Worcester Worcester County Colonization Society.

Report made at an adjourned meeting of the friends of the American Colonization Society, in Worcester County, held in Worcester, Dec. 8, 1830 (Volume 1831) online

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Online LibraryWorcester Worcester County Colonization SocietyReport made at an adjourned meeting of the friends of the American Colonization Society, in Worcester County, held in Worcester, Dec. 8, 1830 (Volume 1831) → online text (page 1 of 3)
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/cpre>.-;od, in repeated terms, their warmest npjjro-
bafcon of the plan, as tiie most desirable measure, which couUl be
adopted for gradually drawm^ olVthis part of our population.

Tlic ol)|ecl of the American Colonization Society, as declared
in one ot its articles of association, was, exclusively. " to promote
and execute a plan for colonizin:T^ (with their own consent) the
free people of color, residing in our own country, in Ai'"rica, or .«ucli
other place, as Congress should deem expedient ; and, to efiect
this object, to act in co-operation with the General Government,
and such of the States, as may adopt regulations upon the subject."

Ti)is project, though laudable in its design, was, it must be con-
fessed, a bold, and apparently a hopeless enterprise, to be accom-
plished by the cffDrtH of a private association, without any other
means to sustain it, beyond the benevolence of the public, and
the free-will ofTeringa of charity. It had failed in Virginia, it
would seem, under auspices far more favorable to its success.
The plan was, therefore, by a vast majority of the public, received,
not only as chimerical, but absolutely impracticable, and those
who embarked in it, were ridiculed as misguided enthusiasts.

Bit those, who conceived so noble a design, were men of emi-
nent tnlents — men who had sustained high trusts in the nation,
and who had lonii studied the interests of their country. Such
men, it might well be supposed, were not to be deterred by the
doubts of the timid, or the sneers of the ignorant.

The progress of the Society, after its organization, was in a
short period, such as to excite the attention of the public, so far
as to make its object and character a subject of incpiiry. This
scheme not only originated with the citizens of slave-holding
Slates, but numbered, among its first projectors, those who were
slave-holders themselves. It was therefore viewed with distrust
and suspicion, by the opponents of slavery, at the North, and it was
believed by many, to be but a wicked contrivance of slave-holders,
themselves, to rivet the chains of slavery more firmly than ever.
It was supposed that their object was seconded by no purer or
lusher motive, thau interest of the most sordid and selfish charac-
ter : that, in their wish to remove the free people of color, they
wer(.' simply actuated by a desire to remove the only example of
liberty existiuL' v.ith this popobtion, and thus obliterate, in the
minds of their slaves, the last hope of freedom. In fine, the whole
plan was denounced as a base conspiracy against the cause of
emancipation. The vole given by its friends, on the Missouri
question, soon after the organization of the Society, did much to
c/mfirm these impressions, and to retard its progress.

l^ut the Society liad hardly begun to recover fVom iinfavnrabto
Imp'tssions, thus entertained of it at the North, when it was des-
tined to exjierience a more virulent and unexpected attack from
the South. In 1820, the Society was favorably regarded in Geor-
gia and South Carolina."!^ Doct. Meade, then the agent of the So-
ciety, udio visited these States, gave a flattering account, both of
his own reception, and of the promising hopes of countenance and
support to the Society. The city of Charleston soon remitted to
the Society the sum of SoOO; and, among its most liberal pat-
rons, it numbered the most eminent and distinguished men of that,
city. But, within a few years past, some of its early friends in
that region, fancying they saw in the scheme a disguised attack
upon the rights of the slave-holdmg States, ai»andoned the Socie-
ty, and turned their eloquence against it.* In that quarter, it
has, therefore, been dcnotinced as an insidious attack on the do-
mestic tranquillity of the South, and an unhallowed attempt of
Northern abolitionists, to sow, in that region, •' the seeds of anxie-
ty, inquietude, and trouble."

It might be natural to suppose, that hostility to the Society, thus
founded on diflerent and conflicting principles, would have soon
defeated itself, and that the voice of opposition would have been
lost and unheard amid the discord of its opposers. But, as yet,
all prejudice has not been subdued, nor all jealousy overcome.
Notwithstanding the uniform disclaimer of the Socif ty and its
friends, of any interference with the relation which subsists be-
tween tnaster and slave, the objects of the Society in Georgia, and
South Carolina in particular, are still condemned and the motives
of those who support it, are still arraigned. With these excep-
tions, the Southern portion of our fellow citizens, we believe, have
generally hailed the institution as a blessing, which promised ad-
vantages vitally interesting to them.

Although the Society snfTered from the misrepreseuLations of
its enemies, it still continued to add to the number of its friends,
and to augment its resources. In the period of four or live years
after its formation, the Society, by treaty and by purchase, pro-
cured a considerable extent of territory on the Western coast of
Africa, to which, as expressive ol its character, they gave the name
of Liberia.

The country thus selected, is very fertile, and rich in valuable
products. Rice, Indian corn, millet, coffee, cotton, sugar, druo-g,
and dye stuffs, arc produced here, a:;d most of the tropical fruits
and vegetables are abundant. The climate at Monrovia, the
principal settlement, is mild and uniform, the thermometer being
seldom lower than 68'^, or higher than 88'^. The hirhors and
streams are represented as atibrding the most favorable means

Charles Cotesworth Pinckncy is one of its former friends wtio in a lato ad-
tirpsa to the citizens of Charleston, Ins pronounfcd the scheme both'Vrnrd :in(l


ftr coiiKiiorciai imiustry ami enter[)ri

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Online LibraryWorcester Worcester County Colonization SocietyReport made at an adjourned meeting of the friends of the American Colonization Society, in Worcester County, held in Worcester, Dec. 8, 1830 (Volume 1831) → online text (page 1 of 3)