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errors antl many omii^ictn-, it is still more full and comjilete than
anytliing since puMidied on the subject. 'I'hat he maile great ef-
forts to get at the trudi and to present the facts, is evident to any-
one who ha-, examined the va-^t amount of manuscript matter left
by him :md now m the library of the .\merican .Vntupiarian Society.
Here are I'opies of letters of iniiuirs to prominent < iti/ens asking
for information a-, to ^ome local e\ent in the hi-torv cjf the town,
or for statiNtics as to the bu-.iness done here ; als(j letters from the
ottlcials at the State Ilou^e, answering (pieslions in regard to ma-
terial there. Preside-, there are pages of manuscript copit'd from
the slate and town ai-chi\-cs, Ixjlh bv himself and ohicials, showing
that he took ^lueal pains to get at the original material ; and if his
life had l/cen s])ared, the new edition he was at work Ujiou would
ha\'e uniloul>ledly shown that he was ready to correct, as well as
to add to, the matter in the first edition.

The next stme, Xo. 4 in the Row, (Xo. igS Main street) where
Mr. I'higland now carries on the watch and jewelr\- business, was
in 1839 occupied by Mr. H. H. Cliamberlin, (a menilier of this
Society who lias added valuable local iiistorical items to its arch-
ives) as "ilealer in car]jets. feathers and furnishing goods." The
previous year he had been in "lirinley Row," and in March, i8j|o,
removed to "I'aine's I'.lock," having bought out Mr. li. Sabin, Ir.,
dealer in crockery and eanln-rn ware. This businc-ss was carried
on for a while by Mr. Cliamberlin in connection with the sale of
dry goods, a comliimition of trades not uncommon at that time.
Mr. M. ]!. ('lath'n, now doing an extensive business in Xew 'N'ork,
and then in the dry goods trade here, also dealt largely in china
anrl earthern ware.



I 20

Mr. Cliaml-crliii wa> surccctkMl in i;:i> store by Joel J'li.-teher,
who in lunc. 1N40, ailxcrlise^ t'lKU he has ••for .>aic at No. 4 liut-
man Row, CoiilVrtionL-ry, Cake, Ice Cream am! Soda." In Sep-
tember, 1S40. Mr. J. W. llartuxl! occv.-jivd it. and in No-venib.er
of the .same rear, lb F. ^binn, bot'a of v.honi were in the dry goods
busine-s. d'wo or three years :a:er, Mr. J. II. llverell, a rather
cccePitric in'hNiduab ^^as ui-<uii> ir.,; the ?ame store and in the same
business.

]. P. Kettell was one of the ori^-inal occapants of the ••Row,"
having rem.jved ih-re from •■(b.dd.ird's Row," which was nortii ot
Thomas -trcet. He wa-, in liie iiat, caj) and fur bMsine-s, and only
remaineil a few years in the blotk. wb.en he remo\ed tarlher (h)wn
street, whieli in t'lal day nwh d-n^iL-red. a more eligible [lOiit-ion
for Inisin.es-;. In June, 1.S41, after th.e f;re in the block op|)o>iie,
this store \\a> for a sliort time oceaoied by J. R. 'lyler.^: Co., then
by J. II. Ri' k. tt in the drv guo.'.> bu-^ines-.. ' Tiie latter wa.-, suc-
ceeded, bv Meltiah R. Creen. und.cr liie brm n.'.me of Jame-. (;reen\-
Co., who for mail}- Near.-, dealt out (h-a-> and jiUent medicines, and
compounded presi ripti(.)ns for tlie aikiK. d'he ncuspapei'.-. ot tlcu
dav show that pateiit medicine- tbr t;ie cure of all di,-,ea.>es tb.at
flesh 's h.eir to, were aliout as plenty t'.en as now, a page and a
half of the .S/u being t.iken up w:t;i ads erti-^ements extolling the
healing i.owcrs of ••Indian Ikil-am." ••Ralm of Rife," Soothing
Svrups. .Malchlo-. Sap.ati\e, Ja) ne's Kx-p-. ctorant. Compound 'I'o-
mato Rill>. and bheli)->'s .\rcanu,m. S..me of m\ lu-aiers will p)nj!)-
ablv rememb.-r th.e el.iborate litr.ograiih. i.^-ued U) call attention to
the nierits of the last n.imeil ])rei ara'ion. This picture, with it-
rows of 1- ittb's sMpporting a ilome or can op}'. o\er which lloated a.
winged figure with a scroll bearin_r the words : 'd'lieliis's .\r(Mnum,
and about the ba<e boxes of the me'bcini: directe<l to all part-, ot
the world, (k ri\es specual inter-.-t frc-m the fact that it was designed
and drawn on the stone bv Ceor_.,e L. R.rown. before spoken ot, and
now an eminent .American landscape ani-t.t

*Tl]i- was !lic store now occui'icl cy thi; .\.I.i:ii> ICxpie-s Coniiirmy. J. 1'..
Tyler u.-is fur iiKinv \-c.u- im'ssi-n^;er f.)r I.f.jii.ird'- llu-tun \ "SN uri. ostL-r 1a-
l.ri - .

t Rej.rc-ciitc.l in tlio lithoj^rr.ph were rwcnty nr mure men aiul wuinen suj.-



I 2 I

Next door soutli, up stairs, were tin.- offices of l-jnory Wasliluirn,
Charle.-i W. 1 l;irt>lii>rn, Ira M. llartoii, and utlier lawyers. The
Pearl strerl Cdriier >tiire of this liKuk was continuously uc~cii[.icd
from the time of it^ coinplL'tion in icS^^5-6 imtil 1X70, a period of
about thirt}'-fi\e }'ears, hy members of the same lamil)', and in the
same bn>ine>s, that of merchant tailors. The firm ol ^\ illiain i.\;
Albert lirown were the first occuiiants, and were su< cecded by W.
(.V\ A. Urouii \: Ca)., the company beini; Theo[ihiIus IJrown, then
by ^y. iV 'I', lirown. A son of the la^t named, W. 'I'. l!rown, still
carries on the business on Main street, a tew doors farther south.

just in the rear of this block, on I'carl ^treet, was the house oc-
cupied earU' in 1 S 40 by the late Charles A. Hamilton, and later in
the same year by 1 )r. bir-cph .Sarmait, who removed tVom a house
on the other side of I'earl street, where C'hapin lilock now is. Un-
der a larL,^' elm tree just east of this house, between that and l!ut-
nian Row, was a naidc/vous for the l)o_\s of the ncii;hborh(.)od after
school hours. Ilcre we had our games of "I spv," marbles, etc.,
or made jilans for foot ball and (jlher out-door sports t(^ take [)]ace
in the open >i)ace at the head of I'earl street, and just west of the
])re.ient location of riynioiilh Cliur( li.

At the south c(jrner of Main ami I'earl streets, where the City
National Hank now is. was in i.S.p) the liardware store of Cabin
Foster i\; Co. This >tore, at some time pre\ioiis to i'S36, had
been owned and or( iijiied b\- Merrick (S: I )owlev. I11 1837 Xew-
comb, (Caleb) I'.rown (Abijah) iS: Co. ( the company beini; Cabin
P'oster) moved hom the corner of Main and I'rtmt streets to this
store. The firm wis dissob'ed in Mandi, 1^3.'% and Xewcomb \:
Foster look the bu-;iness (hardware, stoves and tinware) under the
name of C. Newcom!> i\; Co.; they in turn were succeeded by
Newcomb i\; l!owen. {]■]. II.) In Inne, 1S40, a copartnership was
formed between .Mr. b'osier and .\mos brown, anil the}' c-ontinued
the business under the n.uiu- of Cabin Foster <!v Co., the senior
l)artner remainiUj,^ in the business there fi)r years after.

]inseil til li,i\e !iL'cii lu';i!c(l liy tlic Usc of the "Arcamini," one of wIkhh is
sail! to he I'hclp-, llio inventor. ( Ulicis are ]ioiiraits of cili/.cns of Shrew.s-
l)iiry, the lioinc of tlie iiiVL'iiIor.

16



I



In the second story of this liuiKIin.; Stephen I'.artlett, rollcctor
of taxe.T for the tuwii .md some of the ieliL;ioiis ]i;irishes, had an
office. The buiUhn;.;, \vhi( h you \\\\\ reiiienilier a> a wooden one.
two stories hiLjh, and two or tliree ste[)s at the front entrance, was
renio\ed in 1SS3-4. when tlie present iron front st(jre wa - erected
by Mr. h'o^ter.-

The next building was the two-story l>rick store, owned b}' Judge
Nathaniel I'aine. the ground on which it stood now being lovcred
by the store of Ware, Pratt \; ("o. Here in i.Sj;9-4(j Daniel Iley-
wootl carried (ju the dry goods business, dealing more especially
in small goods, tapes, buttons, needles and the like. Some years
earlier He) wood, I'aine ( !•'. W.) \; I'aine (dardiner) wire in this
building, diiing a large mercantile bu^ine,-s for that daw Other
occaipants since Mr. He\w(K)d have been I'",. F. l)i.\ie in tfie gro-
cery, and (leorge llowen in the hide and leather business. The
oOie-e over the .■^tore was oc(upied by llenr}' I'aine, cotmsellor at
law. Me was twin brother of Charles I'aine. who in i.S,;i-2, built
a brjck bloc k on the corner of Main and Pleasant streets. \)r.
Henry (1. 15ates was also an occupant of this otiice.

On the corner of Main and Plea>ant streets was the estate f)f
Nathaniel Paine, Judge u[ Piobate for the County (>( WorccNter
thirty-fne \ears. 'I'he hou^e, which was remw\ed in 1K43-4 to
Salem street, where it nov.- is, was a !arg>* s(iuare buildiii;:, shingled
on the outiide, the froiU door being in the center. .At the rear
was a long extension, in \\ Inch was an old-time kitchen, a kuge open
fire place with its iron crane being consiiiciious therein ; back ot
this came the wa>h room, etc. In the rear of tliis was the wood-
shed, long enough, I should think, lo make a good bowling alle_\-,
then came the corn and gi'ain hou>e, and on the snuih side next
to Pleasant street, the barn, which was about where the Second
liaptist Church now stand->. Hack of this was the orchard and
vegetable garden, extending nearly up to (/he^tnnt street. 'i'he
house was surrounded b\' shade trees : in lr(jnt, I remember, were
large bnltiinuts. and on the south side, two immense nmlberry
trees, while on Plea>ant street, akuig the wheile line of the lot, were



♦Tbis wa's the tii^t ccjiiiplctc iion fioiU IniiMin;; erected in New ICiij^bnd.



I



] ".ttoiv.vonds. On tlic cfiiiicr \v;k a sinnll finc-'~tf)ry Iviildin.:. u-cd
as an umre li\' Jmbc I'.'.iiii.-, which aiU-r his (Kath was U^r a >hor\.
t'nic C'^ipicd liy a William Jnixs as a li.n'licr's shnj). It wa^ on
J;;d-:e raaiif' - gar'icn trnrc. on I'lca.-anl slrcct. that, fifty or >i.\tv
\cars a^-o. the oM l-'irc S.n icty ke]it one of th.eir lon_; ladders fv,r
U:ie in ca-^e of fire. 'i"he.-e lailders were occasion.ilU' liorroued jiy
I'uildcrs wlieii any csjiei iaily ]ii_;h liMildiii:,' was to he <"on>tr".<:ted.
as was the ca>e when the fu-t W'orce.Ttcr llank block on Main
^treel w.is ctei ted in 1 804."

My reinenihrance of my urandtalher, thouL;h somewhat indistinct,
is. that he was (piite lal! and \ery slrai-ht, of a llorid comitlexion.
and ra.liier a >tern and di^^'nificd ap|-earan( e. He used to wear a
long while neck handkenhief wound .>e\eral times ahcmt hi> neck,
and a lorig. liuht colored snrtont with two or three caj/es. all of
which was \er_\ im;)re->i\e to niv youthhil rnind.

I ha\"e alrea(t_\- s;M)l;.,ai of llie American Temperance Ilcra-e at
ll;e ivir'di corner of .M.iin and I-'o~ter streets. Near the soutii ( orner
we >h.onld ]ia\e fonnd ;i two - -toi\' wo(/('cn Imildine', ( fornierlv
ownedi and occiijiied hy jo'm W. Siile^ as a dwellim; hon-e) witii
an ell part proj^'ctiiy- out to f^i.-ter street. In this ell part, with an
enira.nce fro'n P'o^tcr -treet. weie ro(.>ms up siaiis oc c npied in i'^39-
40 I)v jahe/ I'lgidow. wire woiker and \Nea\e!, wiio was ai'terwards
in tiiis p.irl of the huildin.: on Norwich street, to whii h place it was
remowd when the erecdon of the rniversalist church was decided
upon. It now f )rm- a p.^.rt of tlie IniildinL: oecupied li\- (leorge H.
Clark aiid Henry W. Ivldy. Mr. Samuel Whlmarth. one of the
fir^l engineers of thie i;.>-ton and Woi'^sler railroad, a.'so li\ed lor
some time in the second, stor}' of the Stiles Ivuse. There were
two slc'res in this Imildin,'. with eiUrances <.in Main street, the fust
heing 01 cupied ]>}' Ikmry Sc'ilt. the colored harhei- ; and in k'^si;-
40 Nat'., -.n Harknes-; (f)r many years Caty hill poster) keiit a cake
an<i confcctiojiery st<>re in llie sonth side. Tin's last named store
was, a Near or two hUer, occaipied 1)\- Simeon Thompsrm as a r.ews-



* 'llic I'.iiii.' lio;!-,f wa-: i-icci'-i'ici! fir a slioii tiim: after Mr. ( hark - ; raiiu
(s:jn '.f ilu- juJ-e) left it in 1S41, l,y lo.fi.Ii l.ovcll and Cli.irle. II. Kicc.



124

pnpcr npenrv, and fur the sale of fniil and ronlVrtiniu'ry.'' Tl'jre
he sold the (Mrv Jhcinclt, /!,'.s/,>/i Xi'/io/i. J^rotlur 'Yciui/idn!,
Yaiikcr yalii'ii and olher paj.ciN \vh<,i>e names were fafniliai' loity
years aL;"o. Mr. A. M. iJri^coH. in the watrhrnakin^ and jiwehy
business, was fur a )'ear or two in liic store with .Mr. d'homp-on.

Next soMtli, arros-; the pa-sa^e wa}' ttj the depot, was the hat
and rap store of I,r\i Clapp, ii bciiiL,' on tlie same spot as tliat now
occupied hv liis son, 1'. A. Chipp, wluj continurs the business. In
this builthn^^ was al>o the store of ("Iiarles C". Clapp ( shoe find niL;- ),
and S. !'. Fitch, who had boii-lit out James II. Wall, in the bocjt
and slioi' business. The next huildiuL^. a small wooden one, was
oceu])ied about iS.jo bv |ame^ 11. Wall for a short time, and then
by William Coe, the ilruLrL;ist, uho had remowd from the opposite
side of ih.e strict. In the second st(.iry of this store was b(bn
Warden, the tailor, about lo^io-^i.

Across another passage wa\' to the depot, was the niocerv store
of IC. F. ])ixie ([irevioudy o''ci:pied by llcaij. butmau in the same
business) ; he was succeeded in this store by Caleb Xewcomb, in
the hardware, sto\e and tinw:u-e trade, 'j'iie next store soudi on
Main street was, in 1S3S, oc( u]mjd b\- If. Sabin, Jr.. in the crock-
cry and ii;lass ware trade, lie was succeeded, in binnar\', i>^39,
l)y l.eorjnrd (S. S.) t.\: Tyler (J. 11.), hatters, who, in l''ebruaTy,
1S40, dissolved partnership, J. 1!. T\ler i\: Co. continuing the busi-
ness, the cornpan\- being J. 11. Knights. .Mr. Leonard had started
his boston and Worcester express in .\ugusl, 1.S40, with his head-
(juarlers in the store of J. 1). dyler ^: C'o. ; and his son, Cen. J. 11.
Leonard, sold jiapers and jjeriodicals at the same place.

Next was a jiassage way leading to the li\'ery stable of Nahnm
Parker, and then a small wooden building taected bv I'b 1*'. luxie.
where in i,S.jo-.|i Lakiu \- bemis manufai turi'd and sold boots
and shoes. On the corner (jf Main and .Vlecdianic streets was
a two-story wooden building, known as the Deuny hcnise ; tliis
was occupied at the time of the lire of Mav 30, iS.;i, whieh de-
stroyed this and the next two buildings north, by I'rancis \\". Jviton

* Mr. 'I'lii)iiii-i-,<in lia^l pi cN'idUsly licon in .1 stoic near the Central 1 Aclian.m\
and was a;,'cnt fur llarnden \' ('(>.'> IXiiross.



12^



v\: Co.,-'- tnilors, and J. 1'. Soutlii^atc >S: Co.'s shoe and leather store,
the conipaii}' l)ei!i_; Soloiiuiii 'IVa^k. IJhmehard i\; LtMire, tailurs,
were in the north hture uf tlii;^ huildiiiLj earh' in 1.S40. In May, 1S3S,
Mr. .S()iithi;ale and James 1 f. Wall lurnied a. copartiierdiip and had a
store in lliis buililin.; ; the}- were sueceeded there in l-"e!>ruarv, i''^39,
1))- \V. ]). Lewis, ineri'hanl tailor. .\t the linie ot' the lu'e, a Mr.
.Ment/er had a \-ietna!!inL; rellar in th.e hisi-nient, uhic h two years
earlier ha<l heeii oeeupied li_\- Mr. .\. 'rhoin[)>on, who, in the .S/r
uf Deeeniher, i>^j;<). adverti.-e^, that I'le has taken the' cellar at the
corner of Main and Mecdianic streets, '•where nia\- he tound at all
times, lots ofstulfto gratify the ta-le of the epicure, and L;i\-e vigor
to the faint and wc-ary." What this '•stuff" was we are left to im-
agine, but the eleven o'clock callers of that day could ha\-e prob-
abl\- s[)oken trom e\[ierience.

The lire of i.S4t was a tlestructive one, and besides the builil-
ings 1 have nameil as burnt, tliat of .Mi-. l)i\ie \er)- narrowly es-
caped. ( )ur h.lghl}- esteemed fellow cili/en, lleniy W. Miller, was
Chief Engineer of the h'ire 1 )epartmeiit at the time of this []i\-, and
the late Osgood iJradlcy was one of his assistants. .\ new block
was ere< led on the corner b\- Ceorge llowen, which was als(j de-
stroyed b}- fn-e in .Ma\-, 1^,14, the oceupanls then being M. II. ISowen
i.\.' Co., Perkins \- hdanders, Lakin \: I'.enu's, .\. 1'. I.esure, and
TeniiC}- (J. .A.) .V Rice (Charles), the la-.l named firm having a
restaui-ant in the basement of the north store.

At the south corner of Mechanic street w-e should find a small,
one-story wtjoden building, used for many yeai's as a stage office,
occupied by Simeon lluit, .Ahan .Mien, and others interested in
staging fifi)- }ears ago. .Afler the Central I:x<hange was burnt in
1S43, ^''*-* ^'"-^^ OffK'e, then under the (are of Maturin L. J'isher,
was for a time in this building; and still later L. L. Alason kept
a jewelry store there.

The United Slates Hotel, which foi'meily stood where Clark's
l')lo(k now is, w-as built ;il tout iSiS b.)- William Ilo\-ev, in\-entor
and mannfiitnrer of the straw and ha)- cutters much in use thirty



* F. \V. l-'.atun \ Co. siiccccilcd in Mnrcli, iS.)!, I.esure \- Wyf^ant, in llic
store four do,)!-, iioilh of the I'liitcd Sua> s Hotel.



I 26



or fnrtv \-cars a_L,'(). ll was at fii-t ( a.l'cil the Worri'-tor Ilutrl, and
in 1.S20 was kciit In- ()li\t.T l".>;-cr. In i.'-'o; t!)c lai.- (\cnv^'x T.
Ki(c purtlia-^cil il. ami it was a.i'ierwan'.s kivr.vn as the L'nilcd
State's Hotel. In iS.;o and a kw years after the landlord wa-.
William C. Clark.

It was on this M[iot tliat the In^t tavern, after the final settlement
of the town, wa^ Iniilt \>y ("a.jit. Mo>es Riee, tlie lan'l ha\in'.,^ keen
set off to him k)- the '"kr/i/rietor-.'' and a plan of it (;an ke seen
in the \oInme (jf the "I'r .ij.'rietors' Records" recently pnkli^iied k_\'
the Socirty of .\iiti' |uity. In September. 1742. tl:e j^roperty came
into the liamls (jf C"ok Jolm Cliandler. known ai'terv.ard.s as the
"Honest Refugee." Me re-ided here I'.ntil a'ont tlie time of the
Revolution, when the propcrtv uas cunfi-cated. (/(_)k ("nand.jcr ke-
ini; a ]>rc)noMn<;ed Tors, and hasini; L:one to l-h\_:kind akont-the
kreakini^ out of th-/ war. It was afterwards a^-i-;ned to Mrs. (.'hand-
ler as her dowei". s!ie remainiiiLr at home in-te:;d. ot nccom]i.in\ inL^
her husiviiid. In 1 '-'03 it kecrnne the projierty of ('apt. Ilphra.im
Mciwer, who had krpt it as a hc^tel r-iiv e I'/ii : and as I lia\e
stated, it ke( ame in i S iS the piopcrt\- of \\'i:iiam llo\ey.

C'ros-iiiL,' the dri\eway to th.e stakle> of the hotel, we come to
the two-storv wooden knildiiiL:. in the ^rc ono. story o( which, as
carlv as 18:; 7, Christopher Cokmikus R.ilihvin had an office. He
was li'irarian of the .\merican .\nti(inarian Society from I's^i tii
1.S35, and in 1829 editor of the ,\\7/:<'//.r/ ./.\7V. The fii^t Ntore
in lhi~> kiiildinL'. .Ljoini,' scnith, was. in i'''37. occupied k}' Jolm
iJirney, in the tailorinL( and clotlan:,^ kn-ine>-. wlio, in Deceml^er
of that year, was succeeded ky \\'. 1). ],ewi>. In 1839 Rakin «.\:
Stone, koot and shoe manufactnrers, were in ti^.i^ lini!din_::. a!id in
]84:'-3 J. I'. Soutki'^ate was cairviiiLC on the slioe nnd,iiii;s kiasinc-s
here ; at the same time Mr. Chules Rice was keep.inu'a re-tanrant
in the kaserneiit. In 1843 the -outli .store was occnpied k}- S. Rilk
inL;s, dealer in hats and caps.'

Next was the low wooden knild.inL;. with) several store-, known
as the '"Old Compound." There were so freonerjt chani/es in the



* I.conartl r.rif;h.Tin {E. L. ]'.riL;l:rin;\ merch.niU l.'.ifr, oci;t:]>i(:il the fii>t
.store south from llie liulel in 1S3;, ;-.n4 nhout the .-.iiiie time Henry .^-^cott,
the If.Trlicr, Ii.tI a riDHi up >taii> in the sauie liuiMinj:.



o

50
O






■r-'A



■ ■■:■ 1 fel _ .



-ii:L.



7/



■J



.•■.,;I»5S^



— ^f









^-^->"''*-'* '•^'^- *' '■ •



JiLiiji.^*..






127

occupants of this ])iiil(ling lictween lS^T; and 1S43, tlinl it is diffi-
cult to yi\e with accuracy the dates of oc( ujianc)'. Among the
carhest in business Iiere may he mentioned C Xewcomb iV Co.
(stoves and liardu are), v.hci were \u the corner -tore, and lohn ,
Weiss, the harher. The hitter I wel! reniemt)er asaciuiet. pleasant
old gentleman, who alwav-, liad a kind word for liis patrons, par-
ticularly for the ho)-, who came to ha\ e their hair cut. In 1.S59
Jeremiah ilond was in tlie corner store, ha\ing removed from the
one two or three door-, north ; and in 1.S40 [olm C'oe, the apothe-
cary, occupied the same store. In 1.S44 (.'Imigh, the colored bar-
ber, had his shop in the building, a.^ did C". 1'. Robbins (boots and
shoes), and .S. I'. Cliampney (jeweler).

On the we-^t ^ide of Main street, at the south corner of IMeasant,
was the \\'e,>l Iiulia good.-, and grocery store of James .Sheparvl \:
Son; they had mowd from the south store m the same block, and
Mr. She()ard, senior, had some years I)efore had a store in the base-
ment of the Tow a 1 lall. I.. .\. 1 H)wle)- also carried on the sh.oe
and leatlier bu-,iiu-ss in this block, and there was a thiid store in
the block, but w ho the 01 ( upant^ were in i M4<) I do not remember.
Just be)ond, and near!)- opposite the Town llall, was a small, one-
story building, in whi- h W. .\. Draper ^\; Co. (Otis Corbelt) dealt
in leather and hides. '^

The Isaac l)a\is Ik^iusc and grounds, ojiposile the < )ld South
Church, you are all probablv t'amiliar with, as the hou-,e was re-
moved onl)- a few years aiio, to make room tor business blocks.
The garden of (_'ol. 1 )a\ is, with trees, shrubs and (lowers, made the
])lace \erv attr.iciive. liack of the hou.-,e, and not fir from the
Jjresent locadon of the I'lre I'atrol. was a greenhouse filled with
lieautihil tlowcrs. This, with the fountain in the garden on the
north side ol llic housi-, were coiisidereil, f )rt\' \ears ago, as novel-
ties; the tountiin was tlie only one that I can remember as in the
town at that time. Col. i)a\is jjUrcliased the lot on which he built
his house, of I'lenj.nnin ilutman in 1S36, tor about S:;ooo.

On the site now coxered bv the stone front block of Mr. R. C.

*'riie ])arsuiinj^c liousc of llic Kev. I^.-inc lluir, tin- secuiul minister of iIjx.-
OKl Soutli ('lunch, \\.isiin tlic MUith corner of M:iin and I'lcasant streets,
nliout one hiimlieil ye.irs eailier llum tlie time of which I am speaking.



128

Taylor, wns the rcsidenrc of tlie l:Uc ]w]'^c Ira M. llirton. This
was one of the aiirinU nian>i()ns of the town, haviuLC been built, it
is siii^iKi.ed, abnut the year 1750. by Sheriff Cardiner ("handler,"^
at wliicdi time tlie estate comprised seseral acres of land. Sh',:rilt
Chandler bou-ht thi^ land of Danirl Ward ui May, 1750. for/.jrG.
13. 4, and buiU his h.jn-e a little north of Mr. Ward's old residence.
After Sheriff C"handb-r"s death the property came into the po.-,ses-
sion of hi.-, son, (lardiner Le'.)nard Chandler, and he, in September,
1800, sold the hou-^e, luun, and thinv-one and oiiedialf acres of
land, to Jothani liush for >5.50o. In 1.S05 it was conveyed to
lohn lUish, jr., and in 1 S 1 S Ki( hard, son of the la>t named, sidd
it for S9000 to llenjamin butman, who li\ed here tor a tew years,
and in 1S-7 sold the hou-e and -njund immediately about it to
Calvin ^\■illard,T for twenty years 1 li-h Sheriff of \\'orce>ter County,
who lived there three or four years.

In iS'ii Mr. WiHard conveyed the property to eleven gentlemen
of Worcester, + who pu.n ha-ed it, as I have been informed, tor the
])urpo.>e of e.tal.li>hin- in the mauMon a hr^t cla-^s ].rivate school
for the educati.jn of \oun- ladles. In 1S32 a Mrs. Wells oi)ened
a boardin- sc hod for youn- ladies in the hou^e, and subsequently
John \\'ri-ht ( arried it on for a few years. Mr. Wri^-ht will be re-
membered as the successor of Charles Thmber, teacher of the Latin
grammar school on Thomas street.

The Chandler mansion, which stood at the foot of what was

*ShcrilTClmn.ller \\a- a son of llnii. J..hii CliaiTllcr, \^ho came tn Wr.r-
ccstcT frciin WmKUtdck at the liiiic Uie Cuiinty uas c-talili^licd.

tShcriir Willar.l is icim-i.iliciL-l a^ a L^enllcnian lif the- <.lil sclv.ul, very
aignUiL^h i>nlilc and canU-. )us h) all, \\]a, did in Sci.lcinl.er. iSoj, li-nmcd
and rc^pcclcd !iy the L^nninuiuty in uliich he had m, tun- re-idcd. lie -cenied
t.i add a -[.L-cial dignity r.Ulc Cniit as ho u-heicd iheui to the lleiich, ilre>-.ed
in h\> Mue C(ial with -ilt l,aUMn>, a luilt ve>t, lullled v|,i,t, and hi> sw.nd vf
(illice hnckled ahout hi- wai-t.

^The .i,-eiitlenien who ivaieha.-ed tlio lu-upeily ofSheiiiT Willaid were I^e-
iuice NeutMn, I evi I.iiieuln, luhn Daxi-, 1-n.ic ! 'avis, i'liny Menid-c. ( ',c■..l.^c
■^. Uice, Ahijah Ki-elo\s', llenianiin Ihilman. ■Ihoni.i- KinnicuU, .\llied I >.
Foster and Simeon I'.nrt. Mr. luster soun sold out his inteiest to one c.f the
other o\\ nets.



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THE CHANDLER (BARTON) MANSION.



Online LibraryWorcester Society of Antiquity (Mass.)Collections of the Worcester Society of Antiquity (Volume 6) → online text (page 24 of 40)