Yei Theodora Ozaki.

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rabbit stood and looked at his work he felt that all his trouble
would be well rewarded if his plan succeeded, and he could
manage to kill the wicked badger now.

The day came when the rabbit had arranged to take the
badger fishing. He kept the wooden boat himself and gave
the badger the clay boat. The badger, who knew nothing
about boats, was delighted with his new boat and thought how
kind it was of the rabbit to give it to him. They both got into
their boats and set out. After going some distance from the

E 2



Japanese Fairy Rook.

shore the rabbit proposed that they should try their boats and
see which one could go the quickest. The badger fell in with
the proposal, and they both set to work to row as fast as they




He raised his Oar and Struck at the Badger with all his Strength.

could for some time. In the middle 01 the race the badger
found his boat going to pieces, for the water now began to
soften the clay. He cried out in great fear to the rabbit to



The Farmer and the Badger. 53

help him. But the rabbit answered that he was avenging the
old woman's murder, and that this had been his intention all
along, and that he was happy to think that the badger had
at last met his deserts for all his evil crimes, and was to
drown with no one to help him. Then he raised his oar and
struck at the badger with all his strength till he fell with the
sinking clay boat and was- seen no more.

Thus at last he kept his promise to the old farmer. The
raobit now turned and rowed shorewards, and having landed
and pulled his boat upon the beach, hurried back to tell the old
farmer everything, and how the badger, his enemy, had been
killed.

The old farmer thanked him with tears in his eyes. He
said that till now he could never sleep at night or be at peace
in the daytime, thinking of how his wife's death was unavenged,
but from this time he would be able to sleep and eat as of
old. He begged the rabbit to stay with him and share his
home, so from this day the rabbit went to stay with the old
farmer and they both lived together as good friends to the end
of their days.



( 54 )



THE SHINANSHA, OR THE SOUTH POINTING

CARRIAGE.

THE compass, with its needle always pointing to the North,
is quite a common thing, and no one thinks that it is remark-
able now, though when it was first invented it must have been
a wonder.

Now long ago in China, there was a still more wonderful
invention called the Shinansha. This was a kind of chariot
with the figure of a man on it always pointing to the South.
No matter how the chariot was placed the figure always wheeled
about and pointed to the South.

This curious instrument was invented by Kotei, one of the
three Chinese Emperors of the mythological age. Kotei was the
son of the Emperor Yuhi. Before he was born his mother had
a vision which foretold that her son would be a great man.

One summer evening she went out to walk in the meadows
to seek the cool breezes which blow at the end of the day and
to gaze with pleasure at the star-lit heavens above her. As she
looked at the North Star, strange to relate, it shot forth vivid
flashes of lightning in every direction. Soon after this her son
Kotei came into the world.

Kotei in time grew to manhood and succeeded his father
the Emperor Yuhi. His early reign was greatly troubled by
the rebel Shiyu. This rebel wanted to make himself King, and



The Shinansha, or the South Pointing Carriage. 55

many were the battles which he fought to this end. Shiyu
was a wicked magician, his head was made of iron, and there
was no man that could conquer him.

At last Kotei declared war against the rebel and led his
army to battle, and the two armies met on a plain called








He Thought and Pondered Deeply.

Takuroku. The Emperor boldly attacked the enemy, but the
magician brought down a dense fog upon the battlefield, and
while the royal army were wandering about in confusion,
trying to find their way, Shiyu retreated with his troops, laughing
at having fooled the royal army.

No matter however strong and brave the Emperor's



56 Japanese Fairy Book.

soldiers were, the rebel with his magic could always escape
in the end.

Kotei returned to his Palace, and thought and pondered
deeply as to how he should conquer the magician, for he was
determined not to give up yet. After a long time he invented
the Shinansha with the figure of a man always pointing South,
for there were no compasses in those days. With this
instrument to show him the way he need not fear the dense
fogs raised up by the magician to confound his men.

Kotei again declared war against Shiyu. He placed the
Shinansha in front of his army and led the way to the battlefield.

The battle began in earnest. The rebel was being driven
backward by the royal troops when he again resorted to magic,
and upon his saying some strange words in a loud voice,
immediately a dense fog came down upon the battlefield.

But this time no soldier minded the fog, not one was
confused. Kotei by pointing to the Shinansha could find his
way and directed the army without a single mistake. He
closely pursued the rebel army and drove them backward till

te

they came to a big river. This river Kotei and his men found
was swollen by the floods and impossible to cross.

Shiyu by using his magic art quickly passed over with his
army and shut himself up in a fortress on the opposite bank.

When Kotei found his march checked he was wild with
disappointment, for he had very nearly overtaken the rebel when
the river stopped him.

He could do nothing, for there were no boats in those days,
so the Emperor ordered his tent to be pitched in thepleasantest
spot that the place afforded.



The Shinansha, or the South Pointing Carriage. 57

One day he stepped forth from his tent and after walking
about for a short time he came to a pond. Here he sat
down on the bank and was lost in thought.

It was autumn. The trees growing along the edge of the
water were shedding their leaves, which floated hither and
thither on the surface of the pond. By-and-bye, Kotei's
attention was attracted to a spider on the brink of the
water. The little insect was trying to get on to one of the
floating leaves near by. It did so at last, and was soon
floating over the water to the other side of the pond.

This little incident made the clever Emperor think that he
might try to make something that could carry himself and his
men over the river in the same way that the leaf had carried
over the spider. He set to work and persevered till he invented
the first boat. When he found that it was a success he set all
his men to make more, and in time there were enough boats
for the whole army.

Kotei now took his army across the river, and attacked
Shiyu's headquarters. He gained a complete victory, and so
put an end to the war which had troubled his country for
so long.

This wise and good Emperor did not rest till he had
secured peace and prosperity throughout his whole land. He
was beloved by his subjects, who now enjoyed their happiness
of peace for many long years under him. He spent a great
deal of time in making inventions which would benefit his
people, and he succeeded in many besides the boat and the
South Pointing Shinansha.

He had reigned about a hundred years when one day, as



Japanese Fairy Book.

Kotei was looking upwards, the sky became suddenly red, and
something came glittering like gold towards the earth. As it
came nearer Kotei saw that it was a great Dragon. The Dragon
approached and bowed down its head before the Emperor.




He Mounted the Dragon.

The Empress and the courtiers were so frightened that they
ran away screaming.

But the Emperor only smiled and called to them to stop,
and said :

11 Do not be afraid. This is a messenger from Heaven.
My time here is finished!" He then mounted the Dragon,
which began to ascend towards the sky.



The Shinansha, or the South Pointing Carnage. 59

When the Empress and the courtiers saw this they all cried
out together :

"Wait a moment! We wish to come too." And they
all ran and caught hold of the Dragon's beard and tried to
mount him.

But it was impossible for so many people to ride on the
Dragon. Several of them hung on to the creature's beard so
that when it tried to mount the hair was pulled out and they
fell to the ground.

Meanwhile the Empress and a few of the courtiers were
safely seated on the Dragon's back. The Dragon flew up so
high in the heavens that in a short time the inmates of the
Palace, who had been left behind disappointed, could see them
no more.

After some time a bow and an arrow dropped to the earth
in the courtyard of the Palace. They were recognised as
having belonged to the Emperor Kotei. The courtiers took
them up carefully and preserved them as sacred relics in the
Palace.



60



THE ADVENTURES OF KINTARO, THE

GOLDEN BOY.

LONG, long ago there lived in Kyoto a brave soldier named
Kintoki. Now he fell in love with a beautiful lady and married
her. Not long after this, through the malice of some of his
friends, he fell into disgrace at Court and was dismissed. This
misfortune so preyed upon his mind that he did not long
survive his dismissal he died, leaving behind him his beauti-
ful young wife to face the world alone. Fearing her husband's
enemies, she fled to the Ashigara Mountains as soon as her
husband was dead, and there in the lonely forests where no
one ever came except woodcutters, a little boy was born to
her. She called him Kintaro or the Golden Boy. Now the
remarkable thing about this child was his great strength, and
as he grew older he grew stronger and stronger, so that by the
time he was eight years of age he was able to cut down trees
as quickly as the woodcutters. Then his mother gave him a
large axe, and he used to go out in the forest and help the
woodcutters, who called him " Wonder-child, 'land his mother
the " Old Nurse of the Mountains," for they did not know her
high rank. Another favourite pastime of Kintaro's was to smash
up rocks and stones. You can imagine how strong he was !

Quite unlike other boys, Kintaro grew up all alone in the
mountain wilds, and as he had no companions he made friends



The Adventures of Kintaro, the Golden Boy. 61

with all the animals and learned to understand them and to
speak their strange talk. By degrees they all grew quite tame
and looked upon Kintaro as their master, and he used them as
his servants and messengers. But his special retainers were
the bear, the deer, the monkey and the hare.

The bear often brought her cubs for Kintaro to romp with,
and when she came to take them home Kintaro would get on
her back and have a ride to her cave. He was very fond of
the deer too, and would often put his arms round the creature's
neck to show that its long horns did not frighten him. Great
was the fun they all had together.

One day, as usual, Kintaro went up into the mountains,
followed by the bear, the deer, the monkey, and the hare.
After walking for some time up hill and down dale and over
rough roads, they suddenly came out upon a wide and grassy
plain covered with pretty wild flowers.

Here, indeed, was a nice place where they could all have a
good romp together. The deer rubbed his horns against a
tree for pleasure, the monkey scratched his back, the hare
smoothed his long ears, and the bear gave a grunt of
satisfaction.

Kintaro said, " Here is a place for a good game. What
do you all say to a wrestling match ? "

The bear being the biggest and the oldest, answered for
the others :

" That will be great fun," said she. " I am the strongest
animal, so I will make the platform for the wrestlers "; and she
set to work with a will to dig up the earth and to pat it into
shape.



62



Japanese Fairy Book.



" All ri^ht," said Kintaro, " I will look on while you all
wrestle with each other. I shall give a prize to the one who
wins in each round."



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Then the Monkey and the Hare hopped out

"What fun! we shall all try to get the prize," said the
bear.

The deer, the monkey and the hare set to work to help the
bear raise the platform on which they were all to wrestle.
When this was finished, Kintaro cried out :



The Adventures of Kintaro, the Golden Boy. 63

" Now begin ! the monkey and the hare shall open the
sports and the deer shall be umpire. Now, Mr. Deer, you are
to be umpire ! "

" He, he ! " answered the deer. " I will be umpire. Now,
Mr. Monkey and Mr. Hare, if you are both ready, please walk
out and take your places on the platform."

Then the monkey and the hare both hopped out, quickly
and nimbly, to the wrestling platform. The deer, as umpire,
stood between the two and called out :

" Red-back ! Red-back ! " (this to the monkey, who has a
red back in Japan). " Are you ready ? "

Then he turned to the hare :

" Long-ears ! Long-ears ! are you ready ?"

Both the little wrestlers faced each other while the deer raised
a leaf on high as signal. When he dropped the leaf the monkey
and the hare rushed upon each other, crying "Yoisho, yoisho ! "

While the monkey and the hare wrestled, the deer called
out encouragingly or shouted warnings to each of them as
the hare or the monkey pushed each other near the edge of
the platform and were in danger of falling over.

"Red-back! Red-back! stand your ground!" called out
the deer.

"Long-ears! Long-ears! be strong, be strong don't let
the monkey beat you ! " grunted the bear.

So the monkey and the hare, encouraged by their friends, tried
their very hardest to beat each other. The hare at last gained on
the monkey. The monkey seemed to trip up, and the hare giving
him a good push sent him flying off the platform with a bound.

The poor monkey sat up rubbing his back, and his face



64 Japanese Fairy Book.

was very long as he screamed angrily, u Oh, oh ! how my back
hurts my back hurts me ! '

" Seeing the monkey in this plight on the ground, the deer
holding his leaf on high said :

"This round is finished the hare has won."

Kintaro then opened his luncheon box and taking out a
rice-dumpling, gave it to the hare saying :

" Here is your prize, and you have earned it well ! '

Now the monkey got up looking very cross, and as they
say in Japan " his stomach stood up," for he felt that he had
not been fairly beaten. So he said to Kintaro and the others
who were standing by :

" I have not been fairly beaten. My foot slipped and I
tumbled. Please give me another chance and let the hare
wrestle with me for another round."

Then Kintaro consenting, the hare and the monkey began
to wrestle again. Now, as everyone knows, the monkey is a
cunning animal by nature, and he made up his mind to get the
best of the hare this time if it were possible. To do this, he
thought that the best and surest way would be to get hold of
the hare's long ear. This he soon managed to do. The hare
was quite thrown off his guard by the pain of having his long
ear pulled so hard, and the monkey seizing his opportunity at
last, caught hold of one of the hare's legs and sent him
sprawling in the middle of the dais. The monkey was now
the victor and received a rice-dumpling from Kintaro, which
pleased him so much that he quite forgot his sore back.

The deer now came up and asked the hare if he felt ready
for another round, and if so whether he would try a round with



The Adventures of Kintaro, the Golden Boy. 65

him, and the hare consenting, they both stood up to wrestle.
The bear came forward as umpire.

The deer with long horns and the hare with long ears, it
must have been an amusing sight to those who watched this
queer match. Suddenly the deer went down on one of his
knees, and the bear with the leaf on high declared him beaten.
In this way, sometimes the one, sometimes the other, conquering,
the little party amused themselves till they were tired.

At last Kintaro got up and said :

" This is enough for to-day. What a nice place we have
found for wrestling ; let us come again to-morrow. Now, we
will all go home. Come along ! ' So saying, Kintaro led the
way while the animals followed.

After walking some little distance they came out on the
banks of a river flowing through a valley. Kintaro and his
four furry friends stood and looked about for some means of
crossing. Bridge there was none. The river rushed "don,
don " on its way. All the animals looked serious, wondering
how they could cross the stream and get home that evening.

Kintaro, however, said :

" Wait a moment. I will make a good bridge for you all
in a few minutes."

The bear, the deer, the monkey and the hare looked at him
to see what he would do now.

Kintaro went from one tree to another that grew along the
river bank. At last he stopped in front of a very large tree
that was growing at the water's edge. He took hold of the
trunk and pulled it with all his might, once, twice, thrice ! At
the third pull, so great was Kintaro's strength that the roots
F.B. F



66 Japanese Fairy Book.

gave way, and " men, men ' (crash, crash), over fell the
tree, forming an excellent bridge across the stream.

" There," said Kintaro, " what do you think of my bridge ?
It is quite safe, so follow me," and he stepped across first. The
four animals followed. Never had they seen anyone so strong
before, and they all exclaimed :

" How strong he is ! how strong he is ! '

While all this was going on by the river a woodcutter, who
happened to be standing on a rock overlooking the stream,
had seen all that passed beneath him. He watched with great
surprise Kintaro and his animal companions. He rubbed his
eyes to be sure that he was not dreaming when he saw this
boy pull over a tree by the roots and throw it across the stream
to form a bridge.

The woodcutter, for such he seemed to be by his dress,
marvelled at all he saw, and said to himself:

" This is no ordinary child. Whose son can he be ? I will
find out before this day is done."

He hastened after the strange party and crossed the bridge
behind them. Kintaro knew nothing of all this, and little
guessed that he was being followed. On reaching the other
side of the river he and the animals separated, they to their lairs
in the woods and he to his mother, who was waiting for him.

As soon as he entered the cottasre, which stood like a

V ' '

matchbox in the heart of the pine-woods, he went to greet
his mother, saying :

" Okkasan (mother), here I am ! '

" 0, Kimbo!" said his mother with a bright smile, glad to
see her boy home safe after the long day. " How late you are



The Adventures of Kintaro, the Golden Boy. 67

to-day. I feared that something had happened to you. Where
have you been all the time ? "

" I took my four friends, the bear, the deer, the monkey,
and the hare, up into the hills, and there I made them try a
wrestling match, to see which was the strongest. We all
enjoyed the sport, and are going to the same place to-morrow
to have another match."

" Now tell me who is the strongest of all ? " asked his
mother, pretending not to know.

" Oh, mother," said Kintaro, " don't you know that I am
the strongest ? There was no need for me to wrestle with any
of them."

" But next to you then, who is the strongest ? "

" The bear comes next to me in strength," answered
Kintaro.

" And after the bear ? " asked his mother again.

" Next to the bear it is not easy to say which is the
strongest, for the deer, the monkey, and the hare all seem
to be as strong as each other," said Kintaro.

Suddenly Kintaro and his mother were startled by a voice
from outside.

" Listen to me, little boy ! Next time you go, take this old
man with you to the wrestling match. He would like to join
the sport too ! "

It was the old woodcutter who had followed Kintaro from
the river. He slipped off his clogs and entered the cottage.
Yama-uba and her son were both taken by surprise. They
looked at the intruder wonderingly, and saw that he was
someone they had never seen before.

F 2



68 Japanese Fairy Book.

"Who arc you ? ' they both exclaimed.

Then the woodcutter laughed and said :

" It does not matter who I am yet, hut let us see who has
the strongest arm this boy or myself? "

Then Kintaro, who had lived all his life in the forest,
answered the old man without any ceremony, saying :

"We will have a try if you wish it, but you must not be
angry whoever is beaten."

Then Kintaro and the woodcutter both put out their right
arms and grasped each other's hands. For a longtime Kintaro
and the old man wrestled together in this way, each trying
to bend the other's arm, but the old man was very strong, and
the strange pair were evenly matched. At last the old man
desisted, declaring it a drawn game.

" You are, indeed, a very strong child. There are few
men who can boast of the strength of my right arm ! " said the
woodcutter. " I saw you first on the banks of the river a few
hours ago, \vhen you pulled up that large tree to make a bridge
across the torrent. Hardly able to believe what I saw I
followed you home. Your strength of arm, which I have just
tried, proves what I saw this afternoon. When you are full-
grown you will surely be the strongest man in all Japan. It is
a pity that you are hidden away in these wild mountains."

Then he turned to Kintaro's mother :

"And you, mother, have you no thought of taking your
child to the Capital, and of teaching him to carry a sword as
befits a samurai (a Japanese knight) ? "

" You are very kind to take so much interest in my son,"
replied the mother; "but he is as you see, wild and uneducated,



The Adventures of Kintaro, the Golden Boy. 69

and I fear it would be very difficult to do as you say. Because
of his great strength as an infant I hid him away in this
unknown part of the country, for he hurt everyone that came




The Kind General gradually unfolded his Plan.

near him. I have often wished that I could, one day, see my
boy a knight wearing two swords, but as we have no influential
friend to introduce us at the Capital, I fear my hope will never
come true."

" You need not trouble yourself about that. To tell you



yo Japanese Fairy Book.

the truth I am no woodcutter ! I am one of the great generals
of Japan. My name is Sadamitsu, and I am a vassal of the
powerful Lord Minamoto-no-Raiko. He ordered me to go
round the country and look for boys who give promise of
remarkable strength, so that they may be trained as soldiers
for his armv. I thought that I could best do this by assuming

^ O J o

the disguise of a woodcutter. Bv good fortune, I have thus
unexpectedly come across your son. Now if you really wish
him to be a samurai (a knight), I will take him and present him
to the Lord Raiko as a candidate for his service. What do
you say to this ? '

As the kind general gradually unfolded his plan the mother's
heart was filled with a great joy. She saw that here was a
wonderful chance of the one wish of her life being fulfilled
that of seeing Kintaro a samurai before she died.

Bowing her head to the ground, she replied :

" I will then entrust my son to you if you really mean what
you say."

Kintaro had all this time been sitting by his mother's side
listening to what was said. When his mother finished speaking,
he exclaimed :

" Oh, joy! joy! I am to go with the general and one day
I shall be a samurai! "

Thus Kintaro's fate was settled, and the general decided
to start for the Capital at once, taking Kintaro with him. It
need hardly be said that Yama-uba was sad at parting with her
boy, for he was all that was left to her. But she hid her grief
with a strong face, as they say in Japan. She knew that it was
for her boy's good that he should leave her now, and she



The Adventures of Kintaro, the Golden Boy. 71

must not discourage him just as he was setting out. Kintaro
promised never to forget her, and said that as soon as he was
a knight wearing two swords he would build her a home and
take care of her in her old age.

All the animals, those he had tamed to serve him, the bear,
the deer, the monkey, and the hare, as soon as they found out
that he was going away, came to ask if they might attend him
as usual. When they learned that he was going away for good
they followed him to the foot of the mountain to see him off.

" Kimbo," said his mother, " mind and be a good boy."

" Mr. Kintaro," said the faithful animals, " we wish you
good health on your travels."

Then they all climbed a tree to see the last of him, and
from that height they watched him and his shadow gradually
grow smaller and smaller, till he was lost to sight.


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