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a liigh de-ree of >kiil in tlie niakvr. h aopeart-d that thv^e burial
chauVDcrr, were co\vred by ^ulall niuuiuls of ,i;ra\el and (lay. nnd
that after all the les^er uiouuduS v.ere made, a L'leat aaiiount of earth
was brought from difierent '[u.-uters and heaped over tlie whole
collection, thr..^ forming one large niountl a.-, an tanluring najnu-
ment tu the tlis.ul. In this conneetinn it is interesting to record
that our towii-,man. Prof. Leonard 1'. Kiiinicutt. of tlie In-^titute of
Industrial Science. Iki^ subjei ted to c liemica! analysis some metallic
ornaments foun<! in two of the altar mounds in the Little Miami
Valley. Ohio. .-\s ;i re>ult he linds tliat the sj■ecimen^ are "p'or-
tions of a meteorite of whicdi no otlier tVagmeiits are known." .\
full account of hi-> analysis may be found in \"ol. ni. of the publi-
cations of the I'eabody .Museum of .Xnierican .XrcliLcology and
Ethnology.

In foreigii field> the work of inve-tigation has lieen 'p;i<hed for-
wartl with vig.ir. I'r. S(di!iemaim has continued hi-; re-.ear( hes in
Greece and Asia Mnior with \aluab!e re-ults. .\mong other un-
(lertaki'ags successfully ( arried out has beiai tile excavation of the
great tumulus on the ])lain of .Marathon. It lias been generally
believed th;it this mound was rai - e(! Xo commemorate tlie gliuious
victorv of the (ireeks, and to cowr the bodies of those slain in
the battle. Dr. Sehliemann, howe\er, has demonstrated that tlie
tumulus is of much higher anti'juity than tlie fust Persian invasion.
lie savs that the jioiiery he found tlierein h:is suidi an arc liaic aji-
jjcaraiiee that he v.ould not ha\-e been surprised to ha\e discovered
it in the royal tonfos at M)-cenie. .A large number of kniws of
olisidian were brought to light, which indieate a still more ancient
date, lie found no luunan skeleton-^, and I'lom that and other
reasons reaches the conclusion that tlie mound was a mere ceno-
tai^li, ijreib;ibl_\ of the 9th century i;. c.

Mr. I'etrie. a \-ery energetic and jiain-taking archaeologist, in
excavating at the site' of the eity of Zo.ui, in ligypt, has made some
remarkable disco'.'cries. .\mong these are the only Roman Zodiac
yet found in l^gypt ; tlie only exanijile. so fir as known, of paint-
ing on glass found in that coimlr\' ; and se\"eial ])arts ol a red



19



uranile statue o! Ramescs n. (the great Sesostris) of colossal pro-
ponions Thi^ statue when entire was prohably tlie lar-est m ex-
istence in the world. It api.ear^ to have been a stanchng tl-ure
crowned with the crown of upper ICgypt, and supported at the l.acK
l,v a pilaster. Kn-in the dinieuMons of the varunis parts it would
seem that the statue must have been ninety-eii^'ht feet in heii^ht.
'ro-ether with the pedestal, which was un.louhtedly of one piece
with it it must have been alxmi one hundred and fifteen teet hi-li.
The -reat toe measures eighteen in. lies across. The statue was
cut up into building blocks by Sheshank in., and used in the con-
struction of the great iiyUm. Zoan was one of the oldest ( ities of
Egypt, and in its rums ha\e been <!lsco^ered, as successive strata
hive been examined, illustrations of the different eiiochs of l^gyp-
tian history from the pre-Lsraeliti>h era .lown to the times ot the
(Irecian con^iuest and the Roman (jccupation.

During the hist few vears a I,u-ge number of papyri have come
10 li^ht m the lv.:vptian province of Favum. Most of these have
co.iK- into the pn.M^.M.a. of luirupean libraries and museums. The
r.vitish Mu.eum hwis some, the T-erlin Musrum some, but the
Vienna Museum has most of all. These are being examined under
the direction of VnA. Kambauk, and already over fifteen hundre<l
have been iuspe. te<l, but the maJMrity yet remain unt.niched. .\
newfia-menl wfThucvdi<les has been .lisclosed, as well as frag-
ments oi .ither Creek authors. A poUanic speech against Isocrates,
hitherto unknown, has also been found. Only about ten Latin
l.apvri have thus far been found, but several hundred Persian and
over a thousand Arabian papvn are mentioned. A careful exami-
nation of these ancient manuscripts may shed much light on
pe'riods of hastory of which we now know little or nothing.

Miss Catharine Wolf, of New York, who has been a liberal
patron „f arrha-logv in the past, has undertaken to ])ay the expenses
of an exi>editi..n to the I'.abyloiiian plain, for the purpose- of exca-
valiu" on the site of the great Assyrian metropolis. The exjiedi-
tion will be under the direction of I )r. W. 1 layes Ward, an eminent
Assyrian scholar, and will have the assistance of the Archaeological
Institute of America. Rich results are anticij.ated.



220

The auijointnient of cut' of our members, Mr. l-jlwaid M.
'rhomiiMJii, as CoiimiI to VniMtan, is a maUer wlueh L'ive-^ us rea-
son for much ;4ratifii:ati<>n. A ihoroUL^l-i student, and one stronp;ly
interested in the subject <jf archa'oloLjy, he will undiiulite(Uy m/.ke
the mo-it of his opporluniucs, and his re-iilencc in tlie land >>l the
Mayas will i.rohahly i;ive us the mrans of furiii.-.hin!^ the wi)rld
ori"inal information throii-ii the niedimn of one of our o\\n mnn-
ber, a priviie-e never before enjoyed by ns. I trust tliat the next
report of ihi.^ deparunent will l)e enrieJR-d b\- inlelli-ence received
from tliis source.

CH.\Rbi:S K. l(jH.\Sr).\, Cluiiniuui.



LOCAL llISTr)RV A.N I) Gl'XLALOCiY



NF.CKOI,0';V 'M' 18S4.

'l"he li>t of the dealhr, of the year 1.^84 carries many names tliat
will be held in remembiame in our communil}', b}' tiie ^underin:;
of mnltitude.^ of tender tie.-,, the intemiiJlion of mmierous hopes
and promises of u^^efuInes^, and in not a \^\\ instances the ,L;niier-
ing of the fruii of loni; and well occupied li\es. h'or the jnnpD^cs
of i)resenl mention hx>m their i-,umber the enumeration cannot be
made an extended one, indicating scarcely more^ thcUi the i)laces
immc(h'atel\- vacatecl by the decea.-.ed whose names are a[<pended.

\\'..m.-|i;r I. Hai'cooii. There were many tears and man\- ex-
])ressions of svmiKithy for tho^e u])(jn wIkjui the blow tell soiest
when tlie genial, iiojiular and gready loved teller of the Central
i;ank war, called from earth at"ter a brief illne-s. lie died J.muary
(jlh, in the llu.di of y(nmg manliood, leaving a wife and ->mall chil-
dren.

C"lai-;i'.ni'().\ IIarki^. l''or man\' years an esteemed (ilizen.. use-
ful in ever)- relation lie filled. .A pi inter, editor, bookseller and
jtublisher in former \enr> ; but for the later period of his lile a-:,o-
ci, Ued with tlie State MutuaJ bife Assurance Company of thi^city.
lie died Jan. 12, aged S3 years.



2 2 I



FkwlIs T. Bi.ACKMKR. Succumbin^ lo trie -low progress of
('li-ea.^e, he jja-^-cil awjv uhik' filliii^^ a hijh \\\c-^ in his ];niie-:-i(jn,
and the oliicc of l)i>tii( t Atlorncv. llis (.1l-,v.;i '■)o'k jilace Jan. 13.

] )! A. .\-\Mi R. M \K-ii \i,i.. A cili/cn L'rcatiy c -teemed, a kindly,
earnest anil faithf il Chri>tian man, lon^,' an ofiic'^r in the Okl .Sonth
Church. I,)ied Jan. 30. a^-etl 60 wars.

Ht'.v. kreir- J. K.\o\\i.i>. ( )f widrr tlian local reputation,
eniineril as an inxenior, a man (jf uenial (j'laiiiirs and ])uhlic sj'irit,
his biuliicn death, I'ei). 25, in \\'a-hinj;ton, 1.). C while on a juur-
nev, gr^ath' -hmked a wide circle of fiiends. lie lett a large es-
tate, and will hi lid permanently a place aniur..; \\'urcebter Cuimty
inventors. He wai a naliw of Worcester Co'.:r,ty, and aged 65
\ears at the tune ol iiis t!rcca-e.

Jacoi: I'.wi. Wi ixij k. A foreign horn ciii/en, long a resident
and in trade here, which he ha- left to succes-or- in his own fimily.
His life had Oeen an adventurous one inciudiii.g -ervice in the wars
of the fir.-l Napoleon. Age .S4 vears.

Em:'.i;s()X N. SinciavKLL. .\ resident of Worcester for nearly
forty _\cari. He huilt the block on .McLl.a.r.ic ^'.reet which bears
his name. His death occurred .\pril i jtli. at t'ne age of 66.

liox. 1 )An;!H- Ic 1-1 ii;. April k). Tiiough at the time of h.is
death a resident of llo-^ton. his name an'.i tiiat o\ his family have
been so thoroughly identified with \\'orccs:er ;;-.at it belongs in this
list. 4

\\'ii.!,iAM C. McKa\', of the firm of Denhoim ^: McKay, a mer-
chant of gieat eiiter'iri-e. I )ied Mav 7.

C).-.(;rHU) ]'.r.Aoi.i.\ . ] )ied Ma\- 11, at the a^'e oi 83. 'I'he vet-
eran car builder, and identified wiiii tlie eailie.-t railroad era, before
wh.ich period he built stage coacdies in this c:i\". A citizen of loiig
and highly e>teemed (pialilies.

Dr. Samiii. I'~i - ki: (Ikkin. .A mi-sio!iary i/nNsician of many
\ears" service in llic toreign field, d.ie(.l in tlii.-. c;iy, uf which he was
a ii,ttive, Ma_\- 2<S. He resided at the liome-tcad on (Jreen Hill. To
the la-i ami through several years lie was laboriously busy on the
work of translations in the Tamil t(jngue to extend the work to
which he liad ''i\-eii liis lile.



Dr. C-hari,ks a. HrsK. July ^ ^. ^r. Huse was born August
7, 1855, and graduated ;'t l!ruwn I'nivcrsity in 1N7S. lie was a
member of the Massachu.ctls Mcdi-al Sccicly and' the Worcester
Society fur Medical Inijin .\ cnicnt.

1)F,A. N.vm.w II. C'n-iiNC. l':ngage(l in Worcester for many
years in the manufaeture of trusses. 1 )ied July 16 at tJK- age of 79.
IliKAM CfsHMAN died July 16, ageil So. In business here ior
many years.

JosKPii Pk\it die.l Aug. 21 at the age of 8S. He was a soldier
of the War of 1X12.

Hon. Sti-.I'IIKn- SAMsiakV. T.y virtue of his prominence as a
citizen, the large wealth which enabled him to be useful to many
Worcester undertakings of a ])ub!ic nature, and hi> traits of rnin.i
and heart whi( h conuncnded all such cnteri.riseN U> his care, this
was the most dehned and marked death of the year, though
occurring at the cl.jse of a l-ng life, throughout passed m this < ity
of his birth. Mr. Salisbury was .S6 years old at the time of his
death, .\ug. 24.

TiMoriiv W. Wkm.inok.x. At the age of 73 years died August
25. A well known man of business, but still lielter knuwn f-r Ins
active jiatriotism and the sacrifices he made in the War ot the
Rcl)ellion. The collections of tliis Su<;iety periuanentl}- and in a
very striking manner attest Mr. Wellington's interest in war topics
and details. *

(iKORoi: T. Rick. Suddenly and without warning, Oct. S. A
prominent broker.

HiiKATM N. 'I'owi K. Died at I'-loomheld, X. J., (Xt. S. He
was a prominent contraeior an<i builder in Woicester for many
years, and erected several of our jjublic buildings.

Amos Wiini;. Long iri mechanical business here. .'V member
t)f the So( iety of Friei.ds. Died Oct. 21, aged 75.

Di;a. Wn.i.iAM Mayo. Nov. 9, at the age of Si. .\ well known
citi/en.

Dka. Daniki. Goodari*. Died Nov. 16, aged SS years, 9 mos.
A valuable relic- of the earlier day in Worcester, one of the fir>t



board of city offirers, ;iiul thus nauu'il and luMioicd amoni: tlic
Cilv's giitsti at the cck-bralion of the Two Ilumhcihh Anniversary
a few weeks precethiii; his derease.

\\'\i:Ki.N MlI''ai;i.anii. iVoju-ietor and for many _\ears identified
with the Ahilleable Iron ^\'(.)rl■:s in tiiis ( iiy. Died Xov. 16, aged
74 years.

liK.xjAMix W. Ai;i;(M r. Died Dec. 17, widel)' knouai throu;^h-
out the County as an aut tioneer, esjiecially itlentified with noted
horse sales. Mr. Abbutt was a nati\e of Woieester Count)'.

Df.aihs 01 Aoij) I'l.K.sONs. The following are to be noted as
deaths oeeurrin.; in this city and county of persons of 90 years and
upwariL



AVorcester.

AVestborouL^h.

LunenburLT.



Boylston.
Westminster.



JANl'AKV.

.\rethu.sa 1 )aniels,
] larriet Andiews,
1 lamiah IJurraj^a-,

MAKCH.

Samuel Kencbill,
A.non Riie,



92 _\ears.

90 )ears, 5 months.

95 years, 6 months.



91 \ears.
90 years.



Sutton.
Leominster.



Ai'kn..



Mrs. Lucy Parsons, 91 years, 3 mofiths.
Luke P.uss. 90 years.



Worcester. Mrs. Reb<.Tca, Parish, 9S \'ears, 8 months.

Northliiidge. Nathaniel Pi~Jier, 90 years.

Athol. Zilpah l.oxerlni^,', 91 years, 2 months.

Leicester. Mrs. Sal!\' Denny, 95 years, 8 monllis.



Leon"!!nster.

Royalston.

Sutton.



lUNK.



James PiUiditt, 92 years, 10 months.

Mrs. Anna llliss, 92 years.

Mrs. ^L^r\• Cihase, 92 years, 10 months.



224
JULY.

Athol. Alii;<;iil Cheney, 92 years.

Rutland. Mrs. l;-jt>'jy Recil. 91 _\ears, S months.

Milford. Mrs. Mary ]\ Clark. 90 years.



Worcester. Mrs. Jane Connor, 99 years.

Worcfster. Mrs. Catharine Irtlaivl, 90 years, 7 months.

SKKl FMilKR.

Northhridge. John Malian, 95 years.

t)cr< >v.].K.

Lunenburg. Mrs. Sybil I'.stahrook, 92 years.

.Scuthliorough. Mrs. J._\(!:a lirighani. 94 years.

Harre. Mark lliiuklev. 92 vears, 10 montlis.

.Athol. Rebecca .'^awtel'.e, 94 years, 4 months.

Novi,Mi;i-,k.

i'^itchbiirg. Dr. IVtcr S. Snow, 92 years.

lUCKMnKK.

Charltoii. Claris-a Mansfield, 105 vears, 5'j iiv)nlhs.

Milturd. Mrs. l-"Jizabcth Tarleton. 90 year^. S nujiitlis.

Petersham. Mrs. Mary Hodges, 91* years.

}II:NRV M. SMIIH, C/ia/n.'i.m.



o o C



ANCIENT MANL-SCKIl'TS, I'f PLICATIONS ANlJ KNCRAVINGS.

Mn-land's fir^t printer was William C'axton. who was born about
.\ I, up:, in the WraUl or -Wuu.ly Country," Kent, England.
In MV^ 1>^- \vas apprenticed to Rnhert Large, a London mercer,
an alduanan, and allerwards nia)..r. ( 'axton. after his ai)],rentice-
ship had expired, l.eean.e a niereer .>.Vliis own acconiU. and soon
rose to di.tin.tiun. He was elevated to the pe.<ition of Governor
of the iMi-lish Nation in the ] .ow Countries, his special duties
being to regulate the conduct of trade. Thi. then important office
he hdd for"se\ eral years, when he resigned to enter the service of
the l)u< hess of Liirgundy.

With a desire to -ochewe slouthe and y<l'dness," he undertook
the translali..n of the ••Histories of 'In.ye." This production
became so popular that it was impossible to supply the demand
until he turr.ed. hi, attention to the new art of ])rinting, whereby
he could dupli.ate his translations with greater ra]udity. About
this time th.' -rcat Louvre Library was catalogue.! and found to
contain 910 volumes. These books were in manuscript, most
magnihcenllv In.uud, tastefully illuminated, and trimmed with
uolden clasp's set with diamon.ls. It seems almost incredible that
onlv sixteen generations have pa.sed away since the largest lil)rary
in Western Lurope containe.l less than 1000 volumes. ^\ hen
Caxton turned hi. attention to printing, the art of book'-makmg
rapidly advanced in the llriti.h Isle and throughout Kurope.
Caxton was an amateur, but a man of literary attainments com-
bined with untiring in.hi>try and fair business ciualifications for
his time. uhi<h enal,led him to adoj^t his new calling with some
degree of hope. He followed printing seventeen years, and during
that time used onlv eight different founts of tyi-e. His tlrst book,
"'I'he Recuvell of the Hi.lories of T'roye." was printed in i474-
His second'book was "'Hie Game and Play of Chess." i-nnted
in 1476- After this his facilities for printing were extended, and
his books were ir-surd at shorter inte-rvals. He printed l^ut one
page to each imi-ression. His i.ress was operated by a screw



2t



226

instead of a lever or bv cam motion as at present, and the txjjes
were inked with !calher-co\ered halls instead of rolkrs. Suih
a]:)[jlianrcs, at the present day, v.Duld lie deemed worthless, Imt at
that lime quite larye editions ot' ponderous tolios were piinted in
tolerable good ta^te, in some cases requiring sewral years for
their com])lelion. Copies of thc - e books are now in great demand,
and Collectors are obliged to jKiy t'abulous prices in order to
obtain them. It is not an uncommon occurrcn( e to mcII the^e
early books at prices ranging from loo to 500 doll.irs each.

It may not seem strange that this state of things exists when we
find that onlv a few of these early im]irinls are now to be found
e\'en in the libraries. ()ul of loj woiks printed b\' Caxton 31 are
known only bv one co[)y. and 7 by Iragments on!}-. It is possible
and evtii (|uite probable tluit many editions ]irinted b_\' him lia\e no
representati\e now in existence.

If .such has been the fate of ('axton's wcjiks, how imperfect must
be the history of the earlier publications, between 1.156 and i-iy-j.

]5ooks of a mui h later date aie becoming scarce, and uulc/ss
especial care is taken to j. reserve them hxmi the encroachments
of time we shall hnd that oblivion will lullow uncomlorlabl\' near
to C)Ui' ad\ancing l(jotste])s.

C'L.ARK JTld,SOX, Chalnuau.



RELICS, CCjlXS AND CL RIOSI'IIK.S.

Rr.i'OR'r ox THi: musfi-.m coi.r.Kci'iox.

Mr. r>nicrson says, in one of his essays, ''.Vs soon as a stranger
is introduced into any company, one of the first (juestions whi( h
all wish to lia\-e answered is, how ([k)^:^ that man g'et his living?"
U'hen we see an old book or an obiect of antiquity we generallv
ask who made it and wliat is its history.

Artemas Ward, when he \'isited the liritish Museum, said : "1
can or)' like a child o\er a jug one thousand years old, especiall}'



if it is a Roman jml' ; Inil a iu,: of a •.incertin dale doesn't o\-cr-
wliclm iiie widi (.■motions. jn;.4< and jiots of a unccrtin ai^e is
du-il)tlcs-; \al!_\aMe iiri)ii.vl\-. I.iit. like the deSenuires of tlie Lon-
don, ("iKUiian; and 1 Jowt KaiKva)'. a man doesn't want too nianv
of them.'"

.-\ relie is valualile if we know it- origin and its lii^torv after-
wirds. It is the knowleih^^r of the cireumstances whirh •^urrtmnd
tliese olijects whicli make.- ihi'm intere-tinii;, and an iinder>taiidin^^
of tlu'ir eoirect history which ,:ji\i.'S ihcvn worth. ];\- a proiier
svstem o\ kihehn.,' tlie mnst.-um liecornes a \'alualile an.xiliary to the
library ;!^ a i-fice of icfereme.

In .ni artii le deseii|iti\e of the Xatioiial Me.srum, written by
Ernest Inmr-oll and printed in t;;e Centur_\- Mai,'a/ine for fan-
uarv, iSS:;. I rmil the following;

'■ "There lia\e been three prrioi',-, in tlie hi-tor\' of tlie Museum,'
said Dr. (ioo !e to me. "At fii-t it v.as a rabinct of the results of
re.>ean!i. \\"iien, in 1.^57, the Snriti.-onian a-^swmed it.i (ai^tt.xl)-,
it became al>o a m;l-^eum ot record-. Since iS~C) the idea of pub-
lic education li.is been ])iedowi;nant.' . . . M.iterials are i^atheivd
t'.i.it t!ie\' mav s'.'r\e a-i a !)asi- fir S' ieiitillc tlvniLiht. Objects that
li.-iN"e I'uh'il'ed tln\ pnrpoNC or ha\e aci]i:ired historical si;^mifi<-ance
are treasured up a^ain-t de-truction as jiernianeiit records of the
pro^^ress of the uorld in lhouuh,t. in cnltnre, and in indu.-trial
achievement, and coiiNtitnte nio.-t valuable materials (or future
studv. lint if no otlv.T object.- th.an research and record are
SOUL:!!!, a mu-eum mi^ht well be stored away acccssilile only to
sprjcial -tudents. .\ hi.:her i^urjio.-e calls for the administration of
tiiese objects in such a manner th;;t n\a><e5 of ]jeo]i!e instead of a
few should be ]ir(ji"iled iiv their exi-tcnce. . . . Now, one o( the
re-ul;.- of the rhiladelphia e.xhibition ua> that it made ])lain to the
]<eople how in-[iirinL; ;uid in-tiu<li\e a great indii>trial museum
could be, under pidper cLi-.-^ification-. and with assi^tanf■e in the
v.-ay of fully explanatory la!)els. ... So important is this matter
th.at it i.- not tt)0 mtich to say that ti^e Mu-eum is to be a vast
sy-temaaic colKi tion of labels iilu-trated by specimens, ju-t as
en.nav-ings illustrate the te.xt of a unl\er.-a! enc\clopiedia. Each



, - -" 1

1

is inlendcd to give tlie rlass an<l name of the object, and essential ;

jiartirailais as to its t)ri^Mn, proce.->s of nianufaelure or gnjwtli, nse, i

etc." ^ !

f

We ha\e in our Musrinn 65.S coins and medals, and 757 relics, \

curioiilies and mementoes, covering llie period liom the l.uidiing ■

of the rilgrims to the ]lre^ent time. 'l'he>e numbers ah-(; include ■

many Indian imiilemeiit^. a few specimen^ from the Mound build- \

ers, and relics from I'ompeii. .\ine\eh, 'i'hebe> and other historic :

places of the C'ld W'orM. In this collection are mari\- cUticles which
illustrate the home life and industries <jf the peojjle of this country
during the jjast two hundaxd years, of wliich we tc.i-tlay know but
little. ■

We also ha\'e in our jjossession some objects cif doubtful value,
the exhibition of whii h ma_\- be ijuestioned on the ground of pro-
])riet_s-. A fragment of l'!_\inouth Rock broken off fifly \ears ago
is an interesting relic, but a pie<e of Washington's itnnb is noi a
desiralile memento U) ha\e. Tr.ere i.> in the cabinet a fr;ignie!it
of this sliucture, labeled ; and 1 think tlial a kindred in.-titulion
must ha\e felt in a degree relieved when ihey jjresenled it to '1 he
Worcester Society of .Aritiijuity. j

Many interesting and valuable articles have been ailded to the '.

Museum during the past _\e.ir. Mi'. Henry M. Clemen' ■■ has giwn ]

us an old I'jiglish caimon or swivel gun which was taken from the
wreck of the IJritish h'rigate Jluzzai-, sunk at Hell (late tluring the
American Revolution. 'I'his was raised abouS thirty years ago.
It may ha\e been Useil (;n the tleck of the frigate, but probably d.id
service as a bow gun in a sniall boat or launch. Mr. Kutus N.
Meriam has contributed a munber cif intrresling relics of "y ol'.len
time," including a^ sun dial, sr.oe and knee buckles, and a snutt box '

of I 775. .\ pair of Washington IJoot Pullers, used many years ago
by Alpheus bamb, of Leicester, haw been received tVom Mrs. ^\'. ;

B. White. i

One of tlie original C^.ud Teetli Machines rjiade liy Idea/ar |

Smith, of Walpole, Mass., in 1.S12, lor Col. Thomas Denny, of
Leicester, and prese)ite(.l to the So(aet_\- bv Mr. David O. Wood-
man, shows great mechanical ingenuity and fine workmanship. \



A souvenir of the 25111 Massachusetts RcLi;inH-nt fioui Mr. Samuel
}1. I'utuani, is a sliin^lc lettered "]\.()verM' Lodye'' which was placetl
over the entrance of one of the tents l)elon,L;ing to Corn[)any A
while at Canip Lincoln, and after iia>^inL; thronyh several cani])aii;ns
of the War wa,-, fniallv lelimied to Won ester. Nathaniel I'aine,
Ksi|. has L;i\eii us an iniprosicm frtjin one of the oriL'.inal copper
plates of the "Swt^rd in I land" inonc\' — a hill of 42 shillings dated
'775- ''''^'' l''^^'*-' ^^'^"^ en,L;ra\'ed hv J\uil Revere, and was found in
Montrose, Sccjtland, a few years since'. How it found its way to
that place is a mystery.

A farmer's implement jiresented by Mr. William \\"hite Smith is
said to be one hundred }Lars oliL It ap'pears to ha\e Ijeen made
by a master workman. If\\eknew the name of the maker, and
somethini; about the man who u-^ed it, consideralile value would be
added to the aiti<le as a relic.

A gift from the Rev. .Mlierl 'I'Nler is a brick from the vault re-
centiv disco\-rred near the si^ht of I'ort h'rederic, I'emaijuid b'cach.
]]ristol, Maine. The fort was built in 1729, and demolished in
1775. Mr. 1). 1'". I,iiii(jlii, of We<t ISrookfield, has sent us part of
an ancient grindstone made from conunon field ro< k, which was
found on the site of the '"(JM (iilbert fort" in his town by the
father of the donor, from Mr. .Alfred S. Roe we have a <~ollection
of Revolutionary War lelics and whaling implements, lielonging to
the late ('a])t. .Asa 1 )elano, of b>u.\bur)\ Mass., numbering some fifty
articles. .\n old 1 artridge box in this collection contained sixteen
ball caitridges, all in as ])erlect condition as on the day they were
made. On one of tlie cartridge ])a[)ers is wiitten the following :

Mr. Asa l)L-l:ino I wain you in '1 Ik.- iiainc (jf this C'unimonw clth 'I'o apeer
at the liiiiLse cif JikI.-iIi l>clani) un tusilay the .} day of may next at 2 oC'lock
in the aricitio'ni If fair wether if imt the liist I'.iir 1 )ay exejit C'unday C'uni-
pleet ill ainie> in urder for a march whare of fail not

Ajiiil 2Sth 1.S12 'I'noMAs \\'r;sniN sarg

'I'he Society is also chiefly indebted to Mr. Roc for the valuable
and interesting collection of War Relit s formerh' belonging to the
late T. W. Wellington, numbering 105 artick's, collected anti labeled
with great care.



;o



Out of a total (if 14 I 5 articles in the .Museum. 235 liasc been
rccciwd t!ii^ year. .Sewrai \'a!ual>!c ar.il inieresliiii,' rel't - are ready
to be jtre-ented t'j tlie .Society as suon a.s we have a ])laf-e for theun.
Without suitable rcjoui to ilisplav our c u'!e( lions we lia\e a val-
uable and atnac;t;\"e exiiiia't, whieh is onl\- tlie be^innii'i.: l^( what



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