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Milo, X. \.. 1836 ; J. Lombard, of llostun. iti 1838 ; J. 1'. Wood-
bury, Roston, i8_|(; ; and .Xicholas (b Xorcro.^s. of l.ouell, in 1852.
Lut neither of the.se jjixned successtul as a rival U^ the Wood-



51



worth machine until after many trials and much flisi'juictude among
their inventors.

Prominent among the leailin.: industries of our city we find the
manufacture of v.ood-uorkin'^ mj'-liinerv. IVrliaps the fir>t in-
vention in tl"ii> line in \\'i)rce>ter was that of Abel Stowcll, the
clockmaker, ahout i.Sio or 12, (if a machine fur makiuL; wooden
screws. Mr. Charles ."^cuddcr. tiien a |>r(.)Uiini.nt and succes>ful
h.ird,>vare merchant, doini; buhiness at the ci>rner of j-din street and
Dock Mjuare in 1! )-ton. pure ha>ed the ri.,ht to ImjiIi use and man-
ufacture these machines. 'I'he business of making screws was
carried on bv Mr. Seudder in the State I'ri-(_)n at L'harlestown, and
ilurin^'' the War of tSi 2. when it wa,> ilifri< nU to oiitain screws from
England, the denvmd fir them I'ar exceeded Mr. .SLud<ler\ ability
:o su;'[il\'. The macliine. however, was a success, and many ot
them were put into ojieratiitn at tiiat time.

ISi'.i the beginning of the ind'i-tr\- referred io dates from 1.S35
or 6, v\^\ after Mr. 'I'lioina - hk Daniels received the patent for his
planin.,' maclime. wiien he began to manuficture them at the <jld
Court Mills, and wher.- he continued t(j ]iroduce tliem (v, ith the
exce'iilion of die \ear die milU were rebuilding after being de-
stroved bv fnv ) until the vear 184^, when he sold the business to
Mr. Riciiaol Ifdl."' .At thi:^ time 35 to 40 men ueie em])loyed in
turning out tiie I'aniels ]i!aner. I am told that Mr. Tliomas M.
Rice was for a time engaged with Mr. Ikill, the firm being Ikill «\:
Rice : afterwards Mr. Warren Williams took the interest of Mr.
Rice, and the st\le wa-; Hall and Williams. Later the busijiess was
conducted unrler the firm name of R. Rail i\: Co. ; and they \\ere
succeeded by the jire^^ent popular firm of Witherby, Rugg t\:
Richardson. Fr(;m this old historical house ha\e sprung the other
firms engaged in the manufacture of wood-working machinery in
this city.

Our frugal Xew I-higlander, while attemjjting to economize in
the sawing of lumlier. made a cfinsiderable jiortirin of it tapering
in width. In ord.er to tongue and groove it by the machines then
in Use, it had first to be reduced to a parallel width. To o\ercoine

* Mr. D.miols rcinc.vcti lo I- ilclilniri,', where he died enily in llie present
vear.



this shrinkage, Mr. H. C. Wl^ht, cf Worcester, invented a niatrh-
i„g nKU bine in 1X4.S, whiel) pruve-l e-iual U> all expectations, and
is still in nse.

The capacity of a modern saw-mill, with one circular saw and
ed-in- machine empl'<yin-MX or seven men. is from tuentv to
thi'rty thousand feet in ten iiours. Mes.rs. Thomas H. McOraw
& Co. have a null at PortMUoutli. Mi<hi-an, i 10 l>v 150 feet mukuv.
running three .^an- saw.., two circular ^aws, and t'our e.l-er>. em-
ploying one Imndred and thirty men. the cut cf whuh fur the year
iSSi was 55,^00,722 feet. Largest cut for one day, 335-"^^^ '^■^•^•
With one circular saw they cut in eleven hours, 69.000 teet.

Manufacturer, are not obliged to wait for the slow process of
weather-dryin- then- lumber before placin- it upon the market.
Huge dry-kilns have been invented with a capa( ity of from 100 to
30o'^lhou'.and feet, and from which are taken daily from 20.000 to
80,000 feet in good NhipjMiig condition.

Sixteen feet was the extreme length of lumber su;)plied by the
old-fashioned mill, the axe being used to furnish timber of longer
length. ^h)dern nulls sujiply square sticks fortv and even sixty
feet li'.ng. ],alhing was made of thin boards checked lengthwise
with the axe, and the crack, opened with a wedge while being
nailed to the .ludding. Now latii. are cut to dimension, by small
gang mills constructed for the purpose. Siding or clapboard, uere
square edge board, one-half to one inch in thickness. Now diey
are sawed in^m the round log in length from four to sixteen teet.
ShingU-s were split and .haved by hand ; now almo.t entirel) made
by machinery. In fact, there is scarcely a piece of wood required
in the con.trurtiijn of a building, or an iini)leinent of any knid, but
what is or can be supiilied l>y machinery now in use, even to the
sand-pai.ering and polishing of its surface. Dwelling hou.e. can be
built to-day, notwithstanding the increase in the price of labor and
material, almost as cheajily as^ they were hfty years ago.

To say that the I'nited Stales has become the largest lumber
market in the world will give you but a faint conception of its
magnitude. 'l"wo year, ago there were cut in twelve months, ex-
clusive of square timber and hard woods, over scveii billions feet
in tlie Northwest and Canada, and three billions of shingles m the



53

X()il!nvi'.4 al<inc. At uh()K - ..ilc prices this lumber would he wortli
nearly Si 22.000, (xvj. Chiia-o has tlie largest local mai-kel in the
wurlil. One tlriii lliere (I think it was in iNSi) handled ninety
millions tiet in one _\ e:;r. I'.e^ides the eaiormous i[uaiitit\' eon-
suuied here in our own countr}-, we ha\ c- a \erv lari^e exjiorl trade.

Ihc siil)j(;ct of the jxi])!'!' was tlisctissc/d l)\- Messrs.
Meriain, Stininer, ixni^hl aiul J )ickins(jii ; and the
ineetiiiL;' was then adjourned.



At th(- April meeting' on the evenincj;- of Tuesday
the fu'st, aljoiit si\t\- pc^rsons wei-e present, inchichnc^'
the lollowinL;' mendx-rs: Messrs. Crane. Strnmer,
S. 1'. Staples, Rev. C. A. Staples, Rev. A. P. Mar-
vin, Re<". W'eshy, Cnrtis. Sanljurn, Shinnwa)', II. M.
Smith, C [illson, .Stedinan. Meriam, T. A. Diekin-
son, Paine, .Sea^rave, Knight, I)od_L;(j. Goidd, ]. A.
Smith, Comiris, Cha])in, P^stey, Ilaskins, 'Pticker,
Prentiss, Pawi-ence, C. R. lohnson, Paldwin, Webb,
Goodwin and Ivice.- — ^~,^^.

Amono' the \'isitors, who included several laelies,
^vere :\Irs. I'. M. P,aker, Jtid-e 1 1. P,. Staples, Col.
John W. W'etherell, .Samtiel Smith, Charles Ham-
ilton and Rockwood Hoar.

'Phe l^residcmt intrndnce'd the Rev. Carltf)n A.
Stajjles of Pexinqton, who read an interestinL;' and
valuable paper entitled ".Social and Reli^iotis Life
in a Coinilr)- Town in Massachusetts one hundred
and lifty ye-ars a_L;o."



54

^Ir. Staples, in liis opening, ^^inl he liad felt an obligation to the
Society, for it.-, nuniei-(_)us and valuable publications, and tor its
general good work, and its pronii.-e of future good. He congrat-
ulated the Society on its success, and said it deserves the hcartir-t
recognition and sui'port.

His pajier treated mostly of l.cxington. so far as it was localized.
He described the parsonage built in Lexington by the Rc\-. jolin
Hancock nearly two hundred \ear^, ago, uhcre the patriot. John
Hancock, wa^ reared, and ga\ e numerous pergonal ^ketciu-s ol the
family.

Rev. Jonas Clark, settled in 1755, folluwed Parson Hancock.
and his salary. /{?No, old tenor, depreciated so that /.y (;f the old
tenor was worth only y^,i. new tenor; but he reared twehe chil-
dren re-pectablv on le^s than S300 per \ear. His ordination \\a-> a
town affair, and ,.{,100 wa-. voted f()r its ex!)en'ie. dhi> ojil-time
minister, his fainil)-, and their surroundings, formed the center
around \shi( li the points of the lecture were group-ed. 'i"he old
meeting hou.^e, Mr. Clark's ordination, the growth of the spirit of
indepentlence. etc.. were all sketched with earne>t and eloipient
language. Mr. Clark was a leader, not onlv in religious thougiit.
but in ]iopular ^enlinient and in the organization ot the colonists
before t;ie Revolution. Hi^ twelve crnldren all Lirew to maturity.
and his six sons became prominent in their time ; lour of the
daughters married clergymen, and his die>cendants are a long array
of the noblest in the professions, and in business life in Massa-
chusetts.

How did people of that dav manage to li\e on their incajme?
was answered by a sketch of Mr. (dark's diaiy. He had a small
farm which was worked by them-eh'es. and which ]>roduced a large
portion of the fotid and clothing of the family ; the sons worked on
the farm and the girls at tin,: wheel, the loom and the ilairy. 'I'hey
lived respectably and haj)]i!ly, and entertained \isitors with hospi-
tality. They enjoyed their work, and learned how to save and
how to spend so as to get the worth of their money. Tiiey had a
reasonable amount of pleasure and hajipiness. .\way iVom home
he received 55 for a Sunday's services, preaching' sometimes for



55



\\vo lu)urs ; wcdiliiius were Si. ami occasionally ^2 ; wai^^cs were 35
cciU.-) per dav ; a hu.-^liel of < 0111 or a ^a.llon of niui cost two (la\s'
work. They had scant furniture, few luxuries, and lew expenses.
There was as niu'h r.itional salisfu tion in their lives as in the more
extra\agant times which tollowed.

Their social life was largely co\ered ]>y the Sunday meetings or
the week dav reli^Mom gatheriiiL^s. The Sund.;)- ser\ice was the
newsjiaper of the lime, and tire desire lor social interc(jurse, and
to hear the new> < ailed out a more genei'al church attendance than
we now see. It was not all from a de\iiti()nal spirit. The}' had
social and informal tea-diriiikin .;s. etc.. and not knowing or caring
lor luxury or .-.tvle, their eiiterlainmeiits were le^^ hiirdensome : old
fashioned lio>[iitalil\ wa> easy for guests and ho^ts. iV(jple had
hut few amu,>emeiu.> ; mM^ter>, trainings and raisings were marked
liy excess in drii-iking, alth(;ugh they were always ojiened with
jirayer !)}• the minister. 'ITie e\< essi\-e use of rum is altnhul.iMe
to tlieir lack of raaiona! amu-.eme:its and sex ial intercourse.

They had i'cw books and the.-e were loan.ed Irom iKni^e to house,
- — IJaxter, lha\e\-, and other dr}' religious hooks were the jiiinci-
pal rending material. .\> we read too mu'li and too carelessly,
they read too little, hut liieir leading was jirolltahle in menial de-
velopment. The people understood ihe most ali-tnise sermons,
and coni]ireheiided |»iil)lic ipu->tious (|uite as well as the peo[)le of
our day, whcj read e\ervthing and forget as they read.

In regard to their moral life, he did not hnd the ancient people
in advance of the ])re-ent. In humane feelings, in generous deeds
and higli aspirations, there had heeii an advance. The treatment
of paupers show-, this ; the warning off of heretics, those of loose
morals, and {ho>c who it wa.s fe-ared might become a public charge.
Sins of (hMionest\-, um hastii)-, untruthfulness, appear in old < hurch
records with great frei[uen( \ ; pL'( ulatioi:i.ind t'rand were not un-
known. (Confessions are on record of militia otlicers who ]Mit on
their muster rolls nauies of men who ne\er existed, and drew their
l>ay to their o'wn pockets. Sensualitv and di ui-ikenness were in the
church as well as out. He belii.-\ed tliat the moral standard liad
been advanced, 'j'lie outward manifestations of religion were more



5^

uniformly obscrvc.l. Inil the livin- .M" rcli-ion wns n..t more rom-
mon than no'.v. I,ne^ raihcr liian \>yui,:..\uu^, h.i\c cwnic to l.c
the tc>ls, and nr these there i^ no faliin;^ away.

Mon. Hamilton V>. Staples was calK^l on, and ex-
pressed his pleastire. and siu-priso in the inspection
of the Societ\'s collections, and the satisfaction the
perusal of its publications had _i;i\-en him.

Rev. A. P. Marvin spoke brietly of his interest in
the lecture of Rev. Mr. Sta[)les, which he tlesi-naled
as "charmin-."' Me said he thoiiLdu there was no
more intemperance 150 years a-o than now; the
drimken period was between the close ol the Rev-
olution and the \ear 1820. Me also spoke of i-au-
perism 150 years a^o, expressing- the idea that it
was much less than at present in ])roportion to tlu;
poptilation, and that as a rtde the poor were lawly
cared for. Me said the life of an old New I'.n-land
town is a profitable study,— the callin - and support
f ministers, the system of local taxes, the roads,
schools, etc., were all typical of the tim<-. The lact
that the tov/n settled and supported the minister
tended to homoL;(:neity, and was really an element of
strength in a new and sparseb' settled countr)'.

Rev. Mr. Staples said he a-reed with Mr. Marvin
as to the [jeriod of the most drunkenn(>ss. In re-
(rard to die treatment of paupers, he cited cases
where those likel>- to be a town char-c: were hustled



o



57

off In- the town officers. Mc gave several instances
of tlie ri'^id enforcement of Sunday laws in Menc!(_)n
in the ear]\' cla\'s, showing how it (developed antag-
onism, and led to the seiiaratiuii of church and state.
Mr. Paine read the following account of a riot in
W'orcc-ster ihirt)" )"ears ago, with illustrative docu-
ments :

AX I'PISODi: OF \\'0RCKST1':R IIISTC)R\'.



i;V NATHAXIF.I, PAINT.

The great rint of the pa-t tVw days in tlie city of Ci!i("iniiall. to
which the attciui'iii ciftlic imbiic has hern called by its extent and
serious con^eMMence^. l>rin,;s to mind the t'lct, that some thirty
vears a-ro, oe.r own I'eaceable citv came near liaving a \ery for-
ir.idalde riot, which at the o'ait>et hid fair to he an occasion of
bloodshe(h b'.it tlie prompt and decided mea>ures taken by the
city authorities s',!ppres>ed it.'

The causes of th.e excitement in ^Vorcester were very unlike
those of the Cmciniiati riot, th,e trouble liere being that there was
too vi;^orous an enftircement of law to suit some of our citizens.

It may jirove of intercut at tliis time, to recall to mind, '/ery
briefly, the jjrincipal fact>, as shown by the newspapers of the day,
in regard to the tio'ible here.

It was early in May, 18^4, tliat a Scotchman, John S. Orr by

* A f;rc.il ri >t ■■cci'ircii at Cinciniipli ihiriiit; the b.'-l week of March, 1SS4,
Iviinc; (Vir three cv f - r d.iy^. It v.a- Inniic^hl ahcul by leasun of a i,.ry in
the ca-c of Wi'.'iriii I'crncr, wlio ha'l euiife^^jil to a deliheratc I'.ir.i'lcr,
I'riiigin:^ in a ver-ii.-t o\ iiian>lavc;hter only. .\ ma-,, meetin.i; Nsas hcM wh.ich
Condemned the Nei'Iict in the >tr..;i.i;e>t term-; and an attempt wa- n.a.le to
lyncli r.crner. !i;;t i:e \\:A e-c^iyed fiom the ('llieeis wlio were taUinj,' !:im to
('oluinhus. The v. h ''e military fo:ec of the ^tatc wn- called out, the euiirl
hoi:,-.e was set on f re, .-.'id l)efo!-e order was re>tored over tifty per-ons were
killed and over one hundred wounded.



iS



nnn-ic. but calling hirn-clf liy ihc h:-;l! sounding; lillc of the '•Aiigcl
Gabri-cl", aji^'carLMl in the >trcft>. w'/ui a lira>s tniiupct, i^iNin.; fu-
rious !)hi>ti r.;)on it from -tiinc to time, ami th.cn jirciliclinL; dire
calaniitv to tlie c<",mlry, >tfi)[ii:i-; o(ca>iunall_\- to write in chalk
ujion tiie >iilc\vaiks tlie w.'rd ••(."! iirriel"'. Hi.-, tirades were very
largelv a-aii"i>t trie Calholies and popery ; and one e\eniny he
mounted the hand stand on the C'onunon. and after hlowin^ his
horn till he got a crowd ahijut liiin. began his talk on the evils
which were soun to befall the country. As i.-^ otlentinie-^ the (■a^1e
on >':eh occa-^iu;;-^. mam oi hi.-, iiearers were di^po-^ed to jeer at
him. an.d con.-idcra'/le di>turbanre wa^ made, but he was not inter-
fered wi:h iiy the jiolice.

'J'he next day he continued, hi^ march about the cit)', blowing
hi:^ horn au-.l talking in the mr),-,t ex( iied manner, and diawiii- af-
ter him a crowd of men and bo\s and ob.-trucling the street>. The
disturbance became s(j marked, that at !a - t llie police lelt obli.,''d
to interfere, ar.d took both hini aii'i h;-> trumpet to the stalioii hou-.e.
Here he wa> kejit for a while. Init finally allowed to depart on ( on-
diliou tliat lie would at once leave ih.e cit_\- and not return. He.
howeser. took occasion to again liarrangue the crowd whi<h had
follov.cd him to the depot, anil tl^- Mayor, who came to lake the
cars, was called v.\>'_m to gi\'e order.- to have the depot ( leared,
w'lifh he didi and ordered the re-ar:est of '•(kabriel". but on some
of hi.- friendis agreeing to take care of him he was allowed to go on
the train.

.•\bout a week after this, Orr came back to the city, au'l it was
supposed he was urged to do this b\' some who claimed to believe
in his ravings. He again be-an Ivi- walks and talk> about the city,
and as was natural after his i)re\i(^;i- exploits, many were anxious
from curiosity or f^'t'ierwi.-e to >ec him, hence he was followed by
larger and more excited crowds tr.an before, and again the police
deemed it their dut\- to arrest ham. He was taken to the I'olicc
(Jffice about 7 p. m. on the iStii of Ma_\-, and a L;reat crow<l soon
gathered a'iout, denianding his relea-e. and crying "'rake him out !"
"Take iiini out !'' His Honor, the ?\la)or was called to the I'ohce
C)fhce b\- City Marshal I'.aker. and i;';ietly but earnestly reciue-led
the crowd to disj)erbe, sa\-ing it v.as his duty to sec that the man



59

was safely kept to answer the chari^L's, Imt williout effect.* Stones
were thrown at the hiiildiiiL; ami uiiuiDw-, were broken, the crowd
increased and liecanie more cjaniornus and excited, and tlie Mayor,
in order to \>c jirejiared for anv enicrL^enc y that mii^ht arise, sent
word to Capl. tieor-e 11. Ward, of tiie City Ciiards, (then con-
sidered one of the lie^t di:-,( i[)lme<l military organizations in the
state,) reiiue^tin,^ him to a.^Nemlile his cunimand at once at their
armory, and await orders from him.t .Mayor Knowlton then read
the "Riot .Act", and commanded all persoiis present who were
disposed to sustain the supremacy of the law to at once retire to
their homes. The 1 liLjh Sheriff of the C'cjunty, (ieorLje W. Rii'h-
ardson, was also picscnt, and with the C'ily .Marshal tried to [ire-
vail upon the crowd to th'sperse ; ami while upcjn the sidewalk near
the Police Office, the Sheriff was strut k \iy a pa\in,i{ stone in the
hands of (jne of the rioters, but he succeeded in arreslin^^ his as-
sailant and taking him to the lo( kup. Tlie Mayor then ordered
Ca])t. Ward to report himself and his command at once, at the
City Hall, ]>ro\ided with ball caniidL;es. As we should expect
from what we now know of the prompt response of this command
to more serious finhliiiL,' se\'en years after, liiey at once marched
to the Police Office, and luuin- drawn up in line, proceeded to
load their muskets. P.ut fortunately they were commanded by one
who was calm and collet ted, and wh(j could not be excited by the
taunts of tlie mob into any hasty or inconsiderate action ; and
their presence and the efliciem^v of the police soon had its effect
upon the more reasonable men in the crowd. Several ol the most
excited were arre^^ted, and by i i o'clock the streets were clear and

*J. S. C. Knowlt.m, Mayor; Lnvoll Dakcr, City Mar>IiaI.

t The ofliccr- of the City ('.n:ir<K at tlii- time were, (lorj^'c 11. Ward, Tap-
laiii, wli.j as I icut.-CnL of the hifteeiitli Mav-,. Kei;iinent at the lie.uiniiiii_i; of
the hue t'i\il War .li.l iiio4 ellicient service. lie lo^t a leg at I'.aU's lUuft,
and \\as killed at < ielt_\ shurj^ wh.ile in coniniaiid of a lirigadc. lie was hre-
N'etted I'll i;^adier-(ieneral for meritorious services in the held. 1st Lieut.:
A. ]). K. Spra;Mie, who ^crved with honor in the late Civil War, and received
the brevet of I'.i i-adiei ■( iener.d. 2d Lieut.: Samuel \'. .Stone. lie was
I'rovosl Marshal of Worcester at the lime of the draft and enlistment of men
for the war. 3d Lieut.: Samuel Hathaway, l^. W. .\ilams had been elected
4tli Lieut., hut did not i|ualil'y.



6o

good onlcr prevailed ngain. The military Nvere quarlend for the
niyht in the C"ily Hall.

The city authorities tell that the wi^e^t rour^e was to nip in the
bud anv atten^pt. at vinlcnee. Undoubtedly they were r:,ht and
they were supported m it by the sober sen.e ot a lar^e part ot the
comnvuiuv, althonuh at the mm- there were tho.e who thought
that the an-e.t of -(b^briel" was>a blow to the rigiu ol tree speech.
Orr who was undoubtedly insa.ve. u-a.-, afterward, ta'.en betore the
police court and fined a nonunal .muu. which I beheve was pa:d In-
some of his friend., an.i he dei-arted. perhap. to i,rea.-h m oHkt
towns, but I think did not a-ain aippear here.

'llis talk was mainly a-ain.t the rathohcs. an<l sonu-, perhaps,
took occa.ion to make polltiral capital out of it ; but the Ma>or
evidently considered it his duty to keep the peace o( the .aty at
all hazards. Althou-h the i-apers at the time announ<ed th.at tae
military were pnnided with ball cartridues, many not acquainted
with die fact, believed that blank eartridges ..nly w.re u.ed. 1 r.e
orders of the Mavor and the reports of the companv. whx h I lure
present copied from the originals, show that the papers were r^ht :
and that if the Irooj.s had been ca!le<l upon to act. much blood-
shed might and very likely would have been the result.

M.ay iS, 1S54.



Mayor's Oi'iieK,
Crrv OF Wouei.srKK.

CowM,7>nA-r of Worcester City Cu.trus:

S^i oVlnck, 1'. M.
Vou are hcrd.v cmimndcl l.y aulh.urity v.-.tcl in n.c Ly the lau. of tl)e
Commc.nucalth, to liuld yom.clf and cuuuna.ul in icadinc., at y.u.r ,|ua,tu.
fur fmthor order.. J. .S. C. Knou i.T .n,

Mayor.

llF.Ai. QcAKTr.KS Co. C, Sih Ki:cT. Incanikv, M. V. M.
Wurcc.tcr, May 18, v. M-, 1854-
r.y virtue .,f the uilhin ...dcr., 1 ordered the Company under my cotnnu.nd
tu appear at their (piarter. \ there await orders horn the Mayor.

C.Ko. II. \Vaki>,
Captain Co. C, Sth A\i^t. l.t. Injautry, M. V. M-

To Hon. J. S. C. Knoulion.

Mayor of Wcree.ter.



6i



Crrv oi' \\'i)i;ci',>ti;k, Maydr's Oii-ici:,
9' J o'clock, May iS, 1854.
To Capt. Ceo. 11. ir.in/,

Coinntiuuli r ij liic Cl/v diiirJs:
\'iri'. will icpml vmui ^cir w itli voiir (.'omiiiaiul f()i-tli\'. itli in front of t!ic
(.'it}' llall for duly, :u mcil and ciiiiipjici! uiili liall cai ti id.ijc,-, and there await
for furtlicr order-. J. S. C". Kn< iwi.ii )N,

\Mdyor.

Ilr.AU (JiAKii'Ks Co. C, Sill 1,;i(;t. I/i. Inianti^v, M. \'. M.
Worcester, May 18, r. M., 1.S54.
r,y viitiie of the Witliin ordcis, I reported niy-e!f w itli my (.'oniinand to the
Mayor in front of the ( ity I l.rll foi (hity, ai nied and eijiiipped u ith iiall eart-
rid>,'e^>. (lijiui;!: 1 1. Ward,

Cai.tain Co. C, Sth Ke-t. Inf'fy, M. V. M.
To Hon. J. S. ('. KdouIi.iii,

Mayor of Wcjree^ter.

IliAK (nAi:ii:K^ Co. C, 8tli I;r. Ini 'I'v, M. V. M.
\Vorce■^•er, May 20, 1S5.;.
I do fierehy eeitify that pursuant t.j oi'deis L;iven by the Mavor to C"apt.
Ceo. II. W.ud, C..iiim.ind,M- of Worce-ter City CuaiiK, lieaiin:.; date May iS,
1S54, S'^.j o'clock I'. M., there were, who reported iheni^elve-. at tiic Armory
the same evenini:;, ]''our Commissioned ( )illcers,

Seven Xon-''oni mi-si. )ned,
and twenty-six piivates — in all thirly-se\en men.

Also, 'Ihal there were, who re]iorted themseh'es at llie .\rni<jry, on the
morning of the lytli inst., at 8 o'clock,

I'onr Commi - ioned (Jificcis,
.Seven Non-Commissioncd and twenty-nine
]irivates -in all fiity men. iJy order,

Of.' iivCic C. Di'ii.i.MW,
To Hon, j. S. r. Know It, ,n. Clerk Co. C.

Mayor of the City of Worcester.

In thirty ntiiuUe^ after Cnpt. AVard had rerci\'C(l his orders from
the Mayer, a goodly nunihcr of the coimnaiid were in the armory
Jirepared for (hit}'.

At ahont midiilLdit tlie Cliiaids inarched to tlie armory, where
ihey deposited tlieir aims, and tlien 1 ly imitation of the Ma3'or,
partook of a collation at the .American Temperance House.



62

The Conipaiiy ;isseml)lcil a^ain the next niorninc^, hut were not
called iqion fur I'urlhcr scr\ ire. 'l'he\' were \ i^iteil (hiring ihe iure-
noon hy >c\eral juMminent citi/ens, iiicliuhiig the IIi-;]i Sherilt and
ex U. S. Mar^lIlal Chas. l)e\ens. The Ma\(ir, who was at the
armory between ii and 12 o'ehjck, uiade a hhcirt speech to the
Comjiany, thankinL; them for their ser\-ices which liad proNed so
efficacious, and for the prom]>t respon^e to his calL''

A well known i;entleman made a speech on the Common, di'-
nouncinu; the action of the i^itv authorities. f Many thuui^ht it
would liave been better to let ( )rr speak if anv de>ired to hear him,
on the ground that the right to free s[)eech should not in any wav
be restrained or < urlailed. After the ]ia\nient of the fine imposed
by the court by .some of the friends of ( )it, he was taken away in



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