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an e.\p:Tiint.r.t to te-t my rapiuit}- U) do so, b'at an art of lose and
gratitiiile. For. coinin^^ a> he did from an ance.-irv Lj,;fted in the
art of portrait ^aint;n;^^ and ]iosse^^in,n' lar-,c!y the talent liimr^elf,
I I'eel that wlvv.c\cr anility I may [losness in tliat direction is "mine
inheritance" fruin him.

In presenting' it !'>ir _\our acceptance, I will al-o L;i\e a few facts
I ha\'c cleaned I'rom time to time of hi^, per.-ona! history and life,
m.ikir.u no atiemt't to trace the anccstr}- tartlver than to Rohert
^:ile> v.'.-i(j Ijiiiie-di in Amcrii a from I-ini;land, A. 1). 163S, and set-
tled in Row lev. Ma - acivi-ett>, afterwards remo\ ini; to lioxford,
where his ^on 'riniM-.iiv wa> hoiii in 167S.

TacLil' Stile>. t'le next iii descent, was Ijum i:i lioxfoid, Ma^s.,
Fe'nraarv 6th. ijor. .Settlini; in lamenhur.;. Ma^s.. he married
."^.ira;!. dan^r.ter o: I';ii_e Ilartwell ol Lunenimr^'. who was a m^jn
of note in social ai'.d ni;htar\' circles.

'l'h;e:r son. jerenn.ih Stiles. Senior, was horn at LnneidnirL,'. l-'eb-
niarv r^. 1744. Renio\inL,' to Is.eene, N. II., iie married Mary
S-tnger. He was a land -'.ir\-e\'or, skilful in the art of drawing and
p.;intir.g. an<! occupied, imin.trtant positions connected with [lublic
matters. He wa-^ a Meinher of the Committee of Safety at the
breaking ont cf tlie Rewilntioii, Captain of a company of New
Han;y-;iire Mi'itia. a^.d wa - i>resent at the Rattie (;f Ranker Hill.
He wr'.ite the onlv oflicia! acconnt of th.e death of den. \Varren to
a coramittee of t'ne Continental Congress -ittisig in New \"ork.
He <!c}iarted this lit'e jlecemher 6th, i .Soo.

The chii'lren <if Jeremiah, Sr., and Mary ."^anLrer .Stiles were five
in number, the eldest aivl youngest being daug'niers. L)f the three
•^ons. Jeremiah Stiles. Jr. (my grandfather) was born at Keene,


N. H., Mav 2ist, 1771. Josr])li. horn at Ki'cnc, Jiilv 5tli, 177.1.
was i^nnidfathcr of tlu; laic l'"raii(is Slik's, jr. of Kochdalc, .Mass.
John William Stile-,, hom at Kccnc. I'"rltriiary 22, 1777, uas the
father of Mr>. A. I). I'o.^tcr of this city, and L^ramlfathcr of Ju(1l;c
l)u-i.i;lu l''o>lcr, recently deceased.

|i:kKMi.\li Srii.i;-^. |k. possessed L^reat nattiral talent for diauing
and ^)aintinl^^ and ]irol)a.!)l\- studied with hi-i fadiei'. M)- aunt, Mrs.
Wood, writes nie ihat she vi^iied I\ecne in liLa" early da}s. called
upon some friend^ at "]!eeih ilill" who told her that !)■ r father
tauyht school in that \'er\' hou^e when he was onl\' eiL,'htcen )ears
old, and iiainted a tii:er "so natural that it IriLfhtened the nci^h-

He removed to Worcrster about 171)1, and was married at
Keene, September 20{\\, 1703. t(^ Abiuail r.ridL;e of ( lil-,um, N. II.,
by wliom he had eii;ht children: Tristram, born i^f)-] ; Charles
(mv fatlier), 179'^; llenrw iSo(.); Sarah I'-riL'^:,-,. i.'^o;; ; Mary ."-^an-
gcr, icSo6 : C'harlotle, i.SoS ; b'.li/aljedi, iSii ; and Raphael, iiSi5.
'I'ristram, the eldest son, lollowed the sea. In 1S12 he shipped
on the I'nited .St.ites shi|)of war. I'.ssex, Captain i'oi ter couun.md-
in.i;, and diiiiiiL; that < rin>e. the ISritisli ship .\lert was captured —
the hrsl pri/.e taken in the w.u'. h'or his sersiccs at thai time he
was olfered a uudshipinan's commission, but U)r some reason un-
known to me, wculd not accejil the promotion, .\fter his relmii,
I ha\-e been told that one da\ while sittini; reading he fell asleep,
and (he.niied, " TwentN-seven )ears shalt thou lise and 1:0 more."
'Hie dieam awakened him ; he' aUerwards dreamed it again, and
mentioned it to som<- of his friends, who ])aid 110 si>eia.il attenlii)n
to it at the time, but re( .died it xividl)' when tlie dream was veri-
fied. He was di'owneil at sea. .\o\ember 6th, 1.S21, on a vo\age
from l'\ilmoutli to S,:!\aunali, .;t the age of tweuly-ses'cn.

The llrst place of business of leremiah .stiles. Ir. in Worcester
was in one ol" the chambers of the Old (Center .Sclux)! House on
Main street, tlie upper rooms of wlni h were rented tor various pur-
poses. M.my )ecus aJ'terwards, his daughter Sarah (now upwards
of eighty-one yc\us of age, and the oul\-li\ing member of the I'am-
ily) taught school in the same r(Jom, and found many traces of her
fadier's "handwriting upon the wall."


He carried on ])ortrait I)aintin^^ was a civil engineer and prac-
tised surve\'or, — and in tlial capacity would make deeds and re-
cord them ; wa.-? a con\e\ancer, and al>o made drawings of ma-
chinery and ])rocured letters ])alent from Washington. He also
seemed to be ready for any kind of business for any one. He
moved from the Center School building into one which stood on
the site of the present Cuty Hall, and remained there until that
structure v.a.:, remo\ed to make rooiu for a larger one for town
})urjioses. He then remo\ e<l to a room in the house where he
lived on Mechanic street, but later had several other places, all of
which ha\e disappeared.

In I 79<S, 1 am told, he had mad.e arrangements to go to I'^ng-
land to study portrait painting with ISenjamin \\'e>t, an .American
artist, wJKi wa-. then or afterwards President of the Royal Academy ;
but owing to the adverse circumstances brought about !>v the war
of that ( tiuntr}' widi brance, was ob!ig';ed to abandon his purjjose.

Some e:f his first work was the i;i]ding of the figure of Justice on
the old Court House. Many specimens of his ])aintings are still
to be found in tlic adjoining towns, sliowing that his skill was in
demand outside of \\'or( ester. I'lcunes representing the three
Cardinal \'irtues — baith, Htipe and Chaiity — which were painted
for a Masonic So( iet\ in the town of Sutton about 1S15, I am tpld
are )et iii existence.

In 1S21 he painted a banner for the \\'orcester Rifle Company,
his tlaughter Sarah maldng the ])resentation from the ste])s of the
late Hon. Rejoice Newl(.>n's residence on Front street (now be-
longing to the Osgotjd llradlev heirs). The speech she delivered
at that ti)ne was com]>osed by her father, who also wrote the reply
for the lji - ign, Mr. A\'ill;am Swett. At mv re(|uest Mrs. A\'ood
has co])ied her sjieech from the original, and I take pleasure in
presenting the same to this Society, as a memento of his work, and
as a sin-ciiiun of the [K'niTianship of my aunt now in her 82d year,
who inlierited the art from her father, ami whio was often called up-
on by her friends to exercise her skill in that ].iarticular, both for
useful and ornamental purj>oses.

The ICnsign and all the other ofticcrs of the Ritle (Company long

2 08

since passetl away, but williiu two )cars Mrs. Wood, who now lives
in Chicago, has met and ((jnversed with a Mr. James Kirl>\' who
was a mcmher of the Company at the time ami who well remem-
l)eied the e\ent.

Jcreiniali Stiles, Jr. had a taste for literature. ;md was familiar
with all the leading poets. His li'urary contained man\- of the best
works of his day. lie wa> of a joN'ial turn. enjoNCil a joke, and
ne\'er spoiled one for relation's sake.

On Jul)' 2(1. 1N26. in compan)' with .Mexander \'(jttier, a I'Vench-
man who ser\ed under Napoleon the Fir^t, and several others, he
went to Lake Ouinsi-amond to halite, and in trs'ing to pass under
the tloating bridge, he was drowiieil. i-"or three daws the Lake
was dragged un^uccessfullv, his brother, I(jhn \V. .Stiles (_)ffering a
large boimt_\' for the recovery of the bixlw As a la.^t resort a cannon
of the W'orrestei Artillery Company was taken ilowu and fired on
the bridge near where he made the fital jilimge into the water.
The surface was watcheil closidy. some bubliL-s, were seen to rise,
a man named Artluir .\ddlinglon lowered tlie grappling iron, and
the body was brought to the smface. Me was bmied in the .Me-
chanic street burial groimd, and afterwards remownl to Rural
Cemetery, where he now lies in the fanu'h' lot. He was hft\'-five
ye,u"s of age at the time of his decease.

His widow, .\bigail Lridge Stiles. sur\i\ed him until September
24th, 1.S69, dying in her ninet_\-ninth year.

1 have no jiersonal kncjw ledge or recollection of my grandfather,
as 1 was but one )ear old when he died, but his name was a house-
hold word in the fum'ly, and I never tired of listening to the story
of his life and death, little thinking it would be m}- privilege to be
allowed to help in any way to keep his memory green in the vears
to come.

'I'hanking you for the honor done me in accepting the ]iicture,
I will close with a biief extract froni the Iv-mini-cences of the late
l\e\-. Ceorge .Mien (compiled b\- Mr. Lrauklin P. Rice) :

"Jerc-miah Stiles was a man of varied and wonderful talents. . .
His abilit}' as a portrait painter w.is remarkable ; and. he was a poet
ol no mean ])relensions, exhibited mostlv in eiugranis. j-'rancis


Blake, tlic (li^tin^^Mishcd hw\-cr, secinL^ in his slinp the works of
Sh.akspcaiv ami .Miltoii, a^kcd him if he read thcin. 1 fc was told
to o]icn t'itJRT of the soliiines at random and read one line, whicdi
Blake did rei)eatedl)-, and found tliat Stiles was able to recite with
perfect accuracy to an}' lenL;th in either book."

Mr. Calelj A. Wall read a CjCMica]o_c;!cal Sketch of
the Aclains Iviinily. with parliciilar reference to the
branch which settled in Worcester.

The meetinL,'- \vas then adjom-ned.

This closes the record ot the Society's work for



2 1 1



'I'hc year 1.SS4 will !>c inL'inora'jle in the history nf Worcester as
a \e;ir in which the city lost an iiiiiisual number of i)roniinent and
influential nun. Of all those who ha\e passed away in this period
none held a higher place in i)uMic conlidence and private esteem,
a.iul none more merited that di-^tinction than the subject ot this
sketch, l'"rancis 'I'h.ixter llhukmer.

Mr. IJlackmer w.;s born in Worcester March ;^^i\, 1844, in a house
situated at the corner of Washington and i'ark streets. Me was
the son of Willi.un II. and Harriet N. blackmer, and was descend-
ed on his falhei-'s side froin one of the colony of Scoti h I'resby-
teriaus that attempted a settlement at Worcester during the early
])art of the last century. While he was vet in iiis infancy, his \rd-
rents remowd lo iIr' town of I'rescott, in Hampshire County, and
there, and in the iieiL^hboriiiL,' town ol Hardwick, whither the family
subsequently went, the Nouth recei\ed his early traming. Having
completeil the ordinary course of common schoc^l instruction ]ivo-
vided liy (ounlry towns, he entered the W'esleyan .\cadeniy at
\\'ilbraham, wlifie he passed several terms and was known as a
thorough and industrious student. He aided materially in defray-
ing the evpien- es of his education b\' teaching school winters, gain-
ing a high rei")ntalion both as ^n instiuctor and a disciijlinarian in
the districts where he v.as emplosed. In 1864 he began the study
ot the law at Worcester, in the office of Hon. William W. Rice,
niakiug this cii}- his home from that time. After his admission to
the bar in 1S67, he was retained by Mr. Rice in the cai)acity of
•■lerk till 1873, wlien a coparlnersliii.) was formed between the two

2 1

under the ^tyle of R ire \: iJlarkmer. The name of tliis firm soon
atlaineii a wide celebrity, and to the a.;'.:i^;i:nn of that fame Mr.
Dlai krner. \>y hi> yenius an'.l his untiriii- ;hd"..v.rv, lar-ely contrilj-

In Jairiary. 1875. 'i'-' ^''-'-^ elected City S-'uicitor. which office lie
held till Fe'iruary, i.SSi, wl-en he re^iyned to arcejit the ajipoint-
ment of Di^triet Attorney ina<le by Cnv. ].-.uj. In the f(..!lowin-
Autumn, and a-ain in iS,S3. he wa-, elected to the same poMtiun
by the jK'Oi.le. receiving; hir-e majorities on both occasions. 'I'he
ability and fi.klity with which rie di-,char^ed the onerous and ex-
acting dutie-, of the^e oflirc< is so well known a:, to make comment
superlluous. It was in fu.t too ch^e attention to the demands of
his busine>s that eventua.lly undermined iii- health. The winter
of 1SS2-3 was an unusually hard sea-on tor him. Tiyin- cases in
one court or another nearly e\ery day, ai:d -eitin- no relaxation,
sleeping hours e.\<epted, sa\e during the brief respite afforded by
the interval from Saturday night till Monday morning, his sy>tem
became thoronghly exhausted. He had anticipated iniuh Jnjoy-
ment in a jileasure trip in the j.eriod betv.eeii the Manh and Aijnl
terms of court, but in thi. he wa. disappointed, being obliged to
spend tliat time in visiimg a .vi. k relative at Cincinnati, Ohio.
Summoned home by telegraph to attend to an imi-ortant business
matter, he contracted a sudden cold on the way, whi( h in his
weakened condition, soon develojied iut.j pneumoni.\, follou-ed bv
pleurisy fever. On the morning of his return he spent a fvw hour's
in court, after which he retired t._. his liouse and his room where
he was confined tor months by the illne.ss that had overtaken him.
From this .sickness he never fully recoxerefl : as the fever abated
consumption set in, and though for a season he seemed to imj.rove,
at times sufliciently even to enter court and >up'erintend the trial
of his cases, the disease was gradually asserting ii:,elL and on the
13th of January, 1SS4, he died at the City cf^Vashington. where
he was stojiping while on his way to f-.orida in r|ue..t of renewed

Mr. Jllackmer's rleath was und.oubted.Iy due to excessive over-
work. Having by far the lar^^est practice of any m.ember of the

Worcester I'-ar, the demands ii|H>n his time were such as to L;'i\-e
him almost no rest. IK- nearly ahva\s foiinil clients awaiiin;; liim
on his arri\al at his otiiec in the mDrnini;', although his hours were
early, aiid from that time till hi> departure he was kept constantly
busy. I'A'en then he wa-, allowed no -ees-iation. Some of th.ose
who had wailed in \ain lor an otfice <unsultation would ask leaye
to accompany him on the street to hurriedh' tell tlieir ^tory and
get his ha-t)' conunent. lie always ^ood-naturedly ctmsenled, for
he disliked to disappoint any oiu'. 'i'hose who sought him on ur-
gent business and were told he was in Court, would rc])air to the
Court Mouse and await the hye niinntes' recess taken at the mid-
dle of each session, when they would press their affairs upon him
at the expense of the breathing s]iell enjoyed li\- tilher lawyers.
Nor was this all ; his brief dinner hour was fiei|uently trenched
upon, and his e\enings instead of being deyoted to rest and re-
creation, were usually passed at his office in a continuation of the
day's toil. L'ndev such circiuuNlances, though endowed by nature
with a strong constitution, and a system (.:apable of sustaining se-
vere strains, it was only a (|Uestion of time when his health must

As an ad\'ocate Mi. 1 Slack mer's career was brilliant in the ex-
treme. Const.antU- practising in the courts, he pr()l>ably, dmiug the
last eight years, tried more cases and lo.^t less than any other law-
yer at this' bar. lie jjresented his side of a case with marked
abilit)', bringing out the strong points with telling effect, and skil-
full)' co\ering the weak ones. His argunuaits were [lersuasiye and
con\incing, and his inlluence with a jury was almost unbounded.
It was, howeyer, as a ca'oss-examiner that he manifested tire most
striking proofs cjf his genius. In this field he may be said to ha\-e
been without a superior, if he had an e(|ual, within the liiviits of
of the Commoinveallh. Hard indeed was the lot of an o]i])osing
witness who liad attempted to e\ade, conceal, deny or misre]ire-
sent the truth, when his tuin at the ijuestioning came. Under the
pressure of his searching and relcndos examination, the real facts
Were sure to come ()Ut, and the would-be deceiver was often com-
Jielled to bear unu illing testimony aLjainst himself. Scjme of his


niO'-t important ra^rs, which jt one staijc socnied ahiKjst hopeless,
were won in the eml h}' reluctant admissions thus wrun:; from the
lipi of the ad\erse party.

He was a close student, making a most thorough and ])ains-
takiiig ime-^tigalion of all the authorities hearing ujioii a disputed
point, and secaning never to ft^rget what he read. If, while look-
ing up one (|ueslion. he noti( ed an important decision hearing
ujjon another, he did not pass it lighlly \>y, hut retained it in his
mind ready for instant use uhenevei it was wanted. 'I'hus he mas-
tered "that codeless myriad of precedent, that w ilderncss of single
instances," the common law.

Mr. lilackmer held a high j)lace in the esteem of his [>rofe»ional
hrethren, on account hoth of his great talents as a Iaw\er and his
kindl}' nature as a man. Hi.^ hel]iful sN'mjJathy for the unfoitunate
an<l his readiness to aid and ad\'ise the vouiig and inexperienced,
made him man\' de\'oled friends. Nor was tlie regard and aflec-
tic^n felt for him conuned to liis legal associates ; it was mau.ifested
by ])e(jple ol all classes and all lines of business who had been
brought within the range of his a( (piaintance. .\s was said by
JCmory Washburn of another eminent law}er : ".\s a wise c(jun-
sellor, an agreeable and entertaining companion, whose coinersa-
tion always instructed, and whose plavful kiiifhiess alwa)-s delighted,
no man ever went through the tangled wilderness of pijlitical and
professional life, and left more for friendshiji to rememl)er, ami less
to forget than he."

His untiniel)' death in the t'ulness of Iiis pi,)wers, aiul at the prime
of lile, was almost uni\'ersall\- regarded as a pulilic calamity. His
niemor)- will be cherished -mj long as the generation of those who
knew him sur\i\-es, and his lame will far outlast the peiiod in which
he lived.




'I'hc close of another year finds this iJepartinent in nnich the
same condition as heretofore. IJeyond the t'ind;in;4 of an ancient
stone ])ot in Shre\v>!)ury, and tlie y;ithering uj) of sundry stone ar-
row heads, tuuiahawks and similar Indian reli(-^ in (jtl'ier i)arts of
the County, little can he reported as ha\-inL: l^een done at home.
Much has hecn a(,ci)in[jlished elsewhere in this country and in
other lands.

Col. janies Stesen^on, of the Western Ceo!('-;ical Survey, con-
tinuin:; his work of im-e-tiL:ation in .\ri/ona, briellx' alluded to in
my Liht report, has matie some \er} intere>tir._j (.i;-co\'eries. Th.e
findiiiL,' of a suhterr.mean vi;laL;e of si\tv-five dwellings, among
the mountains of the San Ju.an region, is perhap'S the moat note-
worthy of these. The dwellings, though not communicating with
each other helow tlie surface, were all excavated in the same way,
and had their moms arrangeil on tlie same general plan. The
entrance t(^ each was through a sipiare ojiening leading from the
surface by a vertiral <hai"t to the ])riucipal apartment, an oval-shaped
room, about tweut)' feet in diameter at it> narrowe>t point. This
was evidently the li\ing room ; out of it led tliree smaller apart-
ments, two of them a])]iarenti_\- sleeping chambers, and the olh.er a
store room. Enclosing the up];ier entrance to the r^hal't was a stone
wall, built [trobably pnrdy as a defense against tlie enemy, and partly
to ward olf snow slides. No evidence of a watercourse or of the
existence of water in that \icinit\' within recent times was obtained.
•Among the debris inside the dwellings were found stone mauls,
axes and other implements, pottery ornamented in different stales,
bone awls and need.ks, grinding stones for gram, anil shell and

2 l6

obsidian ornanicntN. A wooden spindle whirl similar to thor,e u^ed
by the J'ueblo Indians at tlie present (hi\-, was found in one of the
rooms. A shaft ot reed similar to baniixjo, a specieN now unknown
in that re- ion, was in the wliirl. This had been broken and care-
hilly mended b}' \\indni;4 roundi it a jjiece of fine twine. A mi( los-
copic examination of this twine showed that it was made of \-erv
fine human hair. Portions of weariiv^ aj)paiel of a substanee re-
scmbliiiL; ML:_\-ptian mmmny c loth were freiiuendv met with, as were
grains of corn, walnuts, and the bones of elk, ante]oi>e aii'l woK.
No metallic lunh were found, nor anythiiiL;- indicatiiv^ their use;
neither were there to lie seen any idols, hiero-l\ phics. or pictures.
The absence of weap(jns of war would seem to indicate that the
ancient inhal/itants were peaceald_\' inclined.

Miss h'lances ]■]. I'.abbitt, in two llaper^, published in the A'<?/-
iiralisf, tries to show that she has discovered evidence of the ex-
istence of man in .Minnesota during the glacial e])och. She claims
to ha\e found a workshop of early man at Little I'alb in ih.at ..tate.
where masses of (juaa-t/ were shaped into rude imi)lemeiits. Man\-
tools were discovered in different stages of construction, and pii.'ces
of (juart/. chipped off in fashioning these and others were fr-. ;I\-
.scattered about. None of the tools were furnished with handles,
wliich leads Miss liabbilt to conjecture that inin had not advanced
far enough in that peri(jd to enable him to devise this impro\enient.

The Cliincse claim that their ant-estors discoveivd and occupied
the western part of this continent many centuries before the time
of Columbus, receives new support in the alleged unearthing of
ancient Chinese coins in British Columbia. It is reported that a
miner, v/hile digging for gold in the C:assiar district, found thirtv
of these coins in the auriferous sand, twenty-flv-e feet below the
sm-face. They a]i[)eareil to have been strung, but the miner in
taking them up let them tall a])arl. The earth above and around
them was as com])act as any in the vicinity, and bore no marks
of ha\ing been previously disturbed. I'art of the collection has
been on exhibition at \'ictoria. It is said that they do not resem'jle
modern coins in metal or engraving.

Increasctl interest in the remains of the Mf)und "Guilders is man-


iffstcd year by year, and there is a constant annual eain in the
anioiml of labor spent in excawitiny the works of that shatlowy
raee. Mr. 1 lenry ( lillmi who has opened a nuniber of nKnuids
along the line of the l)'.troit ri\'er has brought to light the preva-
lence, in that localilv. of a peculiar custom of perforating the skulls
of the dead. In all cases the opening is at the exact center of the
top of the skull. In a few instances there are three ]jerforations,
one being at the center, and a smaller one an ecpial dibtance there-
from (Jii either side ; thus, as Mr. (lillam says, "jireserxing the
eciuilil)rium." In e\'erv case the perforations are less than half an
inch in diameter. This custom probably either in<licates some
religious (.>bser\ance, or ])oints to the existence of caste. Thus far,
with a single e\ce[)tion, no perforations of this character have lieeii
disco\'ered in .\inerica outside t!ie mounds of Michigan. A sinii-
lar custom ha>, howeve-r, been shown to exist among the ca\ e men
of FraiKe ; but theie the skulls of both >e\es and of all ages were
perforated, wheiea-, in the Michigan moimds only the skulls of
adult males ha\-e thus far been found so tieated. Again the
position of the api-rlure is variable among the cave men, but here,
as has been said, it does not deviate in the least from the skull's
center. Mence the object of the u^age in one race was probably
totally different from tliat in the other.

Prof. 1''. W. Putnam who has opened and examined a number
of mound-, near C'hilHcothe, Ohio, has written a \'ery interesting
account of the partial excavation by him of a large burial mound
at that ])lace. Tlli-^ mound i> one hundred and sixty feet long,
from eighty to ninetv feet wide, aiid from thirteen to eighteen
feet high in the ceiitial part. The bm'ial chambers were found in
the lowest section of the mound. These were encdosures formed
of logs about six inches in diameter, and were I'rom six to se\'en
feet long, from two to three teet wide, and about a foot deep. In
these the bodies were ])laced and in most instances burned, tlvnigh
in two cases the skeletons were hnmd entire, indicating either a
simple burial withc.nu fire, or tiie failure of that element to do its
work. .\ variety of artR-les were bmned with the bodies, among
these being coi)per I'lates. earrings, shell beads and even flint knives.
C)n the bre.iht of one skeleton wa^ found a copper plate covering

2 8


a piece of finrly woven tlolh wliich the acticjn o\ the coiiper had
preserved. The a'Dihty to inaivif.ieti'.ie such cloth would indif.j.tc

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