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February, writes of her voyage in a letter to personal friends.
She says of her enforced wait at Singapore, "We had a chance
to do some real missionary work. We gave a concert at the
Methodist Mission for the Chinese boys, and also sang for sol-
diers and sailors and for the children at different schools. If
the Indian children are half as attractive and appreciative as
those children were I shall not be able to stop work at the end
of the school day."

Miss Elizabeth C. Clarke of Sofia, Bulgaria, reached Boston,
March 22, having been since November on her way to this
country, with many trying delays. For the present Miss Clarke
will be in the vicinity of Boston where her family friends are.

Mrs. R. S. M. Emrich, who has given such memorable ad-
dresses in connection with work of the Committee for Re-
lief in the Near East and also in many of our missionary so-
cieties during the past few months, expects to sail for Turkey
the first week in May, with her three sons, to join Mr. Emrich at
Mardin as soon as is practicable.

One of our missionaries from China who has been withheld
for several years from her work sends the following lines writ-
ten on her sick bed : —

"Today His will

Is spoken in these words 'Lie still,'

And shall I not His wish fulfill ?
'Lie still, and pray, —

That is my Lord's command today,

And I will do His work His way.' "



206 Life and Light [May

She adds, "Six months, and still in bed but I am slowly recover-
ing. It's a long desperate fight, but I'll be back in China some
day, if you'll send me."

As program committees have a way of forecasting the next
year's work before the summer recess, it will be well to give thus
early a hint of the plans now being set in motion by
Helps for the Publications Committee in the way of helps for
Next Year. the study of A Crusade of Compassion, a review of
which will be found on page 212. A responsive
service of Scripture, prayers and hymns is now being prepared
by Miss Frances J. Dyer, based on the book, and for use at devo-
tional services. There is also an original hymn, The Healing
Touch, the words of which may be obtained from Miss Helen S.
Conley, for ten cents a dozen. This may be sung to any one of
half a dozen familiar tunes. Mrs. E. D. Gaylord has kindly con-
sented to arrange a stereopticon lecture which will show scenes
in our own Congregational hospitals, with a few scenes from
other missions. This will be loaned to societies in our own ter-
ritory, for cost of carriage and a nominal fee of one dollar for
use of the slides. We hope to have these helps and several leaflets
ready for the Northfield Summer School July 9-17. The Cen-
tral Committee announces that How to Use will be issued earlier
than usual this year, probably in May. We feel sure that a
year of unusual interest is before our missionary societies as they
take up this study of medical missions. The Outline Programs
by Mrs. Powers, advertised last month, will be ready in June.

The dates for this conference are July 9-17 and plans are go-
ing forward for a most successful gathering. Mrs. W. H.
Farmer of Montclair, N. J., will give the lec-
The Northfield tures on the text-book, "A Crusade of Corn-
Summer School, passion. Mrs. C. H. Daniels will lead a class,
using "World Facts" as text-book. Mrs. W.
E. Waters will preside at the Methods' Hour, at three of which
Mrs. E. C. Cronk will conduct conferences ; Miss Alma J. Noble
of the Baptist Woman's Board will have charge of the Methods'



19 19] Editorials 207

Hour for girls, and Miss Gertrude Bigelow of Boston will have a
Missionary Story Hour. Dr. Zwemer, Mrs. Peabody and other
well-known leaders will give addresses.

Plan for Northfield Now, — July 9-17.

Some time ago Mrs. Jerome C. Holmes, then of Otaru, Japan,
asked for help for her Girls' Club and was delighted with the

response made by readers of Life and Light.
A Request Now, Mrs. Holmes is located in Osaka, and

for Materials. asks that the "Ladies' Aid Society" of the Umeda

Church of that city may have a little assistance
towards building and equipping a new church. They wish to
have a sale of fancy articles which their deft fingers are so
skilful in making, but materials are so costly that if they pur-
chase them, there will be very little profit on their sales. So
Mrs. Holmes asks that bits of silk and velvet, spools of silk,
thread, embroidery floss, lace, ribbon and all such things be sent
her by parcel post. She will gladly acknowledge personally
such packages. Address : Mrs. Jerome C. Holmes, Kitano, Osaka,
Japan.

The results of the Campaign for Recruits are most gratifying.
After the Boston meeting a Red Cross nurse just back from
France promptly volunteered, was ac-
cepted by her own Board and will sail for
The Rainbow Spreads. T jt c j. • 1 ■ 1 -j. 1

India June 5 to save a sinking hospital.

Her support and that of a splendid doc-
tor from Pittsburgh were eagerly taken by one woman who has
learned the safety and value of such an investment. Washington
reports a "Rainbow Division" with Mrs. MacDowell as Com-
mander-in-Chief. New York, New Brunswick, N. J., and Brook-
lyn met March 29 and April 1. In Washington a Congregational
"Little Rainbow" with 200 girls in attendance was held April 1.
There is no reason why any town where there are doctors and
nurses should not have a "Little Rainbow" meeting. Chicago



208 Life and Light t Ma y

reports the Edith Cavell poster in fifty hospitals, also other posters
in public places and asks for a mass meeting for professional
women where the cause shall again be presented.

All Rainbow meetings, great and small, should be reported at
once to Mrs. De Witt Knox, 216 West 56th Street, New York
City, who is the Executive Secretary of the Campaign Commit-
tee of the Federation.

Wanted ! A battalion of five hundred women to go to needy
fields, where missionaries have held the front line without re-
inforcements for ten, twenty and even thirty years.

Use the posters in all available public places. Fifty cents a set.
Order from Miss Helen S. Conley.

The tenth regional conference of the Inter-church World
Movement was held in Park Street Church, Boston, March 24

and 25, with an encouraging representation
Inter-church World from the New England States.
Movement. As is the custom at these "setting up"

conferences, much time was devoted to get-
ting in touch with State Federations and arranging for a Cor-
respondent with the Central Committee, or its Executive, — this
Correspondent to be the "nexus" upon whom will devolve the
linking up of plans with the Central Committee. Monday even-
ing was given to inspirational addresses and a big audience
listened with eagerness to Dr. Robert E. Speer on "The Sig-
nificance of the Inter-Church World Movement" and with in-
terest mingled with curiosity to Col. Raymond Robins, recently
returned from Red Cross work in Russia, on "The Significance
of Church Co-operation for the Betterment of Social and In-
dustrial Relationships." Other speakers were Dr. Rockwell H.
Potter of Hartford, Dr. Raymond Calkins, Dr. Mann, rector of
Trinity Church, and Bishop Hughes. Mr. Fred B. Smith con-
ducted the conference hours and much emphasis was placed upon
the co-operation of the local unit and on the spirit of prayer for
this vast inter-church plan.



19 19]



Editorials



209



Recent cablegrams received by the American Board from the
Relief Expedition show very serious conditions in the Caucasus,
where thousands of starving refugees are con-
Conditions in centrated. Heartrending suffering exists which
Near East. only speedy relief and large amounts of money

can stay.

The party which sailed from New York February 16 report a
swift transfer at Marseilles to "Gloucester Castle," and a safe
passage to Salonika, where they arrived about March 4. One of
the missionaries writes : "We women are in two big wards (on
the "Gloucester Castle"), and very comfortable indeed, for every-
thing is so clean. Sunday we had a beautiful service out on the
big open prow, led by Dr. White of Marsovan, who preached
from Isaiah 43 :1, a stirring, helpful sermon."

THE FINANCIAL STATEMENT OF THE WOMAN'S BOARD
Receipts Available for Regular Work, March 1 — 31, 1919



1918. .
1919...

Gain . . .
Loss ....



From
Branches



S7.094.45
7,078.68



Prom
Other Sources



$69.00
2,304.38



From Legacies
and Reserve
Legacy Fund



$467.00
299.40



Income from
Investments
and Deposits



151,055.50
1,237.51



TOTAL



$8,685.95
10.919.97



$15.77



!,235.38



$182.01



!,234.02



$167.60





October 18, 1918— March 31, 1919




1918


$50,887.82


$4,449.97


$17,657.40


$3,445.05


$76,440.24


1919


54,767.34


3,335.60


12,928.21


3,845.21


74,876.36


Gain


$3,879.52






$400.16




Loss




$1,114.37


$4,729.19




$1,563.88



Receipts for Regular Work and Buildings
January 1 to March 31, 1919



COUNTING ON APPORTIONMENT FOR 1919



From
Auxiliary
Societies



From
Churches



From
Church Or-
ganizations



Total



NOT COUNTING
ON APPORTION-
MENT



From Indi-
viduals



From

Other

Sources



TOTAL



$19,948.05



,014.83



,410.25



5,373.13



i, 208.19



140.42 $31,721.74



210



Life and Light



[May



For Readers of "World Size"

Current events clubs, mis-
sion study groups, adult Bible
classes, young people's socie-
ties and all the folks who read
the newspapers and try to
keep the thread of connection
between Christian ideals and
present day news will turn
gratefully to the book just
written by Rev. Cornelius H.
Patton, D.D., Home Secre-
tary of the American Board
of Commissioners for For-
eign Missions. It is entitled
World Facts and America's
Responsibility (Association
Press, New York, $1.00.) and
it really is what its title im-
plies. It is the latest, most
up-to-date study of interna-
t i o n a 1, interdenominational
world Christian movements. Finished since peace negotiations
were entered upon, its chapters have a perspective and a world
vision which no book written wholly during the war could possess.
The "World Facts" are grouped in ten chapters beginning with
"The Renaissance of Asia" and ending with one entitled "The
Church Girds Herself for Her Great Task." How America is
affected by, or how America can and should affect all these con-
ditions are set forth as clearly as the "Facts" themselves are
stated, though in no dogmatic fashion. In short Dr. Patton lets
his readers look through a magnifying glass at present day affairs.
We had already begun to realize the Renaissance of Asia as
we met Chinese, Japanese, and East-Indian students, saw Japan
rise to her commercial opportunities or watched China's per-
sistent push towards a democracy. But perhaps we had not rea-
lized that, as Ambassador Reinsch says, the most fundamental




Dr. C. H. Patton



19 19] Readers of "World Size" 211

thing in the East today is the "longing of the people for a per-
sonal, friendly, eternal and universal Power." In the chapter on
the "Rapid Extension of Christianity" will be found facts which
seem like miracles when studied by themselves alone.

Dr. Patton dedicates his book to all "Fellow Christians in
America who are willing to be of world-size" ; and later declares
it his conviction that America, in close association with Great
Britain, is called of God to lead off in the movements to make
Christ supreme in the world's affairs. As one studies the evi-
dence presented as to how the East looks toward America, how
America breaks from her isolation and joins in championing the
cause of liberty and the rise of the new idealism, one feels that
the author proves his points.

Teachers as well as club leaders will find the book helpful and
suggestive. It contains a number of definite concrete statements
of world progress along special lines. It gives a chronological
list of events during the war period which bear upon the growth
of democratic institutions. It tells a number of stories illustrat-
ing awakening idealism and the spirit of brotherhood and sac-
rifice ; and is full of quotations and allusions to other writers or
to world events which would make expansion of these "Facts"
easy and interesting. It closes with a resume of the program
which faces the enthusiastic Christian and the patriotic Ameri-
can in his coming world citizenship.

Moreover the general reader who doesn't specialize and who
makes no pretence of being a teacher or leader but who is will-
ing to be of world-size will find it a popularly written and inter-
esting book.

"For most of us to drop back in our giving means to drop back
in our character. Our heart has been enlarged. Is it now to
shrink? Each man must decide for himself what trusteeship
demands under the new conditions which prevail and are to
prevail. But let him beware lest the beautiful ideal which has
come into his life and enabled him to transform that most ma-
terial thing — gold — into spiritual possessions * * * shall be
allowed to depart. * * * A mighty testing time has come for
us all." — From World Facts and America's Responsibility.



212 Life and Light C Ma y

'The Crusade of Compassion"

By Rose Fairbank Beals, M.D.

^-— -£ HAT a challenge we face today to make this world a
W II ^ fit place to live in, when so many millions of the
VM^ choicest of the lands have laid down their lives just
to clear the decks for action ! As the roar of war died away and
the first great acclaim of peace burst forth, clear-eyed statesmen
in church and state were quick to realize, — knew it well before-
hand, — that the winning of the war was but the brushing aside
of a single, though monster foe to the peace of mind and soul and
body which God had purposed for His children.

But the Victory won has placed us squarely under the respon-
sibility. Henceforth no nation can live unto itself alone and
escape its just condemnation. The new birth of world patriotism
places the women and children of China and India and Africa
and Armenia formally in our care, where God placed them from
the first, and where a devoted company of noble souls have re-
ceived them long since and have been doing for them as the
world is now coming to see God purposes all his well-favored
children to do for their less fortunate brothers and sisters.

"The Conservation of Human Life," which has been chosen as
the general theme, for the text-books to be studied during 1919-
1920, carries an appeal the world is bound to respond to today
with every resource it can command. And the Central Com-
mittee on the United Study of Foreign Missions in bringing out
under this theme "A Crusade of Compassion for the Healing of
the Nations" has given us a most timely book.

It is a study of medical missions for women and children. Dr.
Belle J. Allen, M.D., and Mrs. Caroline Atwater Mason have
compiled and edited it. Dr. Allen labored as a medical mis-
sionary herself in the Butler Memorial Hospital at Baroda, India.
Mrs. Mason we know as the author of two other study books,
"Lux Christi" and "World Missions and World Peace." In this
book they render the high service of giving us the facts we must
have. No one today and henceforth can rightly claim his share
in the blessings of our new peace and freedom if he lives on



19 19] " The Crusade of Compassion " 213

ignorant of the conditions under which his fellow men are born,
live, fall sick, and die. We simply must know how it fares with
our sisters and their children in Syria and Africa and the great
congested lands of the Orient.

And here we have a vivid picture, full of absorbing interest,
of "the harem woman, the Zenana woman, the foot-bound, mind-
bound, woman who has no 'Publicity Committee !' " And how our
faith kindles as we learn, too, of "her capacity to help apply the
remedy, which is for the healing of the nations." We study those
wonderful characters, such as Dr. Karmarkar of India, Drs.
Stone and Kahn of China, and others who are laboring with such
conspicuous ability for their own people in the name of the
Master.

We agree heartily with the emphasis we find laid on the need
for more medical schools in those lands. We read, "In the Cru-
cible of high missionary consultation there has been produced as
the final residuum, after all other plans and purposes have been
evaporated, the necessity of native schools on native ground for
the training of native women in medicine in all lands open to
foreign missions." But this calls for a great increase of western
doctors for "how can these native girls practice the art of heal-
ing without a teacher?" And the splendid work already accom-
plished by the few schools that have been established as the
Ludhiana and the Vellore schools in India, The Peking Medical
School for Women, the Soochow Women's Medical, and the
Hackett Medical College of Canton, clinch the argument beyond
all question.

The book contains 240 pages including a very useful index.
There is an introductory chapter entitled "The Battalion of Life,"
with a survey of the battlefield and a review of available forces.
Here we learn that the whole force of missionary doctors now
on the field would supply only one of our large American cities
with its present quota of doctors. The population of the lands con-
sidered is put down as about one billion. We read, "arrayed over
against these ignorant and suffering masses the Christian world
has now in the field a force of one thousand and eleven mis-
sionary physicians, of which number one thousand and eleven are.



214 Life and Light [May

women." A very slight effort in arithmetic tells us that this is
not much more than one doctor to a million people, — and the
influenza was worse, if anything, in these lands than it was in
America !

Chapters on India, on China, on Korea (now officially known as
Cho-sen, which was also its ancient name, meaning "morning
freshness"), on the Philippine Islands, and Siam, on the Near
East, and on Africa, carry on every page the challenge toja. ser-
vice no less heroic than that on the battlefields of France."

An enlightening survey of the Mohammedan situation im-
pressed the urgency of the claim of the work among Moslems.
We learn that "one out of every ten of the inhabitants of Africa
is a Moslem," and we are almost startled when we read that to-
day "ten thousand young Moslems are in training in Cairo as mis-
sionaries of the Crescent to Africa. Truly "the fight is on," and
"the hope of the present hour is that the Church will wake to
the danger and act in the crisis of a probable disintegration among
the Moslem forces created by the defeat of Turkey in the Great
War."

An interesting section tells of the splendid work that is being
done among the lepers of the world, with many impressive il-
lustrations of the Divine benediction upon this sacrificial service.
And finally the student is led to a section on the "promise of the
future" for truly "it is not, then, the moment for a survey of
Christian Missions in these lands in the past, nor even in the pres-
ent. It is the hour of the future, the hour of expectation."

The chapters are sub-divided and outlined with insets that add
much to its convenience as a study book and some twenty or
more unusually good illustrations add not a little to its attractive-
ness and interest.



"We hear again the challenge of the Battalion of Life, not
alone in the extent, nor yet in the needs of the sufferers, nor
solely in the character of the service rendered — these, yes, all of
them, but supremely comes the call in the potency of its idealism.
Already above the tumult of the war comes that clarion note.
Spiritual ideals have suddenly become realized on a tremendous
scale." — From "A Crusade of Compassion."




19 19] The Healer Among Chinese Women 215

The Healer Among Chinese Women

By Emma Boose Tucker, M.D.

This article by Dr. Tucker is the first of a series which will appear
in "Life and Light" from time to time during 1919-1920, as aids in
the preparation of programs on "The Crusade of Compassion." Dr.
F. F. Tucker and his wife have for seventeen years been engaged in
a dual ministry of healing in our North China Mission, where they
are now in charge of twin hospitals, Williams Hospital for men and
Porter Hospital for women and children, at Tehchow, or, as we must
now learn to say, Tehsien, the ending "sien" meaning county city
instead of "chow," a village. — The Editor.

TEAMING into the first Asiatic port touched on the
way to the great land of China some sixteen years ago,
two young medical missionaries, fresh from training
in America's colleges and hospitals, and eager with a humble but
sacred longing to give to their less fortunate brothers and sisters
something of all they had received, were somewhat surprised to
be arraigned, with all other passengers, on the deck of the ocean-
liner to pass a medical inspection at the hands of Oriental phy-
sicians. This was in Yokohama, five or six officious-looking,
spectacle-wearing Japanese physicians boarding the vessel to con-
duct the examination to see if these Occidentals, medical and non-
medical, were free from contagious or other undesirable diseases.
If so, they would be permitted to land. The same program was
carried out in the ports of Kobe and Nagasaki. Then, approach-
ing China's great port of Shanghai, in their innocence the phy-
sicians inquired, "Do we have to pass medical inspection at the
hands of the Chinese physicians here?" "No," was the reply of
the ship's officer. "China is the home of Asiatic cholera, plague,
dysentery, and the like. Here these and similar diseases thrive.
There will be no medical inspection of us to enter this land."

Too true was this which he uttered. No less true is that which
has been said, "China was opened at the point of the lancet" in
the hands of Dr. Peter Parker.

Until the recent and remarkable years of change that have come
to China, how little did the Chinese notice the "foreigner," or
take cognizance of why he was on China's soil, unless, perchance,
to exploit Chinese territory and wealth for his, the foreigner's,



216



Life and Light



[May-



OWn aggrandizement ! That he came for an altruistic motive, or
that the Chinese had need of something better than they were en-
joying in the way of religion or science, particularly medical
science, — of this they were alike too ignorant and conceited to
recognize. What had the barbarian that was of value to teach
them, sons of Ham, and heirs to all that was worth while in the
way of human philosophy as handed down by their great teachers,
Confucius and Mencius ? Tens of years ago the missionary learned
that the medical arm of the missionary service was the entering
wedge for the Gospel into the hearts of the Chinese. Through
this practical demonstration of Christian love and sympathy,
the matter-of-fact Chinese learned of a Love that could move
men to give their lives and means for the good of others, even to
those of an alien race and unknown people. This, until most
recent years, was our greatest point of contact with the Chinese.
No wonder that the late Dr. Henry D. Porter said that more
than fifty per cent of a certain well-known region in North China
came to Christ because of having learned of Him through the
work of the hospital of that region.




Without the Hospital Gate at Tehsien



1919] The Healer Among Chinese Women 217

Then, the need ! A whole nation without surgery ! A whole
nation not knowing the use of soap ! A whole nation where eye
troubles abound ! A whole nation not understanding the causes
and effects of contagious diseases ! A whole nation with a pop-
ulation of a quarter of the human race, but bound by the fetters
of custom, purposely crippling one-half its number by binding
the feet of its women, thus making them an easy prey to every
passing disease! In fact, a whole nation with only the begin-
nings of modern medical science !

Upon the women of such a land do the physical ills that human
beings are heir to, fall particularly hard. Those precious eyes !
Every girl must marry. There is no future for the daughter of
China outside of the home of her husband's family. She can-
not inherit land or chattels from her father. Yet, if she can-
not sew, cannot do the endless stitching necessary to cover the
bodies of the numerous members of the family, including hun-
dreds of pairs of shoes, made of cloth, soles and all, — each pair to
be renewed every month, — "Who wants such a daughter-in-law?"
All those shoes for women and girls, covering wilfully deformed


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