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A catalogue, with descriptive notices, of the portraits, busts, etc., belonging to Yale University online

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Portraits, Busts, etc







ew Haven





A "Catalogue of Paintings, belonging to Yale College; deposited
in the South Room of the Trumbull Gallery," edited by Mr. Edward
C. Herrick, was printed in 1852 (octavo, 31 pages); but the edition
was soon exhausted, and the pamphlet has never been reprinted.

In the present catalogue it has been thought best to include, with
the separate portraits, busts, statues, and bas-reliefs, owned by the
University, the miniatures by Colonel John Trumbull, contained in
the collection of his paintings deposited in the Art School ; there will
also be found in an Appendix lists of the authentic portraits in the
well-known series of Revolutionary paintings by Colonel Trumbull
comprised in the same collection. Free use has been made of Mr.
Herrick's Catalogue in the following descriptions ; and valuable aid in
the additional notices has been received from many friends.

The size of the canvas in the several paintings is given, in inches ;
the Trumbull miniatures are all of uniform size, oval, 3^ x 3^ inches.

F. B. D.

March, 1892.



John Adams, second President of the United States, was
born in that part of the town of Braintree, Mass., which
was afterwards made the town of Quincy, October 31,
1735, and died in Quincy, July 4, 1826.

Among the miniatures (oval, 3/^x3^) in the Trumbull
Collection, in the Yale School of the Fine Arts, is one of
the head of President Adams, painted in Philadelphia in
1792, when Trumbull was in that city for the purpose of
painting General Washington. The artist had known
Adams familiarly from 1780 to 1788, in Paris and London,
and was highly esteemed by him.


A miniature by Colonel Trumbull, painted in 1827,
bearing this name, has not been further identified. It
represents a gentleman (apparently a civilian) not over
fifty years of age, with brown hair, smooth face, and fresh


Fisher Ames was born in Dedham, Mass., April 9, 1758,
and died in the same place, July 4, 1808.

Mr. Ames, after a distinguished career as a lawyer and
orator in his native State, was elected to the Federal Con-
gress in 1788, and withdrew from that office in 1796, on
account of failing health.

The painter, John Trumbull, executed this miniature of
Mr. Ames in Philadelphia in 1792.

6 Yale University


Roger Sherman Baldwin, a son of the Hon. Simeon
Baldwin (Yale 1781), of New Haven, and grandson of the
Hon. Roger Sherman, was born in New Haven, January 4,
1793, and was graduated at Yale in 1811. His life was
spent in his native city, where he attained the first rank in
the profession of the law. The inscription on his monu-
ment gives succinctly the events of his public career :

Admitted to the Bar in this city

in 1814 ;

Senator of the State

in 1837 and 1838 ;

Representative in the General Assembly

in 1840 and 1841 ;
Governor of Connecticut

in 1844 and 1845 ;

United States Senator

from 1847 to 1851 ;

Presidential Elector

in 1860 ;

Member of the National Peace Convention
in 1861.

Governor Baldwin died in New Haven, after a briet
illness, on the igth of February, 1863, at the age of 70.

This portrait (28^x36), presented by the family, is a
replica by Rufus Wright of one which he painted for them
soon after Governor Baldwin's death.


Joseph Battell was born in Norfolk, Litchfield County,
Connecticut, on the i7th of April, 1806. His father,
Joseph Battell, a native of Torrington in the same county,
was an enterprising and successful merchant in Norfolk,
where he married in 1805 Sarah Robbins, a daughter of
the minister of the town.

Catalogue of Portraits, etc. 7

The son was graduated at Middlebury College in 1823,
and until 1830 was a mercnant in his native place. He
then removed to New York City, where he was actively
engaged in mercantile business until his death, which
occurred in Brooklyn, N. Y., on the 8th of July, 1874.

Mr. Battell gave $5000 in 1854 as a fund to be devoted
to encouraging and sustaining sacred music in the chapel
of Yale College ; and when the project of erecting a new
chapel was first entertained, he responded to the suggestion
with a gift of $30000, afterward increased by $5000. At
the time of his death the projected building was in process
of erection, and an unrestricted bequest to the College
contained in his will, of $50000, was applied to the com-
pletion of what was in consequence named the Battell
Chapel. A brass tablet on the inner walls of the chapel
bears a commemorative inscription.

This portrait is a copy (28x36) made by Thomas
Hovenden in 1889, of one painted from life about 1852 by
C. L,. Elliott of New York, and was presented by the
Hon. Robbins Battell in 1889.


Layman Beecher was born in New Haven, Conn., October
12, 1775, the son of David and Esther (L,yman) Beecher,
and was graduated at Yale in 1797.

After a brief course of theological study under President
Dwight's direction, he began preaching in East Hamp-
ton, L,ong Island, in December, 1798, and was ordained
there in September, 1799. He was dismissed in April,
1 8 10, on account of insufficient support, and settled imme-
diately in lyitchfield, Connecticut, where he spent sixteen
years as pastor of the Congregational Church. Early in
1826, he accepted a call to the Hanover Church in Boston,
where he stood as a pillar of orthodoxy until the summer
of 1832. He then removed to Cincinnati, as President of

8 Yale University

I,ane Theological Seminary, where his active career closed
in 1850, at the age of 75. In 1851 he returned to the east,
and he died at his residence in Brooklyn, N. Y., January
10, 1863, in his 88th year. He was buried, at his own re-
quest, in New Haven, by the side of his intimate friend,
the Rev. Dr. Taylor.

A portrait (24 x 29^) by Chester Harding, painted
about 1 830, hangs in Alumni Hall ; and a copy (24^
x 29%) of the same, presented in 1886 by W. T. R. Mar-
vin, of Boston, hangs in the Library of the Divinity School.


Timothy Phelps Beers, son of Deacon Nathan Beers, was
born in New Haven on December 25, 1789, and was grad-
uated at Yale College in 1808. He pursued medical studies
here under his brother-in-law, Dr. EH Ives, and here began
the practice of his profession in 1812. In 1830 he was ap-
pointed a Professor in the Medical Institution of Yale Col-
lege, and he filled acceptably the chair of Obstetrics until
his resignation in 1856. After a short illness he died in
New Haven on September 22, 1858, in his 69th year.

His portrait (24^ x 30^), painted by Nathaniel Jocelyn
of New Haven, about 182530, hangs in the Faculty-room
at the Medical College.


Egbert Benson was born in New York City, June 21,
1746 ; and died in Jamaica, N. Y., August 24, 1833.

He was graduated at Kings (now Columbia) College in
1765, and became eminent as a lawyer. He was a staunch
patriot during the Revolution, a member of the Continental
Congress from 1784 to 1788, and of the first and second
United States Congresses, from 1790 to 1793. In later life
he occupied with credit high judicial positions.

The miniature in the Trumbull Collection was painted by
Colonel Trumbull in Philadelphia in 1792.

Catalogue of Portraits, etc. 9


George Berkeley, D.D., Bishop of Cloyne, was born of
an English family, near Thomastown, in the County of
Kilkenny, Ireland, March 12, 1685. At the age of fifteen
he was matriculated in Trinity College, Dublin, where he
spent the next thirteen years, being admitted to the degree
of B.A. in 1704, and to that of M.A. in 1707; in June,
1707, he was elected a Fellow of the College. His publica-
tions began as early as 1707, and in February, 1709, he re-
ceived Deacon's orders in the Irish Church. From 1713 to
1721 he was absent in England and on the Continent. In
August, 1721, he returned to Dublin, as one of the chap-
lains of the Duke of Grafton, who was just appointed Lord
Lieutenant of Ireland, and in the following November he
was advanced to the degree of Doctor of Divinity. He
continued in residence at Trinity College as Senior Fellow
until his nomination to the Deanery of Derry, worth about
i 100 a year, in April, 1724. Meantime, in 1723, he had
unexpectedly fallen heir, by the death of a mere acquaint-
ance Miss Esther Vanhomrigh (the ' ' Vanessa ' ' of Dean
Swift's correspondence) to half her estate, or about four
thousand pounds.

Almost immediately after these events, and as . a conse-
quence of his increased means, he went to London, and for
the next four years devoted himself to obtaining a charter
and funds for a college in Bermuda, a cherished missionary
project designed, in his own words, " for the Better Supply-
ing Churches in our Foreign Plantations, and for Convert-
ing the Savage Americans to Christianity." A charter
which named him as the Principal of the proposed College
was secured in 1725, and more than 5000 was subscribed
for an endowment ; the House of Commons also voted in
favor of a grant of public money, and Sir Robert Walpole,
the Prime Minister, promised accordingly ,20000. This
promise was still unfulfilled when, on September 6, 1728,

io Yale University

at the age of 43, Berkeley set sail in a ship which he had
hired for Rhode Island, where he intended to winter and to
purchase an estate, in order to settle a correspondence and
trade between that island and Bermuda. In the previous
month he had married Anne, daughter of John Forster, who
had been Speaker of the Irish House of Commons and
Chief Justice of the Court of Common Pleas in Dublin.
Mrs. Berkeley accompanied her husband on his voyage, with
a friend of hers, Miss Handcock of Dublin ; the other mem-
bers of the party were John James, an Englishman, about
34 years of age, of Bury St. Edmonds, who succeeded to a
baronetcy in 1736, and died in 1741 ; Richard Dalton, an-
other wealthy young Englishman, from Lincolnshire ; and
John Smibert, the painter of the picture. Smibert was a
native of Edinburgh, of nearly the same age as Berkeley,
whose acquaintance he had formed in Italy, and had re-
newed in London, where he had painted Berkeley's portrait
in 1725.

On January 23, 1729, the vessel arrived at Newport,
where the Dean remained until midsummer ; meantime he
purchased a farm of about ninety-six acres, some three
miles to the eastwards, and built a house (still standing)
which he named Whitehall, and which he occupied for over
two years. During these years he became interested in
Yale College, through an acquaintance with the Rev. Sam-
uel Johnson (Yale 1714), of Stratford, Connecticut, and
others ; and accordingly after his return to England (at the
end of 1731, on the collapse of the Bermuda scheme) he
sent to the Trustees of Yale College a conveyance of his
farm at Whitehall, for the encouragement of classical learn-
ing. This handsome gift (which supports the Berkeley
Scholarship, still offered to each graduating class) was sup-
plemented in 1733 by the present of nearly nine hundred
volumes for the Library.

Dean Berkeley was consecrated Bishop of Cloyne, in the
south of Ireland, May 19, 1734; and died in Oxford, Jan-

Catalogue of Portraits, etc. 1 1

tiary 14, 1753, in his 68th year. He was buried in the
Cathedral of Christ Church, Oxford, where a tablet is
erected to his memory.

This painting (93 x 69^) was executed by Smibert at
Whitehall, probably in the fall of 1729, though there is a
tradition that the outline was sketched on the voyage from
Europe.* The principal figure is the Dean, in his clerical
habit. The lady with a child is his wife ; and the second
lady Miss Handcock. The gentleman writing at the
table is Mr. Dalton, and the gentleman standing behind
the ladies is Mr. James. The other gentleman in brown is
said to be Mr. John Moffat, a friend of the artist ; and the
remaining figure is Smibert himself. The Dean rests his
hand on a copy of Plato, and is supposed to be dictating to
Mr. Dalton.

The painting was presented to the College by Isaac
IvOthrop, Esq., of Plymouth, Mass., in 1808 ; it had long
been preserved in a room in Boston, which Smibert is said
to have occupied, and was purchased by the donor for the
college earlier in the same year from a Major Johnson of

This is said to have been the first painting executed
in America, containing more than a single figure. Mr. A.
T. Perkins has printed in the Proceedings of the Massachu-
setts Historical Society for 1878 and 1879 lists of over fifty
other portraits by Smibert which are still extant.

An engraving of the head of Berkeley from this portrait
is prefixed to Professor Fraser's I/ife of Berkeley (Oxford,
1871) ; and an artotype of the whole painting appeared in
President Porter's Discourse on Berkele)' (New York, 1885).

An attempt was made by President Dwight in 1804 to
attach Berkeley's name to one of the College buildings
completed in 1803 ; but the attempt was unsuccessful, and

* A head of Berkeley by Smibert, which is said to have been painted
on the passage from Europe, is owned by the Massachusetts Historical

12 Yale University

the building named Berkeley Hall has always been known
as North Middle College. A decorated window in the
Battell Chapel bears an inscription in Berkeley's honor.


Clark Bissell, the eldest son of Joseph Bissell, a farmer in
Lebanon, Connecticut, was born in that town on the yth of
September, 1782. He was graduated at Yale College in
1806, pursued the study of law in Fairfield, Connecticut,
under the Hon. Samuel B. Sherwood and the Hon. Roger
M. Sherman, and in June, 1809, began practice in Norwalk,
Connecticut, which continued to be his residence through
his life. He was a member of the House of Representatives
of Connecticut in 1829 and 1850, and of the State Senate in
1842 and 1843. From 1829 to 1839 he was a judge of the
Supreme Court of Errors in Connecticut, and from May,
1847, to May, 1849, he served as Governor of the State.

In 1847, shortly before his election as Governor, he ac-
cepted an invitation to succeed Judge Daggett as head of
the Yale Law School, and he continued in this relation un-
til his resignation, on account of age and infirmity, in 1855.
He closed his honored and useful life at his home in Nor-
walk, on the i5th of September, 1857, at the age of 75.

His portrait (21 x 26) was presented to the Law School
by the family of Governor Bissell, being a copy by C. Noel
Flagg, of New York City, from an original in their posses-


John Brooks, son of Captain Caleb Brooks, was born in
Medford, Mass., in May, 1752, and died in the same town,
March i, 1825.

He had just begun practice as a physician at the out-
break of the Revolution, during which he served faithfully

Catalogue of Portraits, etc. 13

in the field, and attained the rank of colonel. For many
years from 1786 he was major-general of militia, and from
1816 to 1823 was Governor of the State.

John Tmmbull painted his miniature (preserved in the
Trumbull Collection) in Boston in the fall of 1790.


John Brown, the eldest son of John Brown, a Presbyte-
rian clergyman, and one of the earliest graduates of Prince-
ton College, was born near Staunton, Virginia, on Sept. 12,
1757. While a student at Princeton he enlisted in the army
as a volunteer aid to lyafayette ; and after the close of the
war he resumed his studies in William and Mary College,
Virginia, and then taught school while studying law. In
1782 he was admitted to the bar and began practice in
Frankfort, Kentucky. He was soon elected to the Vir-
ginia legislature as Senator from the counties composing
the District of Kentucky, and in 1787-8 was a delegate
from the same District to the Continental Congress. He
was active in the movements for securing to the West the
navigation of the Mississippi, and in 1789 was elected to
the ist United States Congress from this section of Virginia,
and served until the admission of Kentucky as a State, a
result which he was prominently conspicuous in securing.
He then became the first United States Senator from Ken-
tucky, serving from November, 1792, until March, 1805,
when he retired from public life.

He was the youngest member and the last survivor of the
Continental Congress, dying in Frankfort on August 29,
1837, at the age of 80. His son, Mason Brown, was grad-
uated here in 1820, and his grandsons, B. Gratz Brown and
John Mason Brown, in 1847 and 1856 respectively.

The miniature by Trumbull was painted in . Philadelphia
in 1792.

14 Yale University


George Temple Nugent Grenville, second son of the
Hon. George Grenville, was born on June 17, 1753. He
was educated at Christ Church, Oxford, and entered Par-
liament in 1774. He succeeded an uncle as Earl Temple
in 1779, and in the later years of the American war was out-
spoken in his criticism of Government measures. In 1782
he went to Ireland as Lord-Lieutenant ; and on his return
to England a year later the King showed him marked
favor. He held office for a few days at the end of 1783 as
Secretary of State, and the next }^ear was created Marquis
of Buckingham. He served again as Lord- Lieutenant of
Ireland in 1787-89, but did not afterwards enter political
life. He died at Stowe, Buckinghamshire, on February
u, 1813, in his 6oth year.

This portrait (27^ x 35^2) was painted by Trumbull in
England, probably in the last decade of the last century ;
it was presented to Yale College in 1 845 by Robert Gilmor,
Esq., of Baltimore.


William Alfred Buckingham, eldest son of Deacon Sam-
uel Buckingham of Lebanon, Conn., was born in that town,
May 28, 1804. At the age of twenty he left his father's
farm for a clerkship in a dry-goods store in the neighboring
town of Norwich ; and there in 1826 he established himself
in the same business. He became interested soon in man-
ufactures, which led to his withdrawal in 1848 from his
former business. He was mayor of the city for four years
between 1849 and 1858, when he was elected Governor of
the State. To the last-named office he was re-elected seven
times, and then declined further service. During the war
he co-operated promptly and heartily with President Lin-

Catalogue of Portraits, etc. 1 5

coin, and was untiring in his efforts to sustain the govern-
ment. After two years in private life, he was elected to the
Senate of the United States in 1868, and died at his home
in Norwich a few weeks before the expiration of his term,
on February 3, 1875, in his yist year.

His private character was singularly pure and elevated,
and he was deeply interested in the leading religious and
philanthropic movements of the day, and contributed lib-
erally to their support. Besides other liberal gifts to the
Yale Divinity School, he gave in April, 1864, the sum of
$25000 to this Department, in recognition of which the
Professorship of New Testament Criticism and Interpreta-
tion has been called by his name.

The Divinity School has a portrait (28^ x 35^) of Gov-
ernor Buckingham, which was painted in 1882 by Miss
Rebecca T. Porter, of New Haven, from a photograph. A
bust in plaster, by Henry Dexter, of Cambridge, Mass.,
executed in 1860, is in the University Library ; the sculp-
tor undertook a series of the busts of the Governors then in
office in the United States, to be placed in the Capitol in
Washington, but the Civil War interfered with the consum-
mation of the plan.


Joseph Buckminster was a son of the Rev. Joseph Buck-
minster (Harvard College 1739), minister of Rutland,
Massachusetts, where he was born on the i4th of October,
1751. His mother was Lucy Williams, a niece of Rector
Williams of Yale College, and first cousin of Jonathan Ed-
wards. Through the influence of his mother's family he
was sent to Yale, where he was graduated in 1770, and
where he remained as Berkeley scholar and as Tutor until
1778. The future President Dwight was associated with
him for three years in the tutorship, and remained his
warm friend through life. He was then called to the



1 6 Yale University

North Church in Portsmouth, New Hampshire, which
had just given up its pastor-eledl, the Rev. Dr. Stiles, to
the Presidency of Yale. Mr. Buckminster was ordained in
Portsmouth on January 27, 1779 ; and retained this charge
with distinguished credit until his death. The degree of
Doctor of Divinity was conferred upon him in 1803 by the
College of New Jersey. A serious illness in the autumn of
1811 left him in a state of debility and mental depression,
and a journey to Saratoga Springs was at length decided
upon for his relief. He left home on the 2d of June, 1812,
but was overtaken on the way by a severe relapse, and his
death occurred at Reedsborough, in Vermont, on the loth
of the same month. His memoirs by his daughter, Mrs.
Eliza Buckminster Lee, were published nearly forty years
later, together with the memoirs of his gifted son, the Rev.
Joseph S. Buckminster (Harvard College 1800), of Boston,
who died the day before his father.

Throughout his life Dr. Buckminster retained a strong
attachment to the place of his early education, and in re-
sponse to this feeling his daughter, Mrs. Lee, gave to the
College in 1864 the only portrait (30 x 35) of him which
was ever taken ; it was painted in 1789 when he was about
38 years of age, and an engraving from it is prefixed to the
Memoirs already mentioned.


Richard Butler was born in Dublin, Ireland, on the ist
of July 1743, and was brought to America in his infancy by
his parents, who settled in the southern part of Pennsyl-
vania. About 1770 Richard and an older brother became
Indian traders in Pittsburgh. He entered the military ser-
vice of his adopted country in 1776, and was soon commis-
sioned as colonel of the Fifth Pennsylvania Regiment. At
the close of the war he was raised to the rank of Brigadier
General. Subsequently he filled various civil offices, and

Catalogue of Portraits^ etc. 1 7

in 1791 he was made second in command, with the rank of
Major-General, in St. Clair's ill-fated expedition against
the western Indians. He fell in the defeat encountered on
November 4, 1791, on the borders of Ohio and Indiana,
while in command of the right wing of St. Clair's forces.

The miniature owned by the University was painted by
Trumbull in 1790 in Philadelphia, where General Butler
was in attendance as a member of the State Senate.


John Caldwell Calhoun, the son of Patrick Calhoun (a
native of Ireland) and Martha (Caldwell) Calhoun, was
born in Abbeville District, S. C., March 18, 1782.

After graduation at Yale in 1804, he studied law, partly
in South Carolina, and partly in the Litchfield (Conn.) Law
School. He was soon elected to the State Legislature, and
in 1811 entered the National Congress. Throughout Mon-
roe's presidency (1817-25) tie was a member of the Cabinet,
as Secretary of War. He was elected to the Vice-presi-
dency in 1824, and retained that office from March, 1825,
until December, 1832, when he resigned it in consequence
of the passage of the nullification ordinance. He was at
once elected to the Senate of the United States, where he
remained until his resignation in March, 1843. President
Tyler called him into his Cabinet as Secretary of State, in
March, 1844, and on the expiration of his term a year later,
he resumed his place in the Senate, which he retained until
his death, in Washington, March 31, 1850.

Trumbull painted his miniature in Washington in 1827.


Henry Ward Camp was born in Hartford, Connecticut,
February 4, 1839, the son of the Rev. Henry B. Camp (Yale
College 1831). He was graduated at Yale College in 1860,

1 8 Yale University

and left upon his classmates a rare impression of the strength
and beauty of his Christian character. After six months of
school- teaching, he began the study of law in Hartford, but

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Online LibraryYale UniversityA catalogue, with descriptive notices, of the portraits, busts, etc., belonging to Yale University → online text (page 1 of 9)