King's Messengers at Ponasang. By

Nellie Feet Hubbard 174

Receipts 192

Our Field Correspondents.

Miss Mary F. Long, Chihuahua; Eliza-
beth S. Perkins, Foochow; Miss Delia D.
Leavens. Tungchoiu; Miss Minnie Hast-
ings, Uduvil 177

The Wider View 182

Our Work at Home.

Around the Council Table with our Presi-
dent 184

Harriette W. Tuttle 186

Junior Department.

Jubilee for Juniors 186

Our Book Table ...... 188

Receipts 190

Witmm*si poarti of iFHtsssitons;

704 ConKresational House, Bostoo, Mass.


Mrs. CHARLES H. DANIELS, Wellesley, Mass.

First Vice President
Mrs. frank GAYLORD COOK, Cambridge, Mass.

Vice Presidents
Mrs, a. a. LINCOLN, WoUaston, Mass. Mrs. E. E. STRONG, Aubumdale, Mass.

Mrs. N. G. CLARK, Boston Mrs. JAMES L. BARTON, Newton Centre, Mass.

Miss SUSAN HAYES WARD, South Berwick, Me.

Corresponding Secretary
RecordfaiK Secretary Foreign Secretary

Mrs. J. FREDERICK HILL, Cambridge, Mass. Miss KATE G. LAMSON, Boston

Home Secretary Editorial Secretary

Miss HELEN B. CALDER, Boston Miss ALICE M. KYLE, Boston

Secretary of Young; People's Work Associate Secretary

Miss MARY PRESTON, Boston Miss ANNE L. BUCKLEY, Boston

Treasurer Assistant Treasurer

Miss SARAH LOUISE DAY, Boston Miss S. EMMA KEITH, Boston



WBs3iamC% iSoarb o{ iKisisitonse for tte ^^tftc


Mrs.R. B. CHERINGTON, Carmel,Cal.

Home Secretary

Mrs. H. M. TENNEY,

811 East Lake Avenue, Watsonville, Cal.

Foreign Secretary aad Editor
Mrs. £. R. WAGNER, 355 Reed Street, San
Tos^, Cal.


Mrs. W. W. FERRIER, 2716 Hillegass Avenue, Berkeley, Cal.

Jform of Pequejst

In making devises and legacies, the entire corporate name of the Board should be
used as follows : —

/ give and bequeath to the Woman's Board of Missions, incorporated under the

laws of Massachusetts in the year i86g, the sum of.

Digitized by the Internet Archive

in 2009 with funding from

Boston Library Consortium IVIember Libraries


A Deserted Temple in Peking

The Thirteen Story Pagoda in Rear

(See page 155)

Life and Light

Vol. XLVI. April, 1916 No 4.


By Elizabeth Judson Woods

The Easter Morning dawneth
Once more on land and sea,
Bringing its own sweet message
Of glorious victory;
It tells of love unchanging,
Of suffering, pain and loss.
Of loneliness, desertion,
Then Calvary, and the cross.

Yet from this pain and sorrow.
Is born the Easter song,
A song of love triumphant,
Of pardon for all wrong ;
It bids us follow bravely
Where Christ marl^s out the way.
It gives us faith to conquer all
With love this Easter T>ay.

146 Life and Light [April

'' If in This Life Only "

By Frances J. Dyer

'^-j-^ITH a chastened spirit this season we draw near to the
^■^ celebration of Easter. In the "maddening maze of
\^J^r things" created by nearly a dozen Christian nations
being plunged into war, in the shadows cast by men's hearts fail-
ing them for fear, and women's hearts breaking with anguish,
perhaps we feel that we cannot "exultingly sing" at our festival
of joy. But it is a good time to examine anew the foundations
of our belief in the doctrine of immortality.

Paul reminded the Corinthian Christians that "if in this life
only" they had hope in Christ they were of all men most miser-
able, that is, most to be pitied. We to-day are also to be com-
miserated if there is no future for personal faith or for the
missionary enterprise. Many people interpret the awful sacrifice
of precious human lives during the past twenty months, the
wanton destruction of homes and churches, schools and hospitals,
on both mission fields and battle grounds, as signs of the failure
of Christianity. Yet they who count not their lives dear unto
themselves, and offer them most freely in service, are the first to
repudiate this idea. They know that "the power of an endless
life" lies in the Christian ideal, and are ready to affirm with the
great optimist among English poets that "all we have willed or
hoped or dreamed of good shall exist."

We are apt to confine our Bible reading at Easter to the story
of our Lord's resurrection. We love to go over the details of
that transcendent event, and dwell upon the swift transition in
the minds of the disciples from deepest despair to almost delirious
joy. Our imagination lingers about the scenes in the garden in
the dim light of early morning, the appearances of Jesus in His
glorified body to the women, to Peter and John, to Mary Magda-
lene, and at the twilight hour the revelation of Himself to the
two on their way to Emmaus. We picture Him later that same
evening in the room at Jerusalem, when He spoke peace to the
frightened group, and again the next week when once more the
doors were shut for fear of the Jews, and He gave them the new

igi6] "If in This Life Only" 147

beatitude, "Blessed are they that have not seen and yet have be-
lieved." The story is so familiar and so dear that our hearts
burn within us as we follow it through ensuing days until He
was parted from them and carried up into heaven.

Perhaps, however, it would be profitable this year to put more
study into the effect of Christ's resurrection upon His followers,
as revealed in the Acts. Or to ponder more deeply the fifteenth
chapter of First Corinthians, in which Paul discusses not only
the fact but the mode of the resurrection life. We see that both
his character and his theology were radically changed by a belief
that Jesus died for our sins and rose again from the dead.
Writing to the Corinthian Christians about twenty-five years
after that event he unfolds to them, under the beautiful analogy
of a grain of wheat buried in the ground, the comforting truth
that through death we attain a life immeasurably increased in
character and range. He merely hints at its scope. Nor does
he state in explicit terms what the resurrection body is like.
He admits that he shows us a mystery, but as Marcus Dods says,
"It may one day appear to us most natural that the spirit should
clothe itself with a spiritual body."

Paul knew that the Christ whom he saw on the way to Damas-
cus, "appareled in celestial light," did not appear to him in the
same body which hung upon the cross. He was too familiar
with the sight of men and women burned to ashes, or devoured
by wild beasts, to suppose that the actual substance of their earthly
bodies could be recovered. He satisfies no curiosity, but he does
make clear the reality of a life beyond the grave, one in which
every noble aspiration, all pure loves and desires, unselfish pur-
poses and lofty ideals will be fulfilled. And what expansion of
gifts and powers is suggested by the change of a dry seed into a
field of grain, blossoming in beauty and fruitfulness!

So when "God's little instant men call years" takes its proper
place in our thought of eternity we cease to crave unduly "the
touch of a vanished hand and the sound of a voice that is still,"
and learn to live with our beloveds in the life of the spirit here
and now. We delight to be "always abounding in the work of
the Lord," for we know that our labors are not in vain, nor lim-
ited to this life only.

148 Life and Light [April


Fifty years ago in Boston the first Young Women's Christian

Association was established, its actual birthday being March 3,

1866. Chief among the group of women who

, . . founded it was Mrs. Edwin Lamson, the mother of

Celebration. _, . ^ „. , , ,

our own Foreign Secretary. bince that date the

movement has spread not only all over the United States but into

other lands, with strong branches to-day in mission fields as well.

In this country there are 972 Associations, with very nearly

343,000 members.

Twenty-five years ago the first conference for young women
was held in Bay View, Mich. Now there are fifteen of these
gatherings held from the Atlantic to the Pacific, with an annual
average attendance of 5,000. This conference idea has also
gone abroad, as will be seen from Miss Dornblaser's article on
page 169.

During the past three years there has come a wonderful devel-
opment of the Association ideals in the industrial and business
circles where so many girls are to-day employed. It is a signifi-
cant fact that on the membership rolls in our own land twenty-six
different nationalities are represented. There has come also a
remarkable impetus in rural communities through the Eight
Week Clubs, while latest of all, perhaps, is the organizing of
the department to care for the Oriental students in our colleges,
of which Miss Margaret Burton is in charge.

In the Boston Association was started the first gymnasium, the
first classes for cooking, and here also girls wei"e earliest taught
"first aid." It is fitting that there should have been a country-
wide observance of this important anniversary, and accordingly
throughout the month of February, with climactic features on
March 3, the Associations, large and small, urban and suburban,
have felt the thrill of this Jubilee, each devising a way to join in
the general rejoicing.

In Boston a pageant, in which 400 girls participated, was given
on two consecutive evenings, while on Sunday, February 6, in
Lamson Hall, at the Pioneers' Service, Miss Kate G. Lamson


Editorials 149

gave an address full of historic interest, reviewing the first
twenty-five years of this Association, itself the pioneer.

Nothing which touches the life of any girl within the reach of
her influence is a matter of indifference to the true Association
Secretary. Permeated by the spirit of its late lamented National
President, Miss Grace H. Dodge, and led by those who have been
touched by the royal impulse, "Not to be ministered unto, but to
minister," the great National Young Women's Christian Asso-
ciation moves on. In night class and summer camp, in employment
bureau and in healthful sports, steadily and surely the young
womanhood of the world is being helped and uplifted by this
Christian agency, — a "Big Sister" to the various missionary or-
ganizations of the women of all denominations.

Mrs. Frederick B. Bridgman, of the Zulu Mission, who with

her husband and little son is spending the winter with Dr. Burt

Bridgman in Jamaica Plain, has recently been laid

aside by necessary surgical treatment, but is now

making good recovery. Mrs. Bridgman stirred the

hearts of those present at the Friday meeting, February 4, by her

story of the needs of the "Women of Johannesburg."

Mrs. Mary C. Winsor, who has spent a month in the Presby-
terian Hospital at New Orleans, reports improved health.

Miss Alice Pettee Adams left her eastern friends February 21
and sailed from San Francisco March 2, returning to the Loving
All Institution and her work in Okayama, with renewed vigor
after her prolonged furlough.

Mr. and Mrs. William E. D. Ward (Dora Mattoon) sailed
March 4 from Vancouver, for Calcutta, where Mr. Ward will
enter upon new duties in connection with the Y. M. C. A.

Mrs. Agnes D. Gordon, who arrived in San Francisco January
26, in company with Rev. Morton D. Dunning and family, — all
from Kyoto, — is now with her daughter, Mrs. S. C. Bartlett, in
Peacedale, R. I., Mr. Bartlett having accepted some months ago
a call to the pastorate of the church there. At the March Friday
meeting Mrs. Gordon and Miss Fanny E. Griswold, of Maebashi,
gave glimpses of their work among the children of Japan.

Word has come in Sivas letters of the serious illness of Miss
Mary L. Graffam of that station from typhus, also of the con-
tinued detention of Mr. Andrus and Miss Fenenga of Mardin.

150 Life and Light [April

Rev. and Mrs. William Hazen of Bombay, and Rev. and Mrs.
A. A. McBride of Sholapur, are planning to return to their work
in the Marathi Mission early in June, by way of the Pacific.

A recent letter from Mrs. C. M. Lamson tells of the sad con-
ditions incident to the war attending the work among students
in Naples, Italy, where she has been assisting Miss Almira F.
Le'avitt. Mrs. Lamson plans to return to the United States in April.

It is urged that every woman's missionary society in the ter-
ritory of the Woman's Board of Missions set apart a meeting in
the early fall, preferably in October, to present the
. program on the Jubilee Increase Campaign. This is

now being prepared, and with the printed material
necessary for carrying it out, will be ready, it is hoped, in April.
A series of five or six other programs, taking up the history and
achievements of the Board during the fifty years now nearing a
close, will also be offered for those societies which wish to give
special attention next year to their own Congregational work.
The leaflets to be used with this Nearing the Jubilee series will
be specially adaptable for use in young women's societies and
will be made the basis of study in a class of the Aloha Camp girls
at the Northfield Summer School, July 14-21, which will be led by
Miss Preston. Pioneer missionaries. Modern Heroines and
Native Workers will all have a place in this plan, and the names
selected cover almost every field and every phase of work in which
the Woman's Board has been engaged since its inception.
There will be suggestions for charts and posters, while mono-
logues or impersonations may be used to supply the dramatic,
element. These programs will be ready in July.

Already thousands of the Lenten cards, with their hopeful
message from our President, accompanied by the envelope for

the offering, and the little Garment Givers^ with its
_.^ . Palm Sunday appeal, have gone out among the

women of our churches. Other thousands are ready
for your call. It is not too late to make an Easter gift for Christ
and His sorrowing, bewildered children in other lands. How
may we help to deepen the joy of the Resurrection Festival in
the midst of the black shadows of strife and death?

i9i6] Editorials 151

While many auxiliaries have been delighting in their study of

The Khzg-'s Highway^ the Central Committee on the United

Study of Foreign Missions have been busy revising

_ . , the proofs of the textbook for 1916-1917, and as we
Textbooks. ^ '

go to press the first copies are ready. As is already

well known, the title is World Missio7is and World Peace and

the author is Mrs. Caroline Atwater Mason. Those who are

familiar with Mrs. Mason's writings, The Little Green God^

The Spell of Italy ^ and other volumes, not to mention Lux

Christie the United Study textbook on India, will not need

further word of recommendation for this latest fruit of her gifted


The headings of the six chapters are as follows: I, War and
the Kingdom; II, The Christian Conquest of Europe, East; III,
The Christian Conquest of Europe, West; IV, The Protestant
Epoch of Christian Conquest; V, Heroism in the Christian
Conquest; VI, Peace and the Kingdom.

A further presentation of the subject matter of the book will
be given in the May Life and Light.

Soldiers of the Prince^ the junior study book, written by Dr.
Charles E. Jefferson, will include a Guide for Leaders^ by
Miss Nellie G. Prescott.

How to Use the senior book, by Mrs. Montgomery, will be
ready in May.

At a meeting of the Woman's Boards which followed the
Garden City Conference and which was largely devoted to tech-
nical business and the question of reorganization,
The Federation , i i n* t-. i i i . i

a report was made by Mrs. Peabody, showing that

the Federation Bulletin, the organ of the Woman's
Boards, does not yet reach 2,000 women. This admirable little
pamphlet, now appearing quarterly, gives various "inter"
matters which all missionary leaders should know; for instance, a
report of the meeting of Woman's Boards just referred to. Will
not some one in each of our Branches undertake to secure sub-
scriptions from local and Branch officers, — 25 cents a year, to be
sent to Miss Hartshorn.


Life and Light


In connection with the Branch Officers' Conference, April
11-13, opportunity will be given to hear Mr. Sherwood Eddy

speak of his recent visit to the Far East. There
. will be a public meeting, Wednesday evening,

April 12, at the Old South Church. President
E. C. Moore of the American Board will preside, and the public
is cordially invited.

As the months roll on, bringing nearer the goal of "November,
1917," many of the Branches are redoubling their efforts to

secure their share of the Golden Anniversary
Golden Anniversary Gift of $250,000. Up to March 1, $139,414

of this sum has been received, showing that
these efforts are already bringing results. The friends who are
working for the success of this fund will be interested to know
that there is in preparation a bulletin, in the form of a newspaper,
telling what the Branches are striving to accomplish and the
means by which they are doing it. It will be full of suggestions
and interesting plans which have practically "worked," making
it as helpful as possible for Golden Anniversary Gift committees.
The edition of several thousand of these bulletins will be ready
for distribution the middle of April.


Receipts February 1-29, 1916

For Regular Work


For Special

























October 18, 1915-February 29, 1916

















igi6] Editorials 153

Those who attended the Burlington meet-
ing will remember the young woman who
appeared as the Unmissionary

wo ju 1 e Woman in the Pilgrims on the
Missionaries. , ^

Highway, who was later intro-
duced to the audience as a possible appointee.
The Woman's Board of Missions has now-
adopted this young woman as its first Jubilee
missionary, — Miss Caroline D. Smiley. Miss
Smiley, whose present home is in Winchester,
Mass., is the daughter of a former Congre-
gational minister and a graduate of Mount ^'^^ Smiiey
Holyoke College, with post-graduate work at Simmons. After
successful teaching at Marion and Williamstown, Mass., she is
this year devoting herself to further study at the Theological
School in Berkeley, Cal., in preparation for the Marathi Mission,
to which she has been appointed by the American Board. It is
expected that she will teach in the Ahmednagar Girls' School, and
she will probably leave for India in the early summer. She
has already been adopted by the Western Maine Branch.

In Miss Almira F. Holmes, the second worker to be adopted
by the Woman's Board since last November, we find a young
woman with several years' experience in responsible positions.
After graduating at Mount Holyoke College in 1908, Miss Holmes
taught in Weiser, Idaho, with good success, and later w^as assistant
principal of the high school in Sharon, Conn.
Since 1912 she has taught at Hampton Insti-
tute. There she has been active in organizing
a Y. W. C. A., for which she took special
training in New York, and she is this year
acting as its General Secretary. It seems
best for her to continue in this work for
another year, but she hopes to be ready for
the field in 1917 and will probably be ap-
pointed to work in Africa, for which this
special preparation has fitted her.
Miss Holmes It is good to realize that two of the fifty

154 Life and Light [Apiil

new missionaries called for by the Increase Campaign are already
the adopted daughters of the Woman's Board of Missions, and that
their devotion to Christ's kingdom has been tested by their experiences
since college days.

From week to week new evidences of the growing interest of
the Branches in the Increase Campaign come to cheer us. Western
Maine is first in the field, so far as noted, with its own Jubilee
leaflet, giving figures for the Branch territory and urging that all
efforts be "headed up" by January, 1917, when its next annual
meeting will occur. " We of the Western Maine Branch, wishing
to maintain our reputation of being well in advance of our work,
desire to accomplish our part in One year."

The president of a Branch writes, after some demurring as to the
possibilities for growth among the churches of her constituency,
" Having been convinced by our Executive Committee that there
are a number of women who have not bowed the knee to old age,
ill health or any other cause for inaction, I write at once to say
we will try to reach our share of the Jubilee Increase. In hope-
fulness to-day and deep interest always."

The Hartford Branch has devoted its latest bulletin to the Cam-
paign, spurring on the auxiliaries to engage in the "good fight,"
adding, "Press on. Do not think you are through if you have
met your apportionment. The whole army fights till the goal is

Here is a valuable thought, — some Branches inay not be able
with all their efforts to add quite the number of members and
societies apportioned to them, but if others give good measure,
pressed down, running over, the great advance will be made.

A detailed plan for a Junior Jubilee Campaign, outlined by the
Committee on Young People's Work, will be found in the Junior

Let us make much of prayer in the preparations, praying espe-
cially that the remaining forty-eight new missionaries may be
found. (See Two Jubilee Missionaries on page 153.)

The Jubilee folder^ parable and bookmark will be sent free
on application. Note the Jubilee Dictionary on page 18 Jf.


Changing China


Changing China

By Bertha P. Reed

'any interesting things are happening in this distant
land, and you may be glad to hear of some of them.
There are various kinds of events to choose from, as the
missionary work is growing, the government seems to be chang-
ing and social life also has its interesting phases. We need to
keep wide awake, both in watching events and in planning what
to do. Even then, many events are too much for us to under-
stand, and we can only wait to see what they mean.

The political changes are being noted in many of the American
papers. The Republic, so recently established, is not to con-
tinue. The President plans to be the Emperor. Votes have been
obtained from all the provinces favoring the proposed change,
and many preparations for it are being made. It is announced
that the "will of the people" has been expressed in these votes,
but the fact seems to be that very many would rather have the
present form of government continued.


1* ^











Wf^ ' '


A Chinese Temple Root
(In Summer Palace Grounds, Peking)


Life and Light


Preparing for the Emperor

Many preparations in the city are very interesting to watch.
They are making repairs on the great buildings in the Imperial
City formerly used for public events. There have been no such
repairs for at least a hundred years, and the beautiful coloring
was much faded. Now the band of decoration all around the
buildings, just below the roof, in green and blue and gold, with
touches of red, is a marvel of beauty. The roofs of yellow tiling

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