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Feiies, Coins, etc., Dept. R(-port,l:'T,



Twiele.'ll, Ginery, F-'l.

V.
Verry,Geor-oF.. 122.

W.

Waite, Henry F., 10.
Wa-lilmrn. John D. 50.
Watkin-, H. W.. I'lO.
Webb, Fev. S. W.. 50.
We-^by, Herbert, 50..
AVhe'el-r, (;eor-e W., 120.
Vv'hite, .lames, 121.



rilOCEEDINGS



f ^:'-^ V ♦ ♦ '



iFfFsh'P |!ori?i'2 o| llritiqHii'2,



KOR IHK VF.AK



1884.




WDKCKs'lKR. MASS.:

PUB],isii i:i) \\\ 'iTii: sDCii: 1 ^'
1885.

U. S. A. CIX.



\v()K(;i'.sti:k :

I'KIVATK TKKSS Ul IKA-NKLIN 1'. K'CK.
MDCCCl.XXXV.



OmCI-RS FOR 1S85.



I'RKSIDKXT,

KLLKRV i;ickxi:ll crank.

VICK-I'RKSIDr.XTS,
ALlil'RT 'I'OIAIAN, (JF.ORCK SLMXllR

.SECKin'AR\",
WILLIAM FirZlIALi: AIJIUJT.

TREASURER,
HLXRV FRANCIS STFDMAN.



LIHRAIUAX,
THOMAS ADAMS DICKINSON.



DEPARTMENTS OF \\0\



\K.



ARCILEOLOGV AXD GEXI-RAL HISTORY.

CIIARI.i;S k. J( )IIXS(.>\, Chairin.u!.

LOCAL IILSTORY AXD Gi: XI-.ALOGV.

IIKNRV M. SMrni, Ch.itrr.iaii.

AXCILXT ALAXUSCRIPTS. PITJLICATIOXS
AXD I'XGRAMXGS.

Hi.N. (,'LAUK JH.I.SON, Ch.nriii.iu.

RELICS, COIXS AXD CURIOSITIES.

THr)MAS A. DI'KIXSOX, Chairman.



MILITARY I-IISTORY.

AUCiUSTUS );. K. SrRAC;UK, Chau-ir.an.



COMMITTi;r;S rOK 1^85.



EXECUTIVE COM.MnTi:E,

EL1.1:RV IJ. (RANK, AL]]RRT TOLMAX,

GEORCii; SL'MXllR. WILLIAM F. ARBOT

HEXRV F. STFDMAX.



STAXDIXC ('()MMrni;E ON NOMINATIONS,

WILLIAM II. RARTLirrr, loR oxi: vkar ;
EDWARD R. LAWRi;XCi:, for tw.j vkars ;
DAX1I:L SI:A(.;RA\1;, i..r thru: vkars.



COMMFITEE ON lUOCiRAI'IIV,

ALr.ERT 'rVl.l-.R, ALFRi:i) S. ROE,

NATIIAXI1:L I'.MXE, clark jillsox,

SAMUEL i;. STARLES.



coMMrni-.E ON j'lr.i k'ations,

]':llI':rv r. craxe, samuel e. s'iwrles,

fraxklix r. rice.



PL'BLICATIOX.S OF Till; SOCIHTY.



Nli. I. rr.jceeiling-, 1S75-1S77. fpp. 70.)

No. II. Con-titi!ti'in aiul li-l cif ("Mnccr-^. (Cumpri-ed in Xu. I.)

No. HI. Pi.>ceeiling> fur 1S77, -.vitli Iii-ci ijUions from the Old llurial

(.'iruinul^ in \\"i.>rce>ter. (pp. 16S.)
No. IV. In^crijition^ from the ( >1(1 lUirial Cirouiids in Worcester. ((.'oni-

pri~ed in No. III.)
No. V. I'rocee.ling^ for 1S7.S. (pp. 150.)
No. VI. r,.Trly l\ecw;(ls of tlie Town of Worcester, I!ook I., 1722-1739.

(I'P- i\^-)
N). N'lL rrocee;iii-.*;s for 1S79. (pp.150.)
No. Vni. Karly Records of tlie Town of Worcester, liook II., 1739-1753.

(pp. 145.)
Nos. IX. to X!I. inclu-ive. Records of the Proprietors of Worcester, 1667-

17SS. With iicaily 300 plans, (pji. 336.)
No. XIII. Rroceedin-s for iSSo. (pp. So.)

Ni; s. XIW to X\'I. inclu^i\e. Worcester Tow n Records, 1753-17S3. (iip.472.)
No. XVll. Proceedings t"or kSSi. (pp. 164.)
No. XVIIl. Record, of the Court of General Scs-ion- of the Peace for the

County of Worcester, 1731-1737. (pp- 197-)
No. XIX. IVoceedings for 1SS2. (pp. 160.)
No. XX. Proceeding.s for 1SS3. (pp. 136.)
No. XXI. Proceedings for 1SS4.
Xo. X.XH. Proreedings at the Tenth .\niiiver>ary of the Society, January

27, 1SS5. (pp. 100.)



*,* Xo^. I. to XXII. are arranged to form six volumes under the name of
rc.'.Vi-.';. •;;..-. .\ panijihlet containing Title Pages, Indexes and I lirections for
Pinding tr.e List three \i:hu.ie- can l.e furni-hed l>y the I.i!)iarian. Xi^s.
XIV. -XVI. f vm Vol. IV., Xo~. XVII.-XIX. Vol. V. and XX. -XXII. Vol. VI.
.\ Title Page is ^llpplied with tlic last nmiil.er of each volume.



PROCEEDINGS.









< - <H:i-''v^!



PROCEEDINGS



Eor 1884.






he firsl nuiClinL;; of tlic Society for i8S4was
held at llic rooms on the evening; ot Tiies-
da}', tile tlrst ol Janiiar)'. Present: Messrs.
Crane, T. A. Dickinson, Staples. Shnmwa)-, I'^stey,
\\\ H. Ikirth'tt, KniL;ht, Gould, Lee, Stednian and
Rice. — II.

President Crane address(,'d the Society as follows :



Members of TIic Worceshr Society of .-In/ii/i/i/y,

Geiitleinen :

.•\gaiii )ou liavc conferred upon me
the honor of a rct'leriiun to the olTice of I'resident ot this Suciely.
I'or this renewed expression (.>( )-our conlRleme I would extend
nis- niD-it Iieart} thanks, feehni; tiiat tins hi-;h coinpliinent comes
not so niu( h hum ■.\orlh\- or meriturious (.onduet on ru}' part, as
from a desire on vour part of re(:()[;m/in.L; and reuardiiig true zeal
and an honest pi.!r])u:.e in ])n)mi)tin_L; the interests and (jljjeets ot
this Society, \)y v, hom^uexer displaced.

In times ])a.st, I ha\e t'elt most keenly ni}' inahilit)' to satisfac-
torilv meet the requirements of thi.^ ot'lice, and h.ave often wished



lO

that your choice iniL^dit rest ujion some other member, who l)y
mean- of culture ami exijerienee, mi,_;ht by his presence not only
bring tlie Society inti) hi.;ii la\or aiii! make it cun^picuou^, but al.M)
]iresii!e over \our deliberation.-, uitli better grace and (Ugnit).

While sensible of my own weakne - '. I again accept the tru>t,
reiving wlv.'llv on your ^ymjKUhy and forbearance. To eai h in-
tlividual member of the a->cciation I extend m\ ^ense of ubli^aiion
for their generous concurrence in all matters relating to the trans-
actions oi the Society <lu:ring the i)a-t year. Such harmon_\- rei>ie-
sents true >treiigth. 'riio>e wlio have been ni)- a^^^ociates in otri'e
I desire to thank mo>t heartily for their timely as^i^tance gi\en the
Societv during the many weeks of my confinement to the hou>e by
sickne - s. Sliould ^uch a mi.->lbrtune again i>efall me, 1 ha\e the
full a>-urance' that tlie iiUerest-, of the S(Kiety will not be lett to
langui-hi in my absence.

TIk: period for the annual reckoning is upon u^. .\t this \cry
moment to the >uc'-L>>f;;i and pnjspcrous per>ons the whole at-
nuHp'aere seem-^ tVi-ighted with the - weet pert'ume of sati^laction
and contentnient. while the un>ucce. - t'ul and uiifortunate rei ogni/.e
or detect C'uly the noisome ga-es of discontent and dotnn tion.
The llrst uf January i^ tlie u^ual time among all cla>>es ol men tor
taking a retro>]ie( ti\e \iew of operations during the tuehe months
tliat ha\e ju>t forever pa-.^ed l>eycind their reach. In many in-
stances the jiicture is indeed sail and exceedingly un>atisfactory ;
but tliere is no power tiiat can re]jroduce the cainas that it may
here and there recei\e a palliating touch from the regretlul arli^t.
This custom of re\iewin_,' events is iiot confined strictl\- to the
mercantile branch of mankind. Societies become righttully im-
bued with the ^ame >crutini/ing spirit, s:) that if tnund necesiar} ,
imiirovement-, ma_\- be inaugurated, to the end that real and sub-
stantial progrc.-ii ntay be made ; and at this point it is htting that
we should take a retro>[iecti\e \iew of the workings of thi^ institu-
tion, and see wliellier our .^lup is lying in the miil^t of a calm, or
making real lieadwaw

Since the la-t annual meetiiig, in addition to the I'loceeilings
for iSSi, we ha\e addeti two more numbers (\\ni. and xix.) to



1 1



the ]>rintr(l cdllcctions of the Society. \o. will. C(jntains Records
of ihe Court of ( ieiural Sessions of the I'eai e for \\'orce>ter County,
for the years 1731 to 1 yj;; inchi>i\e, e'lited and i)rinte<l by .Mr.
I'Vanklin 1'. Rice, who ha> aUo furnished it with cojiiuus notes,
adihng inu(;h historii \alue to the iiUerL-^^tiiig and ser\ieeal)le Court
Records, l^'mm tiie fir>t organization ol this as-)0(aatie)n Mr. Rice
has been continuall)' [ihua'n^ lui fellows under lasting obligations
by hi.i persistent and extremely succ e^sful efforts in increasing the
\-olume of our publications ; and that a large portion of the valuable
I)ages that go to make \\\) the five \olumes bearing the (jtluaal
stamj) of the S(,)ciet\- came through hi> wise judgment and unlail-
ing energy, is a fict which must not be ignored.

No. XIX. contains the transactions of the Society f(jr the year
1S82 ; and 1 have fiiled to detect wilhin its co\ ers the hrst sign of
abating interest. Mm h, ho\ve\er, nia\ be found there to increase
our i)ride and command our admiration. 'I'his number completes
the fifth \olume of our Collections, the wlu^lc co\ering over two
thousand, tuo hundred o( ta\i) pages, relating almo-t entirely to
historical matters tif local interest, an accomplishment whi( h should
recei\"e the attention aud apjirobation of e\ery c iti/.cn of Worces-
ter who entertaiiH the sligiitest regard for the ciMumunity in whi( h
he dwells, or the meai and iiistituticms that go to make the Heart
of the Conunonweallli ( (m>]iicuous.

This work is all the more commendable when we consider that
it has been accomplished within a tew )ears and without the aid
of beiiuests or special funds. The I'ublishing Fund of whith we
so much stand in need, has not as \et fillen to our b^t ; but we
still live in hopes, feeling assured that if we continue in well doing
we shall sooner or later receive the reward.

'J"he l)epartment Rejiorls are, as usual, full of intt'rest and highly
flattering in their charat ter. Our labr.irian tells us of a material
increase in our number of ]iam])hlels and bound \olumes, many of
the donations being ipiite rare and e\<ee(lingly valuable. Large
ac(|uisitions ]ia\c also been made to the department of Relics,
Coins and Cmaosilies ; dm] the rearrangement b}' the Librarian has
made the collection more ac(-es;,ible and interesting. We also
learn from the report of the Treasurer that our financial matters



12



are in a hcnlthy state. Suixly the picture gives no cause for any
feeling of discouragenieiit.

'I'lie year tliat has just been lnought to a close (leuiauiK nicre
than ordinary attention, for ujion it-, hi-^torical taiilet luive heen en-
graved the recurdn ofcciitennial day> couinienioratixe ol the closing
scene.1 of tliat iirc)trac led strug-le which eiulrd iu the hirlh of the
new republic ; and of a [leii'jd wheii the hearts of an tn erhurdencd
and opllre^^ed peo['le swelled with unbounded joy and gratitude
fur a complete deliwrance froui opi)res-i(_)n and strite.

Although preliminary arti( les of peace between I'higland and
America were signed at Pari-., France, on the 30th da}' ul .\(;\em-
ber, ly.S^.bN'a majoritv of the commi-^sioners, lingbuid did not
jHiblicly acknowledge the inde])endenre of the L'nited States until
January :;.oth, 1783. A^ the preliminary (ompai t of Nmcmbcr
30th, 17.S2, had been si-ned without the know led-e of the i-'rem h
(iO\-ernment, and coii^eiiuenth in \iolatiou of the terms ol alhaaice
between the se\'eral nation^, a ratification of the preliiniuar\' ar-
ticles of i)e-a< e wa-^ e\cliaii.ued at I'a.ri- on the 3d da.v oI bebruary,
1783 ; and on the u^th of April, ju - t eight wars U\)vn the' (!a_\ oi
the cominen' ement of the war, a ce: - ^ation of hostilities wa^ pro-
claimed in the Ani'-ric.iu armv, and t'urlouL'hs were granted to those
of the soldic'rs who desired to visit liieir homes. June iclli. ("icn.
Washington ga\e notice to the go\ernors of liie se\eral states ol
his intention to resign ( onnnand of the army.

September -{d. the definitive articles of peaoe between I'ji-land,
I'rance, Spain and .\meri'-a were signed at i'aris : and the treaty
of i)eace was pro( laimed ()ctolier 6th. Twehe da\s later the
.American army was dislianded bv ])roi laination. a tew ol the sol-
diers, h()we\er, recnlisiim; until liie terms of peace siiould be more
fully esta.blished. No\emb^-r 2d, W'ashin-lou i-sued lli■^ fneweli
orders to the Continental arm\.

Nearly a year had elapsed since l-".n.;land had signed the first
articles of peace, and ten mouths liad parsed awav sinae she Iiad
aeknowledgrd the indepemleiice of the l'nited States, and _\et S;r
CiU)- ("arleton. in command of a remna.nt of the I'litish armw still
held the poit of New ^'ork. .Xmijle time liad now been allowed
for all persons lo_\al to the crown to adjust their affairs jjreparatory



I



to lea\"ing the country, ami th.c d.iy hail arri\c(l for the dejiarlure
of the last Hriti^ii soldier from tiie >uil of tlie republic. That i.lav
\va> the 2;th of No\ ember. 17S3. Can yon imaL;ine with what
unhoumleii jliv and Lxultation the (.|jl|>re^^ed citi/ens of New
Vurk witne->ed iheir em'. i.trk.uiwn ? How the poor Continental
soldier's heart throbbed wit'n fer\'eiit yratitude as he took his last
lin-;ering look at the d.^jparim.; enemy : injw all the trials, hardships,
pri\ation> and ^aeiifiee^ of lliat ei-;r.t year>' ser\ice lla-hed across
his mind a^ he stood there the s',icce.->ful conijueror?

It was. iPideed. a sea-on for rejoic in_;. ami the annual celebration
of such an e\en* is worth}' tlie aiterition that ha-i been accorded it
liy the L,Teat cuty of New \'ork durir.L; tlie many years that ha\-e
pa - >ed. The iiri_)L;ramme ad.(jpted Ut (arryin.; out the Centennial
Anniversary of l^wuuation I)ay. !iad' it n.ot been intertered with by
inclement weath.er. would i;a\e pro'^en oiie of the c;rande■^t of the
series of Centennial CeIebr.ition> of die Rex'olutionary War.

Carleton, uuh suiiile < uimini:. 'ocfore lea\ii\L; Fort Ceorge, or-
dered th.e I!I•iti■^ll colore n.iileil to tlie top i.if the llai^-^taff, that lie
m;i;ht S'/e them iloa',i!\_: in tiie air a^ iii^ slii])s left tlie p(jrt ; and it
is >tated that Ser_;eant A'iani I'infe not only nailed tlie colors
to the staff, but al^o took the further jirecaulion of removinL,^ the
cleats and _:^rea-in;^^ the ])oIe. I'.ut no <ooner had Cen. Knox and
his little band of Continental soMiers taken possession of the fort
than the vouul,' intriot. fc^im \'an Ar->dale. found a way of replac-
ing the cleats, and Carlton had. an unexpected \iew of the Stars
and Stripie., waving at llie to]) of tlie staff before he lel'l the harbor.
'I'liat same cNcning (governor Clinton entertained \\'ashinglon and
tiiose of his officers vd'ii) could be pre-eiit. at the tavern of Mr.
Samuel Idaunce, wliicii stood at tiie corner of I'.road and Queen
(now ]\ari) streets. 1 )o \ou wor.der tiiat festivities and social
congratulations were continued for more tlian a week here on the
recovered sj^ot from wlience tlie .Vnierican army had been driven
by the redcoats more than seven vears before? On Decimiber 4lh.
at tile s.ime ho-i.uab!'.- inn. ^\"a-I^ington bade an affectionate adieu
to liis associe.te otiicer-. and at once starteil on his memorable
journey to .\nnapoIis. .Ml along the route it was a triumi">hal
march, being escorted from place to jdace by throngs of exultant



H



and grateful citizen.. Arriving, at Annaix.lis on the .3'! 'l^v o
December he .lehvere.l up hi. eunnni..,on whu:h ^ - ^^^,^^
give.him,njune. .775- alter more than e,,ht years ot la.th.ul

antl successful service for his country.

Francis C;. Sanborn xvas elected a member of the

Society.

The Librarian reported 322 contributions to the
library and ca1)inet for the month, from 20 persons.

Mr. Staples spoke of the importance of the ob-
servance of anniversaries of historical events, and
remarks xvere made by Messrs. Crane, Kni-ht. I'.stey,
\V. H.'lJartlett. T. A. Dickinson. Rice, llaskinsand
Stedman.



The I'ebriiary n.eetin- was held on the evenin.L;
of Tuesday the 5th.

I'resent : ^b-ssrs. Crane, Clark jillson. James A.
Smith, Shumxvay. T. A. Dickinson, Rice. R. N- Mir-
iam, Gould, C. R. Jolmson, Sanborn. Hubbard. Sea-
<.-rave, Staples, Tucker, Sumner, Hardin-, Stedn^an
and Glasgow, members ; and Joseph Lovell. Willian.
Sumner and Dexter Rice, visiter's.— 2 i .

Gen. William S. Stryker of Trenton. New Jersey,
was elected a corresponding- member.

The Secrc-tary read a letter fron. Hon. Charles
Adams, Jr., of North Urookfield. pres(:ntin- 135



election sermon^;, and 130 sermons on tlie cleatli of
President Lincoln.

The Librarian rej)()rted the contributions for the
month to be 1961 books and j)amphlets.

Mon. Clark Jillson presented the iollowini^ me-
morial ol Clarendon Marris, an llonorar)' Member
of the Societ)', latcl)' deceascxl.

CLAR]':xnox marrls.



i;V CI.ARK. JII.I.,M)X.

Possibly once in a i^eiicration \vc may meet with a marked rep-
resentative of that conihination, tlie liuman with the l)i\ine, so
carefully and uniiiuel_\- blended a.-> not to obliterate or modify either
element, l)Ul inteii^ify and add luster to both. The person who
inherit^ siu h qualitie^^ seldom, il e\er, im|.)resses his identit}' upon
the minds of others by reason ol i\ny brilliant aehie\ement or start-
ling dis])l.i\- (jf what i- ( ommonl}' known a-^ L;eniu^, but seems will-
ing to wait for bud and bloss(jm to aelorn the diadem of a com-
l)letetl life.

A parallel to this t\pe of manhood has been clearly traced out,
even to the minute,-t detail, in the patient and imjiretending life-
service of Clarendon Harris, who died in this citv on the 13th of
January. i.S8^, at the age of X3 )ear^5 and four months.

Mr. llariis was born in Dorchester, Mass., September 8, iSoo.
Hi> lather was the ]\e\-. ] )r. Thaddeus .M. Harris, who came to
\Vorcester as a teacher in 1787. He was married to Miss Mary
Dix, January 28, 1705, and died in 1842, after ha\ing been pas-
tor of the thst < hui( h in 1 )or<diester for more than forty years.

Clarendon Harris ( ame to AVoix'esler in i8j:!. at the age of 22
years, and was em])lo}ed in the regi>tr\' of deeds for a few months.
In 1823 he ])urchased the book store of (ieorge .l.Trumlmll, located
en the south corner of Main and State streets, where he remained



i6

till 1S29, when he removed l(.i the Iiuililiiig of I )r. John Cireen,
where the Five Cents Sa\ iii-s Ij.ink now i.-. In 1S48 he seild out
the l)0()k >['j:c, haslni; heen eho-en -ceretar_\- ot" the State Mutual
Lite Assuram e Coinpan}' in i'M4. wi'.en it wa-' In^t orgaiu/ed.

In i8j9 Mr. Harris published ■■Trie \\"c>ree>ter \"illaL;e hircetory,
containin^^ the names of the inhalaiants. their dwelling' h(ju-.es cUid
plaees ot' Im^ines^. arran,ued acrordiii.: to tlie >treets and si|uarcs.
to acconi[ian_\ a map of the X'hlaye oi Wore e^ter." 'I'hii panii'ldct
contaiiied 12 i6nio liaises and ti;e i,ame> of 220 owners oi houses
and liusinc^ - hloi ks, with tiie name- of 350 occujiants. The map
was aI>o puhh-^hed li\' Mr. Harri.-. and at that time was considered
quite a stride towards city noiio!>. \\"or( ester then contained
about 4000 inh.abitants, but Mr. li.irvis lived and was identilied
widi I'tie ].riiL;res-i\e intere>t^ of t lie town till iti inhabitants num-
bered nearlv seventy thousand. He wa> eiio-en Treasurer of the
\\'oree-ter i'ive Cents Savings iSan:^ in 1^:4. and in i<'^79 he was
|»romoted to the oft'.ce of I're-ident i.f that ia - titution. A summary
of his lonL( bu-ine>s life mav be !)rie:'l\- stated. He ke[it a book
store :?5 )ear^. was Secreta.ry of t'p.c State .Mutua.l Life .Xssuiaiu e
Company 40 )■ear^, Treasurer of th.e Five Cents Savings Hank 20
year^. ]'re>ident of the same 4 )ear>. and an honest man durini,^
the whole time.

In all the^e positions Mr. Harri- d:-~]ilaved the same i|uiet in-
du>trv combined with the rno-t untirin,; devotion to the details ot
his busilK■^s. W'liat he tailed to know about it mii;ht safely have
been omitted.

A.^ a bookseller Mr. Harris was ni.'t a -uccess. His methods,
thou-;h gentlemanlv and (()nc;.-,e. were too direct to be plea>ini: in
all re>i>ects to those of his ( ir-tomers wj-.o preferred to trade throUL^ii
the con.^olin;.; intbience of mercantile j.cr-ua.-icjn.

He wa^ not a politician nor a fa'-.atic. l)Ut jmrsued an even and
consistent course throu-;h life, add;:\L: dailv to his list of h'iends,
an'l died widiout an enemv.

Mr. Harris was a collector of rare books and pictures, often e\-
pre.ssin..; an interest in antiipiarian researc!i. He iirobabh' h.u! the
best collection of l''ables in ih.e sta-.'. if not in the country, many
(jf which were most elegantly bound aiid profusely illustrated.



17



Charlotte Mory 'riui\cr. the uite oi Mr. Harris, was horn in I!ns-
ton in 1804, an'l \\a-> (lau_;hter (if Capt. Nathaniel and Ahiry (liaker)
Tha)er of ISraintree, .NLi^s. She ihul in W'oree.Tter August 21st,
1867. 'rhe\' lea\e no ( hihh'en.

Mr. llanis uas made an llonoraiN .Menilier ut' The Worcester
Society of .\ntiijiii'\' Noxeniher 11, 1.S7O, and has ah^'avs mani-
fested a .strong dt.>ire for its pro^perit}' and .luccess, contributing
Hberall)' for the enhirgement of it.-^ hlirary. lie was not only a
person of antiiiuarian tastes, hut an admirer of literature and the
arts as they exist to-(l:!y. He could >ee more of design in a [lic-
ture than the engrawr had e\ er tliought of, and could \vea\e into
fantastic hut rational Icirms the uik onscious delineations oX-flli»<:
artist.

Mr. Harris took great interest in ( hildren, not altogether for his
own heneht, hut he (.ontrihuted [o the amusement ::m\ instruction
of the yoimg people uIkj were ^^o fortunate a.-, t<j hec(;me his la-
vorites. He s[ient nun h time an<l money in collecting ju\enile
books and imblication^, many of wliich were elegantly illustrated
by eminent artists. It was not unusual to fmd his rooms cheered
with the presence of little childien, and frequentl}' callers more
advanced in life ha\e tound Mr. Harris explaining to them the
artistic charms t)f some elegant engra\ing. lie fell that chiMhood
furnished a les^on, and that he was not too nld to be a pui)il, nor
too i^roud to learn h-om the humblest teacher.

His inllueni e was f.-lt in numerous wa\s, and he maintained an
en\iable position in sociLt\, \ery ne.ir to the hearts of the ])eople.
not by reason of his fmancial standing or social polish, but because
his sincerit) , his truthfulness, his incorruptible integrity, one and all,
had ne\erbeen in\-aded bv anv of llie wiles of mankind.

He was <uie of the most decided and persistent of men, but his
(|uiet wa_\- of asserting his convictions ccjmpletely disarmed all
malignant o]iposition, and made him an unHisi)ecleiI con(]ueror,
without dctrimi.-nt to hiiuidship. He was like a rock, silent, and
yet immo\able. He concealed notiiing of his own life, nor bor-
rowed from others. He was the original and not the copy. He
possessed within hiiusclf the power of moral preservation. He. was
not led into temptation, and needed no monitor lo herald his



i8



digressions from the path of nion<.l duty. His life was not intcr-^
linl'd with amendments nr eonfe>.ions. Me lived to the a-e ot
ci 'hty-three without knowin- when and where lie had relcrmed.
lie died as iimorent as a child, -luietly and llarle.dy i-a.^ng
through the dark valley, into-the serene li,:;ht of a new lite.



Prof. iM-ancls G. Sanborn spoke; In an inU-rcsiin.L^
manner of a l.i-oth.n'- of Clafcnelon 1 lan-is, ThadtUiiis
William I larri>, SfaK; l-:ntomol(>-ist of Massachusctls
for many years, who died in 1S56 at tlic a-c of 60;
and paid a tribute to his many fine cpahties as a
man, a scholar, and a naturalist.

Charleys R. J^.hnson, l^sq. presented a memorial
of the late I'rancis T. IMacknier.

The Society then listened to the readin- of the
following historical sketch of the Worcester County
IMusical Association, and other musical societies in
Worcester durin- the past sixty Ncars, by ^Ir. Sam-
uel K. Staples.



19



Tin: \\()Rci:sri:R coun rv mtsicai. association.

l;V SAMTt I. 1.. STAPLl'.S.

A complete hi^tciry of Mn-ic and Mu-ical Societies in Worces-
ter and Worcester (.'ounty. would exceed alike my knouled-e and
mv present |Miriu)>e. Wiiat I de^i^ii e>i)ecially. is to narrate, in
as concise a manner as may he cun^i-tent with the object I have
in contemplation, the history uf liie Worcester County Musical
Association, and it> antecedent^. w;tl) brief notices ot' some t)t the
prominent at tors who June been interested in these enterprises.

The stud\ and jiraetice ot' mr.sic has occupied tiie attention and
en^aued the talents of some ol' t:ie best minds the world .has e\er
known. Who that has listened to. or taken some humble part in
the iierformap.ce ot' the -reat oratorios. — musical j.nxluclions im-
surpasscd in -randeur and beauty— but has been deeply impressed
in \iew ofllie -reatness ot' tiu- min'is that composed them, whose
talents were so much aiiovc those ol" most men that lew es'cn can
comprehend their works. Such names as Handel, llaydn and
Mendelsst)hn. com-xjsers of oratorios : antl .Mo/art and Ileethoven
in other dei>artments of the highest musical art, will survive when
other names n.^v noted shall have beconie ol)scure, or be alto-
gether forgtnten. The study and j.ractice of music is a worthy
and laudable oc(upatio]i. and as a profession should be ranked
with the hi-hest. Music expands the intellect, softens the asperi-



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