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t. LI


NO. 12

Lif^ andLighf
fi)r Woman


Sweet Child of Peace, across the ancient strife
Bringing glad melody of angel psalm,

Our hearts are restless with the care of life —
O bring to us thy calm!

Dear Lord of Love, the world is waiting stilj
The high achievement of thy gracious plan ;

O grant us thine all-conquering good will.
Thy loving faith in man!

Master of Death, thy greatest gift is yet —
To know thy sacrifice, to share thy loss.

Lest in the mirth of Christmas we forget
The glory of the Cross.

— Anna Louise Strong.

Con^peg^ntional OOom^ois Doards
Qp PClissioTis


Entered st the Post Office at Boston, Mais^ u Sccond-elaaa Matter


Christ's Program in Our Modern World.

Fifty-fourth Annual Meeting, New

Haven, Conn 431

Editorials 441

Comparison of Receipts for Twelve

months _ . . 445

Campaign for Women's Colleges in the

Orient 44S

Found in China. A Year's Experience.

By Jean Dickinson . . . . 448

Board of Missions of the Pacific

Editorials .457

Bulgaria's Upward Trend. By Mary

Merrill King 458

Poem. By Elizabeth Stuart Phelps . 461

Field Correspondents
Miss Grisell McLaren writes of a

Nurse's Experience in Turkey . . 462


Miss Mary Riggs writes from Scutari

Miss Minnie Clarke Sends Letter Writ-
ten En Route to Chikore . . _ .

Miss Annie Kentfield writes from Dion-

Peking Medical College ....

"The Whole World Needs the Whole
World." 531 M. Wilma Stubbs .

Mrs. Abby F, Rolfe

Junior Department

By Herbert W.

Luella Miner of China.
Gates ....
Our Book., Shelf .
Summary of Receipts
Treasurer's Report
Index to Vol. LI, 1921






Roman's; Poarb of i$lis;sitons;

503 Congregational House, Boston, Mass.

Honorary President

Mrs. CHARLES H. DANIELS, Tolland, Conn.


Mrs. FRANKLIN H. WARNER, White Plains, N. Y.

Vice Presidents

Mrs. E. E. STRONG, Auburndale. Mass.

Mrs. JAMES L. BARTON, Newton Centre,

wick, Maine

Mrs. a. a. LINCOLN, Wollaston, Mass.

Mrs. ELBERT A. HARVEY, Brookline, Mass.
Home Secretary

Miss HELEN B. CALDER, Boston

Mrs. EVERETT E. KENT, Newton, Mass.
Mrs. W. L. ADAM, Pittsfield, Mass.
Mrs. CLIFTON H. MIX, Worcester, Mass.
Mrs. W. H. MEDLICOTT, Auburndale, Mass.

Foreign Secretary

Miss KATE G. LAMSON, Boston
Editorial Secretary

Miss ALICE M. KYLE, Boston

Associate Secretaries

Miss ANNE L. BUCKLEY, Boston Mrs. THEODORE S. LEE, Boston

Secretary of Young People's Worli Asst. Sec. of Young People's Work


Treasurer Assistant Treasurer



Mrs. Judson L. Cross
Mrs. Walter Fitch
Mrs. Edward D. Gaylord
Mrs. Francis C. Hall
Mrs. J. Frederick Hill
Mrs. Albert W. Hitchcock
Mrs. James R. Jewett
Miss Eliza Kendrick
Miss Lucy N. Lathrop
Mrs. Emily L. McLaughlin
Mrs. John E. Merrill

Mrs. George E. Cary
Miss Florence Davis
Mrs. Edward C. Moore
Mrs. Frederick G. Piatt
Mrs. H. H. Powers
Mrs. Hayward P. Rolfe
Miss E. Harriet Stanwood
Miss Annie C. Strong
Mrs. Charles F. .Weeden

Mrs. S. Leroy Blake
Mrs. Nathaniel T. Bacon
Miss Caroline Borden
Mrs. Samuel B. Capen
Mrs. Francis E. Clark
Miss Sarah Louise Day
Mrs. William Horace Day
Mrs. Brewer Eddy
Miss Frances V. Emerson
Mrs. George A. Swallow

Please make all


Term Expiring in 1932
Mrs. C. A. Ellis
Mrs. JoK»n W. Little
Mrs. D. O. Mears
Mrs. George L. Richards
Mrs. L. R. Smith

Term Expiring in 1923

Mrs. William G. Frost
Mrs. Lucius H. Thayer
Mrs. John F. Thompson
Miss Clara E. Wells
Miss Abby G. Willard
Miss Edith Woolsey

Term Expiring in 1924

Mrs. E. H. Bigelow
Miss Clara P. Bodman
Mrs. Charles H. Burnham
Mrs. Waldo Conant
Miss Marion Kendall
Miss Minnie C. Messenger

Essex North Branch
Rhode Island Branch
Essex South Branch
Old Colony Branch
Franklin County Branch

New Jersey Branch
New Hampshire Branch
Western Maine Branch
Hartford Branch'
Eastern Connecticut Branch
New Haven Branch

Middlesex Branch

Hampshire County Branch

Springfield Branch

North Middlesex Branch

Suffolk Branch

Andover and Woburn Branch

checks payable to the Woman's Board of Missions

Digitized by the Internet Archive -

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Life and Light

Vol. LI December, 1921 No. 12

Christ's Program in our Modern World

Fifty-Fourth Annual Meeting, New Haven, Conn.,
November 9-11.

"M^^^HE annual meeting of the Woman's Board which has
m ^^ just closed in New Haven will be remembered for some
^^^^ unusual features. The gathering was held, as was the
case in 1918, with the background of Armistice Day. Three
years ago there was a note of unparalleled rejoicing in the close
of the World War. This year there was a chastened hope that in
the Conference for the Limitation of Armaments, just convening
in the City of Washington, there lay the beginning of the solution
of mighty problems and the foundation of lasting peace for the
world. This, combined with the solemn ceremonial attending the
interment of the Unknown Soldier, brought into the meeting a
note of national and international idealism, not uncommon of late
in conventions of Mission Boards. ; ,

The setting of the meeting was one of peculiar interest. The
Yale spirit was much in evidence on account of the visit of Mar-
shal Foch and the impending Yale-Princeton game, which fur-
' nished a convenient basis, by way of contrast, for missionary
budgets. Then, also, the historic interest of the Center Church
on the Green, with its chaste Colonial lines and its wonderful
window depicting John Davenport preaching, to the early
settlers served to impress the fact that New Haven as well as
Plymouth has three hundred years of history behind it.
' It was the first annual meeting to have as its presiding officer
■Mrs. Franklin Warner, elected to the presidency at Montclair,
"N. J., a year ago. Many of the Branches had come to know her

432 Life and Light [December

through her generous giving of herself to field work during the
year. Her charm and dignity as a presiding officer impressed all
present and won for her many warm friends.

The attendance was unusually large — the total registration being
432, with a delegate body of 280. Thirteen of the twenty-five
Branches had full quotas in attendance. An unusual roster of
missionaries was present, thirty-seven in all, fifteen of whom ap-
peared on the program.

The church, seating 1200, was nearly full at every session, and
had the November skies smiled the overflow meetings in the
adjoining United Church, for which the New Haven Committee
had confidently planned, would undoubtedly have resulted.

The hospitality of New Haven has passed into a proverb, and
in spite of many perplexities arising from changes of delegates at
the last moment, the chairman of the Hospitality Committee came
through triumphant and every last delegate was sure she had
"the very best place of all." Too much cannot be said in appre-
ciation of the generosity of both the Center and United Churches
in loaning their parish houses, conveniently nearby, and of the
foresightedness on the part of the New Haven Committees which
provided every comfort and convenience for their guests. The
social features of the days were much appreciated. These in-
cluded various alumnae luncheons, also delightful "teas" served
each afternoon by charming hostesses in the attractive parlors of
the United Church parish house. A reception was given Wednes-
day evening to delegates and officers by the Woman's Federation
of the Dwight Place Church under the genial leadership of the
pastor's wife, Mrs. H. R. Miles, and the President of the Federa-
tion, Mrs. Sara G. Williams. An amusing program of missionary
stunts, presided over by Mrs. W. L. Adam, followed by music
and refreshments, was much enjoyed by the large number in

The Branch Officers' Conference, which met Wednesday morn-
ing, discussed weighty and complicated problems under the clear
and patient guidance of the Treasurer, Mrs. F. G. Cook. The

» 9 2 1] Fifty-Fourth Annual Meeting 433

loyal rallying of the Branches, which had reduced a threatened
shortage of $60,000 to $17,700 in six weeks, and the conclusion
reached by the Branch officers in regard to the budget for 1922,
are explained by the Treasurer in an editorial on page 443.

The Treasurer's report, given Thursday morning, showed that
the Branches have more than doubled their gifts for regular
work since 1913. They have given this year $244,314, an increase
of $46,750 over last year. In this gain all the Branches have had
a part, seven of them having reached or exceeded their total
apportionment under the Congregational World Movement.

The Wednesday afternoon program began with an impressive
processional of over thirty service flags, brought from all over
New Haven Branch territory, showing the number of mission-
aries, home and foreign, claimed by each church. The Center
and United Churches led all the rest, with many service stars, rep-
resenting, among others, three generations of India Humes.
Other names like Bingham and Montgomery, shone resplendent,
but for the most part, like the Nation's Hero, the stars were

The welcome was extended by Miss Lillian E. Prudden, Presi-
dent for thirteen years of New Haven Branch, who spoke grace-
fully and fittingly of the Jubilee of the Branch, of which, in a
sense, the Board meeting was the crowning feature.

A brief Memorial Service, in honor of those who have been
called away during the year, followed. Ruth G. Holland of
Ceylon, Harriet G. Powers of Turkey, Mary Louise Graffam of
Sivas, also a few names of the Home Guard, Mrs. Joseph Cook,
Mrs. A. F. Rolfe, of Concord, Mass., Miss Julia Twining and
Mrs. Katharine Hume Miller of New Haven. Mrs. Miller was
the daughter of missionaries, and was herself born in India. She
was the sister of Robert and Edward Hume, and had many rela-
tives on the field. She had been for many years a secretary of the
New Haven Branch, and was eagerly anticipating the Board
meeting when, on October 21, she was suddenly called to the
higher service.

The annual reports of the secretaries were not given from the

434 L4|e and Light [December

platform, as usual, but were distributed in printed form and com-
mended to the careful attention pf all delegates.

The central theme of the meeting, "Christ's Program in Our
Modern World," was presented under various sub-divisions based
upon Christ's own words in Luke 4:18, 19. Two symposiums, con-
ducted by the Foreign Secretaries, Miss Kate G. Lamson and
Mrs. Theodore S. Lee, occupied the major part of two sessions,
while a third was largely devoted to medical work, prefaced by a
brief message given by the Home Secretary, Miss Helen B.
Calder, as to the "Laywomen's Part in Christ's Program." Pro-
fessor Henry H. Tweedy, of the Yale Divinity School, led three
noon periods of devotion, teaching practical lessons of world
brotherhood, on the topics, "Negative Goodness — Its Cause and
Its Cure," "The Threefold Liberty," and "The Road of the
Loving Heart." Mrs. C. H. Daniels, elected honorary president
at this meeting, led the opening devotions, and Dr. Oscar Maurer,
pastor of the church, the opening service Thursday evening. Mrs.
E. A. Evans of New York and Miss Edith Woolsey of New
Haven, chairman and executive secretary of the new Council of
Congregational Women's Foreign Missionary Boards, were intro-
duced Thursday afternoon and spoke briefly of the purpose of
the Council and its plans for coordinating the work on the field of
the three Woman's Boards,

i * To Preach Good Tidings to the Poor

i At the session devoted to Christian Social Service, Miss Carolyn
pi-:- Smiley and Mrs. Edith H. Smith of Ahmednagar told of
practical Christianity for mothers and babies which resulted in
teaching them the real friendship of Jesus Christ through day
ntlrseries and . visits in homes. Miss Catherine Quickenden of
tb^':^A(viB.: M. .T". sounded a strong evangelistic note as she de-
scribed the 149 villages- of the Aruppukottai field, needing the
dare of the Bible women, and pointed out the marvelous influence
o>f' the 'schools for Hindu girls which have grown, in twenty years,
under her devoted supervision, from thirty-six children to over

19 2 1] Christ's Program in our Modern World 435

four hundred. "Evangelism and social service go hand in -hand
and must not be separated," was the earnest conclusion of this!
English worker who has endeared herself to all in this, her firsi]
visit to America. Miss Alice Gary, a missionary daughter, just
arrived for her first furlough from Japan, painted a vivid pictur^
of the beginnings of social service for the child-workers in Osaka's
factories. One hundred and fifty Christian matrons were called^
for last year, and so few to be found. Christian books are every-
where needed to replace the trash which is flooding Japanese
book shops. "It is almost too late," she said, "to save the girl-
hood of Japan from slipping beyond the reach of Christ's gospel..
It will be too late unless we act at once." Mrs. Julius S. Augur,
a missionary's wife, from Davao, Philippine Islands, marshalled
invisible groups of babies, boys and girls and older folk, while she
recounted the bitter need of Moro, Bogobo and Filipino for
Christ's program which would mean deliverance from supersti-
tion, purity of heart, and Christian leaders. "The Woman's
Board has a beginning in the work of Isabel and Florence,,Fox at
Cagayan, but much more is needed." One sentence was repeated
by these friends, — "The world of woman's shame is not an
underworld in Japan and the Philippines, it is a world open,
evident to all, unhealed." Who shall heal it?

To Proclaim Release to the Captives

In the educational section, two kindergartners, Mrs. Agnes D.
Gordon of Kyoto, Japan, and Miss Lucy K. Clark of Uduvil,
spoke convincingly of the wonderful influence of the education
of the tiny ones, proving that here indeed is the foundation of
Christian missions. Mrs. Gordon, who for almost fifty years has
been a blessing in Japanese homes, told us that in 1886 there was
only one Christian kindergarten in Japan, — now there are one
hundrd and ninety-five. In the Airin kindergarten alone hunr
dreds of little children "have been introduced to their Heav-
enly Father" and have set up in their hearts a living image of the
loving Jesus. Miss Clark illustrated her talk with charts which


Life and Light


pleaded for building-s and
equipment for Ceylon's
30,000 children of kinder-
g^arten age for whom Con-
gregfationalists are respon-
sible. Miss Laura Ward of
Diongloh and Miss Elizabeth
S. Perkins, principal of the
Wen Shan School at Pona-
sang-, both from the Foo-
chow Mission, showed what
it meant in village school
and higfh school to g"ive the
Chinese girl a chance for
Christian education. Grace
Paul, a graduate of Uduvil
Seminary, and a first honor
girl from Madras Christian
College, now studying: at
Mt. Holyoke, proved in her
own winsome personality
the crowning grace of the
higher education for Tamil women. ' Miss Mary F. Long, who
was the only representative from Mexico, could speak with auth-
ority of the need of the Mexican people for Christian leaders as
she has been connected with our schools at Chihuahua, at Guad-
alajara, and more recently at Hermosillo.

Recovering of Sight to the Blind

Thursday afternoon the theme centered about the medical work
and we were fortunate in having with us two of our own doctors,
Dr. Ruth P. Hume of Ahmednagar and Dr. Harriet E. Parker of
Madura. There was a tremendous significance in the story told
by both doctors with absolute simplicity, but reinforced by the
years they have given to the blind and the bruised, the heart-sick
and the sin-sick of a few of India's women. No one doubted

Grace Paul of Uduvil, Madras, and Mt.

19 2 1] Christ's Program in our Modern World 437

Dr. Parker meant it when asked what she would do if asked to
take another baby into the overflowing Bird's Nest she repHed,
"Take it and holler for help," and everyone in the big audience
wanted to multiply Dr. Humes and Dr. Parkers all over the mis-
sion field. Miss Pauline Jeflfery, who is studying medicine in New
Haven, gave her reasons for wanting to be a missionary physician.
What girl would not envy anyone the chance to be as Dr. Hume
said, "a doctor, a woman doctor, and a missionary doctor," in
such a field?

At the close of this session the audience was introduced to its
"Understudies" by Miss Ruth Isabel Seabury, who showed some
"vital statistics," illustrating the scope of the Young People's De-
partment from Cradle Roll to Christian Endeavor Societies in a
cleverly planned exercise with living models. This Department
contributed $25,540 the past year, through all its channels, — the
highest sum yet reached. But the fact that something like 1500
churches had no share in this result "is sufficiently staggering to
keep the Young People's Department humble, and to challenge to
greater activity every missionary woman, young or old, who is
interested in the development of a strong missionary church for

A very successful Girls' Rally and supper, with an attendance
of two hundred and twenty-five, was held Wednesday evening in
the beautiful new parish house of the Church of the Redeemer,
the local arrangements being in charge of Mrs. W. H. Russell
and Mrs. E. L. Harptence. A Children's Story Hour and dem-
onstrations for junior leaders were carried on between sessions
under the direction of Miss Seabury and her assistant, Miss
Agnes Kelsey.

To Set at Liberty Them That are Bruised

The public session of Thursday evening brought several
speakers of note. First, Dr. Charles E. Burton, Secretary of the
National Council, whose theme, "A New Adventure in Courage,"
proved an earnest summons to the task of making the world really
Christian, which, he said, must devolve in a peculiar way upon


IMe and Light


mothers. His statistics as to the progress made in 2000 years in
carrying out the program of Jesus were carried away in many a
notebook. Two out of three of the human race are in non-
Christian lands, two out of three of these have never heard of
Christ. Of those in Christian lands, two out of three are outside
the church and two out of three of those in the church have no
vital concern about making the world Christian. To succeed in
our program the one in the church who really cares must win the
other two and all three must go out together to win those outside
the church, and all three move forward together to carry the
message to those who have never heard it.

Miss Lillian S. Picken, of the Marathi Mission, followed with
an eloquent description of the Threefold Bondage of Indian
Women and a plea that Christ's freedom might be made known
to them. She told incidents from her own experience while work-
ing in th^ Satara field and of the sad-hearted widow who had

visited many shrines in a
vain efifort to find peace, who
begged eagerly to be told
more of the God of the
Christian — 'T would like to
know a God like yours, — our
gods are so cruel to women."
The concluding speaker was
Rev. J. E. Kwegyir Aggrey,
a native of the Gold Coast
of Africa and a member of
the recent Phelps-Stokes
Commission to that country.
His native eloquence and
keen wit secured him an at-
tentive hearing as he pleaded
that the very ablest men and
women be sent to teach the
Rev. J. E. Kwegyir Aggrey and "^^^^^ people how to push

Dr. HoUenbeck back the tide of Mohammed-

192 1] Christ's Program in our Modern World 439

anism which threatens to engulf them against their will. In
closing he used a winning metaphor, drawn from musical har-
mony which he said could not be evoked from black keys alone
nor white keys alone but from a skilful blending of black and
white in the great human fugue music.

To Preach the Acceptable Year of the Lord

At the session of Friday morning the climax of the meeting
was truly reached. This was not only because hearts were pre-
pared by the emotions aroused by Armistice Day and deeply inter-
ested in the subject of the morning, which was Christian Interna-
tionalism, but because the addresses were exceptionally fine and
struck a deep and compelling note. Miss Ethel Putney of Con-
stantinople described a practical demonstration of Christian In-
ternationalism as found in the Gedik Pasha School where Turks,
Armenians, Greeks, Persians, Albanians and Syrians are- studying
and playing together and where the motto of the senior class Was
"United we stand, divided we fall." She quoted Admiral Bristol,
who says, "The only thing that is going to save the Near East is
Christian education."

"Christian Internationalism as a Secretary Sees It" was the
subject of Rev. Alden H. Clark, who represented the American
Board. He declared that we cannot have permanent disarmament
until we have disarmament of spirit — that is, the spirit of brother-
hood — and he went on to show how that spirit is working today
in China, in Japan, in India. "Can Christianity become the domi-
nating principle of international life?" he asked, replying, "Yes,
when we make it the dominating principle of our lives. Loving,
self-sacrificing living is the only way that we can show that
Christianity is practicable, that it is a workable religion."

Miss G. A. Gollock of London, co-editor oi the International
Review of Missions, spoke on "Christian Internationalism from
a World Ofiice." She declared that Foreign Missions are promot-
ing Christian internationalism more than any other movement, as
they are bringing about Christian unity more rapidly, and she

440 Life and Light [December

told in some detail steps taken recently by the International Mis-
sionary Council to safeguard religious liberty in Egypt under
the new Egyptian constitution, to protest against forced labor in
German East Africa, now under British mandate, and of the
effort to hold German Mission property and to save derelict work
until it can be taken up again, and the 1400 missionaries, now
unable to return to their German stations, are free to do so. Very
sympathetically she spoke of Armistice Day as being one of
bitterness and shame to the Germans and declared that the fore-
most agency in helping to heal wounds and bring about restora-
tion is the force of Christian Missions.

One of the exciting events of the morning took place after the
offering of the previous evening was announced to be $741.92
and Miss Emily Wheeler stated from the floor that the sum
would be brought up to the required $1000 from the Armenian
and Indian Relief Association Fund.

The election of officers showed few changes. The resignations
of Miss Lucy W, Burr of Auburndale and Mrs. J. B. Field of
Boston from the Board of Directors were regretfully accepted.
Vacancies on the Board were filled by the election of Mrs. F.
G. Piatt of New Britain, Conn., Mrs. George A. Swallow of
Auburndale, Mrs. S. Leroy Blake of Boston, and Miss Minnie
C. Messenger of Melrose Highlands, to represent the Andover
and Woburn Branch.

The Committee on Place of Next Meeting reported through its
chairman. Miss Grace Perry, who brought an invitation "from
your country cousins" to be the guests of Berkshire Branch at
Pittsfield, Mass., November 8-10, 1922.

When the Fifty-fourth Annual Meeting was finally dismissed
numbers of the delegates remained in the church to take part in
the Armistice Day service of Intercession conducted by Dr.
Maurer — an unforgetable experience to all who were privileged
to have a share in it.

192 1] Editorials 441


Miss Alice Cary, after a summer spent in Europe, arrived in
New York, October 24 and was able to attend the Springfield
Branch meeting, whose missionary she is. She
Personals. also spoke with winning power at the November

Friday meeting in Pilgrim Hall. Mrs. Richard
Winsor, for many years one of our honored missionaries in Sirur,
and recently a resident of Kandy, where her son has been sta-
tioned, arrived in Boston, November 1, and will make her home
at the Walker Cottage in Auburndale for the present.

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