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Life and Light
for Woman

Wherever Christ looms large as the great central reality,
men and women fall down before Him and do what is
logically implied. Wherever the living Christ breathes upon
a little company or a great company, the right motives
assert themselves and dominate — such motives as gratitude
to Him, for what He does on those occasions when they
come face to face with Him as a living Christ, with all that
this logically implies. Wherever He stands out as He is,
the living Christ, people see that it carries with it the fact
that He has right of way to themselves and all they possess
or ever may possess. Likewise the motive of obedience to
His beckoning hand. I repeat it, the living Christ. It is
inconceivable that the Christ Who rose from the dead
should stand out before any individual who acknowledges
Christ, or in any company, and not accomplish marvelous

— John R. Mott.

Congregational (riomaiis Doards
' oF JpQissions


Printed in U. S. A. Entered at the Post Office at Boston, Mass., as Second-class Matter


Easter Poem (Frontispiece)

At the Mission Center in Erivan. By

Myrtle O. Shane 12i

Editorials 122

Financial Statement 126

Elsie M. Garretson 127

A Joyous Report from Johannesburg. By

Alice Weir . • 128

Classes and Meetings at Miss Root's Bun-
galow, Madura 130

Opening the First Settlement House in

Asia Minor. By Sara E. Snell . . 133
Five Open Doors in Bombay. By Emily R.

Bissell 138

Board of Missions of the Pacific

Editorials 142

A Tribute from a Fellow Worker. By

John K. Browne 143

Field Correspondents
Dr. Hamilton on the way to Aintab writes

from Aleppo 145


Miss Esther B. Fowler writes from Shola-
pur, India 146

Extracts from a letter written by Miss
Eunice Thomas ... . . . . . 147

Miss Nutting of Foochow writes . . 149

Miss Griswold, Maebashi, writes of the
school work 151

Miss Melissa Cilley writes from Barce-
lona, Spain 152

Miss Annie Barker writes of the religious
side of Gedik Pasha 154

The Call of the Sun. By Mrs. Charles
H. Daniels 156

Bookshelf . . . ,158

Junior Department

To Girls and Junior Leaders .... 160

Here and There Stories 163

A Soliloquy 164

Receipts 164

Woman's poaro of JfflfestonS

503 Congregational House, Boston, Mass.

Honorary President

Mrs. CHARLES H. DANIELS, Tolland, Conn.


Mrs. FRANKLIN H. WARNER, White Plains, N. Y.

Vice Presidents

Mrs. E. E. STRONG, Auburndale, Mass.

Mrs. JAMES L. BARTON, Newton Centre,

wick, Maine

Mrs. A. A. LINCOLN, Wollaston, Mass.

Mrs. ELBERT A. HARVEY, Brookline, Mass.
Home Secretary

Miss HELEN B. CALDER, Boston

Mrs. EVERETT E. KENT, Newton, Mass.
Mrs. W. L. ADAM, Pittsfield, Mass.
Mrs. CLIFTON H. MIX, Worcester, Mass.
Mrs. W. H. MEDLICOTT, Auburndale, Man,

Foreign Secretary

Miss KATE G. LAMSON, Boston
Editorial Secretary

Miss ALICE M. KYLE, Boston

Associate Secretaries

Miss ANNE L. BUCKLEY, Boston Mrs. THEODORE S. LEE, Boston

Secretary of Young People's Work Asst. Sec. of Young People's Work


Treasurer Assistant Treasurer





Term Expiring in 1922

Mrs. Judson L. Cross Mrs. C. A. Ellis

Mrs. Walter Fitch Mrs. Jolta W. Little

Mrs. Edward D. Gaylord Mrs. D. O. Mears

Mrs. Francis C. Hall Mrs. George L. Richards

Mrs. J. Frederick Hill Mrs. L. R. Smith

Mrs. Albert W. Hitchcock

Mrs. James R. Jewett

Miss Eliza Kendrick

Miss Lucy N. Lathrop

Mrs. Emily L. McLaughlin

Mrs. John E. Merrill

Essex North Branch
Rhode Island Branch
Essex South Branch
Old Colony Branch
Franklin County Branch

Mrs. George E. Cary

Miss Florence Davis

Mrs. Edward C. Moore

Mrs. Frederick G. Piatt

Mrs. H. H. Powers

Mrs. Hayward P. Rolfe

Miss E. Harriet Stanwood

Miss Annie C. Strong

Mrs. Charles F. Weeden

Term Expiring in 1923

Mrs. William G. Frost
Mrs. Lucius H. Thayer
Mrs. John F. Thompson
Miss Clara E. Wells
Miss Abby G. Willard
Miss Edith Woolsey

New Jersey Branch
New Hampshire Branch
Western Maine Branch
Hartford Branch*
Eastern Connecticut Branch
New Haven Branch

Term Expiring in 1924

Miss Gertrude Bigelow
Miss Clara P. Bodman
Mrs. Charles H. Burnham
Mrs. Waldo Conant
Miss Marion Kendall
Miss Minnie C. Messenger

Mrs. S. Leroy Blake
Mrs. Nathaniel T. Bacon
Mrs. Samuel B. Capen
Mrs. Francis E. Clark
Miss Sarah Louise Day
Mrs. William Horace Day
Mrs. Brewer Eddy
Miss Frances V. Emerson
Mrs. George A. Swallow

Please make all checks payable to the Woman's Board of Missions

Middlesex Branch

Hampshire County Branch

Springfield Branch

North Middlesex Branch

Suffolk Branch

Andover and Woburn Branch

Digitized by the Internet Archive

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Caster ®ap


How would my heart keep Easter Day?
Not as bereft! — For this I pray;
Let my heart keep its open door
And all I love be mine once more
Because He lives: smile answer smile
And voices hushed to me awhile
Re-echo in my heart's glad room,
Where white and gold and purple bloom.
The loved ones here, those long away,
And some who left but yesterday,
Let all be mine on Easter Day.

How would my soul keep Easter Day?
O risen Christ, for this I pray,
Quicken my soul on Easter Day.
From bitter things of life that press,
From the vain things called happiness,
From things that cloy and clog and cling,
From days of faithless questioning,
From selfish aim, from low desire,
O soul of mine, rise and aspire
To things above. For this I pray,
O risen Christ, on Easter Day.

How would my life keep Easter Day?

Not as they walked Emmaus way

With head bowed low and hopeless mien,

Placing the seen for things unseen,

No ray of light to pierce the gloom

Of cross, of death, of sealed tomb.

But as they knew in breaking bread

Their Christ, their Lord, their Risen Head,

And shining-faced the message bore

O'er the sad way they walked before,

Telling to all upon the way

That Christ the Lord is risen to-day;

So let my life keep Easter Day.

— Ella Hays McRae

jrtesy of Missionary Friend








Life and Light

Vol. LII April, 1922 No. 4

At the Mission Center in Erivan

By Myrtle O. Shane

It is hopeful news which comes from Miss Myrtle Shane in a letter
dated January 24, 1922 at Erivan. She is once more engaged in mission
work at an American Board Mission Station. It will be remembered
that for some time she has been one of the executive heads of the
orphanage work at Alexandropol under the Near East Relief. In the
following letter she tells how the call came for her to return to mis-
sionary work again and how she was able to accept it. — The Editor.

fINCE my return from my vacation in Constantinople I

have delayed writing owing to the fact that I felt quite

sure, especially after Mr. Maynard's coming to Tiflis,

that I would soon be giving up the Near East Relief

work for American Board work in Erivan and I wanted to be

able to write you definitely. About three weeks ago Mr. May-

nard wrote asking me to join him, and Mr. Yarrow consented to

release me.

Although, as you know, I am deeply interested in the work of
the N. E. R. I have felt for some time that if other workers
could be secured I ought to take up work more along the line
of missionary effort and I told Dr. Peet when I was in Constan-
tinople that if any Board workers were sent to Erivan I should
be glad to enter into the work, too.

Miss Hill, who has taken over my work at the Polygon, was
formerly my assistant at Kazachi Post and has now returned to
the work. She is very capable and is a charming young woman.
It was a great comfort to give the work over to some one I knew
and a great comfort to the native workers, who feared that some-
one would come whom they would not like. Before leaving I
had evidences of appreciation of my work, both from Americans
and native workers, which made me feel very happy. It will
always be a pleasure to recall the years that I have spent with the
N. E. R. though they have been strenuous ones.


122 Life and Light [April

I came to Erivan two days ago and find that Mr. Maynard
is very much encouraged about the future. Dr. Ussher is now
planning to leave although he does not say when. Last Sunday
there were 580 children present in Sunday school. There are
about seventy communicant members of the church, four Bible
women, three traveling evangelists, one of whom is a Gregorian
priest who is practically a Protestant. There are three village
schools, — a kindergarten and grade school already organized in
the city. If the work fails it will not be for lack of interest on
the part of the people. If political conditions remain as stable
as they have been for the past year we have much to hope for.

I am taking over the schools and the Bible work tomorrow. If
it seems that the work can be continued I think that Miss Silliman
will join us a few months later. She has been doing a splendid
work as head of the Educational Department at the Polygon and
is very much interested in it.


Miss Minnie E. Carter of Inanda Seminary landed in New

York February 12. During her furlough she hopes to study at

the Bible School, New York. She is much loved

in Inanda Seminary and the missionaries there
Person 3.1s

wish she would "come back with two more like


Miss Carolyn Welles of the Marathi Mission is to be married
April 5 to Dr. Francis Ellis of the Presbyterian Mission, Western
India. She will be greatly missed from the Josephine Kinder-
garten and Mary Harding Training School at Sholapur.

Mrs. Edwards at Inanda Seminary, who recently had a severe
attack of cardiac asthma, has recovered though still suffering
some pain from rheumatism. She is up and out of her room at
seven A. M., and takes special interest in helping a little African
girl during school vacation to get caught up with regular lessons.
The child was seriously ill when Mrs. Edwards saved her life by
careful nursing.

I922 3 Editorials 123

The missionaries in Bombay have been much heartened by the
coming of Miss Agnes Inglis to help at Bowker Hall. "How
she gets on so well with no knowledge of Marathi is a continual
surprise. How shall we ever get on without her!"

Miss Eva Earle is proving a great addition to the staff of
our school at Matsuyama, Japan. In addition to her exceptional
qualifications as a teacher, she is an accomplished violinist much
appreciated at church and in school. Miss Earle is teaching Eng-
lish classes, leaving Miss Hoyt, the capable principal of the
school more free for executive work. The alumnae of the Mat-
suyama school recently held a bazaar which realized $250 for
the benefit of the school.

Rev. and Mrs. S. C. Bartlett are returning to the Japan Mis-
sion after an interval of several years spent in this country with
their children, during which time Mr. Bartlett has served in the
pastorate of several churches, lately in Peace Dale, Rhode Island.
They sailed March 23 from Vancouver and will be located at
Kyoto where Mr. Bartlett will teach at The Doshisha. A warm
"welcome home" is assured these useful and well-beloved

Rev. and Mrs. Frederick P. Beach and family of Foochow
reached Boston March 4 and are at the Auburndale Home.

The centenary of the Madura Mission is to be celebrated in
1934. Already the churches of that mission are laying plans and
making preparations for a notable celebration. The Christian
women are especially active in the preparatory work. The fol-
lowing items are in their programme :

1. Increase in church membership. 2. Strong in spirit: Every
member needs the fruits of the Spirit. 3. Educated , in mind :
Each one teach one. 4. Zeal in service: Saved to serve. 5. In-
dependence in government : Aim for improvement in Sabbath ob-
servance, attendance at worship, the family altar.

The quota assigned to Massachusetts for the Fund now being
raised for new buildings and equipment for the Women's Union

124 Life and Light [April

Massachusetts Christian Colleges was $100,000. During 1920-
Campaign 2 1, about $50,000 of this was secured through

c ,, individual gifts and by presenting the little

pageant, "Lighting the Christmas Candles."
Widespread interest is felt this spring in the effort now on foot
to raise the remaining half of the sum assigned. Eastern Massa-
chusetts has been divided into nine districts in each of which an
interdenominational committee is appointed to plan for meetings
or for a canvass of the towns and villages. A similar effort will
be made in Western Massachusetts.

While reminding the Congregational women again that gifts
for this purpose cannot be counted on local or state apportion-
ments we would urge all our leaders in Branch and local societies
to co-operate cordially in planning for such meetings and to
endeavor to induce all women who are interested in colleges at
home to attend and to help by their sympathetic interest whether
able to make individual gifts or not. In every community are
those who are not giving largely to Mission Boards, but who may
be properly and hopefully approached for assistance in this na-
tionwide Campaign.

Rhode Island completed its quota last year; New York City
is seeking for $100,000, as large a sum as the entire state of
Massachusetts is asked to give, of which $83,000 was pledged
at the luncheon at the Hotel Commodore, January 14. Mrs.
Peabody has just returned from a tour through Pennsylvania
and Ohio and reports very encouraging gifts, but the working
time is lessening, for the promise to add $1,000,000 to the
$2,000,000 to be given by Boards and individuals from the Laura
Spelman Rockefeller Fund is good only till January, 1923.

The country of India, now so especially in the eye of the

world as a center of the conflict going on in many lands for

nationalistic supremacy, has been chosen as the

New Text theme of next year's mission study. Dr. Daniel

Books for t Fleming has written the senior book, "Build-

1922-1923 ...

ing with India," which has been published jointly

1022] Editorials 125

by the Missionary Education Movement and the Central Com-
mittee on the United Study of Foreign Missions. The chapter
headings give some idea of the scope and intensity of the approach
which Dr. Fleming has made to this subject. Chapter I, India's
Heritage ; Chapter II, Handicaps to Progress ; Chapter III, Efforts
at Self-Help; Chapter IV, Co-operation of the Christian West;
Chapter V, The Distinctive Opportunity in India; Chapter VI,
The Indian Church.

In a later number a detailed review of this book will appear,
written by one well qualified by birth and inheritance to speak
of the subject treated. The price of the book, now on sale,
is fifty cents in paper, seventy-five cents in cloth.

In line with the senior book is a delightful study of girlhood
in India, by Miss Alice Van Doren, a missionary of the Reformed
Church in America, whose life in India has well fitted her to
treat this theme. The book is intended primarily for young
women's societies, college mission study groups, girls' guilds,
etc., but may well be taken as a handbook by any company of
women who wish to gain a closer knowledge of the life of girls
in India. The title is "Lighted to Lighten," the motto of the
Madras Christian College, and the price is fifty cents. It is pub-
lished by the Central Committee.

The third book in this series has been written by Rev. Alden
H. Clark, associate secretary of the American Board and a mis-
sionary in Ahmednagar for fifteen years. This is published by
the Missionary Education Movement as a text book at summer
conferences, church schools of missions, Y. M. C. A. classes or
any group of young people who wish a virile and worth while
picture of "India on the March."

A charming book for the tiny folks, illustrated with a fascinat-
ing color scheme by Louise Clark, is just coming from the press.
The poems are written by Mrs. Amelia Josephine Burr Elmore,
in her own inimitable way and will make a perfectly irresistible
sift book for children from four to seven. It is called the
"Garden of Missionary Verse in India" and will be sold for
seventy-five cents, a very moderate price indeed when one con-


Life and Light


siders its literary and artistic merit,
is not large.

Order early as the edition

That line of losses across the month of February would be
very discouraging were it not for the record of the months that

have gone before. The summary from October
The Financial 18th tells a better story, showing as it does a loss
Statement. from legacies only and a splendid increase from

the Branches as well as total gain. We trust the
loss this month does not mean that there has been any feeling
that efforts can be relaxed because the gain in contributions
seems already to have exceeded the increase sought for the year.
It is essential to bear in mind the fact that during the closing
weeks of last year $31,000 came to the Board through a special
appeal and extraordinary exertion on the part of the Branches.
We are most eager that there may be no necessity for an extra
appeal this fall. In order to avoid this the $31,000 should be
spread as a gain over the earlier part of the year. Thus the time
has not yet come to be complacent. The loss for February per-
haps is a wholesome danger signal. May it be duly heeded!


Receipts Available for Regular Work, February 1 — 28, 1922







Legacies and

Legacy Fund

from In-
& Deposits















October 18, 1921— February 28, 1922













*This sum does not include $25,225.17 received from the Congregational World Movement
Emergency Fund.


Elsie M. Garretson


Miss Garretson.

Elsie M. Garretson

Word has been received by cable
from Foochow of the death of Miss
Garretson on March 4 — her seventy-
fifth birthday. Miss Garretson went
to China in 1880 and was for a short
time connected with the North China
Mission, being located in Kalgan.

Her friend, Miss Ella Newton, then
principal of the Ponasang Girls'
School in Foochow, was anxious to
have her as an associate and she was
soon transferred to Foochow. In
1907, after Miss Newton's death, she
became principal of the school — a post

'she filled with single-hearted devotion until 1916 when she felt
the educational work should be placed in the hands of her younger
associates, and Miss Elizabeth S. Perkins succeeded her as
principal. Miss Garretson was for many years supported by
the Auxiliary of the Old South Church of Boston. Her early
home was in Bound Brook, New Jersey, but she leaves no near

After leaving the school Miss Garretson gave her whole time
to work with the older women in their homes, being associated
with several very devoted Bible women. This is typical of the
spirit and aim of Miss Garretson's life. Never for a moment,
in the midst of an overload of administrative and routine work,
did she lose sight of the religious life as the supreme gift she was
to bring to her girls as her women. Hers was a life of service,
under the control of the one great aim. In laying down the
school and taking up the evangelistic work for women, she
seemed eminently happy. Without any effort or desire still to
control, as an old teacher in China can control, her old scholars
and teachers, she kindly and sweetly gave herself to the evange-
listic work with apparent great contentment and it was only a
few weeks before her death she felt the time had come when she

128 Life and Light [April

could no longer go about the work. She had her wish to remain
in active service to the end of her life and now with the others
who have made the same gift to China, she lies where she wanted
to be, in China. f. p. b.

A Joyous Report from Johannesburg

By Alice Weir

^Tf^E have much cause for thankfulness in our work here.
■ w b ^" n man y wa y s we see the leading of our Lord and
y^ J Master. Our Sunday school and women's work is still
growing, which makes us very happy. Our girls' Bible
class on Wednesdays, and our boys' class on Sundays are a cause
of much thankfulness. Some of our big lads and girls who were
with us when the work was started by Mrs. Bridgman are still
coming to Bible class. Some, in fact most of our older boys, are
now working but still remain faithful to their class.

The boy who wrote for books has come back to town to work
and is a faithful attendant in the Bible class. I received one
magazine with the Springfield postmark. I am not sure who
sent it but I passed it on to him and I must thank the friend
who sent it. When I write the Springfield Branch I will mention
that I received it.

I must tell you about our Sunday school picnic although it is
some time past. We left the church about eight o'clock one
bright sunny morning. It would have done your heart good to
see our six wagons (filled with happy children) leave the church.
We had about 175 children and twenty parents and friends. The
children were wild with excitement and expectation. Some of
them had never been on a picnic before. We went out to a fine
shady spot near the Zoo and by special permission we were
allowed to take the children into the Zoo. It was a great treat
for them to see the live animals they had heard so much about
in day school. After this they had games and ran races. At
mid-day they had a good meal which they all enjoyed very much.
It was a perfect day except for a heavy shower of rain which


A Joyous Report from Johannesburg


caused us to return early. However, it did not dampen the spirits
of the children who reached home tired but happy. Had it not
been for the kindness of some of the business people in town,
giving us the use of the wagons free of charge, our expenses
would have been very much heavier than we could have met, but
as it was we had only the food to provide.

In my last letter, I told you Dr. Bridgman was trying hard to
get a hall in which we could hold a Sunday school for the children
at the Newlands Location as so many of our children had gone
out there to live. There were many difficulties in the way, but
after much hard work he was successful in getting a hall near the
Location. We opened on December 20. We had no way of letting
the children know of our coming on that afternoon as it was
late in the week before we knew the hall would be ready. In
spite of this fact, by ringing a bell and calling the children, we
opened our first school with sixty-four present. The following
Sunday we had 110 children, the third Sunday we had 132 and
last Sunday we had 144
in attendance. We do
feel that God is blessing
our effort. There is no
other native Sunday
school at the Location at

When the children en-
tered the hall they could
not refrain from cheer-
ing, it was an inspira-
tion to hear them. There
are some rough dia-
monds among them, but
we know that the grace
of God will change them
before long. We all feel
so happy about this new-
branch of the work as it
is in answer to our
united prayers.

Miss Alice Weir and a Part of Her Flock.


Life and Light


Classes and Meetings at Miss Root's Bungalow,


Bible Women Help Her Entertain Indian Guests

'OU said you would like to look in upon me some time,
so if you will come just now I will show you a large
group of Indian women sitting on the mats in my large
drawing room. We have just had a heavy shower, —
this is the rainy season, you know, — and I wondered if many
would come, but some twenty-five or so have ventured. There
are several Bible women and a number of girls, big and little.
We first sew on the patchwork sent us from America. Our

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