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Wedding cards have been received from three young women in
whom the Woman's Boards have special interest. Dr. Susan B.
Tallmon of Lintsing, China, was married May 25
Announcements. ^^ Tientsin to Rev. B. F. Sargent, formerly of Cah-
fornia. For the present Mrs. Sargent will continue
her medical work at the Elizabeth Hospital, Lintsing. In Kyoto,
Japan, June 14, Miss Grace W. Learned, daughter of Dr. and Mrs.
Dwight L. Learned, became the wife of Rev. W. L. Curtis of Niigata.

On July 26 occurred at Lithia, Mass., the wedding of Miss Sarah
Capron Jones, daughter of Dr. and Mrs. J. P. Jones, to Mr. Carl W.
Dipman of Cleveland, Ohio.

The death of Dr. James F. Clarke of Sofia, Bulgaria, at the ad-
vanced age of eighty -four, occurred July 2, after some years of feeble

_^ ^ . , health. Dr. Clarke had been for fifty-seven years
The Passmg of 1 i n r

Two Veterans. ^ missionary of the American Board, and all of

that time he was connected with the mission in
European Turkey. During his later years his daughter, Miss Eliza-
beth C. Clarke, has been his devoted companion and nurse. A further



i9i6] Editorials 371

account of the life of this loyal servant of God will be found in the
September Missionary Herald. Miss Clarke was chosen as the
Present Day Worker for European Missions, and the sketch of her
life is included in the Jubilee Series.

The death in Harpoot June 27 of Mrs. Moses P. Parmelee came
after long feebleness and was to her a blessed release, although it
leaves her daughter. Dr. Ruth Parmelee, very lonely in that much
afflicted station. Mrs. Parmelee went to Turkey with her husband
in 187 1, spending their long term of service in Erzroom and Trebizond.
Mrs. Parmelee returned to Turkey with her daughter in 19 14.

The passing at Clifton Springs, N.Y., June 24, of Dr. C. C. Thayer
takes away a beloved physician who was formerly a missionary of the
American Board at Oorfa, Turkey. He was later a member of the
medical staff at the Sanitarium at Clifton Springs. He leaves an
only daughter, Miss Alice Thayer, at present at Watch Hill, R.I.

In the July-August Life and Light an emergency call for the

Girls' School at Ponasang, Foochow, was mentioned. Miss Eliza-

. ^ , beth Perkins, now in charge of the school, is assisted

A Teacher , . „ .

for Ponasang "^^ Miss Stella Cook and Miss Elizabeth Nash. Miss

Irene Dornblaser has been compelled to give up her
duties there for a time and come to this country
because of her health. With 114 pupils and a re-
adjustment of the curriculimi, additional help is
imperative and therefore the Executive Com-
mittee authorized the employment of a temporary
worker if no permanent appointee could be im-
mediately found. We are glad to say that Miss
Adelaide K. Thomson, of Springfield, Ohio, will
sail in September for a three-year term of service.
Miss Thomson is the daughter of a Presbyterian
minister, a graduate of Western College, Oxford, ,,. ^^

' ° ° ' ' Miss Thomson

Ohio, and has had three years of experience in

teaching. Her home training and her own personality promise to

make her a helper of unusual strength and adaptability.




372 Life and Light [September

Favorable comment has come to the editor regarding the July-
August issue of Life and Light. Adverse criticisms have not been

received, but we shall be glad of those also to aid in
The September .... ^

Contents. plannmg for the future.

We offer this month an enlarged magazine, re-
porting the receipts since June i, giving some account of the summer
conferences east and west, and a summary of the personal happenings
of the month in missionary circles. Mrs. Black's article "Among the
Filipinos" introduces us to a field little known, and the friends of our
two new helpers in the Capron Hall School at Madura will read with
eagerness their first letters from the field. The Council Page will
prove suggestive to program makers and auxiliary officers, and the
new plan for missions in the Sunday schools, alluded to in the para-
graph below, is set forth in the Junior Department. Mrs. Joseph
Cook has kindly consented to edit The Wider View, and begins her
work in this number.

To create in Congregational Sunday Schools some understanding
of our denominational missionary work and a spirit of loyalty for the

_ , moral and financial support of that work has for

The New Plan for . ^^ . , r^ r ,

Sunday Schools. ^ ^^ng time been a crymg need. One of the
strong arguments for the appointment of a Joint
Educational Secretary for the various interests of the denomination (as
agitated during the past few years) has been this indifference of our
Sunday schools. They have seemed half asleep or bewildered by the
number of our missionary agencies. A long step toward the reme-
dying of this condition, so far as it can be remedied by the Boards,
is now being taken. This fall all the foreign interests of the denomina-
tion join in one great Sunday School Campaign for "Kingdom Build-
ing the World Around." The unified educational program and the
appeal for loyalty to "Congregational foreign missions," instead of
to one Board as over against another, is sure to mean quick response
from the Schools once they have caught the idea. On page 407 the
plans are discussed in detail. All leaders are urged to make them-
selves familiar with this new movement and to do what they can to
interest pastors and superintendents.



I9i6]



Editorials



373



A Warning Note.



When the June figures were made up, we hoped the large loss in
gifts for regular work from the Branches would be redeemed in July,
but July materially increased instead of diminish-
ing the total loss. We cannot but hope that this
is only a temporary condition which will be left behind before the
end of the year. Yet it gives a warning which we cannot ignore and
we must all work and pray with the greatest earnestness if we are to
have the full amount to carry our next year's worK. We must not
open our Jubilee year by cutting down our appropriations for the
field.

THE FINANCIAL STATEMENT OF THE WOMAN'S BOARD
Receipts from June 1-30, 1916





For Regular Work


For

Buildings


For Special
Objects


lSTSIs : TOTAL

t




Branches


Other
Sources


TOTAL


1915.
1916.


«10,998.30
8,795.57


$3,152.34
1,045.00


$14,150.64
9,840.57


$3,017.40
3,325.18


$373.10
135.62


$900.00 $18,441.14
50.00 13,351.37


Gain.
Loss..


$2,202.73


$2,107.34


$4,310.07


$307.78

1 $237.48

1


$850.00 \ $5,089.77



Receipts from July 1-31, 19 16





For Regular Work


For
Buildings


For Special
Objects


Frorn

Legacies






Branches


Other
Sources


TOTAL


TOTAL


1915.
1916.


$6,284.90
5.720.72 j


$880.00
595.00


$7,164.90
6,315.72


$688.08
2,400.58


$20.00
98.00


$1,250.00
583.91


$9,122.98
9,-398.21


Gain.
Loss..


$564.18


$285.00


$849.18


$1,712.50


$78.00


$666.09


$275.23





Total


Receipts


FROM October i8, 1915, to July 31, 191


6


1915.


$89,650.52


$11,867.49


$101,518.01


$31,126.55


.$2,084.33


$16,100.65


$150,829.54


1916.


87.364.07


5,760.90


93,124.97


41,103.03


1,655.94


16,562.51


152,446.45


Gain .








$9,976.48




$461.86


$1,616.91


Loss..


$2,286.45


$6,106.59


$8,393.04


$428.39







374 Life and Light [September

The Jubilee Increase Campaign

With the beginning of September the various companies of program
makers and auxiliary ofl&cers will "get busy" planning for this event-
ful year in the history of the Woman's Board of Missions, its Jubilee
Year. Already the Nearing the Jubilee portfolio is in the hands of
hundreds of women and they are making wise preparation for the
carrying out of this program into which so much thought was put by
the Committee of Publications during the spring months. If you
have not secured one of these portfolios, write to your Branch secretary
of literature or some officer appointed to have charge of this material
through whom they are to be obtained. Some enterprising societies
have already held their Jubilee Increase meeting, taking advantage
of the presence in their home town of summer visitors who were
interested to help. But for most auxiliaries September or October
will prove to be the more auspicious month. Some will use the pro-
gram in connection with a Thank Offering meeting in November, the
facts therein presented emphasizing the reasons for thanksgiving
which we as American Christian women pre-eminently have in this
year of our Lord.

Following this Nearing the Jubilee program many are getting ready
to use the Jubilee Series. Please note the difference, as there seems
to be some confusion in the minds of those applying for this material.
The preliminary program is called Nearing the Jubilee and is to be
obtained from your Branch secretary and not from the Board Rooms,
except in unusual circumstances, — such as your not knowing the name
of your Branch secretary of literature! Does that ever happen?
Ask Miss Hartshorn. This portfolio with all its predigested ma-
terial is free, — one copy for every society which will hold a meeting
to promote the Jubilee Increase Campaig^n.

The Jubilee Series on the other hand costs fifty cents for the set,
and consists of twelve little leaflets, six Pioneers and six Present Day
Workers, a beautiful booklet giving several Life Stories of Native
Helpers, edited by Miss Buckley but prepared in several mission fields,
and a set of Program Outlines, Ambassadors for Christ, specially
adapted for use in junior as well as senior auxiliaries. These leaflets
are five cents each, if bought separately, except the Life Stories which



igie] Editorials 375

is ten cents. This is illustrated with pictures of the women who have
been such strong right hands to the missionaries, the frontispiece
showing the portrait of Dr. Karmarkar, the well-known Indian
physician of Bombay. See cover page for further details. Send your
orders immediately if you have not already done so, as we foresee
a very great demand for this biographical material, showing the
work of the Woman's Board during its nearly fifty years of life.
These Jubilee Programs have been well received at the Summer Schools
and Missionary Conferences. If you are to study World Missions
and World Peace in your program meetings, be sure to take up the
Ambassadors for Christ studies in a Lenten Study Class in 1917, or
a reading circle in connection with your auxiliary work.

Deep interest has been felt concerning the character of the man
appointed to succeed Mr. Morgenthau, Mr. Abram I. Elkus, who

has lately sailed for his new post. At a dinner

The New Ambassador • • v- v -at t^ i a ^

^ given m his honor in JNew York, August 10,

to Turkey. ° ...

there were present representatives of the
Syrian College, Beirut, Robert College and the American College for
Girls, Constantinople, Euphrates and Harpoot Colleges. Dr. John R.
Mott, Rabbi Wise, Drs. J. L. Barton and W. E. Strong were among
the guests, also former Ambassador Morgenthau. Mr. Elkus, who
is a Jewish lawyer, realizes that he is going to a difficult situation
and faces it with a spirit of earnestness and with high ideals. Besides
his legal activities he belongs to educational and philanthropic circles
in New York and in his speech he declared his sympathy with our
Christian educational work in Turkey. Like Mr. Morgenthau he
is fully aware of his responsibility for guarding the lives and enter-
prises of our missionaries.

As we go to press in early August it is not possible to give program

details for the Annual Meeting, November 8-10. It is hoped that

, ,, . one session will be devoted to Unoccupied Fields,
Annual Meeting .

at Northampton, presented by Dr. C. H. Patton of the American

Board, that there will be a special session under the
care of the Junior Committee, probably in the new chapel at Smith
College, and that we shall have with us an unusual group of mis-
sionaries. Further details in the October Life and Light.



376 Life and Light [September

Among the Filipinos

By Gertrude Black

Rev. Robert F. and Mrs. Black are missionaries of the American Board
station at Davao, Mindanao. Mrs. Black, who was Gertrude Granger of
Robinson, Illinois, is a trained kindergartner. Mr. Black is a graduate of
Union Seminary and joined the mission in 1902, and Mrs. Black a year later.
This is their second furlough which they are spending at Janesville, Wisconsin.

^^^^HE Philippine Islands! What does this name suggest to
■ ^ you? Do you think of Manila, "The Pearl of the Orient"
^^^^/ as it is called? Beautiful indeed is this capital city of the
archipelago and wonderful are the changes which have been made
there since the American occupation. The low places have been
filled in to make building sites for many fine government buildings,
for Y. M. C. A. buildings, for schools and dormitories and churches.
The moat which ran around the fine old Spanish walls, which enclosed
the ancient city of Manila, has been transformed into lovely sunken
gardens, where little children of many nationalties come to play in
the cool of the afternoon. Automobiles are as numerous there as
in any large American city, and one can take delightful jaunts into
the surrounding country, for the splendid roads lead out and out for
miles.

Perhaps some of you think of Cebu, that venerable city, which
Magellan visited on his memorable trip around the world. Here
later he met his death at the hands of the treacherous native chief.

Or it may be that you have heard of Jolo, which for centuries was
the stronghold of the Moro warriors. From this place they swept
down upon the towns of the Northern islands, killing the men, loot-
ing and pillaging, and carrying women and children away into slav-
ery. Jolo is a perfect gem of a city, with its red tiled roofs peeping
out from behind the lovely flame-trees; with its high old walls and
its quaint old watch tower and lighthouse. A beautiful commingling
of the old and the new it is. And here the United States Govern-
ment is teaching the doughty Moro lessons in law and order; in
justice and fair play for all.

All of these places are interesting; but to us, as Congregationalists,



igi6] Among the Filipinos 377

there is one place that should be of paramount interest. That place
is Mindanao, the great Southern island of the group. Look at your
map and find it. Mindanao! The very treasure-house of the
Philippine Islands, is ours to occupy in the name of the Lord. Min-
danao! A field as large as the state of Ohio, and with a population
of 600,000 souls, half of whom are civilized and half Moros and wild
men, is ours to care for.

When the Philippine Government sought fertile river-valleys,
where rice enough for the entire population of the archipelago could
be raised, where did it go? To Mindanao. Where are the finest
virgin forests of hardwoods? On Mindanao. When the Bureau of
Science wishes a rare specimen of bird or plant or orchid or butterfly,
where does it send? To Mindanao. Mindanao hemp and cocoanuts
and rubber have taken first place at agricultural exhibitions. Min-
dana,o beef is the finest raised in the Islands. Its mineral wealth is
untouched. Of what importance is all this to us? Hundreds of
Filipinos go down to Mindanao each year, to take up land, and thou-
sands will go down in the coming years to develop the industries of
this wonderful country and to take up homesteads. When they do,
we Congregationalists become directly responsible for the welfare of
their souls, for they are then in Congregational territory.

To the fertile coast lands of Northern Mindanao, from earliest
times, went the hardy Filipinos from the nearby Islands of Cebu,
Negros and Leyte. Menaced by the Moro and the wild man, these
settlers staid and were followed by others. Spain built strong forts to
protect the small colonies. Jesuit priests went in as missionaries and
built small churches. Trade was encouraged with the wild man and
the Moro. When the American Government assumed control of the
islands a succession of goodly towns stretched from Dapitan on the
northwest to Surigao on the northeast of the Island and half-way
down the east coast to Caraga.

To-day these towns are fast growing into cities of importance and
wealth. Many of the Filipinos have beautiful homes. In one town
we counted seventeen pianos. The poor man, under the benign pro-
tection of the American Government, is finding a place for himself
and his family. His children are drinking in American ideals in the
splendid public schools.



378



Life and Light



[September



You will see the primary and
secondary schools in nearly all of
these towns. In the provincial
capitals you will find high schools
and well-equipped industrial
schools. In the latter young men
are taught simple mechanics and
the making of fine rattan and hard-
wood furniture. In Surigao and
Cagayan the young women of the
Domestic Science classes are taught
to care for a model five room Fili-
pino house. They are taught ma-
chine sewing, hand sewing and fine
embroidery. In the model Fili-
pino kitchen, they are taught to
cook good nourishing food for their
families. They learn how to pre-
pare food for the growing baby;
what to cook when one is ill; how
to use to advantage all Filipino
fruits and vegetables. Good mis-
sionary work as far as it goes! But think what it would mean to
these girls, many of them far from home, to be gathered into clean,
sweet dormitories, where every day would begin and end with songs
of praise and simple earnest prayers. Here the soul could be devel-
oped, as well as mind and body, and the joy of serving others could
be learned.

Last year Rev. Frank C. Laubach, the American Board's latest
evangelical missionary to the Philippine Islands, visited some of these
north coast towns on his way to Cagayan, where he was to open up
a new station. At each place he was met with earnest pleadings to
remain. A town of six hundred newly baptized converts begged for a
pastor, who would strengthen them in the faith. Everywhere the
people have broken away from the old Romish faith. Those who were
one time followers of Archbishop Aglipay, the founder of the independ-
ent Filipino church, discontented with the uneducated clergy, are




President of the C. E. Society, Davao



igie] Among the Filipinos 379

turning to the Evangelical Church for spiritual help. ' ' Send us men,"
is the cry of the whole north coast. And men we must send them.
Men who will prayerfully, patiently, lovingly wean these new converts
away from the old lives of sin and ignorance, and teach them to be
"strong in the Lord." And with these young men should go forth
young women of Christian character and training. Theirs would be
the task of reaching the women and children, and of establishing
Christian homes. And just here we come face to face with one of our
great needs. A Training School where Bible women, pastor's wives
and Sunday school workers can be trained for the service. Too often
we have seen the work of fine young men hampered and even spoiled
by their untrained wives.

The day of small beginnings has long passed. A tremendous work
has opened up and we must prepare carefully and prayerfully for its
development. Let us not turn back from the glorious task of
winning Northern Mindanao for Christ.

But what of Davao, the Board's first and oldest mission station on
Mindanao? What has been accomplished there in the thirteen
years since its establishment? Why was work started in that isolated
corner of the island, rather than on the north coast where wonderful
opportunities invited? After a year spent in touring Mindanao and
a careful study of the whole situation the Board's first missionary to
the island, Rev. Robert F. Black, decided that from no one center
could the work of evangelization be carried on. On the north and
east coasts lived most of the civilized Filipinos of Mindanao. On the
west coast and around the south coast to Cotabato lived the warlike
Moro. From Cotabato to Davao was the wild man's country. Each
of these great districts had problems distinctively its own. Work
with the wild men, who had no written language, would be very dif-
ferent from that among the progressive, civilized Filipinos, while
work with the Moro would be chiefly industrial and educational at
first. Zamboanga on the extreme southwest of the island, in the
heart of the Moro country, was a most inviting field. It was the
capital of the Moro Province, and had good primary and industrial
schools started. A small Peniel mission had already started work
among the civilized Filipinos, and their work is continued to-day by
missionaries of the Christian and Missionary Alliance. A few years
ago the Episcopal mission under Bishop Brent built a church for the



380 Life and Light [September

Americans and later started a work among the Mohammedans at
Zamboanga and at Jolo. Mr. Black, believing that other missionaries
would soon be sent out to occupy the north coast, decided to begin
work in the neediest field of all, — the wild man's country. Here
paganism reigned supreme. Here, outside of the few small coast
towns, were no schools, no churches, no uplifting influences. Here
men were bowing down to idols and worshiping Diwata, the spirit god
of the hills and trees. Here men were making human sacrifices to
propitiate an angry god who sent the drought, the locust, the famine
and the awful plague. {See frontispiece.)

Davao, the Provincial capital, was in the very heart of this new
great country. Within a radius of one hundred and fifty miles were
thirteen distinct tribes of wild men, each with its own dialect and
tribal customs. Here the wild man came to pay his yearly poll tax
and to trade. To Davao Mr. Black went and opened up the first
Congregational missioft on the island. Many friends have asked
how we began the work in Davao. You can imagine that the first
year was a difficult one. There was a new language and a native
dialect to acquire and no one to teach us. There was opposition and
suspicion to overcome. There was no building available for a church,
so the meetings had to be held in our home. "How barbarous!"
said the Filipino. "Yours must be a poor mission indeed, not to
have a church."

The real opening came in a most unexpected manner. A poor little
slave girl, abused past endurance, ran away from her owners and
appealed to the Governor. He took her away and asked us to take
her into our family to raise. We consented to do this, and thus it
came to pass that Carlota, a forlorn ragged little child, entered into
a new life of joy. "A little child shall lead them," says the Bible,
and surely Carlota was the means used of God for bringing many
into a knowledge of better things. Of course she went to school.
Her pretty, simple American dresses attracted attention. For over
a week the child came home late from school. Upon being questioned,
she told how the women had stopped her to take patterns of her
clothes. She was told to say to the women that I would show them
how to make the dresses and underclothes. Many an entire morning
after that was spent in cutting out little garments. Often, as the
women left they would ask for cuttings from our garden.



I9i6]



Among the Filipinos



381




ii' ^



Christian Family at Davao
Carlota, her husband, and baby in the foreground

The unfriendly attitude began to change. Soon we were exchang-
ing greetings in the streets. Carlota's doll and picture books; her
swing and sand pile were very popular with the children. At Christ-
mas time nearly half the town came to see the Christmas tree. A
change was coming over the meetings too. Often as many as fifteen
gathered with us at the hour of service. Then our little son came, —
and with his coming the barriers fell away completely. Every one
was interested in him and loved him. The women learned much that
year about bathing and feeding and caring for the baby. And I
learned what kindly hearts those women had.

In the beginning of the sixth year a great impetus was given to the
work by the coming of Dr. and Mrs. Charles T. Sibley. The good
doctor began his work immediately of ministering to the sick. Pa-
tients were brought from afar and laid under his house. As soon as
possible a small dispensary-hospital was put up. Long before it was
finished every bed was full. Here men of many creeds and national-
ities were received and tenderly nursed back to health and strength.
Later a number of bright young men were trained to help care for


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