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taken as a whole the country schools are doing good work.
The few months of school and great distance pupils must
come are the two threat drawbacks to the success of the
schools. The city schools do not have to battle with these
disadvantages, hence their condition is vastly superior to
those of the country districts. Laramie — wherein is located
the only graded school of the county — has two school build-
ings; one — in the east ward — contains 13 school rooms and
15 teachers are employed. The building is heated by steam
and supplied with w^ater. There are wide halls and com-
modious cloak-rooms. Teachers are supphed with appara-
tus suited to the work of the different grades. In the west
ward there is a frame building containing four rooms, and
four teachers are emplo3'^ed. So much for material advan-
tages. As to the work done by the teachers, one need but
visit the schools to learn that there is an active, wideawake
corps of teachers, directed by an able and cultured Superin-
tendent. I'he latter brings years of experience and prepa-
ration to his work, and hence directs with wisdom and suc-
cess. Several years ago there was a course of study pre-

of Public Instruction. j^

pared by the Board of Education of the city and the County
Superintendent. This course has been generally followed
in the schools of the county. In the country schools, where
the length of term varies from three to six months — this
term being the only one held in the district for the year —
the grade work as laid down in the county course has been
imperfectly done, but in the city schools, where the teach-
ers have the advantage of time, the work is thorough and
complete. During the past two years a special teacher of
music has been employed in the Laramie schools. The re-
sult has been very satisfactorj-, the pupils making good
progress under the direction of the special teacher, and in
every department of the work of the schools there is cause
for commendation. While the system of the county has not
reached the high standard that those at the helm desire,
still in this fact there is hope; the teachers are not satis-
fied with '-well enough," but aim for the highest develop-
ment in character and work. And thus the schools of Al-
bany County may be called prosperous for the present, pro-
gressive for the future.

Respectfully submitted,


County Supt. of Schools,

Albany Co., Wyo.
Laramie, Wyo., Oct. ii, 1892.


In answer to a request made bv State Superintendent
Farwell for a synopsis of my work for the last two 3'ears,
I have the honor to submit the following: —

Carbon County is large, being nearh' 100 miles square.

j^ Report of Superintendent

Hence much of my work is done by correspondence. Have
written 1138 letters. Have disbursed $18,648.19 to the
various districts. Have organized 3 new school districts.
We have 29 districts, 34 public schools and 3 private ones.
Five of the districts can be reached by rail, the remainder
by stage or private conveyance. Have traveled bv rail 502
miles, by stage 388 miles, making 50 school visitations.
When in some parts of the county all the schools would not
be in session.

Have held 6 public examinations for teachers' certifi-
cates, 36 teachers being examined; 21 private examinations
(a defect in the law that a teacher can come any time and
demand an examination);! have honored 8 State normal
diplomas and i University graduate.

When the schools came under my supervision we had
but 2 graded schools in the county. We now have 4, viz.:
Rawlins with six departments. Carbon two, Hanna two,
Saratoga two and one private kindergarten. It has been
mv constant aim for improvement and to raise the public
schools to a higher standard. I find we are more progress-
ive as we have better qualified teachers. Many of our
teachers have taken a term at normal school, and we now
have over the county 5 State normal graduates teaching in
our schools, from the following named States: Pennsylvania,
Massachusetts, Iowa, Nebraska, and, last but not least, Wy-
oming. And still we have much room for improvement.

Have held two Institutes of a week's duration each.
In '91 had a very interesting session with an enrollment of
20 teachers, conducted by Prof. J. R. Rollman. In '92 a
session of one week conducted by County Supt., with in-
structors as follows: Prof. Rollman, Prof. Churchill, Prof.
I. C. Adams and Miss Helen C. Tilton; Lecturers, Dr.
E. Stuver, Prof. Wedgwood, Profs. Churchill, Rollman and
Adams; — with an enrollment of teachers, 31. It was con-

of Public Instruction. jj

ceded by the public at large to be one of the most instruct-
ive and interesting sessions ever held in Carbon County.

While we have been successful in much of the work,
not in all. I did not succeed in organizing an Agassiz As-
sociation, nor have we succeeded in having the Extension
Course of the Wyommg University taken up by the teach-
ers in the different localities.

I have made mistakes; hope you will deal gently with

I owe thanks and feel grateful to the teachers of Car-
bon County. They have always been very courteous and
respectful to me, and it is to their co-operation and assist-
ance is due my success as County Superintendent.
Respectfully submitted,

Rawlins, Carbon Co., Wyo., Oct. 19, 1892.


Twenty-one of the school houses outside of Sundance
are good frame buildings, nearly all 16x24 feet and nearly
all completed. A number, and especially so in the large
district No. 2 and the independent districts 4, 5 and 6, are
quite well furnished. Six buildings, intended for school
houses, are of logs and of various sizes. Some of the
schools are held in old and vacated dwellings, and while
they are fairly comfortable they are after all only makeshifts,
but I think in the ver}- near future these will all be replaced
by good substantial frame buildings.

Districts 8, 9, 10, 11 and 12 are new and each district
voted such amounts as they deemed necessary for running


6 Report of Superintendent

expenses. All of the above until one year ago belonged to
No. I.

No. I now has one school building, at Sundance, of
four rooms, two of which are occupied with the public and
one with the kindergarten school.

The idea in all districts is a longer term.

County Superintendent.


Within the two years past three new school districts
have been organized and three schoolhouses built. Some
of the schoolhouses have been furnished with more conven-
ient desks and seats, with new maps and blackboards, and
improved charts for use in primary work.

Our Teachers' Institutes have been well attended and
nearly all the teachers are subscribers to one or more edu-
cational papers.

The reports from the clerks of the various districts
show a better attendance of pupils during the school year
that has just closed.

With increasing prosperity we hope to be able to have
more apparatus for the use of teachers and pupils, school
libraries, and longer terms of school.

I have the honor to remain,
Very respectfully,


County Superintendent.

of Public Instruction. jy


Fremont County is a very large expanse of country,
extending from Sweetwater Count}' on the south to the
Montana State line on the north. The county consists of
29 school districts, with over 400 pupils. Considering the
age of the count}'^ the educational growth is quite marked.

Especially during the last two years the schools of this
county have made a pronounced improvement, both in en-
rollment and progress.

We have as a class a higher grade of teachers, not-
withstanding wages are steadily on the decline.

The people of the county take a 'higher pride, a deeper
interest, and work with more zeal for the educational inter-
ests of our schools than has heretofore been manifested.
The aim of the people seems to be, to furnish comfortable,
commodious and pleasant school buildings where the 3'outh
of the country are being educated. Most or a part of the
school houses are furnished with all necessary apparatus,
such as globes, maps, charts, etc., and ample blackboards
are provided. The buildings are well ventilated — in most
cases have clear, pure mountain streams running at a con-
venient distance — in fact, everything conducive to the health
of the pupils.

Lander, the county seat of Fremont Countv, has a fine
graded school. It has opened the fall term wath a full at-
tendance of eager pupils. The building itself is a fine
structure. Built of stone and fitted to grace any town of
older growth, it was built at a cost of $4,500. Originally
it consisted of but two departments, but during this fall it
has been so reconstructed as to admit of three rooms or de-
partments- -a principal, intermediate, and primary rooms.
These departments are managed by a board of three com-
petent and thoroughly able teachers.

As the school has been lately graded, and a thorough

^8 Report of Stiferinlendent

course of study arranged, great results may be looked for.
The people of the pleasant Lander valley may well
look with pride upon their educational buildings which give
promise of so much. Where l)ut a very few years ago the
Indian chased the buffalo over the length of this fair "valley
of the Rockies," now pleasant school houses dotted here
and there are seen.

The central schools are composed of districts Nos. 2,
4, 6, 8, 12, i6, 19, 21 and 28, all within a radius of ten miles
around Lander. These schools are mostly new districts
with the exception of the first four mentioned, being formed
within the last four years. All have good comfortable and
attractive school houses. No. 2 has a fine brick school
house at a cost of ;|^6io, all furnished with patent seats and
desks and other modern conveniences.

The pupils are eager and energetic and will surely
make their mark. The winter terms have opened in nearly
all of these schools, or will by the first of November.

Districts No. 5, 14 and 15 are situated to the south ot ,
Lander. No. 5, near the celebrated oil wells, is situated on
the Popo Agie River in a very pleasant spot. Nos. 15 and
14 are situated above and below No. 5, on the same pleas-
ant stream. Still further to the south, in the heart of the
grand old mountains within the mining district, nestle the
pleasant little schools of Atlantic and South Pass, and still
farther on to the west are the schools of the New Fork dis-
trict. There are three school districts, Nos. 17, 23 and 24.
They are in a little world of their own, as one might say,
surrounded by those tall mountains with their great lakes
and wonderful mountain streams.

Still to the extreme southern part of the county, situ-
ated one at the niouth and one at the head of the Cotton-
wood stream — a branch of the Sweetwater River — are two

of Public Instruction. jp

small schools. One district, No. 9, has been formed since
1884 — the other formed but recently.

The northern schools of the county consist of all the
districts north of the Indian Reservation line. Embar (dis-
trict No. 11) is the first school we come to in this direction.
It is situated on the banks of the Owl Creek, in a pictur-
esque spot surrounded by tall cottonwood trees, with which
this stream is lined. The school is small but progressive,
with an intelligent class of people as patrons.

Fifty miles farther north we come to the schools of the
Grey Bull River, which consist of districts No. 3, 18, 25
and 26. Said schools are dispersed in various places from
the mouth of Gre}' Bull River to the foothills near its
source. District No. 25, situated at the mouth of the Grey
Bull where it empties into the great Big Horn, is a new dis-
trict of but 2 terms of school with but 8 scholars. No. 26,
next in order, formed at the town of Otto, is a new district,
but in a flourishing condition. No. 18, still farther up the
stream, is a district of older date, with but few scholars but
a very intelligent class of people. Still fifty miles up the
stream is the Meeteetse school (district No. 3) which owing
to the negligence of the inhabitants has not made much
progress of late years; they have no established school
house as yet. We expect better results from them this
coming season.

Two new districts, formed last year and this — Nos. 27
and 29 — are situated beyond, on the Stinking Water River.
No. 27 held their first term this summer. No. 29, at Mar-
quette, has been but lately formed. Has had no school as
yet, but will hold school this winter term witii a goodly
number of pupils. This includes all of the districts of the
county which are actively engaged in the work of educa-
tion, there being two districts in which (the inhabitants hav-
ing deserted) the schools are discontinued. They are re-

^0 Rcfort of Stij^crinlcndenl

spectively No. 13 on Beaver Creek and No. 20 on the Big
Horn River. There is, I am sorry to say, a deserted school
house on Beaver Creek, but both districts may yet be in a
flourishing condition at some future day. T think with an
increased school fund the schools of Fremont County would
be second to none in this State. The objective point is
scarcity of school funds, which greatly interferes with the
length of school terms.

At no greatly distant day Wyoming may be proud to
class the schools of Fremont among the first of the State.
Although the county is but young yet there is great encour-
agement ahead. For the best interests of the public schools
of Wyoming, I am

Most respectfully yours,


County Superintendent of Schools,

of Fremont Co., Wyo.


In attempting to make out ^ report of the Johnson
County schools, I am obliged to fall back upon my deep in-
terest in, and general knowledge of, the educational work
of the county for the few years past, rather than upon any
special data which I have at hand.

As you know, the office of County Superintendent of
Schools has recently been left vacant by the death of Judge
N. L. Andrews. For nearly four years he has been con-
nected with this work, and few people in the State have
been more interested in everything pertaining to educational
matters than he has been during his whole residence in Wy-
oming. During the illness of nearly a year which ended

of Public Instruction. ^i

with his death, his interest in the schools never flajjged, and
almost the last time of his going out of doors was to see the
children upon "Decoration Day." The schools of our county
have lost a warm and devoted friend in his removal from
their midst.

I find that the eight districts of Johnson County report
fifteen schools with four hundred pupils enrolled. These
four hundred pupils doubtless represent a larger number of
children of school age in the county, since in each of the
outlying districts there are pupils who cannot attend school
on account of the distance from their homes to the school
house. Most of the districts have ver}' good school houses.
The old New England idea, "First a home, then a school
house," which for a century and a half has made the New
England States leaders in the education of American citi-
zens, seems to have taken root in Wyoming, or at least ip
Johnson Count}'. Indeed the white painted school house
itself might be transplanted from our Wyoming count}^ to a
New England village and seem to belong to its surround-

It has been a pleasure to the Superintendent to find that
nearly all of the districts are awake to the importance of
supplving to the pupils the best help possible. No school is
so small that charts, globes, dictionaries, etc., are not apart
of its furniture, and our district schools would be all that
could be desired but for one or two drawbacks that neces-
sarily belong to a newly settled country.

Very few schools keep a teacher longer than one
term, and the terms are very short. The progress made
b}' pupils during a three months' term under a thorough
teacher, is almost lost sight of after a nine months' vacation
when a new teacher comes in who must "beo-in at the be-


It is easier to see drawbacks than to suijijest remedies.

^2 Report of Superintendent

But the one effectual remedy, under our present district
school sysiem, is, I think, being applied as fast as possible.
The districts are seeing the necessity and adopting the plan
of "direct taxation" to give longer terms of school where
they cannot be supplied by the general fund. The burden
that might fall heavily upon the one, falls lightly upon the
manv, and it is found that money is never better spent than
in training the young.

District school terms of six, seven, or eight months are
taking the place of the three months' term, and the teacher
has some chance of doings a jjood work and returninir to
the same place for the next school year.

The graded work of the Buffalo school is much better
than ever before. The four departments enroll over two
hundred pupils in the city schools. The teachers being
capable, earnest, and enthusiastic, are able to arouse the
same spirit in their pupils.

With such teachers and the natural growth of the
city, even the $20,000 school house, standing in the
midst of five acres of ground, will soon have to be
enlarged or supplemented by other buildings, and Buffalo
may look forward to advancement in every department of
graded school work.

Johnson County has probably $30,000 worth of school
property, and it is to be hoped that the districts that have
taxed themselves to build school houses will not be unwil-
ling to continue the good w<n-k in building up the schools
themselves. No better way of building up good schools
can be found than by obtaining good teachers, and no dis-
trict should be satisfied without the very best that can be
had. The time has gone by when it can be said "anything
will do for a primary school," and the very best talent is
demanded for the little children. This is as economical as
it is wise, for children who are well trained at the beginning

of Public Instrtiction. ^^

will not themselves be satisfied as they pass on to higher
grades, without a high standard of teaching, and thus each
grade will be kept up to its best. And is it not a wise
economy which will enable every child in the State to make
the most of himself whether his talents be one or many?
Respectfull}^ submitted,


Superintendent, Johnson County.


During the two 3'ears ending September 30lh, 1892,
seven school houses have been built in Laramie County,
one ot them, the Cheyenne High School building, at a cost
06 $41,700.00. The increase in the number of schools has
been seven, and in the number of pupils two hundred. The
condition of the school buildings in the different districts is
as follows: In number one the buildings are convenient,
comfortable, and are kept in first rate condition and are
supplied with all the applliances, maps, libraries, etc., essen-
tial to successful school work. In district number two the
buildings are in fair condition and are adequate to the
requirements of the district at the present time. In district
number three the buildinjjs and schools are in excellent con-
dition. In district number four the school buildings are in
fair condition. In district number five the buildings are in
good condition. From district number six I have received
no report; the buildings in the district are poor and several
schools are held in buildings owned by private individuals.
In district number seven ^ new building has been erected
during the past year; the other school buildings are in
poor condition and are inadequate to the needs of the dis-

44 Report of Superintendent

trict. In district number eight the school buildings are in
poor condition. In district number nine the school build-
ings are poor and are not sufficient in number. In district
number eleven there are no buildings belonging to the dis-
trict, the schools being held in private dwellings.


County Supt.


Biennial School Report for two Years Ending Septem-
ber ist, 1892:

Natrona County has six school districts. There are
nine schools established in the six districts. At close of the
tirst year, September ist, 1891, the number of pupils en-
rolled, - - - 130
The number of pupils enrolled Sept. ist, 1892, 143
Amount paid teachers 1891, - - $i5537-!?'5
" " " 1892, - - 1,926.50
Cost of pupil per month, 1891, - ^ 5.62
Cost of pupil per month, 1892, - - 3-8o
Most of the teachers employed have used the new sys-
tems of education.

The Kindergarten method is successfully used.
With the exception of one district, the discipline has
been excellent.

Civil government, philosophy, chemistry, bookkeeping,
language, and the higher mathematics have been taught in
the schools. Some of the pupils passed 98 per cent, on a
teacher's examination at the close of the school year.

The parents and public generally arc interested in the
schools. Natrona can now supply half her schools with
home teachers.

Respectfully submitted,


County Superintendent.

of Public hislriiciion. ^j


There are at present twenty-one districts in Sheridan
County, District No. 13 having" been annulled.

District No. i. The original hrst formed district in-
cludes the village of Big Horn and vicinity. The village
school has two departments, primary and grammar. There
are other outlvinij schools.

District No. 2, recently cut off from the Sheridan dis-
trict, is situated in the valley of Big Goose Creek. This
district has one school and a comfortable school house.

District No. 3 is in the southern part of the county.
Its one school is located near the mouth of ihe Big Pinev
Canon, among picturesque surroundings.

District No. 4 includes the valley of Columbus Creek.
It has one school. Its sessions are held in a primitive log
school house, one of the very few yet remaining in the

District No. 5 comprises the village of Dayton and its
immediate vicinitv. It has one ur^graded school.

District No. 6 is situated upon Beaver Creek. It has
one small school.

District No. 7 includes Sheridan and immediate vicin-
ity. This district has a town school of four departments:
First Primary, Second Primary, Grammar School and High
School. The schools are under the efficient management
of the Principal, Prof. B. F. Ogden. The synthetic method
is being successfully taught in the primary departments.
District No. 7 has lately erected a commodious brick school
house from which float the Stars and Stripes, a banner
presented to the district by the Woman's Relief Corps.

District No. 8 includes the valleys of Soldier Creek
and Wolf Creek. It has tw^o schools.

District No. 9 includes the small village of Beckton and
vicinity. This district has one school.

District No. 10 is situated upon Twin Creek, in the

y(.6 Report of Sttjpen'nleiidcnt

northern part of the county. There is one school in the
district. The old \o'g school house was last year replaced
by a convenient frame building.

District No. ii, recently cut off from the Sheridan
district, lies upon both Prairie Dog Creek and Cat Creek
It has two schools.

District No. 12 is situated in the extreme northern part
of the county upon Pass Creek. This district has one

District No. 14 is situated in the southern part of the
county. It has one large, ungraded school.

District No. 15 has this one peculiarity of lying "Over
the Range" from the other districts of the county. It has
one small school.

District No. 16 is found in the valley of Lower Tongue
River. This district has two schools.

District Nq. 17 is in the northern part of the county,
and has one school.

District No. 18, recently cut off from District No, i,
has one school.

District No. 19, in the extreme northern part of the
county, was recently cut off from District No. 12. It has
one school.

District No. 20, cut off from No. 12, has one school.

District No. 21, in the eastern part of the county, of
recent formation, has one school.

District No. 22, in southeastern part of the county, has

one school.


County Superintendent.

of Public hislriiclion. ^y


District No. i, situate at Point of Rocks, fort}' miles
east of county seat. No school here at present for lack of
sufficient children of school age.

District No. 2, situate at Green River, the county seat,
has a $5,000.00 frame school building. Only three of the

Online LibraryWyoming. Office of superintendent of public instruBiennial report of the superintendent of public instruction .. → online text (page 3 of 57)