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2c /^ IS TO MISSIONS IN WAR TIME — iSf«. Fr^k Gsiylord Cook

^^y.y^l XLVII JULY- AUGUST, 1917 NOS. 7 and 8

Lif^ andUghf
fi)r Odoman

What Shall Our Answer Be?


The Story of Youngest


Some of the King's Messengers in Ceylon


Through the Eyes of a New Missionary
in India; in China


C€n^i!%g2i[tioiial (Oom^ois Doards
oT Missions


Eatarad at the Poat Offica at Boston, Mau., aafcSacond-daM MattM


Gifts to Missions in War Times. By Mrs. Frank

GaylordCook 289

Makinga War-Time Garden. Isaac Ogden . 294

Rankin in The Congrtgationalist . . . 294

What Shall Our Answer Be? By Anna P. Webb 296

Editorials 300

The Continent with a Future .... 308
The Story of Youngest. By Caroline E. Frost

Adams 310

Some of the King's Messengers in Ceylon. By

Mrs. W. E. Eitchcock 318

Through the Eyes of a New Missionary in In-
dia. By Carolyn D. Smiley .... 321

Board of the Pacific

Editorials 324

Life and Light for Women 326

OuE Field Correspondents
GraciM. Breck, Peking, China; Daisy D. Brown,
Foochow, China; Bertha P. Reed, Peking,

China 330

Liu Ho; The Garden of the Lord. By Mrs.
Arthur H.Smith S40

Our Work at Hoiie

Around the Council Table with our President . S44

Christians as well as Citizens .... 344

Mrs. Edward C. Rogers . . • . . . 346
Fiftieth Annual Meeting of the Woman's Board

of Missions 346

"Eating Loss" 347

A Meditation. By Alice Upson Cowles . . 348

Junior Department

The Problem of Programs in 1917-1918 . . 351

Our Book Table . . . , . . . 354

Receipts 355

503 Conzreeational House, Boston, Mass.


Mrs. CHARLES H. DANIELS, Boston, Mass.

First Vice President
Mrs. frank GAYLORD COOK, Cambridge, Mass.

Vice Presidents

Mrs. a. A. LINCOLN, Wollaston, Mass. Mrs. E. E. STRONG, Aubumdale, Mas*.

Mrs. N. G. CLARK, Boston Mrs. JAMES L. BARTON, Newton Centre, Maw.

Miss SUSAN HAYES WARD, South Berwick, Me.

Recordine Secretary Foreign Secretary

Mrs. J. FREDERICK HILL, Cambridge, Mass. Miss KATE G. LAMSON, BoitoB

Home Secretary Editorial Secretary

Miss HELEN B. CALDER, Boston Miss ALICE M. KYLE, Boston

Secretary of Young People's Work Associate Secretary

Miss MARY PRESTON, Boston Miss ANNE L. BUCKLEY, Boiton




Assistant Treasurer
Miss S. EMMA KEITH, EloitoD

Unman'fi Inarb nf MxB^iam fax tlj? 3?artftr

Headquarters — 417 Market St., San Francisco, Gal.

* President

Mrs. R'. B. CHERiNGTON, 2428 Hillside Avenue, Berkeley, Cal.

Home Secretary Foreign Secretary and Editor

Mrs. H. M. TENNEY, Mrs. E. R. WAGNER, 355 Reed Street. San

311 East Lake Avenue, Watsonville,- Cal. Jose, Cal.

Office Secretary Treasurer

Miss ELISABETH S. BENTON Mrs. W. W. FERRIER, 2716 HiUegass Avenue.

San Francisco, Cal. Berkeley, Cal.

Jform of liequesit

In making devises and legacies, the entire corporate name of the Board shoxild be
used as follows; —

/ give and bequeath to the Woman's Board of Missions, incorporated under the laws of
Massachusetts in the year i86g,the sum oj-

Digitized by the Internet Archive

in 2009 with funding from

Boston Library Consortium IVIember Libraries


Life and Light

Vol. XLVII. July-August, 1917 Nos. 7-8

Gifts to Missions in War Time

By Mrs. Frank Gaylord Cook

DEVER were people considering so carefully the use of their
money as at present. They feel the steadily increasing
cost of living; they are solicited to help raise the billions
of dollars needed by the Government in this time of crisis. Loyalty
and patriotism demand that every one should do all in his power for
the comfort and welfare of those called to their country's service.
Not less imperative are the calls from the war-burdened lands across
the seas. The crippled, the blind, the orphans, the afflicted of all
classes appeal irresistibly to our sympathies. The fate of the Ar-
menians and Syrians is borne upon the heart and conscience of the
world. As a result people are giving with a generosity never before
known. It is one of the hopeful features of the situation that selfish-
ness and self-indulgence are giving way before a desire to alleviate
all this suffering and distress.

If the problem of the use of one's money is complicated for the gen-
eral giver it is even more so for those upon whom God has put the re-
sponsibility of caring for His work in non-Christian lands. Those
who support the missionary work will-be the first to respond to war
demands, and we would not have it otherwise. Sympathies that are
broad enough to cover the world must include also the need that is
close at hand. We must realize, therefore, first of all that it is not an
alternative that faces us. It has been truly said: "The diversion of
funds from direct missionary work would be little less than a disaster,
while to withhold gifts for relief in the present crisis would be almost
a crime." No, it is not an alternative but a twofold duty.

But this is not all. To add to the perplexity of the situation for
us of the Woman's Board of Missions has come the new call from the
treasury. For, in May, the Executive Committee was obliged to send
to the Branches an appeal for a seventeen per cent increase in gifts.

290 Life and Light [Juiy-August

This was necessitated by conditions both at home and abroad. The
contributions for regular work during the first six months of the fiscal
year showed a loss of $3,417. The amount available from legacies
was much below the average. On the other hand, from every one of
its fields there are coming to the Board extraordinary demands caused
by war conditions — the great rise in prices for all of the necessities of
life, and the lowering of the rates of exchange. A twenty per cent
increase in salaries in South Africa was granted last year; a twenty-
five per cent increase for salaries and work in Turkey, and a twenty
per cent increase for North China and for Foochow Missions have
been granted this year. Schools in India are crippled by failure to
receive Government grants. Cost of living in Micronesia has increased
one hundred per cent. These are but examples. The question is:
What shall we do about this increase needed on the one side and all
the demands occasioned by the war on the other side?

Some one may think it is possible to give less to missions for a year
or two and transfer the amount thus saved to obligations arising from
the war. To what would this lead? If I give less to missions than
heretofore I, by inference, favor a reduction of the missionary forces
proportionate to my reduced contribution. In order to see if this
reduction is a feasible proposition, let us ask ourselves where the re-
duction can best be made. Suppose we take the amount out of the
salaries of missionaries, Bible women and native teachers. They re-
ceived barely a living wage before. Cost of living has increased for
them as well as for us. Cut their salaries and they could not subsist.
Moreover, if we cut their sala*-ies in order to give our money to war
relief, is it not they rather than we who make the contribution?

If, then, the reduction cannot be made in salaries, let us try taking
it from the amount provided for maintenance. Well, one of our schools
tried last year to economize on coal in order to keep expenses within
appropriations. A serious epidemic of tonsilitis was the result. You
say : Do not economize in that way but cut down the number of pupils
in the schools. Will you read carefully WJiat shall Our Answer Be?
in this number of Life and Light and then teh us whether you think
these Spanish girls should be deprived of an education? Every school
would have the same difficulty in choosing which girls to refuse that
these teachers at Barcelona face. Perhaps you' make another sugges-

1917] Gifts to Missions in ^^^ar Time 291

tion: Keep the schools open for only as many months as appropria-
tions cover expenses. From one of our schools that proposition has
come as a last resort. Open five months; closed seven months!
Should we be willing that that should be the proportion of time our
children's schools should be open? If our children need more educa-
tion than that, what of those who are being trained to be the Christian
leaders of China or Japan? what of those whose only respite from
heathen influences, whose only knowledge of Christian living comes
during the days 'spent in our mission schools?

A last choice remains in order to make that reduction. Withdraw
entirely from one or more of our mission fields ! Who Vill be the first
to say whether it shall be India or Micronesia? Who is ready to say
that we give up our work in Africa or war-ridden Turkey? Surely
we are playing with things of the Kingdom if we set them aside like
a book or a toy when something new diverts our attention.

No ! we shall not meet our obhgations by decreasing our contribu-
tions in one direction in order to turn them elsewhere. We shall not
even meet them if we merely maintain our former gifts. We shall
meet them only as we press forward with a will to meet that seven-
teen per cent increase which practically amounts to $20,000. And
let us not fear being considered unpatriotic or out of touch with our
neighbor's needs if we so do. If we lightly lay aside one responsi-
bility for another we must lose even our own self-respect. But by
being true to our missionary work we shall not leave the relief work
undone. We shall be learning the real joy of giving, and our in-
terests and sympathies will broaden and become more inclusive.
Nevertheless we ask: How can it all be done?

A few years ago a woman who had taken pleasure in supporting
Christian workers as her representatives at home and abroad was
suddenly deprived of a large proportion of her income. Some one
said to her, "I hope you will not now feel under obhgation to sup-
port X." Her reply was, "I shall dismiss my chauffeur but I must
continue my support of Christ's workers; I must continue my obli-
gations to my King." That is the spirit for us to-day — to see where
we can decrease our personal expenses in order that we may have
more to give. And at the point where sacrifice begins the real joy
of giving will also begin. So much of our giving is so easy — we give

292 Life and Light [July-August

what we can spare and think we are giving generously. Hence_ the
giving has been impersonal and we have not woven ourselves into
"the fabric of the Kingdom — conquest."

If, then, we are true to ourselves, if we are true to our country, if
we are true to our God, we shall not take a backward step but a
forward one. Not retrenchment, but advance, will be our motto.
Think what the British have done. Three of England's largest mis-
sionary societies increased their total gifts last year by more than
$100,000. In the June number of Life and Light was an account
of the ncAv Union College at Madras and the statement that British
women were trying to secure $5,000 for the new buildings in addi-
tion to $7,500 given by Principal McDougall's own college in Lon-
don. A later report brings word that instead of .$5,000 those British
women have raised .$6,500. That is the spirit they are showing. We
knoAv their financial burdens, heavier probably than any we shall
be called upon to bear. We know how they are succoring the Bel-
gians ; how they have poured out their money for relief for all suffer-
ing peoples to an extent that puts our country to shame. And yet
they have said "our obligations to our Lord and His Kingdom shall
not suffer." Shall we women of America do one whit less?

If Ave are despondent, if we say it is impossible, we ignore the fact
that though for man alone a thing may be impossible, with God all
things are possible. It is a time to test our faith, to leave the shal-
low waters of our own endeavor and to launch out into the deep.
It is surely a time for much prayer, prayer for the wisdom, the dis-
crimination, the faith, the love, the selflessness that are so sorely

Are we ready to face the issue? Have we within us the spirit of
sacrifice? It is a time for self-examination, a time to study our
motives. If we have been giving because we were asked to give;
if we have been giving out of loyalty to an organization; if we have
even been giving from a sense of duty, it will be difficult, if not im-
possible, to maintain our contributions undiminished. But if we
are giving out of pure love for Him who spared not His own Son;
if we are giving out of gratitude for the unnumbered blessings He
has poured into our lives; if we are giving because we w^nt to do
our share in continuing that work which was initiated bv the Pas-

I9I7] Gifts to Missions in War Time 293

sion of our Christ, we shall glory in any sacriiice we may be able to

In that beautiful "Sermon in the Hospital" Mrs. King puts these
words into the mouth of Ugo Bassi: —

"Who crowns himself a king is not the more

Royal; nor he who mars himself with stripes

The more partaker of the Cross of Christ.

But if Himself He come to thee, and stand

Beside thee, gazing down on thee with eyes

That smile, and suffer; that will smite thy heart

With their own pity, to a passionate peace;

And reach to thee HimseK the Holy Cup,

Pallid and royal, saying, 'Drink with Me';
Wilt thou refuse? Nay, not for Paradise!"

When we consider what Christians in other lands have suffered for
the cause of Christ, when we think of the sacrifices made by our mis-
sionaries, the greatest sacrifice we can make fades into utter insig-
nificance. Nevertheless, if it be that we may by any sacrifice in-
crease our gifts to make known Him whom we adore, let us do it

" Take only care

Lest one drop of the sacramental wine

Be spilled, of that which ever shall unite

Thee, soul and body, to thy living Lord!"

"This is a glorious age in which to live." We have heard this
more than once of late. Yes, in spite of suffering and wrong, in
spite of devastation and ruin, a new world is being created. Great
nations are being reborn in spirit; through the dark road of the war
men are finding God. Let us be thankful that we may have a share
in the process of reconstruction. Wherever our workers are sta-
tioned we are laying broad foundations of education, of industry, of
science, — better still, foundations of love for fellow-men and love
for God, — the only sure foundations upon which to rebuild this
shattered world. Is any sacrifice too great for such an achieve-

Neither will I offer burnt offerings unto the Lord my God of that
which doth cost me nothing. — II Samuel xxiv 24.


Life and Light


Making A War-Time Garden

"^^^^HIS is planting-time, that time of faith and works
■ j which, out of the experience of the past, draws

^^^^/ expectation for things to come. On that faith rests
the sustenance of the people in all the lands. We give our
seed to death and darkness in full assurance that it will
spring up and bear fruit — some ten, some fifty, some a hun-
dred fold. A few are in training fields as soldiers, millions
of men and women, boys and girls, are in the sowing fields
to-day making ready for the needs of the future.

This is planting-time, also, — even these days of the be-
ginning of war, — for every garden of the soul. Here, too,
we need counsel from the experience of the past and faith
that lays hold upon the future. What of our garden plot?
What seed shall we make room for in its borders?. What
cultivation and what watering must go to the successful
harvest toward which we look? What weeds and blights
and devouring enemies threaten our planting?

We must sow and cherish the seeds of faith. God is still
ruler of the world. The evil deeds of men have not snatched
it out of his hand, as the thief snatches a purse from the
Ustless hold of a woman in the crowd. Give place and culture
to these seeds of faith in God. If they must needs be watered
with your tears and cared for in the midst of trials and
temptations, give them the care they need.

Make large room for the seeds of brotherly affection. Do
not be content with hedgerow kindnesses, flowers and fruits of
brotherhood that spring of themselves along our human way.
Sow them with care and tend them with ardor in a liberal
space of your soul's garden. Let this part of your planting be
the place where you go first to see what new shoots have
appeared and what fruits are ripening. Just because it is a
time of war, still more because the cutworm of hate is working

1917] Making A War.Time Garden 295

underground, give care and protection to every plant of love
and kindness. Daily enrich this garden plot of brotherhood
with such a prayer as the Apostle wrote for the Christians
of Salonica: "The Lord make you to increase and abound
in love, one toward another, and toward all men."

Make a wide sowing in your soul's war-time garden of
coiurage with its crimson blossoms. Its fruits are patience,
dihgence and hope. It soon becomes a sturdy plant if you
"will only give it room enough to grow. In some disturbed
and perhaps disheartened hour under the pitiless sun of cir-
ciunstance you may find welcome refuge under its spreading

All along the borders of your war-time garden sow cheer-
fulness. This is that plant called Heartsease which with its
color and its fragrance teaches our Hps to sing. The true
seed is of Christ's giving. It is perennial in the soul where
dwells the Spirit of God who takes of the things of Christ
to show them imto us. Its fragrance flies on the wings of
the wind over your garden border for the refreshment of the
wayfarer in his discouraged hour. Ah, that scent of wayside
gardens! How it speaks to us of home and joy and love!

In our home places if we are too old, or too yoimg or
hindered otherwise from service in the field, in the right care
of these war-time gardens of our souls, we may do necessary
service for our nation and the world. The fruits of this
sowing belong to the eternal and renewing elements. There
are great impending changes in the Hfe of all the people. By
this culture of our souls' gardens we shall be making ready
our contribution toward the better things to come. The
harvest of our sowing will be used by the Master of all
garden growths, who said, "I chose you and appointed you,
that you should go and bear fruit, and that your fruit should
abide." — Isaac Ogden Rankin in The Congregationalist.

296 Life and Light [July-August

What Shall Our Answer Be?

By Anna F. Webb

As is well known by many of our readers the Colegio Internacionale has had a
remarkable record during these years of war. Last November the day school was re-
ported as the largest since the school was moved from Madrid to Barcelona. The board-
ing department has had pupils from nearly all the European countries, from Latin
America, from the United States and from many parts of Spain. The teaching staff has
been reinforced by the going out of Miss Elisabeth Uhl 'Wyer and Miss Rosemond, who
assist Miss Webb and Miss Morrison, in addition to Miss Clara W. Newcomb and Miss
Rebekah "Wood who were added to the faculty in 1915. These teachers with heroic effort
have tried to meet increased expenses in the past two or three years from the appropria-
tion made by the 'Woman's Board of Missions. But now they seem to be at the parting
of the ways and write to ask help in the solution of the problem of the future of the
boarding department. There is opportunity here to help answer the appeal made in the
article, Gifts to Missions in War Time on page 289. — The Editor.

DOW if the financial conditions are the same next year as this,
what are we to do? Is there hope that the Woman's Board
can make the appropriation larger during this great financial
stress? Must the Colegio reduce its expenses? If so, then it will
suffer materially, for we are running on the lowest margin possible
for the upkeep of an institution that has for its aim reaching the
people whom we do. Miss Morrison and I have spent hours discussing
plans for economizing, and we do not know what to suggest. We have
thought of closing the boarding department and keeping on with the
day school only. But the aim of this Colegio is to help the pupils
morally and spiritually as well as mentally, and there is no comparison
between the benefits that the boarders and day pupils receive. Our
best influence and help is always among the boarding pupils. It would
be years also before we could build up that department to its present
status if we should disband it now.

Then we have thought of cutting off the small or non-paying pupils —
all those who could not pay at least half of the tuition fees, that are
$200 a year. (There are no day pupils received at low rates.) I am
going to give you a list of the pupils who would have to be dropped
next year under these conditions and will tell you a little about them.

Mercedes and Adehta are two sisters, daughters of a Protestant
pastor, first in Spain and later in Buenos Aires, where he worked in
the Church of England Mission. There Senor Murilla (their father)


What Shall Our Answer Be?


died and Bishop Avery of the Argentine pays us about $75 a year for
each one. It would be most unfortunate for the sake of our Enghsh
friends to send them away. They are the only girls with us who are
helped by English funds.

Fe, Esperanza
(Faith, Hope and
daughters of a
working Protest-
Central Spain,
man Mission and
for some time, but
church services,
school, maintain-
the same time by
small farm that
He is so anxious
daughters an ed-
makes tremen-
them. The oldest
six years, the see-
the third came for
year — a bright
he can only pay
for the three.

Mariquita is the daughter of one of the graduates of the second in-
stitute class in San Sebastian days. She is now in the fourth year of
the Government Instituto Course and her mother wants to send the
second daughter next year, but she writes she "cannot pay as much for
her as for Mariquita, because they have a large family," and I know
what a small salary the English Rio Tinto Company can give their
employees now. She pays $54 a year. The little sister probably could
not pay more than $40.

Elena and Hortensia are two cousins from Roman Catholic families
in Barcelona, well connected but not well off in worldly goods. It
is a great thing to have them with us and be able to help and influ-
ence them. Hortensia, in order to sing in the chapel choir, has re-
ceived permission from her parents to attend our chapel services in-

A Recent Graduate

Now a teacher, pastor and mother's adviser
in a mountain village.

and Caridad
Charity!) are the
faithful and hard-
ant teacher in
He is in the Ger-
has had no salary
keeps up with
Sunday and day
ing his family at
cultivating a
belongs to him.
to give his four
ucation that he
dous sacrifices for
has been with us
ond three and
the first time this
little girl — but
about $150 a year


Life and Light


stead of accompanying the Catholic pupils to mass on Sunday morn-
ing. It would be very sad if we had to tell them they could not ret-urn.
Each pays $90 a year.

Sara is the daughter of a Protestant farmer of small means. 'Before
she came her father asked me how much it would take to "educate
a girl," for his grandfather had left him a few hundred dollars and he
wished to invest the amount in the education of his oldest child. He
wants her to have a government degree and she has after this just
two years more of the course. Sara is a remarkably bright pupil.
Her father pays $90 a year and her government examination expenses.

Alicia is a pupil from our Protestant Mission School in Santander —
the only one from that large city. Her mother is a widow who man-
ages a laundry and pays $45 a year for Alicia's tuition.

Anita's father is a Protestant traveling salesman who is also a kind
of itinerant preacher. Everywhere he goes, all over Spain and in the
Balearic Islands, he attends the Protestant chapel service, preaching
wherever he has the opportunity, without remuneration. He con-
ducts our own Sunday morning chapel services in the Colegio fre-

They are now sending their daughters to Barcelona


^A^hat Shall Our Answer Be?


quently when he is- in Barcelona. Anita has been with us several

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