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History of Luzerne, Lackawanna, and Wyoming counties, Pa.; with illustrations and biographical sketches of some of their prominent men and pioneers online

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ing to it to fall into the hands of the enemy. One major
general and three brigadiers were furnished by it ; among
the latter was Ario Pardee, jr.

The terra of enlistment of this regiment was three
years. All the members of Company N remaining in the
service until October 28th, 1862, were transferred at that
date to Company C of the r47th Pennsylvania vol-unteers.
The first date given in the following roll is that of muster-
in, and as the year is 1861, except in case of recruits, it
need not be repeated. The regimental officers and men of
Company A, where not otherwise mentioned, were mus-
tered out with the regiment July 18th, 1865:

FIELD AND STAFF OFFICERS.

Colonels. — John W. Geary, June 28; promoted brigadier
general U. S. volunteers April 25, 1862; wounded at
Bolivar, Cedar Mountain and Chancellorsville; promoted
major general Jan. 12, 1865. Gabriel De Korponay, June
28; promoted from lieutenant colonel to colonel April
25, 1862; discharged on surgeon's certificate March 26,
1863. Thomas J. Ahl, July 11; promoted from captain
Company H to colonel March 15, 1863; resigned March
18, 1864. John Flynn, July 1; wounded at Gettysburg
July 3, 1863, and at North Edisto river, S. C, Feb. 12,
1865; promoted lieutenant colonel, Dec. 12, 1863; to
colonel June 9, 1864; brevet brigadier general May 13,
1865; discharged Nov. 3, 1865; veteran.

Lieutenant Colonels. — Hector Tyndale, June 28; pro-
moted lieutenant colonel Apr. 25, 1862; wounded at An-
tietam, Sept. 17, 1862; promoted brigadier general volun-
teers Nov. 29, 1862; discharged Mar. 18," 1863. James
Fi.tzpatrick, June 28; promoted major Mar. 27, 1864;
lieutenant colonel Aug. 9, 1864; wounded at Antietam
Sept. 17, 1862; at Mill Creek Gap May 8, 1864.

Majors. — Ario Pardee, jr., June 28; promoted major
Nov. I, lt86i; lieutenant colonel 147th regiment October
9, 1862. William Raphail, July 3; promoted major, July
I, 1862; resigned Jan. 15, 1863. Robert Warden, July
28; promoted major Apr. 25, 1862; died at Winchester,
Va., June 30, 1862. Lans'd F. Chapman, July 6; pro-
moted major Jan. 22, 1863; killed at Chancellorsville
May 3, 1863. Jacob D. Arner, July 6; promoted major
June I, 1865.

Adjutants. — Samuel Goodman, Oct. 15; promoted to
adjutant Nov. 13, i86i; discharged Aug. 3, 1864; brevet
captain, major, lieutenant colonel and colonel. Mar. 13,
1865. Henry Cheesman, July 11; promoted adjutant
July 28, 1864; discharged Feb. 8, 1865. William S. Wit-
ham, July 2; promoted adjutant June i, 1865.

Quartermasters.— ^tx\.]2cm:m F. Lee, June 28; resigned
Sept. 10, 1862, to accept commission as captain and A.
C. S. John F, Nicholson, June 28; promoted from com-
mission sergeant to quartermaster Sept. lo, 1862; brevet
captain, major and lieutenant colonel, Mar. 13, 1862.

Surgeons. — H. Ernest Goodman, July 23; transferred
to U. S. V. as assistant surgeon, to date Feb. 26, 1864;
brevet colonel and surgeon in chief. Army of Georgia.
Wilham Altman, Dec. 17, 1862; promoted surgeon, May
8, 1864.

Assistant Surgeons.— ^3.m\x€i Logan, June 28: resigned
Oct. 3, 1862. William M. Dorland, Aug. i,i862- re-
signed Nov. 27, 1862. John H. MuUin, Oct. 15, 1862;
resigned Apr. 17, 1863. William F. Smith, June 3, 1863;
promoted surgeon Dec. 23, 1864, and transferred to 73d.
Abin'H. Light, May 23, 1864.



=^^



^h



COMPANY A, TWENTY-EIGHTH PENNSYLVANIA VOLUNTEERS.



i°S



Chaplains. — Charles W. Heisley, Nov. i; resigned July
i8, 1863. N. B. Critchfield, May 22, 1864.

Sergeant Majors. — James C. Smith, June 28; promoted
sergeant major, Aug. i, 1864; ist lieutenant Company C
2Sth Pa., July 8, 1865. Thomas Monroe,June 28; promoted
sergeant major Aug. i, 1864; ist lieutenant Company C
July 7, 1865. Samuel F. McKce, June 28; i)romoted ser-
geant major July 20, 1861; adjutant 147th, Dec. i, 1862.
Thomas McCune, July i; promoted sergeant major Sept.
10, 1861; discharged on surgeon's certificate, Feb. 26,
1863. Michael B. Devine, July i; promoted sergeant
major Feb. 26, 1863; discharged on surgeon's certificate
Aug. 14, 1863. Edward D. Foulke, July 6; promoted
sergeant major Dec i, 1863; reduced to ranks and
transferred to Company D Aug. 1, 1864. R. A. Kerri-
hard, June 28; promoted sergeant major Aug. 15, 1863;
killed at Taylor Ridge, Ga., Nov. 27, 1863.

Quartermaster Sergeants. — Wesley Hamilton, July i;
promoted quartermaster sergeant Apr. 8, 1865. David
B. Hilt, July 20; promoted quartermaster sergeant July
20, r86i; discharged on surgeon's certificate Aug. 17,
1862.

Commissary Sergeants. — Albert J. Watt, July i; pro-
moted commissary sergeant Sept. i, 1863. J. H. Lippin-
cott, June 21; promoted commissary sergeant Sept. 10,
1862; transferred to Company B, Sept. i, 1863.

Hospital Stewards.— V . S. C. Hough, July 11; promoted
hospital steward, Nov. 24, 1863. James Kemble, July
24; promoted hospital steward July 24, 1861; discharged
Nov. 24, 1862, and promoted hospital steward U.S. A.



COMPANY A.



Officers {mustered in June 2Z, 1861). — Captains — Ario
Pardee, jr., promoted major twenty-eighth regiment
Pennsylvania volunteers Nov. i, 1861. James Fitz-
patrick, promoted captain Jan. i, 1862 ; major Mar. 27,
1864; veteran. James Silliman, jr., promoted from cor-
poral to first sergeant July i, 1861 ; second lieutenant
Jan. I, 1862 ; first lieutenant July i, 1862 ; captain Aug.
16, 1864. First lieutenant — George Marr, promoted first
sergeant July 12, 1863; first lieutenant Oct. i, 1864.
Second lieutenant.s— John Gorman, resigned Dec.31, 1861.
Isaiah B. Robinson, promoted from sergeant Jan. i, 18O2;
killed July 20, 1864, at Peach Tree Creek, Ga. William
Airey, promoted corporal Jan. i, 1863 ; sergeant July
12, 1863 ; first sergeant Oct. r, 1864 ; second lieutenant
June I. 1865. First sergeants— Smith Durst, promoted
corporal Jan. i, 1863 ; sergeant July 12, 1863 ; first
sergeant June i, 1865. Samuel F. M'Kee, promoted
sergeant major twenty-eighth regiment Pennsylvania
volunteers July 20, t86i. Sergeants— George W. Ed-
dinger, wounded ; promoted corporal Feb. i, 1863; ser-
geant Jan. 1,1864, Patrick M'Shay, promoted corporal
Jan. 1, 1863; sergeant Oct. i, 1864. William H. Wolf,
promoted corporal Jan. i, 1864; sergeant Feb. i, 1865.
George Burt, wounded ; promoted sergeant June i, 1865.
William M'Donald, discharged on surgeon's certificate
Jan. 16, 1863. Robert A. Kerrihard, promoted sergeant
major twenty-eighth regiment Pennsylvania volunteers
Aug. 15, 1863. Thomas Monroe, wounded at Chancel-
lorsville ; promoted sergeant major twenty-eighth regi-
ment Pennsylvania volunteers Aug. 1,1864; veteran.
John B. Lockhart, died at Harper's Ferry, Va., Dec. 11,
1862. Robert I. Carter, died July 12, 1863, at Philadel-
phia, of wounds received at ChancellorsviUe. William
Wylie, died at Philadelphia Nov. 26, 1862. Archibald
Nesbit, promoted sergeant Sept. 30, 1862 ; mustered out
July 2, 1864. Corporals— Dennis Laughlin, Joseph H
Cornet, William H. Doak and James Shirey, promoted
corporal Jan. i, 1864. Thomas Karley, promoted cor-
poral Oct. I, 1864. Henry Hembach, Feb. 26, 1864 ;



promoted corporal Feb. i, 1865. Alexander W. Self-
ridge, discharged Feb. 28, 1862,10 receive commission as
second lieutenant Comp;iny H forty-sixth regiment Penn-
sylvania volunteers. Beriah Pratt, discharged for
wounds Nov, 29. 1S62. Williani W. James, discharged
on surgeon's certificate Dec. 7, 1862. AVilliam P. Cort-
right, discharged on surgeon's certificate Jan. 15. 1863.
William Horn, discharged Feb. 19, 1863, for wounds
received at Antietam. James C. Smith, promoted ser-
geant major July r, 1865 ; veteran. Musicians — Frank
Harkins, Feb. "9, 1S64. Frederick Spoh-.i, promoted prin-
cipal musician Sept. 14, 1862. William F. Simpson,
promoted second principal musician Mch. r, 1864. John
R.Young, Feb. 14, 1865 ; deserted June 20, 1865.

Privates. — John Anderson, Jan. 26, 1864. Henry
Albert, Feb. 14, 1865. Phineas W. Ash, June 28 ; dis-
charged on surgeon's certificate, Nov. 29, 1862. Samuel
Armpriester, Aug. 29, 1864 ; discharged by general order.
May 23, 1865. jose])h Aclniff, Mch. 3, 1865; discharged
by general order, May 23, 1865. James Alwell, Nov. 7,
1864; discharged by general order. May 23, 1865. An-
thony Albert, Feb. 14, 1865 ; deserted June 20, 1865.
Edwin M. Alsfield, Feb. 13, 1865 ; discharged by general
order. May 23, 1S65. Amos Buzzard, Feb. 15, 1865.
Isaac Buzzard, Feb. 14, 1865. George Bachman, Feb.

14, 1865. Jacob R. Black, Mch. 2, "1865. Charles F.
Brong, Mch. g, 1865. John Barringer and Isaac Barrin-
ger, Dec. 22, 1864 ; drafted. Josiah Buzzard, Feb. 14,
1865 ; mustered out Aug 9, 1865. Christian F. Bender.
Feb. 20, 1865 ; mustered out July 14, 1865. Henry W.
Beers, June 28 ; discharged on surgeon's certificate, Jan.

15, 1863. John Brennan and Henry E. Brown, discharg-
ed on surgeon's certificate, John Brown, June 28; dis-
charged on surgeon's certificate. Jesse Beahra, June 28,
discharged July 20, 1864. Francis Barker, Aug. 11, 1816;
1864 ; discharged by general order, June 2, 1865. Patrick
Boyle, lune 28; deserted July 17, 1862. Burton Bur-
well, Feb. 14, 1865; discharged by general order, May
23, 1865. John Behrens, June 28; absent, in arrest, at
muster out ; veteran. Joseph N, Conklin, Feb. 14, 1865.
Henry Collins, Feb. 17, 1865 ; absent, sick, at muster
out. Thomas Cunningham and John Campbell, June
28, 1861 ; discharged July 20, 1864. Reuben Claywell,
June 28; killed at Antietam, Sept. 17, 1862. Daniel
Campbell, June 28; deserted June 29, 1863; returned
April ir, 1865. Hugh Dolan, June 28. Eugene Durst,
Jan. 22, 1864. Paul Deer, Feb. 14, 1865. John F.
Decker, June 28; discharged on surgeon's certificate,
Feb. 28, 1863. Abraham Depue and Eli Dout, June 28,
1861; discharged July 20, 1864. George H. Dunham,
Feb. 24, 1864 ; discharged on surgeon's certificate, June
30, 1865. John Dean, June 28; died May 18, 1863, of
wounds received at ChancellorsviUe. William H. Drake,
Feb. 16, 1865; discharged by general order. May 23,
1865. George Eike. Feb. 24, 1864. Peter Fox, Feb. 25,
1864. Christopher Fagan, June 28; discharged on sur-
geon's certificate; date unknown. Peter Fagen, June 28;
discharged on surgeon's certificate, Aug. t8, 1863. Charles
Furry, June 28; discharged Mch. 4, 1863, for wounds
received at Antietam. James Fowler and Nicholas Faich-
ter, June 28, i86i', discharged July 20, 1864. John
Fatkins, June 28; transferred to sixth regiment U. S.
cavalry, Nov, r, 1862. John W. Funk, Feb. 14, 1865;
deserted June 20, 1865. James Furlong, Feb, 24, 1865;
deserted. Benjamin F. Godshalk, Mch. 11, 1865; absent,
sick, at muster out. Jacob Graur, Jan. 28, 1864; dis-
charged on surgeon's certificate, July 11, 1865. James
Givens, June 28; discharged on surgeon's certificate,Mch.
TO, 1863. Henry Grow, John Girard and John W. Gen-
sil, June 28, 1861; discharged July 20, 1S64. Charles
Grum, June 28; wounded; mustered out Aug. 8, 1864.







TA



Henry Grum, June 28; killed at Gettysburg, July 3, 1863.
Charles Godley, Feb. 20, 1865; deserted June 20, 1865.
John Heater, June 28. William H. Herman, Jan. 26,
1865. Henry C. Hess, Feb. 10, 1865. George W. Houck,
Feb. 20, 1865. Christian Hogland, Feb. 14, 1865; absent,
sick, at muster out. John Holler. Harrison Hill and
Jacob Hehr, June 28, 1861; discharged July 20, T864.
John P. Hay, Feb. 14, 1865; discharged nn surgeon's
certificate, June 8, 1865. William H. Hartzell. William
P. Innes and John A. Innes, Feb. 14, 1865; discharged
by general order. May 23, 1865. Aaron F. Knauss, Feb.
17, 1865. Joseph Karns, Dec. 22, 1864; drafted; mus-
tered out with company,' July 18, 1865. Edward Kale,
July 25; discharged July 20, 1864. William Kortz, June
28; discharged July 20, 1864. Ezra H. Kindred, Feb.
24, 1864; discharged by general order, June 20, 1865.
Andrew Kunkle, June 28; killed at Anlietam, Md., Sept.

17, 1862. James l.aughlin, Feb. 16, 1864. John E.
Lerch, Feb. 18, 1865. Joseph Little, June 28; discharged
on surgeon's certificate, Dec. 18, 1862. Edward Little-
ton, July 17; discharged on surgeon's certificate, June 14,
1864. Jacob Lambert, June 28; discharged July 20, 1864.
George Langham, September 5, 1863 ; drafted ; dis-
charged for wounds December 3, 1864. Theodore
Labar, Feb. 14, 1865; deserted June 17, 1865. Isaac
Labar, Feb. 20, 1865 ; deserted June 18, 1865. Adam
Lehm, Feb. 16, 1865 ; discharged by general order May
23,1865. George Mowrie, June 28. Barney Maloy, Feb.
T2, 1862. Robert Monroe, Feb. 14, 1864. John Magee,
Feb. 14, 1864. Patrick Martin, June 28; wounded at
Chancellorsville; discharged July 20, 1864. William H.
Moyer, June 28; captured at Gettysburg June 3, 1863;
discharged July 20, 1864. Josiah Mowrie, June 28;
discharged July 20, 1864. Stephen Myers, Feb. 20, 1865;
discharged on surgeon's certificate June 30, 1865. Samuel
Minig, June 28 ; transferred to i6th U. S. infantry Jan.
23, 1862. John Maloney, June 28; killed at Antietam,
Md., September 17, 1862. Nicholas Marx, Feb. 26, 1864;
died at Bridgeport, Ala., May i, 1864. William H.
Morgan, Jan. 29, 1864; Killed at Pine Hill, Ga., June 15,
1864. Daniel M'Geichan, Feb. 12, 1862 ; wounded.
William M'Daniels, Feb. 14, 1865, Alexander M'Kech-
ney, June 28; wounded at Antietam; discharged July 20,
1864. Henry M'Donald, June 28; discharged July 20,
1864. James D. M'Curley, June 28; wounded at Antie-
tam; discharged July 20, 1864. John M'Hoes, Feb. 16,
1865; discharged June 20, 1865. Joseph Nuss, Feb.
IS, 1865. Joseph Nixon, June 28; discharged July 20,

1864. William H. Nixon, Feb. 20, 1865; discharged on
surgeon's certificate June 27, 1865. Patrick O'Donnell,
May I, 1864; drafted; mustered out with company July

18, 1865. John B. Penrose and James Petrie, June 28, 186 1;
discharged July 20, 1864. Martin Pysher, Feb. 20, 1865;
discharged by general order June 17, 1865. John Petrie,
June 28; died June 12, 1863, of wounds received at
Chancellorsville. Patrick Quinn, June 28; killed at An-
tietam, Md., Sept. 17, 1862. Isaac Rough. June 28.
William Roseberry, Feb. 14, 1865. John G. Richardt,
Feb. 14, 1865. Jefferson Rightnour, Sept. 5, 1863; draft-
ed. Jacob Rough, June 28; discharged on surgeon's
certificate March 28, 1863. Jacob Rosenstock, June 28;
wounded at Chancellorsville; discharged July 20, 1864.
Robert Roling. James M. Rodenbaugh, Feb. 13, 1865;
discharged by general order May 23, 1865, Washington
H. Smith, June 28. William P. Shaver, Jan. 29, 1864.
William H. Salmon, Feb. 24, 1864. Edward N. Smith,
Feb. 18, 1865. Aaron Serfass, March i, 1865. Harrison
D. Seiple, Mar. i, 1865. Bernard Schlenzing, Jan. 26,

1865. Jackson E. Stoker, Feb. 16, 1865. William H.
Seip, Feb. 13, 1865. Samuel Shank, Nov. 18, 1864;
drafted. Solomon Smith, Sept. 21, 1864; drafted. Jos-



eph Smith, Nov. 4, 1864; drafted; mustered out July 14,
1865. Jacob Shafer, Jan. 10, 1865; drafted; mustered
out July 27, 1865. John Shiiver, Dec. 22, 1864; drafted;
mustered out June 9, 1865. John Smith, June 28; dis-
charged for wounds; date unknown. Daniel Sitler, June
28; discharged July 20, 1864. Joseph Bonn, June 28;
wounded at Antietam; discharged July 20, 1864. John
D. Smith. Paul Staub. John Shugart, June 28, 1861;
discharged July 20, 1864. Oscar L. Sprague, Feb. 24,
1864; discharged for wounds May 18, 1865. William E.
Sprague, Jan. 29, 1864; discharged for wounds Feb. 28,
1865. -Levi L. Smith, June 28; died at Philadelphi.i
December 13, 1862. Charles Steel, Feb. 18, 1864; killed
at Dalton, Ga., August 18, 1864. Emanuel Spatzer, Jan.
26, 1865; deserted June 17, 1865. Emanuel Stetler, Feb.
15, 1865; deserted June 20, 1865. James W. Smith,
June 28; discharged July 20, 1864. Thomas Tarn, June
28; discharged September 16, 1864. James B. Tweedle,
June 28; discharged July 20, 1864. Anthony Transue,
Feb. 20, 1865; discharged by general order May 23, 1865.
Jacob T. Ultz, Feb. 28, 1865. Jacob Wildman, Jan. 29,

1864. Alexander Wier, Feb. 18, 1864. Jacob L. Wal-
ters, Feb. 14, 1865. Prosper Worg, February 14, 1865.
Thomas Williams, February 20, 1865. Henry Weaver
and Reuben Washburn, June 28, 1S61; discharged July
20, 1864. W. H. Whitbread, Feb. 24, 1864; discharged
on surgeon's certificate June 6, 1865. Herman Walters,
September 21, 1864; drafted; deserted June 7, 1865.
Lewis Wilhelm, February 14, 1865; deserted June 20,

1865. Andrew Wilson, March 13, 1865; deserted
June 20, 1865. Samuel R. Yost, June 28, 1861; dis-
charged March 19, 1863, for wounds received at
Antietam.

COMPANY N.

Officers. — Captain, John Craig, Aug. 30. First lieu-
tenants — Patrick J. Hughes, Aug. 20, resigned Dec. 16,
1861; Calvin Pardee, Aug 30, promoted from second to
first lieutenant Dec. 20, 1861. Second lieutenants —
Hugh Hyndman, Aug. 30, promoted from corporal to
second lieutenant Dec. 20, 1861, died Feb. 14, 1862;
Nicholas Glace, Aug. 20, promoted from first sergeant to
second lieutenant Feb. 17, 1862. Sergeants — David
Bryan, Aug. 20, promoted sergeant Feb. 16, 1862; John
Kindland, Aug. 20, reduced Jan. i, 1862; John H.
Kentz, Aug. 26; Alexander Youngsl, Aug. 20; Samuel.
Henry, Aug. 30, promoted from corporal to sergeant
Feb. 14, 1862. Corporals — John Grubb, John Lindsey,
Owen McGovern, John O'Conner, Alfred Reiley and
William T. West, Aug. 20; Emmett Sayres, Aug. 30,
promoted to corporal Jan. i, 1862. Musician — N. F.
Dunham, Aug. 30.

Privates. — Samuel K. Austin, John Altmiller, John
Burns, Henry Bloomey, Peter Brown and Eugene Ben-
nett, Aug. 20. Peter Bishop, Aug. 26. Thomas' B. Black,
William Butler, David Bahr and Jesse B. Carpenter, Aug.
30. Bryan Dolan, Aug. 20. Charles Drum, Aug. 26.
Russell De Roemer, Jacob Drumheller, Aug. 30. Robert
O. Dowda, Aug. 30; killed at Antietam Sept. 17, 1862.
Thomas Edgar, Charles Edwards, Wm. A. Eddinger,
William Farrow and William Farmer, Aug. 20. Cyrus B.
Faux, Aug. 26. Lands Frederick, Aug. 26; deserted Feb.
IS, 1862. Aaron Green, Aug. 20. Sidney AV. Glace, Aug.
26. Andrew Y. Green, Aug. 30; transferred to Knap's Pa.
Battery Oct. 5, 1861. James Hamilton, Aug. 20; killed
at Antietam Sept. 17, 1862. Aaron Harris, Aug. 20.
George Hughes, Aug. 20; killed at Antietam Sept. 17,
1862. Henry Hartman, Aug. 26. John Hoover, Aug. 26;
killed at Antietam September 17, 1862. John Jacobs,
Aug. 30. C. Knopenberger, Aug. 20; wounded at Antie-
tam Sept. 17, 1862. Jacob Kuntzman, Aug. 20. Warner



<¥r



^^



THIRTY-SIXTH PENNSYLVANIA VOLUNTEERS.



107



Kentz, Gus Kemberling, Andrew Kresze and Paulin
Kresze, Aug. 26. Williara Kern, Aug. 26; discharged on
surgeon's certificate June 12, 1862. Josiah E. King and
Geo. W. Kemeron, Aug. 30. John Lewis, Hugh McDon-
ald, John McKinley, John McCoriiiick and Patrick Mc-
Laughlin, Aug. 20. Obed McMurtrie, Aug. 26. Samuel
F. May and Daniel Martin, Aug. 20. John Moy, Aug. 20;
discharged on surgeon's certificate Dec. 27, 1861.
VVilliaiii Major, Hiram S. Miller and Nelson Mellick,
.\ug. 30. Israel Machessut, Aug. 26. Edward Oberander,
.^ug. 30. Jesse Pryor and John Powell, Aug. 20. Lewis
Ruty, Aug. 20; transferred to Knap's Pa. Battery Oct.
29, i86r. Samuel Rough, Shadrack Reese, John Rut-
ledge, James H. Root, Samuel Stookey, Owen Smith,
James Smith and George Spader, Aug. 20. Archibald W.
Smith, Aug. 20; transferred to Knap's Pa. Battery Oct.
29, 1861. Lewis Schnar, Aug. 20. Philip Sebias, Aug. 26;
not on muster-out roll. John Sower, Aug. 26. Daniel
Swank, Aug. 26; died at Point of Rocks, Md., Oct. 14,
1861. William Steinmetz, George Searles and Edward
Schooley, Aug. 30. Edward Treble and William Tanner,
Aug. 20. Joseph Van Sickle, Aug. 26; discharged on sur-
geon's certificate Jan. 20, 1862. William Wittick, Aug.
20; discharged April 24, 1862, for wounds received at
Berlin, Md., Dec. 14, 1861. James Winget, Aug. 20; dis-
charged on surgeon's certificate Nov. 19, 1861. John
Warren and Robert Webster, Aug. 30. August Williams,
Aug. 20. John Youngst, Aug. 30. William Zacharias,
Aug. 26.



CHAPTER XVIL



LUZERNE IN THE CIVIL WAR THE 36TH AND 4IST REG-
IMENTS (7TH AND I2TH reserves).




, HE Seventh Reserve regiment was organized
on the 26th of June, 1861, and Elisha B.
Harvey, of Wilkes-Barre, was made colonel;
Joseph Totten, of Mechanicsburg, lieutenant

lonel, and ChaunceyA. Lyman, of Lock Haven,

jor.

The regiment was ordered to Washington on the
2ist of July, and on the 27th was mustered into the ser-
vice of the United States. On the 2nd of August it went
forward to the rendezvous of the Pennsylvania reserves,
and was assigned to the brigade of General George G.
Meade. From this time till October it was engaged in
drilling and picket duty. In the latter month it joined
the army of the Potomac. From this time till March,
1863, but little service beyond drill was seen. When the
army moved forward to the peninsula in April the sev-
fnth was retained, with other troops, for the defense of
Washington. In June they went forward to the front
and became a part of the 5th corps, under General Fitz-
John Porter. On the 26th of June the battle of Me-
chanicsville, in which the 7th was engaged, was fought.
The next day the battle of Gaines' Mill, in which the
7th also participated, took place. Then followed some
marching and skirmishing, in which the regiment was
engaged till the end of the " seven days " fighting. It
then marched "by devious ways" to the vicinity of



Groveton, where on the 29th and 3cth of August, 1862,
the 7th was engaged. Its next battle was at South
Mountain, where it made an impetuous charge, in which
Colonel Bolinger was severely wounded. At the battle
of Antietam it was actively engaged and lost heavily.
After this battle it moved to the Potomac, and thence, in
the latter part of October, to Warrenton, Va. Thence it
went, in the latter part of November, to the vicinity of
Fredericksburg, where on the nth of December it was
desperately engaged. At this battle it made its most
brilliant record. It made a gallant charge on the corps
of Longstreet, in which it captured more than a hundred
prisoners and a battle-flag — the only one taken in this
action. The losses of the regiment in this action were
heavy.

During the winter following the 7th remained in its
camp near Belle Plain, with the exception of a short time
spent on what is known as the " mud march." In Feb-
ruary, 1863, it was transferred from the field to the
Department of Washington, where it remained, in the
discharge mostly of provost and guard duty, during more
than a year. In this time several changes were made
among the field officers, and Captain L. G. Speese was
promoted to the position of major.

In the latter part of April it again took the field, and
joined the army at about the commencement of the
Wilderness campaign. In the course of the first action
in which the 7th was engaged a large portion of the regi-
ment was by one of the casualties of war captured, and
the men were sent to the notorious and infamous prison
pen at Andersonville, Georgia, where they were starved
during nearly eight months. Out of about two hundred
and fifty privates who were taken sixty-seven died in
this prison, and many others afterward by reason of their
hardships and exposure there. The surrender of the
rebel armies to Grant and Sherman opened their prison
doors.

Company F of the regiment whose achievements and
sufferings have just been rcounted, was recruited in Lu-
zerne county. We give below the records of that com-
pany as published by the State. The time of service
was three years. In the roll the date of muster-in is
generally omitted, as in nearly all cases it was June 13th,
186 1 ; in other cases it is the first date given.

COMPANY F,

Officers. — Captains — Le Grand B. Speese, promoted
major July 25, 1863. John Robinson, promoted sergeant
July 26, 1861; first sergeant Nov. 12, 1861; second lieu-
tenant August I, 1862; first lieutenant March i, 1863;
captain July 20, 1863; brevet major March 13, 1865;
mustered out with company June 16, 1864. First lieu-
tenants — Charles W. Garretson, resigned Aug. 11, 1862.
James S. Robinson, promoted sergeant July 26, 1861;
sergeant major April i, 1862; second lieutenant March i,
1863; first lieutenant July 20, 1863; mustered out with
company June 16, 1863. Second lieutenants- — Charles
A. Lane, resigned July 9, 1862. John B. Laycock, pro-
moted sergeant July 26, i86i; first sergeant Oct. 15,
1862; second lieutenant July 20 1863; brevet first lieu-
tenant March 13, 1865; captured May 5, 1864; dis-
charged March 12, 1865. First sergeants — Levi G.



^^



=^N



McCaiiley, promoted first lieutenant Company C Jan. i,
1862. Albert Jones, promoted corporal Jnly 26, 1861;



Online LibraryW.W. Munsell & CoHistory of Luzerne, Lackawanna, and Wyoming counties, Pa.; with illustrations and biographical sketches of some of their prominent men and pioneers → online text (page 27 of 185)