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taken by the Branches. Thursday morning a discussion on "The
Branches and the Treasury" had been prefaced by a "Class in
Arithmetic," when the treasurer, with the aid of a blackboard,
demonstrated by an array of figures not to be evaded the fact that
even the splendid result of the past year of work in the Branches
could not be regarded as a stopping place but only as a way

Mrs. Cook showed that owing to the necessity of increased
salaries for missionaries and home officials and the tremendous
cost of exchange, at least $51,000 more than last year's receipts
is needed. To meet the desperate need of better support for
native workers, to provide necessary buildings and to include the
increased expense of all the other factors which make up the work
of our Missions, another $55,000 should be added. Thus the
"adequate budget" totalled $294,950. A wonderful and unani-
mous response from the floor, born, we must believe, of much
prayer, resulted in the appointment of a Committee to consider
the whole matter and to formulate a plan in the face of the facts
which should express the conviction of the Branches that the
need must somehow be met. This Committee reported Friday
morning and the resolutions which follow were unanimously
adopted. This was one of the most impressive moments of the
whole convention.

A little later Mrs. Cook will prepare for use in the Branches a
full statement of the causes which make necessary this great ad-
vance, if we are to sustain the work for which we stand pledged.

■ Resolutions Adopted at Providence
Recognizing the splendid spirit with which the Branches of the

19 19] A New Spirit for a New Goal 543

Woman's Board met the challenge of 1918-1919 in accepting the
personal responsibility entailed by the adoption of the budget
presented at Syracuse, and realising that the increasing obliga-
tions of the work demand a still more general support, your Com-
mittee recommends: —

1. That since $195,000 proved the lowest possible sum to be
used by the Woman's Board during 1919, and since the American
Board will no longer assume the expense of exchange, $300,000
be adopted as our goal for the next year, the additional $105,000
being required for advance work, for reconstruction work, for
needed increase in salaries for secretaries [the salaries of the entire
staff of workers at headquarters are included in this increase],
missionaries and native workers, in meeting the cost of exchange
which had doubled, and for care and completion of buildings
already undertaken.

2. We recommend that the treasurer give to each Branch a
statement of the pro-rata responsibility on this basis, asking each
with entire faith in God and definite plans for prayer, to assume
its share in bringing to the world the knowledge of Christ, the
Healer of all nations,

3. We recommend that all the Branches should seek to co-
operate with all missionary societies of our Congregational order.

4. We recommend that individual gifts be credited in 1919-
1920 to individuals rather than to Auxiliaries or Churches.

Mrs. Charles C. Harmon^ Western Maine Branch,
Mrs. Charles E. Graff, New York State Branch.
Mrs. Edward W. Capen, Hartford Branch.
Mrs. J. H. Larrabee, Essex North Branch.
/ Mrs. Edward L. Greene, North Middlesex Branch;

The Providence meeting will stand out therefore as one of the
conspicuous meetings of the Board. To it we shall look back as
the occasion when its constituency of devoted women "assumed
their share in bringing to the world the knowledge of Christ."

The election of officers brought some changes. The resignation
of Mrs. J. Frederick Hill of Cambridge, for 18 years the able
and devoted Recording Secretary of the Board, was received with

544 Life and Light [December

sincere regret, which was expressed in an appreciative resolution
presented by Miss Abby G. Willard and heartily adopted. Mrs.
Hill responded in a graceful speech, saying, "I have greatly
enjoyed this work and now I shall greatly enjoy seeing someone
else enjoy it." Mrs. Elbert H. Harvey of Brookline, Mass., the
daughter of Dr. H. A. Stinson, for so many years the Recording
Secretary of the American Board, succeeds Mrs, Hill. Miss
Lilian G. Bates, Mrs. Hubert C. Herring and Miss Edna B.
Mason have been compelled to withdraw from the Board of
Directors, and Mrs. William H. Medlicott, formerly of New York,
but now living in Auburndale, Miss Florence Davis of West
Roxbury, and Professor Eliza Kendrick, of Wellesley College,
were elected to the vacancies, while Mrs. J. Frederick Hill becomes
a director in place of Mrs. Harvey. Mrs. John E. Merrill of Ain.
tab, now on furlough in this country, was also elected a director.
The New Jersey Branch extended a cordial invitation to hold
the next annual meeting in Montclair in November, 1920, when
the fiftieth anniversary of the old Philadelphia Branch is to be
celebrated. A. m, k.

Board of the Pacific

President, Miss H. F. Brewer Editor, Mr3. E. R. Wagneb

Home Secretary. Mrs. R. C. Kirkwood


The Pacific Coast Drive for the Church School of Missions

is on and the preliminary activities are well under way. Normal

classes for the prospective teachers of study

Church School classes in the local churches have been organized

of Missions. in all the large centers, where definite training in

all the books offered for use this year is given.

The personnel of the faculties of the Training Classes is a

matter of pride, and has been the means of recruiting new

19 19] Editorials 545

workers to the cause of missions. The resources of the Inter-
Church World Movement have given a wonderful impetus to this
campaign. We are learning publicity methods and expect large
results from the practical fellowship all this work brings in its

Among the group of missionaries who sailed on the Nanking,
October 3rd, was Miss Ruth Van Kirk, going to Lintsing under

the W. B. M. I. She had a tale to tell of a fellow
Was She passenger on the overland trip from Chicago who

Converted? proffered advice such as this : "Be careful, mv

dear, of the company you keep in the Orient, and,
above all things, avoid the missionaries." Miss Van Kirk re-
counted this with much glee at the missionary hmcheon. Imagine,
then, the delight with which we read a postal from her written
from the San Francisco dock, telling us that this same woman
was booked in the stateroom with Miss Bookwalter, Miss Tallmon
and herself ! Let us hope there was one more convert to the
cause of missions at the end of the voyage.

Mr. and Mrs. Otto G. Reumanns and baby, bound for Foochow
on their first term of service, have been in the vicinity of the

office for some days, waiting for the Korea to sail.
Personals. Another passenger for the same steamer is Miss

Estella Coe of Tottori. Miss Coe has been doing
field work for the Immigration Department of the Y. W. C. A.
in San Francisco and Los Angeles. e. s. b.

' ' //(? has achieved success who has lived well, laughed often and loved
much ; who has gained the respect of intelligent men and the love of little
children; who has filled his niche and accomplished his task; who has left
the world better than he found it, whether by an improved poppy, a perfect
poem or a rescued soul ; who has never lacked appreciation of earth'' s beauty
or failed to express it ; who has always looked for the best in others, and
given the best he had ; whose life was an inspiration, whose m,emory a
benediction . ' '

546 Life and Light [December

Back to Brousa

By Jeannie L. Jillson

T last I have been able to return to Brousa. Miss
Allen and five of our former teachers and seven or
eight of our former pupils were at the station, so that
it seemed very much like coming home again. Brousa is at its
best ; it is cool and clear, and there has been rain this summer,
which is unusual, so that the trees and garden and plains are
green and fresh fruits and vegetables are very plentiful. Though
prices are very high, about four or five times as high as they
used to be, still they are much lower than in Constantinople.
Some of the necessary things, wood, for instance, of which we
use so much in winter, is one of the most expensive, and we
ought to lay in a good supply now, that it may be drying.

I found the school building in far better condition than I had
expected, but that was owing to the work that Miss Allen and
Miss Aghavine, one of our Armenian teachers, had put on it,
also the work of carpenters and whitewashers. But the outside
painting and whitewashing which was done when we moved to
Kaya Bashi six years ago is in good condition.

The school is about ready, so that we can open as we planned,
early in September, for day pupils ; desks have been restored,
repaired and varnished and blackboards have been repainted.
The three pianos are ready, though not tuned, and a fair supply
of .books on hand. Miss Allen ordered reading books and gram-
mars and I got arithmetics, so we have that much to begin on.
As we have no idea what grades of pupils will come, it will be
easy to order other books later.

The great problem is what to do if we should have any board-
ers. At present there is not a bedstead in the school, while as
for dishes, cooking utensils, tables and chairs, there is only a
motley collection.

As to our house, we have found some things ; the dining room
has its table and sideboard and chairs ; I must find a desk some-
where ; the parlor is as usual, though the curtains are gone and

19 19] Back to Brousa 547

the furniture covering very ragged. There are no curtains in
school or house, so that is a big problem. Upstairs my room has
a bureau and washstand ; Miss Parsons has a bed, bureau, stand
and desk ; there is one wardrobe in the hall — that ends the inven-
tory — bowls, pitchers; etc., are lacking. We have plenty of closets
with shelves. The bathtub has been replaced in the bathroom,
and we hope to have it in running order soon. So we can get
along very nicely, and must think of the most important things.
We have no sheets, pillow-cases or towels.

Then there is a French lady in Brousa, whose husband was a
Greek, a doctor here in Brousa; he has not returned from the
war, and it is thought he was killed in Palestine last fall. We
have asked this lady to be our matron and French teacher. She
will live in our house and bring her furniture to the school. In
return for our storing it, she is ready to put many things where
ours are lacking, chairs, dishes and tables, only asking that we
replace what gets broken. She has two daughters, fifteen and
twelve years old. The three will have a large room which used
to be our Primary Dormitory, and she will furnish that herself.
I think the arrangement will be very satisfactory; she is a very
capable lady, and I am sure will be a great help. She has taken
care of a number of our things, rugs, boxes, etc., while we have
been away. She will help this week in getting the school
in order so that we may be ready to begin on time. We shall
be very glad to know as soon as possible as to whether our
appropriations are to be larger than formerly. I shall hardly feel
that I can take any beneficiaries until I know how large our
income is to be.

"The deepest missionary appeal of our own day rests upon two
absolutely uncontrovertible propositions. The first is that the
religion of Jesus Christ is absolutely indispensable for the salva-
tion of mankind. The second is that, that being true, everybody
who calls himself a Christian must be willing to share in the
sufferings and sacrifices that are necessary until the religion of
Jesus Christ is possessed by all mankind."

548 Life and Light [December

Conscripts of Conscience

By Caroline Atwater Mason


Concerning Ilien.

^^I^^^HEN we agree, Dr. Earle, on the treatment to be

■ ^ J followed ? You are as convinced as I that it would be

^^^^/ useless to operate farther?"

It was Dr. Minot Balfrey who spoke. Mary gave a sorrowful
assent. Several days had elapsed since Ilien Siu had suffered
her accident. They two were seated in the office of one of the
hospital surgeons, who, having shared in the consultation just
closed, had excused herself, begging them to use the office freelf.

As question and comment concerning the case followed, a
desultory thought or two strayed through Mary's sub-conscious-
ness : — she need have had no misgiving lest the Hospital staiT
would look with disfavor upon Major Balfrey's entrance upon
their domain. It was Ilien's right to choose him, but more than
that, it was obvious now that his coming into a certain relation
with the local staff was counted an enviable honor. For plainly
this man was hard pressed by many who would gladly have
lionized him as a war hero of high distinction. Mary was able
to sit thus vis-a-vis with the Major (for he was still most often
given his military title) without discomfort for him or for
herself. She was convinced now that Captain Preston's surmise
was well founded ; some reconstruction of the marred visage
had taken place, rendering it by no means normal but by no means
repulsive. The eyes were spared ; but in them lurked a sadness
unchanging even when he smiled. These considerations faded
quickly from Mary's mind for now the Major was speaking
of the mournful waste, as it seemed, of the little Chinese student's
valorous struggle to gain her profession.

Some note of complete finality in his words gave Mary a
sharp contraction of heart.

He answered the appeal in her eyes only by a significant
motion of his hand.

"I think she wishes to have some private talk with you, Dr.

19 19] Conscripts of Conscience 549

Earle," he said. "There seems to be no reason why you should
fend it off; let her talk, not just now, perhaps, but by and by.
It will do no hami. I can see that the child has a heavy load
on her heart.

"She knows?" Mary murmured; the question was not easy
to ask.

"Yes, I couldn't evade her question, although this should have
been for you to do. It is a cremendous problem, China — is it
not?" he continued, seeking perhaps the aid of the impersonal.
"When you consider that a fourth of our race are Chinese and
that today only about six men in a hundred in China, and one
woman in a thousand, can even read, it gives us pause in our
glorification of human progress. Common sense would seem
to suggest practical measures of uplift over there."

"I sometimes wonder," said Mary slowly, "if now after the
war, there will not develop among us at least some slight sense
of world responsibility. Even toward China," with which she
rose. The consultation was plainly over.

Major Balfrey rose also and turned, looking abstractedly from
the window. As he stood thus no mark of the havoc wrought in
his face by shell fire was visible ; Mary suddenly perceived the
strength and nobility of his face and head. Something of
unconscious command in his bearing caused the soldierly element
in the man to predominate over the professional, she thought.
The wicked wreck of his native harmony of physique smote her
as it had not before and her breath quickened.

" 'Even toward China'," he repeated. "Yes, it is easier to
give ourselves body and soul for Europe than for Asia, is it
not? The human kinship is closer. I am inclined to think that
only the missionary temperament is sufficiently gifted wi^h
imagination to enter into vital sympathy with Orientals."

Mary was now at the office door.""

"We hardly look upon missionaries and those who send them
as highly imaginative, do we?" she turned to say. "Do you
really think there is a missionary temperament?"

"Why, yes. I think so," Major Balfrey replied reflectively.

550 Life and Light [December

"The man of that temperament, or the woman, volunteers you
know, from youth up, so to speak. It is in the blood."

"There are others, I suppose," said Mary, "who have not the
volunteers' vision, but become conscripts under orders from

"Conscripts of Conscience,'' repeated the Major. "Where have
I heard that phrase? It is a good one."

"I have noticed it in a poem by Percy McKaye. Good
morning," and the door closed on Mary.

A Challenging Call

A week had passed. Mary Earle sat beside Ilien Siu's bed in
the narrow hospital chamber which was irradiated with light
of the setting sun. The figure outlined beneath the counterpane
had shrunk to what seemed the proportions of a child. The face,
once rounded and blooming, was sunken, the features sharpened,
the eyes abnormally large. Still the smile with which Ilien gazed
in Mary's face was of piercing sweetness and there was only
weakness, not agitation, in her voice when she spoke.

"The others call you Merle, may I also?" she asked.

"I want you to. You are very dear to me."

"You are kind and you speak truth, — ^you and Dr. Balfrey.
You cannot know how good a man he is ; you have not seen him,
as I have in the ver}^, very hot summer, working day and night
among the Chinese, down in the worst parts of New York. He
is one of the Jesus Christ men, Merle."

Mary smiled and touched tenderly the soft black cloud of
hair above llien's brow.

"What a beautiful thing to say of any one," she said. "What
is it you want to find, Ilien? Can I help?"

"It is only this ; I have it now." As she spoke the girl drew
from under her pillow a tiny folded leaflet.

"I have three things, or four, to give you, Merle,'' she said
softly, "but this is the best. It is truer than the gold of my
chain which you will wear for me, and clearer than the topaz,
the charm which hangs from it. This is the very truth about

19 19] Conscripts of Conscience 551

us," saying which she shpped the leaflet into Mary's hand. "This
is the way we think and live in China, the best of us."

Mary glanced at the title on the narrow sheet, It need not have
been, and the author's name, — that of a woman physician. A
heart sickening pang smote her. Why had not she, Mary Earle,
known how to write a thing like that? Why had she never until
this hour concerned herself vitally with her friend's heroic
purpose, with what lay behind it? The passion of grief and
remorse, albeit kept in strong control, swayed her soul inwardlv.

"I shall read it and always keep it, Ilien," she said, and her
voice did not tremble.

Again the smile, but it passed quickly and for a moment Ilien's
eyes were fastened on Mary's face in a sudden mortal appeal.

"Merle, I have something I must say," Ilien's voice was as if
she were now in breathless haste. "If it is wrong you will
forgive. . . . You know how I have thought of nothing, day
or. night, all these years but being ready to go back and help
my people. . . . But that is over. ... I cannot. . . . You,
Merle, you do not know what our women . . . our little
children suffer . . . we have not talked of that before . . .
but now ... is it too late? . . ."

Mary, watching the white face, noting the fluttering breath,
keeping her finger on the pulse, bent her head.

"You can talk a little more, dear, do not hurry so. . . . We
have time . . ." To herself she added, "a very little time, now."

Ilien's face relaxed to its wonted passive calm.

"That is good," she murmured. "They suffer more than is
human to suffer, — our poor people. . . . Our doctors know
only sorcerer's craft, not mercy, not science. Our little babies
die fast. Merle . . . seventy in each hundred. Our women are
tortured, yes, terribly tortured . . . and so few Christian
doctors come. . . . Here you have between two streets perhaps
ten, — perhaps twelve. With us there is often, for two million
people, — yes, more than that — one doctor. ... I see by your
face. Merle, that you believe me; you comprehend now what
it must be that I can, after all help nothing."

552 Life and Light [December

Mary nodded; this time words would not come. There was
silence and then, like the voice of a third person, Mary heard her
own voice. It was saying, —

"What can I do, Ilien?"

The answer came direct with death's own urgency.

"You can go for me in Christ's name. You are ready now.
1 had still a year. There will then be gain, not loss."

Mary took both the pale hands in hers and looked down into
the face, meeting its poignant appeal full and steadily.

"Yes, dear Ilien. You can trust me. I am ready. I will go
in your place and do my best. I am your substitute, God helping

The smile which flickered over the parted lips, at first
incredulous, was a heavenly radiance when it had reached the
eyes. The moment, supreme to both, passed. Ilien, satisfied,
turned her head on the pillow, murmured, "God bless you, now
I can rest," — then, exhausted, her hands folded on her breast,
her eyelids dropped and she fell asleep.

"Dr. Earle, may I take you home?"

Mary, having reached the outer door of the hospital, was
surprised to hear Major Balfrey's voice behind her. It was six
o'clock in the morning; she was homeward bound, having kept
the vigil in Ilien's chamber since ten the previous night, alone
save for Janet Gibson, who had joined her there at intervals.

"You see I have a message to deliver to you which is really
imperative,'' the Major added seriously, as, noting her assent,
he went forward to open the door of his car which stood waiting.
In another moment they were moving forward slowly, headed
for Washington Square.

"Was there any change during the night? Did she give any
sign of consciousness while you were with her?" he asked.

Mary shook her head, saying, "None. I think there will be
none after this."

"I am sure of it," he rejoined. "She will scarcely last the day

"You spoke of a message — "

1 9 1 9 j Conscripts of Conscience 553

"Yes. It is from Ilien herself to you. I spent an hour with
her, you know, last evening while you w^ere resting."

"She was awake then — conscious?"

"Yes, much of the time."

"Was she satisfied". . . at rest?" Mary asked the questioa
with intense anxiety,

"Perfectly so, except on one single point. . . . Her strong
common sense was at work. Doctor, to the last conscious minute.
She told me with remarkable clearness, and with a joy which I
found affecting, of your promise earlier in the day that you
would go to China as a medical missionary in her place. But
she had one misgiving and very naturally so. She felt that in
her explicit challenge to you to go China she had taken an unfair
advantage of you at an emotional crisis — of your sympathy, your
affection for her, your conscientiousness. It cannot be denied
that this is true in some sense — "

"You did not let Ilien think a thing like that !" cried Mary in
sharp dismay.

"No. I simply received her message to you ; it was, that neither
she nor God, — this is as she expressed it, — would hold you to any
promise if not made willingly and according to your best
judgment and afterthought.''

"And now I can never reassure her ! Oh, Major Balf rey, why
did I leave her for one single moment?" At last Mary's stress
of feeling had its way.

"Please do not allow yourself to grieve on that score; there
is no need. She was perfectly reassured."

"How? How could she have been?"

"I told her that I knew you had made your promise with a
full sense of all that is involved in renunciation here and all of
deprivation and difficulty in the field, but that I knew ot certainty
that it was made freely and gladly, that I even knew that you
had already, before this, contemplated such a step."

Receiving no word of response. Major Balfrey turned his
head, glancing at Mary. To his surprise her eyes seemed to
flood him with the light of her wordless gratitude. He took her

554 Life and Light [December

hand in his, but said nothing; in liis face was the reverence a
man shows as he approaches things divine. Releasing her hand,
he broke the tension with a low laugh, saying,

"Of course I did not actually know all this but — you see —
I knew you. Essentially I knew it must be true."

"It is true, perfectly true," Mary rejoined. "I could not have
given my promise on the instant if my mind had not been in
preparation for just that challenge. It was all I needed to make
my way clear."

"vStill, Dr. Earle, I am not ready by any means to say
unqualifiedly that I would think you justified in carrying out a
purpose entered into under such stress. I should advise at least
a few years' delay. . . ."

"I hardly think you would. Major Balfrey, if it were your
own case," Mary broke in. "Did you take a few years to con-
sider the call to go to France? You went over, I believe, before
we entered the war."

"We appear to have been equally precipitate, I admit, there;

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