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school will terminate at the close of the academic year. To find
successors for these noble women is no easy task. The other
members of the faculty are Miss Aldyth L. Eaton, Miss Alice B.
Kemp, Miss Eleanor Sykes, Miss Ruby Viets, all under term
appointment. The Candidate Committee needs the prayers and
assistance of all in touch with possible candidates that the right
teachers may be secured for this important place.

The six Christian colleges for women in the Orient, which
have set out to raise $2,840,000 for their more adequate equip-
ment, received February 19 a promise from the
A Much Laura Spellman Rockefeller Fund of one-third

Needed Gift. of this amount or of any part thereof which the
colleges may succeed in raising.
The six colleges and their separate needs are the Woman's



132 Life and Light [April

Christian College of Japan in Tokyo, $610,000; Ginling College
in Nanking, China, $790,000 ; Yenching College in Peking, China,
$840,000; the Woman's Christian College in Madras, India,
$200,000; Isabella Thoburn College, Lucknow, India, $200,000;
the Vellore (India) Woman's Medical College, $200,000. The
Rockefeller Fund agrees to hold the offer open until January 1,
1923.

Mr. Russell Carter, 156 Fifth Avenue, New York, the treas-
urer of this central fund, says that these colleges have already
raised in cash and pledges $678,459, to which the Foundation
is ready to add $339,229 in accordance with the above agree-
ment. These figures include the special International Christmas
Gift made by the women of America for these colleges, which
amounted to $211,662.

These colleges were all founded by foreign missionary agencies,
and are union institutions maintained by the Baptist, Congre-
gational, Christian, Lutheran, Methodist-Episcopal, Methodist-
Episcopal South, Reformed and Presbyterian Churches, also the
Methodist and Presbyterian churches in Canada. They are ad-
ministered by union boards of managers and trustees and are
co-ordinated by a central committee of which Dr. James L.
Barton of Boston is chairman, and Mrs. Henry W. Peabody of
Beverly, Mass., Dr. Robert E. Speer, Miss Margaret Hodge,
Miss Elizabeth R. Bender, and Mrs. DeWitt Knox of New York
City and Mrs. William F. McDowell of Washington are mem-
bers. This committee is continuing its appeal for ten dollar gifts
from at least one hundred thousand Christian women of America
for these institutions for the higher education of girls in Asia.

We regret that the authorship of Persian Pictures was erro-
neously attributed in the March number of Life
AND Light to Mrs. Piatt instead of Mary
Fleming Labaree.



1921]



Financial Statement



133



World
Movement,



Good news comes from Western Maine Branch ; State Street
Church, Portland, has raised its full quota of the 1921 apportion-
ment, and most of the money has already been
Congregational paid. This is the strongest church in the Branch,
and its successful financial campaign goes far to
help the Branch reach its goal. Yet we wonder
if the Treasurer is any more encouraged by the results in this
large church than by the fact that a small church that gave one
dollar last year has recently sent ten, and that another which had
not previously given has now sent thirteen dollars. To match
these comes a story from Eastern Maine of a church which con-
tributed $29.25, the full amount of the new apportionment for
this year. The church "is only a village in the wilds of the
Aroostook County," with a membership of sixty-four, twenty-
eight of whom are absentees. "It simply shows," the Treasurer
writes, "what can be done if the heart is wilhng." If these
churches can do it, cannot others? If one church by determina-
tion, by effort, by sacrifice can reach its goal, what is to hinder
the aggregate of churches from reaching their total goal?



THE FINANCIAL STATEMENT OF THE WOMAN'S BOARD

Receipts Available for Regular Work, February 1 — 28, 1921





From
Branches


From
Otlier
Sources


From
C. W. M.

$3,421.27

$3,421.27


From
Legacies and

Reserve
Legacy Fund

$780.75

385.32


income
from In-
vestments
& Det)o<;its

$449.52

599.75


TOTAL


1920.
1921.


$11,549.54
10,827.32


$519.17


$12,779.81
15,752.83


Gain .
Lots . .


1722.22


$519.17


$395.43


$150.23


$2,973.02





October 18,


1920— February 28, :


L921




1920.


$61,107.55


$4,004.48





$17,224.00


$2,682.51


$85,018.54


1921 .


61,076.41


4,943.95
$939.47


$26,096.93
$26,096.93


14,297.29


2,780.70


109,195.28


Gain .


$98.19


$24,176.74


Loss .


$31.14




$2,926.71







134 Life and Light [April

Mrs. Richard C. Hastings

Minnie Blanchard Truax was appointed to the Ceylon Mission
in 1882. After one year of language study, she married Richard
C. Hastings, and the young couple were placed in charge of the
Mission Station at Uduppiddi. Mrs, Hastings was given the care
. of the Girls' Boarding School at that station, and in this work she
continued for upwards of fifteen years. During these years she
endeared herself to her assistants, and made a very strong impress
on all who studied in the school. Her strong convictions, her firm
faith, and her fervent love for the Master had wonderful power
with her students. Through her influence many of these girls
came into fellowship with Jesus Christ.

When in later years Mr. Hastings became principal of Jaffna
College, Mrs. Hastings had the same benign influence on the
students of the college.

In the Mission station she had charge of the Bible women. She
held regular classes with these women, and frequently accom-
panied them to the homes of the village people. Through such
work she came to love the mothers she thus met, and in this way
she exerted a great influence for good in the community.

She had the gift of making her home a real haven of rest for
her missionary friends. Many a weary one was refreshed by her
warm welcome and her cheery outlook on life. Possessed of a
warm sympathy, no sacrifice was too great to make for any who
were sick or in trouble.

She was an ideal mother, training her children to love the things
in life that were really worth-while, and it was a joy to her to
give her daughter Minnie to the work in Ceylon in 1912.

To the great regret of their friends, Mr. and Mrs. Hastings
were compelled to retire from the field in 1906, and have recently
made their home in New Windsor, Maryland.

For some years she had been in failing health, and on March
2nd of this year she was called to her eternal rest. Of her it may
be truly said, "Many will rise up and call her blessed."

T. B. S.



19 2 1] The Outlook from Gedik Pasha, Constantinople 135

The Outlook from Gedik Pasha, Constantinople

By Ethel A. Putney

GOME and look at the view from our big terrace on
the top of our school building. Before us to the
south is the big sweep of the Marmora with the
Asiatic shore a dim blue against the sunset glow. To the west
numbers of minarets are grey against the old rose sky and an
extensive residence section of the city stretches down across the
valley below. That is largely a Turkish quarter and minarets
are thick, each one or two standing for a mosque. I have just
counted twenty-two in sight, as I wait for the muezzin in the
little mosque near us to give the call to prayer. He is standing
now in his dark blue fur-lined coat and the green turban which
denotes his descent from the Prophet, waiting for the signal
from' the "Pigeon" mosque on the hill to the north of us. Now
the call sounds out: "God is most great, God is most great. I
testify that there is no god but God. I testify that Mohammed
is the Apostle of God. Come to prayer. Come to prosperity.
God is great. There is no god but God."

But neither the Sunday saunterers nor the playing children in
the streets below pay any attention. Few keep the required five
times of worship now and the educated agree quite frankly with
a friend of ours who says he does not believe in religion. "I
am neither Moslem nor Christian, but of course when a situation
like this arises when all Christendom is arrayed against Islam, I
am a Moslem and a strong one," he told me when the Turkish
treaty was published last summer.

And yet there is a certain openness of mind and an evident
desire for help from whatever source it may come. Dr. Sher-
wood Eddy's meetings were crowded and there were many re-
quests that he speak in higher Turkish schools and at other times
in the University and in a theatre here in the Turkish section of
the city. We were all sorry he could not stay here among the
Moslems long enough to do more than prepare the ground for
later sowings. Near us the Stamboul Branch of the Y. M. C. A.



136 Life and Light [April

was opened on Friday with inspection of the building, a pleasant
tea and speeches from the chairman and the national secretary
of the Y, M. C. A., the head of the Turkish Normal School for
men, the director-general of the Turkish orphanages in the city
and the head of the Protestant Chancery. Finally Mr. Goodsell
of our Mission, who is at present in charge of this Y. M. C. A.
work for Turks, declared the building open. The rooms were
jammed with guests, ■ mostly Turks, a few foreigners like our-
selves and a sprinkling of leading Protestants who are big enough
to rejoice in this new opportunity of serving young men, es-
pecially those of the ruling race from which they have suffered
so much. Now we will see how the young men come to make use
of the clubs' and classes, lectures and meetings, books and good
fellowship.

Before long we expect to open in a distinctly Moslem section,
only ten minutes away, a similar house for girls under the
Y. W. C. A. The head of one of the two principal schools in
Stamboul which receive girls is one of our most ardent Stamboul
Branch Committee members, and the English teacher in the
other school and its principal are also very cordial to us.

Here in school we see the same willingness to take what we
have to give, as far as they understand it. Since the end of
August we have refused 188 children, quite half of whom are
Turks, because we had no room for them, and some of our 270
are packed in their rooms almost like sardines in a box. Yester-
day a man suggested that his niece and nephew might stand if
there were no chairs for them, or he would send two for them
to use. Any proper public health official would agree with me
that we already have more chairs in some rooms than is good
for the pupils. I was rather glad that the day when the* head
of the public health of the city came to put his four-year old
daughter in school was a Saturday and there were no children
to crowd the rooms. And I was glad too to have a new excuse
to give him for refusing to receive her — we don't take children
under five years of age.

It is rather heartbreaking to refuse all these children. Some
are refugees from the interior. Just yesterday a thirteen-year



192 1] The Outlook from Gedik Pasha, Constantinople 137

old boy came. He had been a pupil at Marsovan and had a
letter from Dr. White, president of Anatolia College. His people
had been driven out and brought him too. Now the way is
closed for him to go back to school. But he doesn't know
enough English to go in one of our two highest classes where
there is room. He cannot get into the Greek school. I was
thankful to send him to the central Y. M. C. A. for they have
a school for just such boys. But there is no such hope for the
two children for whom chairs were - offered yesterday. The
Turkish schools are many of them closing now for lack of funds,
so these children were put out of their own school, and besides
their Iwo uncles say that they want their wards to have the kind
of training two cousins are receiving here. I could, only suggest
that they get a private teacher the rest of the year and register
early next autumn. But many cannot do that and their children
remain "in the street," as the expression is.

It is estimated that there are in the city 100,000 Turks of
school age, and by their own government figures, which are sure
to make the situation look better than it is, 25,000 are registered
in school. Since these figures were published several of their
schools have been closed. A larger proportion of Armenian and
Greek children are in school, if we do not count the recently
arrived refugees.

Our Sunday school this year has been particulatly flourishing.
A couple of weeks ago the basement room of the church building
which was begun across the street from us before the war, was
completed and dedicated by the Gedik Pasha Armenian Evan-
gelical Church. The pastor, our neighbor, came in a few days
ago to talk over with us plans of co-operation. The Armenian
Christian Endeavor Society is to meet there on Sunday and three
of the older Armenian classes of the Sunday school. They will
add also an adult Bible class in addition to Mr. Stambouhan's
in Turkish, where several nationalities come together. That will
relieve greatly the congestion with us. We have two or three
available teachers and we hope to get one or two additional classes
started. ^

Of course this Sunday school attendance is all voluntary in



138 Life and Light [April



addition to the required curriculum Bible three times a week.
We use the Pilgrim Graded, lessons which seem to fit our needs
very well. Perhaps my favorite class is Senior Bible, using the
life of Jesus for our teaching material. The great part of the
older children are day pupils also, but our two primary and be-
ginners' departments are made up largely of children who do
not come to day school. I hope we can keep an increasing num-
ber of these in the upper classes as time goes on and get a larger
number of our little day school children to come to Sunday
school.

Except for the required Bible lesson and comparatively easy
discipline, our school is very like one of similar grade at home.
We have more language in our curriculum for, though English is
the language of the school, every child studies his vernacular a
period a day and French is elective, above the fourth grade, for
those who are doing passing work in the required subjects. But
the other things are the same old things a child of the same grade
studies in an American school. And I was very interested to have
one of the Y. M. C. A. secretaries tell me today that our boys
were far more like American boys than any other group he had
seen out here. I suppose there is a certain atmosphere that they
take in unconsciously, for it is very far from our thought to do
anything like denationalizing them.

And we have the same mixture of boys and girls, rich and poor
that you do. Among the twenty-six children of our second grade
is the daughter of a drunken father and a woman who sometimes
sells things on the street and who sometimes goes out washing;
the son of our Protestant clergyman neighbor who received his
training at Edinburgh University, the son of the mayor of
Stamboul and the son of an official of the court of the ex-Shah
of Persia. In another grade is the son of the ex- Shah who is
also brother of the present ruler of Persia, the son of a wealthy
cigarette manufacturer, the daughter of a teacher in our school
who lost her property and her husband during the deportations,
the son of a poor basket-maker who can pay only a tenth of the
regular tuition of $40 a year, besides the children of various self-
supporting widows and small merchants.



19 2 1] The Outlook from Gedik Pasha, Constantinople 139

We find that brains do not go with money any more surely here
than elsewhere. One day last August two new Greek pupils were
registered. One was the) twelve year old son of a wealthy
cigarette manufacturer, the other the ten year old boy of a widow
who is earning her living by continuing her husband's little cheese
shop. Both boys were put in the class of those who did not
know English. Now the younger one is sent with honor to the
fourth grade and the older rich one can scarcely make the third
grade. He will probably leave next year for the Preparatory
Department of Robert College so we will do the best we can for
him until that time.

• I've just been reading with great satisfaction Margaret Sher-
wood's "A World to Mend." Out here even more than with
you the world seems to need a thorough repairing like the shoes
Miss Sherwood mentions in which the original substance largely
disappeared under the repairs. More and more deeply we are all
learning — you and I — ^that the new world is not going to be built
up on new laws or new government but on new men and women,
made after the pattern of Christ. What greater privilege than
ours who are called to help Him prepare the foundation stones
of the new and glorious city of God ?



The Kindergarten Foundation

There is much said of Higher Education in Christian Schools
— stopping short at nothing less than University training. The
super-structure is given much consideration. Is the foundation
sometimes forgotten? Can we expect to build lasting character
and real intelligence on superstition, materialism and national
self-seeking? Verily, the parable of the house built on sand is
not out-of-date today ! Except for children who have had Christ-
ian kindergarten or Sunday school training the Christian edu-
cator gets no chance at them until they are twelve, and by that
time superstition has done its work, materialism has had its day,
and national selfishness has bent each twig. — Miss Annie Howe,
Japan News.



140 Life and Light [April

The Orphans and Their Caretakers

By Myrtle O. Shane, Kars, Turkey

XT has been many months since I have received any Board
letters and I often wonder if those I have written have
reached you. You doubtless have learned from the
papers something of conditions out here and of the departure of
the Americans from Alexandropol with the exception of two who
are staying on for the matter of supplies, most of which, however,
have been moved to Kars which is now considered headquarters.
Two of our men have been allowed to go to Tiflis to confer with
representatives of the Communist party there, and then also we
are waiting for word from New York as to what they advise as
to policy here. In the meantime the two in Alexandropol report
that the work there is continuing in good shape and that the people
are very anxious for our return, and that the work is being held
together with that in view. I fear, in fact we know, that condi-
tions will be very bad if we do not, and will be bad enough even
if we do^owing to the interruptions and the changes that have
come about as a result of it.

As far as the work was concerned, conditions were worse here,
owing to the fact that soldiers fled to orphanage grounds and
fighting took place. This of course tended to destroy the morale
of the workers and orphans, and we found the work in a chaotic
state — many of the supplies having been stolen during the dis-
turbances. I was very tired when we reached here and was look-
ing forward to work which carried less responsibility than that
which I had been doing in Alexandropol. But it was decided that
owing to my experience, I perhaps could more quickly bring order
out of chaos than others who had more recently arrived. So after
a week's rest I began the task which I confess loomed up before
me as an impossibility — almost. But I have gathered my force of
workers and begin to see light ahead. It means discipline of
orphans and workers — weeding out the inefficient and unneces-
sary employees and instituting a checking system whereby all sup-
plies coming in are accounted for. One can always find a few
efficient, faithful workers, and this nucleus gives one heart to go



192 1] The Orphans and Their Caretakers 141

ahead. And what a joy it is to have these to depend upon. We
have had some dark days but there has never been a time so dark
but what, if I went ahead, trusting, the way has opened and the
Hght appeared. One doesn't dare, in this work, not to trust.

Miss SilHman was in the Educational Department in Alexan-
dropol, but I am asking that she be transferred to the Orphanage
Department. These two have been separate under the new or-
ganization. I think Mr. Yarrow will consent. She will be a
valuable assistant and we need to get the home life of the children
on a more comfortable basis before striving to do a great deal
in the school line. The work here was going well before the fall
of Kars, but it certainly needs special effort now to raise it to what
it was.

It is very difficult to get wood, but the supply department is
making laudable efforts and we have about a month's supply
ahead if we use it very carefully — none for heating purposes and
until the present none for bathing — only kitchens and laundries.
Efiforts are being made by the orphans' industrial department to
replace the clothing that was taken, but many of the children are
thinly clad. Fortunately the winter so far has been fairly open —
a rare thing in Kars.

The scenery here is beautiful — but the hills are rather incon-
venient when it comes to going about among the orphanages. If
you have seen Miss Bond, she can tell you all about it. She did «
good work here and I know she would like to be here now in
spite of conditions. Mr. Maynard is in charge of finances. He
and Mrs. Maynard are well. How we do enjoy the children —
also the Yarrow children. They are all well and happy. The
other evening we were all vaccinated. Little John Maynard cried
and said, "Next time I'm going to tell him to use a pencil. Why
didn't somebody tell him to stop?"

The Turkish officials have been very friendly to us here. Of
course there are always adjustments to be made, but so far things
have moved along pleasantly. What a fine thing it would have
been if some country could have taken the mandate and done
away with conditions that make relief work necessary ! If it
weren't for so much work to do one could grow very discouraged.



142 Life and Light [April

But when one is in the midst of it the opportunity to do the least
thing to help is enough to prevent one's morale from sinking very
low. And the look in the eyes of the "kiddies" as I always call
them, is a reward in itself. How I wish I could have only one
orphanage so that I could live closer to some of them. We have
had so little time to really get close to them. Perhaps the day
will come yet.



Board of the Pacific

President
Mrs. Ernest A. Evans.

Vice-President Secretary

Mrs. Robert C. Kirkwood, Mrs. C. A. Kofoid,

301 Lowell Ave., Palo Alto, Cal. 2616 Etna St., Berkeley, Cal.

Editor

Mrs. E. R. Wagner, 355 Reed St., San Jose, Cal.



Editorials

A thrill of joy ran through the gatherings of our W. B. M. P.
when news came of the consummation of the plans for an Ad-
visory Council for the three Woman's Boards
The New that are auxiliary to the American Board. It

Council. was a particularly happy event that Mrs. David

Mears and Miss Stanwood were our guests,
when the first reports were received. It seemed an augury of
the delightful days of closer co-operation just ahead. As an
aviator has recently done in forty minutes what it once took the
Children of Israel forty years to accomplish, workers in these
days must not leave untried any measure that will make for
efficiency.

It has been a special delight to have with us Miss Emily Hart-
well of Foochow. With all her old-time energy she plunges into
her furlough as if it were just another work
A Welcome day, and she is all zest for it. She had great

Guest. things to tell us, and we many questions to ask.

Her plea is for the primary schools of China;
without strong work there, the whole system is top-heavy.



19 2 1] The Making of a Pastor's "Wife 143

The Making of a Pastor's Wife

By Mrs. Arthur H. Smith

In 1900 Dorcas was a sweet young wife of twenty-nine, with
one child, a very pretty little daughter of twenty-eight months.
The sixteenth of the fifth month of that year was a momen-
tous day in the life of the Peking church. A black hurricane was
threatening, but her kind, genial husband refused to believe the
rumors. He said, "Here at the very Capital itself, with the Em-
press on the throne and all the officials to appeal to, what could
happen to us? Our enemies would never dare to do what they
threaten." The wedding of her elder sister's daughter had been
set for that day, and it was Mrs. Li's duty, as a near relative, to
escort the bride to her home outside the Chi Hua Gate. Little
she thought, when dressing for that festivity, what was before her


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