Worcester Society of Antiquity (Mass.).

Collections of the Worcester Society of Antiquity (Volume 6) online

. (page 27 of 40)
Online LibraryWorcester Society of Antiquity (Mass.)Collections of the Worcester Society of Antiquity (Volume 6) → online text (page 27 of 40)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook


[■■ack to former time>. .\s the atternoon ail\anced the weather
became le - ^ ti'.realening, while tlie freedom from .■^un and dust
m.i de tl'.e ride \er\' enjij\able.

The -cene of the S]Kjoner tragedy was a ])lace of great interest
to the tiartv. n jt mdv bei au-^e it wa> one ot tlie most renowned
occ'-.rrer.ces in the annals t)f crime in W orce.-ter (.'ountv, but also
becav.se tiK' I'mal scene of the tragedy wa^ enacted in Worcester
and form- a p.irt of the hi:.tor\' <_)f the cit}. The .-tory of the mur-
der of Jo>iiua ."^pooner is too well known, e\en at tlrls date, to re-
iiv.ire repea.ti:ig at length. \l\> wiie. iJatlisheba Spooner, was a
daughter of the celebrated lirigadier 'J'imoth)' Ruggles of "Mard-



I4.S



wick, a man of j^^ re; it wealth aivl intlucnce. who uiifdrtniiatL-Iv took
thu royal side at the time cd'the Jvevojiilion, and heeaiiie a lefui^'ee.
At the time ot" the traijedy. whicji occurred in March. 177.S. Mrs.
Spooner wa-, thirty-three _\ears of a,L,'e. a hcautifiil, fmL'-aj-peariiiLr.
ayrecalile WDiuaii, of great slreneth of cliaracter, and ^jood educa-
tion. IKr lius'oand was cun-.ideralil\- cjider. and i> said to ha\-e been
imsuited to her. In 1776, ll/ra Kos-. a ycjun:.,^ man of ei-lucen.
who had jia^.-^ed thruiuh a two years" campaign, was tenderly
nursed tlirough a loni; lihie-.s at the Spooner house In- Mrs. Sj)oon-
cr. until he was ahle to resume his jom-ney tu hi.^ home. In 17 78
he aLjain retmiied to Ilrookfield and remained a lorn,' lime. It was
then that an intima( \- sprun- up and ripened hetween this vouth
and tlie matron which ie-,ulted in the deliberate planning,' of the
murder of her hu-^liand b\ the uuilty wife. 'riirou-h the instru-
mentality ol two l;riti-.h soldiers, who were (juaitered in the town
as ])risoners of war, the crime was committed in the eNciiiiiL;, as
Spooner was retninin_( fn'm the tavern, and Ici- luwIvVa^t iiilo tlie
well in the }ard. he,;d downwards. Ri-^ was iLjnorant of the plans
of Mrs. Spoonei'. but was coL^ni/ant of the crime at the time of its
conimis>ion. and sulTeied the death penall\ with the others at
\\'orcester in July, 17 78.

The Spooner hou^e was destroyed some vears ago, but tlie well
remains and was \aewed with mu( h intere.-l. Some beautiful terns
were found 1,'rowin- iij)on the stones se\eral feet below its mouth,
which were secured as irojihies !>}• the \ i-^itors. It is said that Mrs.
Spooner drew water with whi( h to j.repare the breakfr>t fiom this
well the mornini,' after the murder, exhibitin,:.,^ the utmost self pos-
session, while die neiiilibors were sear( Wm.^ lor her husband.

Kev. (diaries I-:. Stelibins <,[ Urookfiekl met the parl\- at the well,
and the journc}- was resumed. On the wa_\- the site of Coole\'s
tavern, where Captain S|)ooner si'ent his last e\enin_L,'. and which
was in Revolutionary da}.> a -alheriiiL; jilace for the .\merii an ])arty,
was ])ointed out.

At Jlrookfield the x'isitors were recei\e(l at the Town JJall. A
sjjecial meeting of the Society wa^, held, with I're.-^ident Crane in
the chair, an<l I", i'. Rice as Secretary /;v inn. Remarks were



149



made bv Rev. Mr. StcM'!ii>. Stciiheii Sn!:-;.'.:ry. Jr., Dr. Ra\niL'n-
tL»n and (.)t!u-r>. At ilic rci]iK'st oT Mr. Ikitcs. Jud^^'c Jeiiks c\-
iliiiu-d the jicc'.iliar niL'thods of the early settlers in di\idiiiL,r the
laiiti. From the Hall the I'arty went to t;ie llar.i^ter Lilirary liuiM-
in_'. a neat >tri;i tare wiiich ("imtain^ the Merrick Pulilic I.iluary.
Here thev were met hy .Me>>rs. H. I,. l;';tter'.vorth, C". O. i;reu>ter
and other- ol' t'.ie town. Mr. ISutterwortli ::a\e the facts in regard
to the foundiiiL,' of the Librarx'. 'I'eii tii')'.;-and dollars were L;i\"en
l>v t'.-.e late Iial_'e I'liny Merru k. a nati\c ui Ilrookfield, for the
purchase of boukri ; \\ iliiam A. ]Jani.->ter, I - 1;. vi New York, erected
the liiiild.ing at a co-t of ten thou-and d,ulk;r>. as a memorial of his
ancestors in llrooki'ield ; and the late I lop.. 1 )'a-.er C. l-"elton j;a\e tlie
land. The liiirarv comjai>es eight tho'-.-ai-.d volumes. laie s\/.c
j'ortraits of t!ie three donor^ adorn th.e waili. The door knocker
of the Spooner ho'i^e i^ here ])reser\ed. prcr-eiited h\ Mi^s Caroline
Cutler Mower of Worcester, whose nicther lormerly owned the
property. Anotlier trea-ure is a large <ie.-.k, which in 179s be-
lonired to I,i)'ii> X\T. of I'Vance, pre.-ented b\' William 11. I iraper
of New Wirk. \>/no>e father recci\ed it iVom tliC Mar(|uis llernard
d.e Marignv. It is ot pine, veneered uitii maiiogc^ny.

On tile road to \\'e>t lirooklield t!;e part)- -topped at Mr. I). H.
Richard-on's farm hnu-e, in front of wiiicii ii the ^tone marking
the site of a well which is (jf historic interest. Tiie old Avres (Or-
dinary was located a sheirt distance from this -];(-'t, the tence .sur-
rounding it ini lading also the well. Ail attack (jf the Indians was
imtiiinent at one time, and it was ha-tilv turned into a garrison
house. Caiptain ^\'ilson went from liie ho'.;se to draw water, and
an Indian cuncealed behind a rock on a hill to the soiuhwest, see-
ing the well sweep mo\e, hred in that direction and wounded the
Captain in tlie iaw. Tiie Indians tlieii de'. ised a sclieme tor burn-
ing the house witliout endangering themsebces, by rolling barrels
fiikal with con.bustibles down upon the building, ha\ing riggetl
them in tlv- form of an immense wheeibarmw. with an axle passing
through the head- of the barrels, and ham lies being attached in
the rear l)v which the\- could be pushed ak^ng. Tlie early histo-
rian, with gre.it regard to minute dcta'ls and exact measurements,
states that the length of these handles was thirteen rods, which



I =;o



could not h:\\\' been more tlian ten or twelve r.nls out ot' the way.
A short di>tanee from the lite ot" tlie oM t)ri!inary i-, the W'hitefield
Rock, where the celehrated (li\iiie oni.e iireariicd to an a->eiiilils"
which the chiin h iicar hv wonlil not contain.

On the oi)j,()>itc >;de ot'llie mad, on llie hrow dt" FoKter's Hill,
the old Foster hoi:-e _\et staiuU. and i^ now the proj/ertN' ot" Hon.
E. 15. L_\iide. Mr. Lynde liad joined the conip.aiy al tlie .\\reb
l^lace, antl now kin'ily threw open the -rand old iion>e to ilie in-
spection of the \ ;>;tor-. vvho ro.uued throa-Ii it Troin the I'lr-t tloor
to the roof. In the nortl'iwest corner is the old "dilae Ro.nn" with
an arched ceihn::, and tlie old panit - ti]! adheri:;.; to tiie wood-
work. This house was the fannly residence of Hon. Jrdcdiah
Foster and hi> son. Hon. 1 )wiL;iu Foster, both of county, -tale and
national tii>tinction in the earl}- lii.stor>- of tlie town, 'liie latter
was fither of .\lfred Dwi-ht l''o>ter of Worcester, and -randl"ather
of JudL:e I)wi:^h,t Fo-ter. recently deceased. - The tn>t 1 hviu^ht
F(<stiT was one 'jf t'le nio.-t jironiinent law\er- of h:^ t;n;e, and. a
Re[)re>entati\e and Senator in C"on,_u■e^^. He accuniu.laled lar;:e
wealth, and one fruitl'ul ;,ource of income to him is said, to ha\e
been the teams o( her-^es he kept to ,i>-i-,t the mauv w.iLroner^ f"rom
Sprinij;field to l!o-,ton to -et u]> Fo-ter's Hill with tiieir hea\_\ loads.
The hou>e in it.i da_\- mn>l ha\-e been pahtial, audi is even now a
fu-ie example of tiie e\tensi\e mansions of the wealthy entertainers
in tlie old colonial daxs, uh:le it,-, location is uii-urpassed t'or its
beautiful view (if the \alleys below, with their wii-.din.; streams, and
Fake Wickaboag in the distance. 'I'he old h^i-ter e.-tate. com-
l)risin;^' about seventy-five acres of land, has been t'or th.ree years
owned by Mr. Fynde, who ])ur( h,i>cd it of the heirs of the late
I'.axter IJarnes, the latter ha\-inL,' bought it of the !-"o>ter heir-.

At \\'e>t Ilrooktleld. the party iir.st visited Mr. H. F. Fuicoln's
place to insjject his lai;.(e collection of Indiian rehc.-,. Mr. Lincoln
has been an assidiious collector of local relics for man}' \ears. and
now has one of the fmest pri\ate collections in New Ih-.-land.
It comprises specimens of the various ^tone impiemeiits u-ed by
the aboriijines, tOLjether with crani.i and (jther articles which illus-
trate the in'story of the ]ieople who Ined heie bei">-re tiie ad\ent
oi Furopeans, mostly collet ted in the vicimty b\- Mr. Lincoln, and



.L4K







MERRIAM LIBKAKY V/l



J BROOKFIELD.



1 ^ 1



arr.mcrciJ in an attractive nniiner. After a hasty inspection of these
treasures, the [):.rt\- rcturiictl to tiic ( enter, and ^pent tlie few niin-
v.'.;-.- ren;a:nin^' hefere train time at the Mcrriani I'uMic Library,
w'.iere they were welcomed by Lihiarian Knowlton. who ga\e a
hi>iorv of tile iiiilitiitii.ui. It was fuunded \>y Ciiarles Merriam of
S: rin_:af'.'h whose yift iv liie town amoimted in all to 521,330, the
buiid'.r.^' co-tiny o\ cr SiO.ooo, Voider, whiidi he gave 4100 books,
and. a i::v)i] tor llie maintenance of the hbrarv.

From the library t!ie part}- went to the station, and boarding the
7.30 e.\pre>> tr.dn, re.u Led Worcester at S.20, well plea-ed with the
trip. 'I'iie \i^itois are mac h indebted to the gentlemen of the se\ -
e."al reception committees and otliers lor their c<:)'irieous a.ttentioii
and hospitality ; ai-.d great credu'l should be gi\en ]U><.\. ']". C. Hates
il't his ep.ergetic elioit- to make the excursion a jdeasant and siic-
ce>si"'al one.



Al t!iL- niDiuhh' meeting;' on Tucsda)' c\'enin_f(, [uly
I. the lollowing;' g;'t;ntlemen were jjresent : Crane,
.Siaplc'-. C. jillson, V. C. jillson, T. A. Dickinson,
Meriaiii, iJrooks ol 1^-incelon, A. S. Roe, .Sininions,
Lee, ."^eag^rave anil Rice, members; and [. H. l^an-
crolt, C. .\. Wall and .Simmons, \-isitors. — 15.

Daniel .Scaorav'e ^\•as chosen .SccrciaiA" //7? /cv;/.

James ]\. l-^stahi-ook was electcul to acti\"e meni-
l)ers'nij).

I here being;; no husiiK^ss, tlie mec^tino; was. after
some inlormal discussion, adjouiaual to the hrst
I uesda)- in September.



•52

The rc_i;iilar niDiuhly mccl.in_L_,r was hckl on the
cvcniiiL;' of 'liujsda)', ihc second ot ScjptcniljL'r.

l^\jurlccn pcrscMLs were present, nainel)' : Messrs.
T. A. ] )ickins()n, Docile, I^ste\-, Sinmions, (Jould,
C. ]\. Johnson, Meriam, Lee;, I lubharcl and Ivice,
members; and I )r. Pean Towne, Xalhan Ivsles, D.
O. Woodman and Chas. C Simmons, visitors.

The meeting;' was called to order In' the Librarian,
and in the absence of the proptn- oflicers, luMijamin
J. Dodi^e was chosen to prc;side.

Franklin P. Ivice was chosen Secretar)- /rc^ Av;/.

Messrs. 1 h'nr\- f. llowland, Caleb A. Wall, Kufus
B. l'"o\vler, William II. Morse and CieorL^e Ma\-nard
were electcul actix'e niembers.

The Lil)rarian rc:ported ^"jy contributions to the
lilM'ary and niiiseum since the last meeting"; and
called atlenli(jn to the original Card-Tooth Machine;
made Ia' kdeazai- Smith of W^dpole, and jjrescnted
lo the: Societ)- b)' Mr. David (). Woodman. Re-
marks in relation to the machine were made by
Messrs. Meriam, Woodman and kkstes.

^L-. Ivice called attention to the Jhiffct from the
(Gardiner Chaneller mansion, which was presented
lo the Societ\- b\- William .S. Ijarton I'^scp, and had
been set up in tho Rooms. The house irom which
it was taken was built in 1750.



153

The PrcsIclcMU spoke in filtin;^'- terms of llie death
of lion. vStephen Salishun-, President of the Ameri-
can Anticjuarlan Society : and Charles R. Johnson,
Esq. followed with remarks in euloL^y of the de-
ccasc:d. On motion ot Mr. l{ste\" (who was, at his
own recjiiest, excused Irom scrvip,L() the followinjj^
were aj-)[)ointod a C(_)mn"iittee to di'ait suitaljle reso-
lutions ol respect to the niemor)' of Mr. Salisbury,
to be reported at the October meetin;^" : Nathaniel
Paine, Alfred S. Roe, Clark jillsun. p:ilery P. Crane.
Charles R. Johnson.

The meetiuL^ was then adjourned.



The October meeting,'' was held on the cveninc;" of
Tuesda)-, the 7th. The President took tlie chair.

I he lollowin;^" memliers were jjresent : Messrs.
Crane. Meriam, ]'^-<te\-, Gould, 'Pucker, W'atkins,
Ma\-nard, 'P\ler, Staples, 'P. A. Dickinson, Dodge,
Sea!.;ra\-e, W. IP Partlett, C. R. Johnson and Abbot.
— 15. Sex'eral ladies and gentlemen not members
ol the Societ)- also attended.

Danicd Seagra\'e was chosen Secretarx' /vy' /^v;/.

P)avid O. Woodman and J. M. Ta)ior were elected
to membershij).



154

The resignation of Mr. Henry L. Shumway, as
Secretary of tlie Society, was read and accepted.

A ballot taken U) fill the vacancy resulted in the
election of Daniel ScaL^rave, and the oath of olfice
was administered to lilni by Charles R. Johnson, Ksc|.
A comnumication froni the Committee on the Vn-
Centennial Celebration of the Naming- of Worcester,
inviting^ the Society to join with other bodies in the
procession on the i 5th instant, was read ; and on n^o-
tion it was voted that the Society be represented
b)' its officers.'"

On motion of Mr. Staples the mcml)ers^ of the
Societ)' were recpiested by vote to attend the I]i-
Centennial exercises in Mechanics 1 lall, on the even-
ing of the 14th instant, to listen to the addnjss of
Mon. (jeorge F. I loar.

The Librarian re])orted 223 contributions to the
library and museum during the; past month.

Mr. fohnson spoke of the importance of collecting
and prescrviiig printed matter in the torm ol circu-
lars, broadsides, jjamphlets, etc., issued 1)\- the diller-
ent jjolitical parties during the canvass for the pres-
idenc)- ; and e.\i)resse<l the ]\o\)(: that eiinrts to this
end would be made Ijy members ol the Society.

♦Tlic f>. lie, will- ,>^t;nlloiiirn, uiL'iii!a-r> <.f the Socictv. .Kiuiiicit cai li.l<:■c^ ni
tlie r.i-(\-Mti'iini,il iirucc-M..n, Oclul.cr 151I1: S:iiiuk-1 l.. >!.:]. k-, Kcv. 1. K.
Sl.J.jhn of llavirhill, D.iniL-l Sca-r.i\L'. Ilciirv F. Stcdman, '1 lK.nia> A. I>i^k-
iii-on, I'lanklin 1'. Ivicc and V. I'rancis I lumipsDii.




\^^-^^^r-a^f^c^ -^'y^-^^^^r-^ {\,y'ay>i..^i:^-tT^



155

Mr. T. A. Dickinson th(;n read the following
Memorial Sk(jtch of the late Professor k'rancis G.
Sanhorn. a member of the Societ)-, which was lis-
tened to with marked a[)preciation by the man)- per-
sonal friends of the deceased who were present.

FR.XX'CIS GRb:G()RV SAXI5C)RX.

BY 'rilOMAS A. DICKINMIX.

In thf old bui-\in,u giomid in the town of .\>hl»y, Mashachusetts,
are two loml^tuncs bearinL; the folhjwing inscni")tions :

'■In men-iory of I )ea. Isaac Grcj^oiy who died Feb. 25, 1S16,
aged 8 1 .

'■15le>sed are those serwmts whom the Lord when he conieth
shall find waiting. 'I'mly, it tould l)e said of this man."

"In memory of Mrs. Mercs (Iregor)', wife uf Ifea. Isaac Gregory,
who died Nov. 26. 1.S06, aged 67 }ears, 6 ino. ev: 6 days.

" 1 l(i\\ \\ ondci fill to sec
.\ luiincruus pi. i^jeny
Ten (hui^hlcis l.uiicd in \\n: dust
Nine m^ui^ ^!ie left to mourn their loss."

Mary Call Lawrence Gregory, the mother of JM'ancis Gregory
S.mborn, the subjei I of lhi> ski-tdi, ua> 'the daughter of John
(Iregorv, the se\entli son aiid se\enteenth child of 1 )eacon Isaac
and Mercy (Gregory, of .\shb_\-, Ma.>s.

In l\e\-. M. T. Runnels's History of Sanbornlon (New Hamp-
shire), we hnd the follownig noti< e- of Lbene/.er Sanborn, the
gr.tndfather of l'ranri> Gregory Sanborn :

"lie was a zealous and tintlinching Ghri>tian, \'cry active in
organizing and sustaining a sabbath m-;ioo1 near Union Lridge, as
abo in the de-,triicti()n of 'i'homas I'aitie's works and other infide]
inibliiMtions in the Sanbornton Town Library."



i=;6



His son. Dr. Ma^tman .^anlu_,rii, kttb.cr of Francis Gregory, was
born in S:.n: I'jrni'jn in tlie vi.-ar iSoo. lie ua^ \'\v>t a teacher in
Brattlenuio'.uh. \'t. and at I'lsnioutli, Mass. Me afterwards studied
medicine, attending the nieilical lectures of John C'olhns Warren
at Plarvanl College in 1831 aivl 1S3J. It does not appear that
he ever enga.;ed much in general practice, hut after some years he
devotetl liimself to the .-pecialt}- of dicnti-trw in wliich he cinitiii-
ued uiitil h:> death. He was i>ne of tlie earlit -i in tlie u^e of etlier
and other anaj-thetic^i, ami w:h e\er alive to the iiniovation^ and
imi)ro\ ements in Ihs profe>:iion. Me died Mec. 8, i^^cj. The
following oliituary notice apjieareil in the Aiulovcr Airrcriisei- :

"r)iedint!n\ town on Thuridav morning, the .Sth in>t.. Dr.
Eastman S.inliorn. Denti>t, aged ^g. Me was a native of San-
bornton. N. M.. but reniowd to tliis {dace more than twenty years
^ince, wh-ere lie (■f>n<tant'\- practiced in his profes^,ion. Dr. San-
born was the zealous and unselfish I'romoter of the public good in
ever}' kirm. Me was a generou- lo\'er 'A his race, and \\\ their
servii;e he ne\er stoppetl his hanii fre'm labor, nor liim.-elf from
.sacrifice.

"He wa-i a friend of CLlucation, and led in numerous enterprises
for its diffu-ion and elc. ation. Me w.l-^ tiie (jrigmator of the An-
dover 1 b >rticuliural .Sl)( iety, and bv his diligence and a:^-.iduity,
contributedi largely to the well known usefulne-.:i of that .\>socia-
tion. Mi> !o\e of Horticulture iiispla\ed it^elf alike in arranging
its beauties about his residence. camX (hffu>ing a ta^^te for it in others,
and was a leadhng trait in his character.

" Hir- read)' sympatliy with e\-er\' jiublic cause will lie missed in
this communit}-. He liad besides all tiie^e, kindly and generous
aflection.-> u liose culti\ation produce^ flowers which smell sweet
and bl(js>um in the du>t."



Fkanx i> C'/Rioi iin- Saxi:v)KX was tiorn in Ando\er, .Ma>s.. Jan.
ly, 1S3S. b'roin iiifmcy he manifested a decided taste for natural
history, esjjecialiv in the study of insects, and the common forms
ot animal life. Two characteristic anecdotes of his chiKlhood are
pre;5er\ed. One da\- at s( hool. being then fi\e wars old. he lelt
his seal, and the teacher asked him whi\ he did so. He said he saw



^57

an insect among her llowcrs, and wantrd to "zamine" il. On an-
nthei occasion Ik- was plavin- with a caterpillar, i.utting it on his
arm. Hi> father said : ■■Tliat i^n't pretty, Frank. I would not
do that." -Why?" he a^ked, -didn't Cod make it^"

He eonnnenced keepin- a journal in 1.S46, when he wa^ eiyht
years old. and continue<l it widi tew intenni-.^ion.-, until he went to
Boston in i^sX. Much of it i.^ written ha.iily, aird when he had
nothin- to record he would, generally write the date. Some ex-
tracts tVom Ihi-, journal will l.e found at the eml of tiiis sketch.

In 1S4H, when ten year;, of age, he Ijegan the study of French,
receiving instruction from a private teacher. In 1849 he entered
Phillips .\cademv, where he ( ontmued until 1S54. He always
spoke of the Piincipal, I'rof. Taylor, with i^ride and gratitude for
his sometimes ;,evere (h.ciphne and training. Hming the year
1856, he attended three terms at the I'unchard High .School, and
in is'57 entered Phillip. .\<ademy again. "The past summer" he
write>, " I li ive coinn.ienced in earnest the collection of in.-ccts and,
the sttuly of eiiiomoldg) ."

The same year he sent a eollei tion of one thousand speci-
men, of in>ect~, arrange<l in a neat case, to various .\gricultural
ICxhikilions. receiving a diploma, and premiums enough to pay tor
tlie case. He ako wrote, ahoiit this time, a report (^n insects lor
the MasvH husetls Agricultural Suciety. at the request of C. L. Flint,
i: sq.. Secretary of the Stale lioard of .Agriculture. In the autumn
of 1.S58 Mr. Sanborn went to the State House in I^oston, and en
tered the offu e of Mr. Flm', where lie remained until 1865. In
a Utter dated .-Xiig. 26, 18S4, Mr. Mint writes:

"In 1858 I was engaged in making a colie.tion of the Natural
History of the State, to illustrale all its departments, and 1 wanted
Mr. Sa'nliorn to huild up the entomological collection, in which he
was especially intereste<l. Soon after, in 1859. the Legislature
ordered me to prepare a new and illustrated edition of Harris's
superl) work on 'Insects injurious to Vegetation." and his assist-
ance became of -reat imi)ortan<;e to me. I had the whole col-
lection of Dr. Harris to draw from, but a large part of the speci-
mens were imiierfect from age ; and I immediately set Mr. Sanborn



'5'^



to collect new and frc.-^h spec iinciis of all the insects that I wished
to illu-.trate, ami most ot" his suminer.-i for two ur three )ear-> were
spent ill \i.sitinL; all ]iaits (jf the state in the work of collecting.

"I found him \-er)' nseful at that lime. He had i^reat mechan-
ical ingenuity, \\hi< h I often turned to acctjunt in impKuinj; the
Slate Cahinet."

\\"hile in the offi' e of Mr. Idint Mr. Sanborn had char.^e of the
State C"al)inet, and was oltcn ( omplimeiUed b)' members ot the
Legislature ami otheis — pa.rticulailv (lo\-. Hanks — tor the imjiro\e-
meiUs which he had made. In 1862 he luepared an elaborate and
valual)le article on the "Insects of Massachusetts llenelu ial to
Agri( ulture," whic h o( < upies sixty-l'aree pages in the printed Stale
Agricultural Rejiort for that year.

Mr. Sanborn's poatit)n in the State Cabinet brought him in con-
tact with a great many people. Hi-, willingness to imparl instruc-
tion, and his enthusiasm as a i olk'clor, ( realed a low for the s( ieiu e
of entomology in many )oui!g nien who atterwards bei ame enuneiu
workers, and contribuletl largely to this bram h of natuial hisior)'.

In 1.S65-6 he was em|)lo}ed b\ the lk)si(jn So( iely ol Natural
Ilistorw and in 1 867 received the appomtmenl as regular assistant,
which ofl'ice he held imtil 1872. His work in labeling specimens
while lure is woitlu' of remark, jiriuting with pen in clear and dis-
tinct Utters, making them ]/lain and intelligible to the people, lie-
sides his special work in arranging and Libeling in the entomolog-
ical department, he printed with ]ien as many as ten thousand
labels tor the I ,a biesn.u'e and ]'.r}ant collection of birds, and ll.xed
these labels to the stands by a simple imention ot his own.

In 1872 he accLjited the jiosition as Instriu t'ar of Entomology
and Microscopy in the I'aissey Institution, one of the departments
of Ilarsard l'ni\ ersitw In relation to this appointment, and also
showing his mngnaiiimit\' and genero - ity in aiding and encouraging
a yoimg student, we fm<l in the Proceedings of the lioslon Society
of Natural History for 1872 the tollowing :

"The apjii»intinent of I'rof. Sanborn as instructor at the llussey
Institution of Harvard College withdraws him only to a limitetl
extent horn his kibors here. Two mornings o( each week are



159

,)i ciiDicd 1)V t!ic (!:it;rs of this otl'ice, and the proportional (.leduc-
ti.iii \\li;( h he personally olVered to make fnnn has salary has en-
abled u>. with the addiii(;n of a >mall sum from liie Lieneral income
of the vocictv, to emplov the wiiole time of another valuable as-
>istant. Mr. I'liiliip S. Sjirague."

I )iirir!,^Mhe sprin^^ and summer of i>S74 Prof. Sanborn was as-
-i>lant in the ( "icoIi.>-:ical .Sur\ey o( Kentuc k\', mnler the direction
of Prof. .Sh;der. With otiier member.^ of the ])arty he explored
some fiftv ca\es, iiiclndin;_; .Manunodi ca\e. ci;:ef:} with a view to
a>rertain their \arialions in temperature at diliercnt seasons, and
tiie (.haracter of the animals now or iormeiiv m'na', 'iliiiL; them. In
lanuarv, iS;:;, lie yaxe ail interesting' and amu-m-; lecture at tlie
monthlv nu-LtiiiL; of the \\\>r< e>ter Natural History Soidety, de-
scribiip^^ h\> (..b>er\ation-, in Kentucky, arnl tiie u-e ut the magne-
>ium li^ht ill exploring the caves.

1 )uring the \ear iN;;^ Prof. Sanborn did much valuable work
for the Natuial lli-toiv Societs' in Worcester, in i ieinif)ing, naming
and cataU)i;umg the luhn Milion Ibnle collection of shells. 'Phe
dujilieales were taken to Po^nm, and Prof Saul'iirn spent about
four moiui.s in tiii^ work, vi-iiting the mu-eum.-? ot C'ambiidge and
Ponton to identifv ^pec imens. I'he collei lion represented o\ er
one thousand specie^.

During tiie winter of [.S7:;-0 he was emijloyed by the Smith-
sonian In>til ilion at \\'a->hingl(.>n. in arranging the Coleoptera ot
North .\nurii a f u tiie Centennial Pxhibition. This collectioii was
shown in tuenty-four large < ascs in the Cjo\ernment Puihling. In
relation to tiiis work, Prof. C \'. Kile_\- writes :

"Tb.e late lamented l'ran< is (i. Sanbi)rn was engaged -in the
I b-partrnent oi' .\,uicullure to assist in pre])aring a collection of the



Online LibraryWorcester Society of Antiquity (Mass.)Collections of the Worcester Society of Antiquity (Volume 6) → online text (page 27 of 40)