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the United States, were led by women of national distinction,
while delegates from China included some of the most conspic-
uously successful women on the mission field.

At the head of the Collegiate Education Commission was Presi-
dent Ellen F. Pendleton of Wellesley College ; leading the Sec-
ondary Education Commission was Miss Charlotte Conant,
principal of Walnut Hill School, Natick, Mass., an authority on
educational questions; while Dr. Gertrude M. Walker, formerly
of the faculty of Philadelphia Women's Medical College, was
chairman of the Medical Commission.

Miss Amelia Josephine Burr, the poetess, headed the Christian
Literature Commission; Miss Nellie Prescott, secretary of the
Woman's American Bapitst Foreign Mission Society, the Ad-
ministration Commission; Miss Ernestine Friedman, social serv-
ice expert for the American National Y. W. C. A., the Social
Service Commission; and Miss Helen Calder, secretary of the
Congregational Woman's Board of Missions, the Commission
of Religious Education and Evangelism.

Seven provinces and thirty-one boards and societies were rep-
resented by the missionaries present. Sitting with the Social

164 . Life and Light [April

Service Commission was Mrs. Chauncey Goodrich, who has served
with the American Board in Peking for forty years and who is
now helping conduct the first scientific survey ever made of
hving conditions in that city. In the Collegiate Education group
were Mrs. Murray Frame, acting president of the North China
Union Women's College at Peking, and Miss Minnie Vautrin,,
acting president of Ginling College at Nanking, the only two
women's institutions in all China offering a complete college

In the Christian Literature section one saw Miss L. M. Garland,
a small, slight woman with a very big purpose — that of fighting
Chinese illiteracy with the thirty-nine symbols of the new phonetic
script. In the same section was Miss A. Mildred Cable, who has
labored for twenty years in an isolated inland city where she and
two or three associates were the only foreigners and where she
has built up a normal school that is famed throughout China.

"Sir Michael Sadler, educational advisor to the British gov-
ernment, said to me, last summer, that the future civilization of the
world depended in no small degree on the kind of education China
developed in the next two or three decades," declared E. C. Loben-
stine, secretary of the China Continuation Committee in his open-
ing address to the delegates. "You members of this conference
can help shape that program to a very considerable extent."

Some of the leading features of the conference were as fol-
lows :

There were repeated requests for interdenominational secretaries
with duties of national scope, such as a Christian literature sec-
retary, a home economics expert, an instructor in translation, and
a specialist in religious education to give intensive training to
missionaries already on the field.

It was recommended that every evangelist whether foreign or
Chinese have at least the rudiments of social service training.
'Tn all parts of the country, Christian Chinese are being taught
that they must 'work out' their Christianity," stated Miss Helen
Calder of the Commission on Religious Education and Evangel-
ism. "In many schools and churches, members have pledged

19 2 0] The Shanghai Women's Mission Conference 165

themselves to teach the phonetic script to at least ten illiterates a
year. Others are teaching the blind a simplified Chinese Braille.
This tendency to express faith by works should be given impetus
throughout the Chinese church."

The Collegiate Education Commission declared that the two
union colleges for women should be fully supported by the boards
at home in the matter of staff, buildings and other equipment. It
decided it was inadvisable for Chinese girls to go abroad for
undergraduate work, as it is an exceptional student who can re-
main away from home for five or six years and adapt herself
readily to the conditions of Oriental life on her return. The same
commission was unanimous on the subject of the need for normal
training. Training in the government normal schools is without
the Christian background necessary for success in mission work.

That one union bilingual medical college for women be estab-
lished to serve the needs of northern and central China, including
Fukien, the site to be determined by the China Medical Mission-
ary Association, was the recommendation that provided most dis-
cussion. Just what will be the fate of the Women's Union Med-
ical College at Peking, supported by the women's boards of the
Methodist Episcopal, Congregational and Presbyterian churches
will not be known until the new site is fixed. If it is decided that
Peking affords the best opportunities and the Federation of
Woman's Boards agrees, the college will continue in existence.

Almost the last official act of the body was the acknowledgment
of the "indispensable co-operation" of the Interchurch World
Movement and a request for its further help in carrying out the
■conference plans.

Of all the mysteries of the prayer world, the need of persevering
prayer is one of the greatest. That the Lord, who is so loving and long-
ing to bless, should have to be supplicated time after time, sometimes
year after year, before the answer comes, we can not easily understand. . . .
When, after persevering supplication, our prayer remains unanswered, it
is often easiest for our slothful flesh, and it has all the appearance of
pious submission, to think that we must now cease praying, because God
may have His secret reason for withholding His answer to our request.
— Andrew Murray, With Christ in the School of Prayer.

166 Life and Light [April

Moving Pictures in a Mexican Town

By Margarita Wright

'HUALULCO is a town of about 6000 people, and a
county seat where there has been missionary work for
nearly fifty years. Perhaps you will remember it as
the town where our first martyr, Mr. Stephens, met his death at
the hands of a violent mob. Today, several former Instituto girls
are teaching in the public schools of Ahualulco, and a girl from
there is in the school now, besides two boys in the Colegio. There
are two or three more girls who we hope may come to us next

Saturday afternoon we visited in the homes of several of the
brethren. It is a revelation to see the homes from which our girls
come. As I said this town is a county seat, yet only two or three
blocks in the center of the town are paved, and those with cobble-
stones. The streets of the rest of the town are just dusty roads.
The sidewalks are very narrow, crudely made of odd pieces of
brick or stone, and harder to walk on than the streets. The houses
are close together, and are what we would consider the height of
discomfort in their lack of conveniences. The floors are either of
packed earth, or of the roughest, coarsest kind of brick. Whole
families live jumbled together in two or three rooms. Bathtubs
do not exist. Water is hard to get in that town, for that from the
wells is not fit to drink or to use for anything but watering the
streets and floors, and it is a big job to bring the water down from
the springs in the hills. To have the water piped to the houses is
inconceivable, so they continue as they have done for generations
to go to the fountain in the main pla^a to fill their water jars once
or twice a day. Under such conditions, what wonder is it that
they wash only when they cannot avoid it?

We visited one old man, eighty-three years old, who remembers
vividly all the incidents connected with the time of Mr. Stephens'
coming to Ahualulco, about his living among them and about his
death. He said that he was not a Protestant until after Mr.
Stephen's death, although he was friendly, but that after the mis-

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Moving Pictures in a Mexican Town


sionary had been so brutally murdered, he decided that he could no
longer be a Catholic. Mr. Stephens had made such an impression
on him through the nobility of his character that he determined
to investigate his religion. He bought a Bible and began to read
it to see what evil things he could find in it. And, he said, he
never found anything in it but beauty and goodness, and what he
came to recognize as the truth ! It is his granddaughter who is in
the Instituto now.

Saturday evening we sat out on the sidewalk (there are no front
yards in Mexico), in front of the mission house, and watched the
Carnival celebrations going on in the plaza. It was an amazingly
picturesque scene, looking like the stage setting for some per-
formance and it made one wonder whether it would be grand
opera, comic opera, or a moving picture. The mob was there in
full, — shifting figures of men in their loose, white cotton trousers,
huge straw sombreros almost hiding their faces, and all draped in
brilliantly colored sarapes (blankets) ; a few women hurrying

The Moving Picture in the Plaza

168 Life and Light [April

along in groups of two or three, never alone, their heads gracefully
wrapped in rehosos, but on the whole in darker clothing and less
conspicuous than the men, and countless dusky children running
in and out, watching all the excitement, and letting out their animal
spirits in shrieks and laughter. At one side of the stage rose the
graceful tower of the church, and at the other was a hand run
merry-go-round, of the crudest sort, the music for it furnished
by a quartet of fiddlers whose tunes were positively primitive in
their lack of tune and prominence of rhythm. There were scat-
tered over the stage groups of men gambling, men drinking Ger-
man beer and the native pulque, men playing lottery, men eating,
and men just talking, whose conversation could almost be under-
stood by simply watching their gestures. One expected at any
moment the arrival of a hero or heroine, but that part of the per-
formance was left to the imagination of the audience. But if
they had appeared, what they would have had to relate would not
have been so very different from what their ancestors generations
ago would have told. It was all picturesque to an onlooker, yes,
but imagine its being your life, all the life you knew, imagine
living in that sordidness, never rising to any higher level ; imagine
that as being the excitement of your life, compared to which all
the rest of your days were one deadly, monotonous succession of
the same petty tasks, with no vision of anything better !

On Sunday morning, a quiet, dignified group of men, women
and children, most of them shining with the scrubbing that they
had given themselves for the occasion, gathered in the mission
chapel for Sunda)^ school. The superintendent was the Seiiorita
Lidia Camacho, a graduate of the Institute Colon and a trained
nurse, who is doing wonderful work in the mission dispensary.
It would have done anyone good to hear the enthusiasm with
which they sang the songs, the same songs sung in our American
Sunday schools, but with the words in musical Spanish. There
was an attendance of fifty-nine, and the collection averaged five
cents apiece, a mighty good record for a Mexican congregation.
In the afternoon the Christian Endeavor Society had its meeting
and was well attended. It was led by one of the young men of

192 0]

Moving Pictures in a Mexican Town


the church, the young people took part, and it was inspiring to
think that there was a group of young people thinking about
and praying for the evangelization of the world. Rather different
from the groups in the plaza the previous night ! At the evening
service the choir sang as a special song, "Be a hero," and four
young people were received into the church. You can't tell me that
leaven like that will not eventually do its work leavening the whole
lump, even though we may not live to see the day when the
whole lump is leavened. You can't tell me that missions don't

pay, when I have
seen and felt the
difference between
the sordid group on
the plasa and the
earnest group in the
mission chapel.
Those who are
scornful or sceptical
about missions ought
to see them at work,
ought to see the "be-
fore" and the "af-
ter," and then if
they have refused to
help before, they
will not only give themselves, but will so influence others that
they will be led to give also.

In the Instituto Colon we are trying to give our girls that which
will enable them to go back into that environment and still be
steadfast in their following of the gleam, that which will enable
them to go back into that environment and be able to do their part
in leavening the lump, in lifting others to a higher level of life.
Can any one dare to say that it is not worth while work? Dis-
couragements there are in plenty, apparent failures, sometimes,
but we feel confident that in the end the uplifting forces will
conquer and that God's truth, so desperately needed in Mexico, no
less than in all other countries of the world, can give them what
most they lack.

A Mexican Christian Teacher
with a New Missionary

170 Life and Light [April

Thorns and Roses

By Slecna Bozena Jehlickova

Mrs. J. S. Porter, of Prague, writes the following introduction : On
New Year's night we went to the annual meeting of the Evangelicka
Jidnota in Zozkov, a section of Prague, to hear about the orphanages in
charge of Slecna Jehlickova. The hall was packed to overflowing. "I
make a point of being here every time," said a Smichov friend, and "I
never skip this if I can help it," said a busy man living more than a mile
and half away. Twelve years ago Sestra Jehlickova began an orphanage
with four children in a little house in Chvaly, about six miles from Prague.
Year by year the work has grown until now there are three orphanages
with sixty children and nine caretakers. During all these years she has
planned and prayed, and especially during the war she has had heavy
burdens to bear and great problems to solve for the seventy-five souls
entrusted to her care. More than this, she has worked for the women,
has edited a little paper, and because many of our preachers were in the
war she has conducted many services for the people. She gave the address
"Thorns and Roses" to the interested audience on New Year's night and
I have translated it for the readers of Life and Light.

XN one of Marden's books he says that at one time, five
hundred dollars were offered in America for the best
expressed and most fruitful thought. The five hundred
dollars were awarded for a thought beautiful and true, namely,
"People grumble that God gave to the roses thorns. Should they
not rather praise the good God that with the thorns he made to
grow the roses?"

Behind us is another year of activity in our work and the way
has not been without thorns. Our numbers have increased and all
our houses are crowded, especially the one in Chvaly. More than
once have we said, "We can receive no more children. Already
there are enough, more than enough." But then an urgent request
would come and we could not resist it. How is it possible to turn
aside such an appeal as this : "We turn to you for help. There
are three little children who will perish if not taken from their
present surroundings and that immediately. Two of them, a little
girl and boy, are pale and emaciated for lack of food. They live
in an unhealthful dwelling and day and night they are with a
mother dying of consumption. Their father is in the war. The
third child, a little boy, is very much neglected. His mother, a

19 2 0]

Thorns and Roses


beggar, lends him to others of her cult, for begging." How is it
possible not to help, although it means crowding more and more?

Because we have helped immediately where necessary, some
children have come to us in a most wretched condition. And here,
especially this past year, were thorns which pierced us to the soul,
for we have no isolated place of our own in which to doctor chil-
dren in such wretched condition ; and when we have tried to place
them in hospitals they were refused admittance again and again
and when at last two of them, at our most earnest request, were
received, they were returned to us later, unhealed and in worse
condition than when entered.

Also the number of feeble-minded children has increased among
us and this although we desire to take only the mentally sound.
Even when children come with the recommendation of a good
physician, it sometimes happens that later mental defects reveal
themselves, and we have observed that there is a very deleterious
influence over younger children mentally sound when placed with

The Chvaly Orphans at Play

172 Life and Light [April

the feeble minded older than themselves. These children should
be separated from the others, and here are the thorns that prick
and pierce because our cramped quarters do not admit of our
doing this.

But now you might think that I have moved from Chvaly to a
place of sighs, but it is not so. True it is that I have been speak-
ing about "thorns," but now we come to the "roses." For could
it be that the Heavenly Father, when in his immeasurable love He
gave to us His Son, the Rose of Sharon, flowering in this valley
of thorns and filling all ages and all times with its fragrance, —
would it be possible that He would not with Him freely give us
all things? And the Scripture must be fulfilled.

Now, first about our cramped dwellings ! In Bolevec we have
succeeded in adding two rooms to the house, and in Chvaly, be-
sides the two places rented last year outside in the village, we
have now still another. This is, of course, connected with discom-
fort in the matter of coming and going, but we must consider the
small troop of children added because of this, and when, in this
time of selfishness, people come to us with such kindness offering
a place for nothing or almost nothing, it is a fragrance. The roses
have blossomed among the thorns!

By this we are so refreshed that we trust in God even for a
home for our feeble-minded children. And further. When those
children were returned to us unhealed, and when some thought
there was no hope of healing, then we looked only unto God. We
devoted our time, our patience, our work and money to this end
and lo ! among the thorns, what beautiful roses, for, thanks to
God, the children were cured.

And then, after the war, when we began to examine our prop-
erty, consisting of furniture, mattresses and ticks, sheets, towels,
under and outer clothing, things which we had constantly been
using but without renewing or replenishing — ^the sight pained and
pricked us, for it looked as if not only we had walked through the
thorns but our things had gone through the thorns with us. "And
why not buy new things ?" O, that would be a fairy tale, a beau-
tiful fairy tale. "Why?" Because our treasury is not a sea, but

192 0] Thorns and Roses 173

only a little spring, — never wholly dry to be sure, but even when
fullest, sufficient only for providing the most necessary things ;
and today, as during the war, one has to spend a great deal of
money for a very little. And when you have such a large family,
and you cannot afford to pay exorbitant prices^ and when you do
not wish to run into debt and have fought against shabbiness and
wearing-out-edness by mending and mending, patch upon patch,
— then it is not easy. It pricks, it is a way of thorns.

And now, for the worn out condition of our things ! Accord-
ing to the command of the living God, who is the God of order
and wishes that we should live as becomes human beings, aid
came to us from three different sources and we cannot say which
of these roses had the sweetest fragrance. When, because of the
care and love of friends at home and in America, we were
provided with things exceeding much needed, it seemed like a
fairy tale, for now we could lay aside things all worn out, nor
would it be necessary to take money for this from our treasury.

And the treasury ! When, from the human standpoint it would
seem best that our treasury be as a fountain filled to the brim but
when our Heavenly Father, whose thoughts so exceed ours, keeps
us waiting for the filling a long, long time — then it is that the
patient, long-continued -waiting pricks. But only wait long enough,
and what delightful roses! We had come to a financial crisis.
The crisis was severe for only the sum of two thousand crowns
could meet it, and in the treasury were only a few dollars (a
dollar averages about twenty-six crowns).

But, oh the omnipotence and loving care of God ! In one day
we received two thousand crowns, and that the truth that God is
the Lord of silver and gold might sink deep into our minds,
shortly a gift of the same size (two thousand crowns and given
under similar circumstances) came to us in one day. This was
fragrance from the roses, and you can surely surmise that the
instrument of these gifts, under God, was the dear friends in
America whom we thank with a full heart. Every gift of food
or money has come directed of God's hand at just the right time.

So we go on. The future is all unknown, and thorns will
surely be in the way, but, in the midst of them, we wish to be
thankful always to the dear gracious God that with the thorns he
also makes the roses to grow.


Life and Light


A Christian Center in Constantinople

By Ethel W. Putney

'MERICA is popularly supposed to be the melting-pot
for all nations. But we who work in American schools
in Turkey know that here also is a melting-pot where
children of the different nationalities, more or less antagonistic to
each other, are welded together and the things that separate their
parents are forgotten. This we conceive to be our chief problem
and opportunity, — to help these varied races to live together in
a Christian way. In the Gedik Pasha School it is perhaps more
true than in many other schools whose constituency is less mixed.

Today, at the close of
the first term, we have
265 pupils, of whom 113
are Moslems, including
at least 13 Persians and
2 Albanians, 83 Armen-
ians, 66 Greeks, 2 Syri-
ans and 1 American. Of
these scarcely more than
30 are Protestants.

The school opened in
September with a large-
ly new staff. The prin-
cipal, Miss Jones, left
for a much needed rest
in America soon after
the school opened, leav-
ing in charge Miss Ethel
W. Putney, who had
come to Constantinople
in March. In place of
Miss Barker, who went
to America in April,
and Miss Allen, who re-

Mohamedan Students at Gedik Pasha

192 0]

A Christian Center in Constantinople


The Editorial Committee at Gedik Pasha

turned to her work in
Brousa as soon as the
interior was open last
winter, two new Ameri-
can teachers arrived in
the autumn. Miss Lena
M. Dickinson has come
for two years' service
here after several years
of teaching experience in
Massachusetts, and Miss
Catlin, formerly of Har-
poot, has been trans-
ferred from the Eastern
Turkey Mission, It is a
great satisfaction to chronicle the coming of these new workers
from America. Several of the native teachers also have felt the
need of a change after these war years, so that only six of last
year's staff remain out of a total of eighteen men and women.

The change which perhaps effects most the daily life of the
school is an entirely new arrangement of classes. This year for
the first time all the children sit and work entirely by grades and
not at all by nationalities. This allows English to be the language
of the whole school, with more or less translation in the lowest
■classes. But it is amazing how little translation is necessary. The
first and second grade teacher, who does not speak Turkish, finds
it quite possible to conduct her class, a large proportion of which
are Turks, in English.

One of the new features this year has been the classes in hand-
work. Soon after the school opened the children of the fifth,
sixth, seventh and eighth grades were asked to choose what kind
of handwork they wanted. They were to consider three things
in making their suggestions, — what would be worth learning for
the sake of future use, what could be used for the good of the
school, and what they would really like to do. A few days later
the choices were registered. All of the seventh and eighth grade

176 Life and Light [April

boys chose bookbinding, all the boys of the sixth grade carpentry,
and of the fifth grade some chose drawing and some carpentry.
Girls wanted dressmaking, embroidery, drawing and typewriting.

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