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l.iken to Cani!.iid;;e l.y Mr. Dickin^jn, and I'rof. .\llen identified them as
hel-ii-in,!; lo the }f,rJo,L'i! .i /lu-ri, .i n us. d hi-, being tiie lir.-t authentic dis-
civt-ry of reniaitis of tin. creatnre in New i:n-land, i-. imiiortanl in ovcr-
tluouin- the opinion, hrrelofoie entertained hy scieiili~t-, that tlie Hudson
Uiver had lieen a harrit-r to the i>a^.ai;e of the-e animaU. d he remain^ of the
Xoiili!.or.,i|..ii M,,.i.,don are nou in lh<' mu-^eum of the Worcester Xatural
lli.toiy Sorielv, haxiiii,' l.eeii jilaced tliere tlirou.L;h tlie i;ener"sity of Stephen
S.ili.hury, i:sr|. llu- Society (.f .\nti< piity i> indehtcd to Hon. Clark JillsOn
lor the atiajnipanyin^ ilk;.^tr.atiun.

A Letter from John Brown never before in print.

Nuw in the j)i)^>L.'-,>iun of Si;lli\aa Fureh.-inJ, Ks',]., of Woice-ter.

Sl'KlNGllKl.l), M.\->. l6th Al'KII.. 1S57.

Hon. Kli Thayer,

My Dear Sir

1 am atKiscd that one of "L". S.

Hounds is on my track" ; \; I ha\e kept n]}>clf h.id fur a few diss to let my

track get culd. I ha\ e no idea of hein- taken ; d- inlcihl (//••Cod will" ;) to

go back with Iron> /// rather tlian upon \\\\ liand-,. Now my Dear Sir let me

ask yoti to ha\e Mr. Alien ^v; Co. ^eiid me hy ]",\pre>> ; one or two sample

Xa\-v Sized Re'>oKei> ; as soon a.< may i'C ; together with his he-t ca>h term-

(he warranting them) 1)\ the iiLmd.red with good moulds. tla>k-. ; vVc. I wi>Ii

the sample Pi-^tols sent to John (not Capt) I'.rown Care of Ma— asoit Ho'i^e

Sjjringfield, M.i-s. I now enclose Twenty Dollar^ towanU repairs tlone for

me; \; Re\o!\ers-: the h.t!an< e I :a>.!l scnJ. a-, soon as I get the ISii!. I have

written to ha\e Dr. Houe >end xott !>}■ l-h\[ire>^ a R:lle ^: Two ri>tok :\\hich

'iCitii f/u- i;:/>is }(•:/ i^arc me; ^- jLxi >!:;.< : f->-rf/u-r \\\{\\ the Kilie gi\en me h}'

Mr. Allni c:-" Co. I wi-h them to ])ack in a snitahle strong I'.ox ; ptrfrcH}

J-,?/- directing to y. //care (.)f(JrM)ii M.C\iatt K-p Cleveland Chio : as/r<::i^hf ;

to keep dre. Vux ]!ox, trouble ; i.'v; packing; I will ]iay when I gel bill. I

wish the box very plainly marked ; .V forwarded to Cle\eland ; as soon a^ you

receive tlie articles from Dr. Huwe. 1 got a/.v// //..Yin lljston the other da\ ;

(S. hope Worcester will n )l be rn/irolv /wJiinJ. I do not mean you ; or Mr.

Alien c- Co.

\'ery Re-ijectfully \o\\\ Friend

Direct all letters .S: bilb '^

to care c<f Ma>saMjit Ibvi^e -

Ph-a.c acknoi.'Uul'c \


h-ny uh^c'^^y^




Nearly two thousaiul years aL,'o, at the hour of noun, a niollcy
throny of people mii^ht have been ^een |)oiiriiig forth from the gales
of a far l'",a>lern cil\' ami niosiiig touaads a iiill 'ailed (JaKary.
Amidst soldier^ and ( i\iliaii>, both friends and foes, the central
figure is that of a man s( ai( el\' more than thirty \ear^ of age. He
has all the attributes, in lorm and featun^, of true manline>s. A
disinlere^ted judge ha^ j'I^t del hired that he fmds nothing amiss
in him ; but the rabble < rv out. all the more, '■crucily him." While
ardently lo\ ed by a de\(ited lew in that tumultuous crowd, he is,
to all the re^t. an object ot se\ere^t scorn, the Initt of ribald jest.
\\'earing hi.i ciown (;f tli<jrns, he i^ made to liear, till he faints un-
der his burdi.ii, the \erv in^-trument ot his torture. His R(.)man
exfcutioneis, gi\'mg to liim the puni.-^hment accorded to thie\'es
and robbers, ha\e imposed upon him tlie most ignominious fate
possible, — death upon the cross.

.-\ centui)- before, ("i< cro had said : "It is an outrage to bind a
Roman citi/en ; to scouig'e him is an atrocious (rime ; to put him
lo death i-> almcj-^t parricide ; but to cnicifx him — what shall I call

'Hie place of crucifixion is reached. The dread tragedy is en-
acted. 'I'he wiil of the TempK' is rent m twain: Ijut ujjon the
trembling earth the cross stands linn ; from the consequent dark-
nes~, it shines forth, resplend.ent b\' the halo (jf it> precious burden.
I'he Saviour of men is taken thence to lie in the tomb of Joseph
ot Arimathea ; his di->ciples and brethren wander awa\' disconso-
late ; his tormentors go their many and devious \va_\s ; but the
cross remain^. It will e\er remain ; tlu' object of reinoach and
derision to the ancients, to the moderns it has become the s\'inbol


of all that is true and l^ooiI. 'I'hc scenes of that daw on which
the ^on ol man was hlled up ha\'e sanimfied for all time the instru-
ment on which he sulTered ; tran.itbrnied and radiant, it ha.-, become
a beacon fur all mankind.

TwentN'-fne yea.r> n-^n to-day, at noon, nearlv, another crowil
took its course from prison doors to a place i)\ execulion. W'c see
a white haired old man es.oited to his death 1)\- all the military
strength that a L;ieat stale can command. .\s he lea\es his ])lace
of confmement he stoops and prints a kiss upon the fa( e of a
Neyrcj l)al)y. A black woman cries (_)Ut to him, jKissiuL; aloni,',
"God liless _\-ou, oil] man : I u i>h I couM help _\ou. but 1 camiot."
The most iL^nominious deadi known to our l.iws awaits him. .Al-
ready has the i;ibbet been erected. The sti( ks "standant an<l
crossant" are in pkue. and tlie hun^r\- ro|'e is ■■|iendaiit." .\ lortv
acre field is filled with those dr.nvn toLjether bv this stranL;e six-ne.
Three thousand soldiers with loaded ^uns stand read\' to repel any
attempt at rescaie. Well shotted cannon turn their open and an.;rv
moutlis upon this one ])oor morlal. 'I'he bra\est m.ni tlure. he
gazes upon the array before him. without a trace of emotion. 'I'he
eye that shed tears at the siLjht of human iniser\- is undimund by
what ni;ui can do against him. lieyond the cordon of foes he
remarks the wonderful beauty of the sccnerw the last he is to look
ni)on. lie has made his prace uilh God and h.is no otlier fa\or
lo ask of his executicjiiers than that they hasten their terrible task.
The (ho|) falls ami suspended 'twi\t llea\en and l^artii is the in-
carnation of the idea th.at in a I'cw brief months is to brin^' liberty
to an ensla\ed race. .Most appropriatelv did a lioston clerL;\inan
on the following .Sunda}- announce for his openinL,^ Inmn —

".^erv.Tiil ofC.nci, well dniic I "

The John the J'.aptist of saKation to the Xe.^roes, he died a death
excelled in sublimity only b\- that of the .^a\iour eif men. J!oih died
for nien : one. for all mankind, the otlur willing to ri>k all lli.u he
miglit o\)vu the ]M-ison door to those confined, and to strikr off the
bands of those in bondage.

Anil here, too, metliinks a str.ange transformation has taken place.
The rough, the terrible .^allows loses its accustomed significance.


I;- oli-l time uses arc forgotten. Arouii'l it I see millions of men
.;!, ! wonien i)oiiitii\L( to its sole ocupant, sa\iiiL;, '"He tlied tr.at
wc ini_.'!it live." 1-^'cn the scall(.)l(.l nia^' become a monument ot"
L^'.^rv. tor from it a hero and a mart_\r pa>>e(l to his reward. I for-
_v: the base and eriniinal Imrdens it h.is borne, and see onlv the
•dii'ting uj)" of the one man who had couraire equal to his convic-
tions. Hi.s marl_\rdom came ere he had seen

"Ihe Gluiy of the Coniiiij^ of tlie Loid."

I'nder the lot'ty Adirondacks his IkjiIv was mouldering in the grave
when Lincoln proclaimed liberty to the slave,

"But liii soul uas uKirchiii" on."

During the twent_\'-fi\ e \ears inter\'eiiing since the death of John
r.rown, t!vj 1 )raiii.i of I.';fe has been iilayed with far more th.an the
usaal variation. In n'o e(|iial spacx- of time since the rec(jrding of
events began, have more pages of histors' been turned tlian during
the quarter of a centur\' ju■^t closing. ()\\ing t<j the eflorts of Drown
and otiiers ssuipuhizing with him, the In-tilulion of Sla\cr\" had al-
rcad.v received many >liocks ; but it wa.i >[l\l acti\e and aggre^^ive.
For ought man (~ould ^ee to tlie C(.)nti"ary. it wa-i fated t(j exist many
years yet. It held tmchallcnged. fifteen of th(.' ;^tates in this Union
and was making ^trcnii >us efforln to fortifv itself in tlie territories
c>t the \\'er5t. A bisho]! in the freedomdos ing state of \'err;iont
v.as. t.vcnty-five \-ear^ a.;o, finding siuapture argument for the ir.ain-
t"ua!ice of Negro sla\er\. .\cro.-,s tlie Connecticut River, in New
H.im; shire, the head of her chief educational in-titution was
teac'iing the \ouiig men under hi'^ care that sku'erv vva-^ of Divine
origin, and, of coinse, a-> such must not be disturlied. In New
\ ork Cit_\-, one of her firemost lawyer^, Charles Q'Conor, an-
nounced to hi> audieiv e that Negro sku'crv not onlv was not un-
yi^t, ••l!ut it is just, wise and beneficent." Tliouuh there v.as dis-
claim at this statement, the \ast majority of his immense throng of
listeners ai>plaudcd the Miitimeiu to the echo. In our own Com-
monwealth, a human being had jusl been leiidered back io slavvry,
and the most distinguished clerLrNiiian in Massachusetts had stood

I 76

a trini for cndcavoriiiL,^ to ]irc\-cnt tlic cvLM'lnsting (lisyrnce. In those
days between "■FiUy am! Sixty," '■Uni.le Tom's Cahin" meant some-
thing. Its yiftetl authtir liad ^et before every Northern reader a
picture on which he ccjnld not look wiiluuit blushing. Nearly all
of lis, here to-ni^ht, can recall the inten-c interest with which our
parent-^ perused the b^iok. I well recall the burning fice of my father
as he turned pa;^e after ]kil'c, and, when, at times, tears courted down
his cheek I wondered what it was all about. He. too. had occa-
sion to kiKJW how Strom; was the bond that SLwery had la;d u[)on
the Nation, in tlie opiio^iliun aroused auniUL; his own people thr<jUL,'h
his pulpit Utterances on the firbidden subject. In tho^e days, lh,e
Underground llailroad w i^ in full opei.uion. The Southern ]!ia' k
Man, howe\er dee[) his degradation, knew the North Star, and
towanls it he was jiiurne\ing at the rate cjf ih, inland-. Nearly. \\"e
of to-da)' acconnt it among our mo>t piei ious heritages that our
sires and grandsires kept ^tations on thai same road, and many an
escapetl bv)nd^maii Innking bac k from his safe a.s_\lum in Canada
called them "blessed." I'lighteeii Ilundred and I'"ift\- nine wa> in
the hall \c)n da}> of "l'ugiti\e .Sla\e l.aw" kjv'ers. It John \\'e.>!e_\'
considered Slaver)' the "sum of all \ illaiiii''s," I womler what terse
definition he we)uld have gi\en to this the \ilest enaethient that
ever rested on our Statute lleok. N(jt satisfied witli whipping,
shooting, hanging, destro) ing in a thousand ua\s th.ese unhappy
slaves, the aggre.>si\e South forced npoii a passive NOriii .i law whose
enormity passes description. ]*^,\ery man at the beck ol tlie SvUith-
ern kidnap|)er, by its ])ro\'isions was obliged t(; play the part of a
Negro catcher. So great was the passi\ene-.s of the North that
her most eminent orat(jr, instead of <lei:r}ing the ])i'opo>ition as
unworthy of humanitv. e\en lifted u]j his xoice in its defense.
\'irgi! inveighed against the accm'sed thirst f)r gold — ami sacra
faiiifs ; but it was not this thirst that made him, ofttimes called
the "Clodlike," tmai against all the tra.ditions of his birth and
associations, and speak words which closed to him kain.aiil Hall,
the Ci.idle of Liberty, ami drew from W'hittier the sc.uhing lines ot



Ui'.t his thirst wn-; not a[)pease(l, ami the South before which he
Iiail iiro~,trate(! himself, turnei! n\va\- from him, spurning his In'ihe,
and made a nomination which terrilily (Hsajipointed W'elister, and
on account of whicli he went (Jown to his L'ra\'e broken hearted.
Imagine if you can the astonishment of tlie student a hundred years
hence, when he reaifs that the highi.-st judicial tribunal in the land,
voiced through its aged though nut wnerable chief said in the
year of our I^ord, [■'^57, and in the vear of American Indei)endence
the cighty-llrst, that three nnllions of people, at that time re])re-
scnted in ("ongre>s through an infamous scheme of apportionment,
had no rights that a white man wa^ bound to re-^pe( t. Two judges
of that court, and be it ever remembered to their credit, dissented.
Through the wor->e than Cimmerian darkness that o\'erspread the
Supreme liench uf lho.-.e daws, the names ot .McLean and C^u'tis
.shine forth, the onl\- ra)s of light ; and I may say with the excep-
tion of that of Tane\-, rcmianbered through his umijue position,
the onlv nauK'S redlkd lo-'lay. 1 doubt whethei au) [jrescnt can
name three out wf the six judges who cou'-iirred with their Supe-
rior in his opinion. It was the age, /><?-'' (•avvZ/^ViT^', of sjiread-eagle
orat(;i)', wlu-n the .\meri( an bird sciared higher and staid up longer
than he e\er has since. Hail ("olumbias and Star Si>angled I'an-
ncrs were in order, but the latter waved for the white j^cjrtion of
the people only. .\ flaunting mocker}', our flag justly merited the
reproach of othvr nations that pointed to our enslawd millions and
then said : '•('all )e that the Land of the Free and the Mome of
the brave?"

\\'e know that all this is Sf), for we rememl)er it ; but the student
of the future nuist get hi;, knowledge from books, and in the light of
progress w h it w ill In- think of defensi'lesi women being mobbed in a
Conncctirut town for allowing Xegro girls to attend their school?
I'^\en now ih-.Tc is no di->tin( lion of color in cur schools, and at
the High S(hot)l in this cit)-. a colored girl has gr.iduated whose
lo-iter f\tlu-r wa^ a slave in l)an\ille, \'ir^inia, while tin- head mas-
ter of the school was held there a i)ri.<oner of war. Side by side
they sit in our schools of all grades, and, graduating from our Nor-
mal Schools, become teacluas in the schools themseh'es. He will
read that CJarrison, j'hillii)^, I"o>ter .ind others, were often in peril



of their Ii\-es fcr prcnrhinL; lilicmtion of ihe sI.T\-es ; and how hke a
iii\lh will it sLcm to /,/j/i. when rcV. in t\\ cir.y-fne years from the
death of hthn Drown, have seen colnred in-.-n in both l.rar.ches of
tlie National Lei^i-lature, anil tii-(ia\' Oiiniiijt !c)ok upon a lately
i>sue(l (,io\ ernnient .\\)te v,ith(j'it readin,: tiie name of one' who
was once in hontlai^^e. ropular iirejiuliee. the stron_^L-t harrier
po^^ilile, is rapi'llv \ielihn-; ; anil the i)ayunet. the hall^'t, ami the
s[)ellin'4 JiDok, ha\"e wrou^iit \vuii(Jer.->. \\'i:!"i all [jri)t"e - ions oj^en
to the coKired man. wiiii e'jaal rights before the law, with millions
of [.ropertx' ac( umulated ,->in(e the war. uiio ^hall say that tfie soul
of |ohn ]!r(n\n i> imt marcliin.^' on?

In the da\s priijr to iho^c of Harper's Ferry R.iid. this L^ood
Citv of Wori-e-ter, and the C'ountv of the sjme name, had spoken
in no uncerliiin manner as to tlieir appreciation of Sla\-ere antl its
attendant e\"il>. The fir>t ( >jMniy in ti'.e ('(jnnnonwi.alth to r.u-e
the question of the \a!iilit\' of .sfiverv in M.i - .;ch:Helts ~>:'.'oe([uent
to tiiv' adopiioii of tile ( 'oioiitution, she \^L•il ^il^I.'.iiied I^er early
acquired reput.uioii in the more trouldo;i> time-) of later year>. In
1830. in this ciiy wa-, tried the famous Holden Sla\e Ca-e. where
a native of \\'orce>ter C'o'mt\' had l)roM,_;ht t.) her earls ii,iaie Irona
her more recent Scmthern one. a specimen of lunuan property
in tlie shape of a black __;iri f)urteen \e.irs old. t)\ name Anne.
1)V si)ecial enactment of Massachusetts no (_aie could he h.eld in
bon(.la;.;e thus unles> jicrfectlv willing;, and certain citizen- of Hol-
den. knowiiv.: that the treatment whicii tiie i:irl recei\-ed couid not
be borne except under dares-,, secured !u-r jjerson. and briiiL;-
ing her t(j the Heart of the ( "ommonweah.ii. made her 'd^'ree m-
tleed." l'"or thus acting;. tlie>e citizens were arre>ted and imlicted,
for just what, it seem- ditucult. at this time, to -tate ; but tiie\' were
deemed or cjlled culpable lor hasin_L:. witiamt her con-ent. taken
this L;irl, Anne, from boud.i^e and acaualh' ^:,i\ing her liberty. More
than hft}' _\ear.- ai;o tliis. and how like a dream the uivle matter
seem^. Ira liarton was th.e Ia>tice of the Peace before whom one
of the dt'jio-itions was made. .Solomon Stron:;. the earliest :\\)-

" ]\. K. Iiiuie of Mis-i>-ipjii, iMw

Re;^i>tei of the TrcM-ui), t'unr.erly L'. S.


nointed jiiflgc of the ("ourl of Common I'lcas, the J'ltly^ ^^'ho heard
ilic case. Pliny Merrick was tlie I)i>tri(;t Attorney who conducted
the prosecution, and Charle-s Allen the AllDrncy who appeared for
the defense. The trial had not ad\an<ed a threat ways ere Mr. Mer-
rick declared that tliere was no rause of aetion, and tlie jury at
once aciiuitted the defendants. Charles Allen ! .A hu.-^t of recol-
lections of the h'ree Soil and Anli-Ski\er\' da}s sprint,' into heiuL,^
at the mention of hi-i name. lie wa,^ the Ma^sailiu^elts \\ hii,^ who,
in iS-pS, refused to how the knee to the Southern ilaal, and to his
fellow memhers of the Convention, after the nomination of (General
'I'aylor dared to say : '■\'ou ha\e put one oimce too mm h on the
strung hack of Noilliein endurance. \'ou have e\-en presumed
that the State which led on the Ur>{ Re\t)lution for Liherty will
now (ksert that cause U)v the miscrahle boon ol the vice-prcsirlency.
Sir, Massac/tiiu-t'/i- .\piirn< tlir Iniht','' refening thus to the proposed
nomination of .Ahbott Lawrence. It was a brother of Charles Al-
len, our late estcancd li'icnd, the Rev. (h ()rLj;e .Allen, who in the
same year olfered t(< a meetin.L; in Worcester, the most famous
resolution of the wiiole anted»enuu) jieriod. Catching the spirit
of his brothel's words, he said: "KesoKed, That Massachusetts
wears no chains and s/unns all l>ril'i's : that Massachusetts goes
now, and will e\er go, foi- fiee soil and free men, for free lips and
a free press, for a free hmd and a tree world." This was a good
key-note, and when, six \eais later, in i^;.;, a slave-catcher came
to this same <a'ty of \\'or( ester, the citi/.eiis proved that they could
raise the tune most leadiK' ; cUid the would-be man-stealer was
only too liappv to maich t(j its measures out of the city, without
his booty, and [)ossessed of a wiiole skin. Mr. lankiiis, the object
ot llulman, the kidnapper's cupid it w during these iiiler\-ening thirty
years, has continued to li\'e in this citv, a respectable and respected
citi/en ; ami has seen his ( hildreii in the highest schc)ols of the
city. One, ha\ ing graduated from the Iligii School, is now in the
Normal .Schooh What a comment this, on tlie times when, in this
Chris/ia/i l.md, men and women were imprisoned for teaching
black j)eople how to read, — the iJibie even.

I doubt whether the people of Worcester were the very strictest
interpreteis of die l.iw in tlie (lavs when tin- life of Jijhn lln^wn was


in ihc balance. ()f llu- terlinicalitics of his offcnre it is not ours
to judge. The iieople of the North who had made har.te to rid
themselses of sLuerv, had \iL-\vcd for _\car.-> the aggres-^iNe unrest
of the South. While (iNih/ed couiUriLS other than ours had f(jr-
ever abolished tlie wreti bed system, our (Hjuutry, led by its South-
ern ininoritv, bad a-aiu and again done its best to bolster and up-
hoKl it. 'I'he war with Mexico, the annexation of Texas, tliL- I'u-
gitive Slave J.aw, and the repeal oi the Missouri C'omiiromise, were
only successive sc^ps thrown to the insauable iiKaister. 1 he repeal
of the Compromise opened tlie derrilory of Kansas to both Slavery
and Anti-Slaverv, and henceforth Massachusetts speaks with no
uncertain voice. b_)lm Ihown and Charles Sumner simultaneou - !y
spring into renown and immortalit}'. Jloth ot l]a\' State antece-
dents, their history is largely hers. One t)n the plains ot Kansas
fights R)r what he belie\es to be the right. His own blooil and
that of his sons i\<)\v in behalf of opi^ressed humanity. IJorder rub
fians are dri\en back and a ITee Slate C'onstitution adopted. Sum-
ner, from his place in the United States Senate, bold!}' prorl.iims
his sentiments on "The Crime against Kansas," and by an illus-
trious sci(jn of the Scjulhern aristocracy is stricken down in a man-
ner which "even thieves and (ut-tluoats woukl despise." '1 he
contest was on, — any pau-.e therealler was only a tianporar\' lull.
In the language of New York's most distinguished Senator, it was
"Irrepressible." John iJrown had repeatedl)- led parlies ot slaves
from Missouri to Kansas, and made ol' them tree men. He con-
templated other and graiuler strokes against the peculiar institu-
tion. In his singleness of purpose, he saw not the ])o\\er ot the
Go\ eminent intervening, and ])erhaps, in his inttai-^itv, it v, ould
ha\e made no dilTerence if he hatl. C'ertain, however, is the state-
ment, that the one grand idea over-touering all others in his mind,
was that of liberty lor the slaves ; and for that idea men ot his (jwn
and subsequent days !ia\e done him reverence.

^Vhy review the scenes of those hours of attack and tierce de-
fense at Harper's I'\'rr_\' i-' Poorlv informed, indeed, must be that
American man or woman, boy or girl, who has not repeatedly read
tlie events of those less than twenty-four hours of condensed histor_\.
They furnish the prehule to every account of the War of the Re-


l)ellion. No matter how vi\-i(! the srcnes of later day-^, somewhere
in the backi;ri)'iiiil we get these earher details o\'er anain. The
l)!ow onee stiiick, and there arose Irum Maine to Texas cries
ranging throngh. al! the \ar:alions ot" s;irpri>e. exultation, and
tierccst denunciatiun. J am speaking as a Northern man to North-
ern people, and it is natural that we should look upon trie acts of
lohn Brown with (juite dilTereiU feeling-, from tho^e held bv the
people who saw in them the ujirooting of all t!ie traditions and cus-
toms of their soricty. For the present, however. I will confme my-
self to the o]iinions of those who from the north side (>\ Mason
and Dixon's Line, heard the '"cla^ih of resoundiivg arm^." There
were many men who had in \-arioiis wa\s a>^i>ted Jlrosvn in liis
work without knowing ju.t what his plans were. It sufficed for tlieni
to know that he was to harry the Institution, leaving to him the
perfecting and executing of details. The telegrajiluc (.lispatches
on that Mon<lay morning of October 17th, carried consternaticm
into other homes th.an those of the South. It seemed reasonalde
to the (itwernment that men who had contributed in an\- wa\- to
the supiKirt of John iJrown mu^t have been pri\v to his p! ip.s. How-
c\er much we may pride our.^eKes now that such arid such men
assisted the mo\ement, then the barest suspicion of comi,ilicit\'
made many hou.-^eholil^ look to their hearths. Some, who^e names
had been mingled with his, so'iL;ht refuge in Canada, as Dr. S. G.
Howe, Frederick Douglass and i". ]!. Sanljorn. Gerrit Smith of
New "\'ork. worn oiu b\- f)re\ious hard work, was bv this fnial bur-
den reduced to a coi:diti on necessitating his remos-al to the I'tica
Asylum. Now that the affn'r is all o\'er and ])ast, it seems \-ery
strange that men like tho^e mentioned before, who were known to
be intimate with the Ivcolutiomst, were not made to suffer at tiie
hands of the law. The only expLmation that occurs to me is that
j)ul>lic opinion, while it might not stav the hand t)f tlie executioner
in Virginia, mo>t resolutely op])Osed his cros-ing the line. '"The
New York Democratic \'igiiance As-^oci.ition" issued a manit'e.-to
breathing forth threatenings again-.l all tho^e imjilirated. in the
matter,' but it came to nothing. l'-\erv mo\ement of the trial was
followed with the clo^e^t interest, and Massachu^etts sent flown -a
nian to assir^t in the defense who became, in after \ ear^, one of her

1 8:

most famous sons. It is cirtain tluU the c^xpcricncc of these weeks
at llari)er's l'\-iTy gave John A. .\ii<lre\v the prompting to the ex-
traordinary /.e:i! with uiiieh he entered u\>nn the (hities ol hir, gu-
bernatorial otVu e le^-i tlian two years aUerwarch The whole trial
seems fareieal ; hut we nul^t achnit that a sIidu of fiirne» wa^ had,
and, couhidering the iVrijeity wiili w!ii( h the old nun was attacked
when down in the haigine IIou.^l-, the only wonder i^ tliat he was
granted a trial ,it all. Through all the tr\ing hours of that ordeal
how like a hero did he deiiorl hnn^eif '. (irand in iiis a:,^ault,i on

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