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York College of Pennsylvania (Volume 1985-1986, Vol. 42) online

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biological sciences, and the liberal arts.

Major requirements are 24 hours of psychology,
including B161, B362, B372, 8464, B491. Additional
requirements are B260 (Statistics), B259 (Data Analy-
sis with SPSS), and two semesters of Biology.

An internship is available with local agencies
which allows qualified students to apply theory to
realistic situations, and to clarify vocational objectives.

Courses in Anthropology and Sociology are
a\'ailable and useful adjuncts to all students in pro-
\iding an understanding of other cultures.

B161 General Psychology
Fall-Spring Semesters

An understanding of human behavior, unifying the
physical, emotional, intellectual and social aspects
with current research findings and theories.
3 class periods. 3 credit hours.

8276 Psychology of Religion
Spring, odd numbered years

An inquin,' into the relationship between human per-
sonality and the religious ideas which have helped
mold it, relying on the great thinkers in the fields of
psychology and religion. Prerequisite: One course in
psychology, philosophy, or religion.
3 class periods. 3 credit hours.

B340 Theories of Counseling and Psychotherapy
Spring, even numbered years

A sur\-ey of the major theories of counseling and psy-
chotherapy, including psychoanalytic, learning, ra-
tional, existential, and Gestalt. Prerequisite: B161.
3 class periods. 3 credit hours.

B342 Clinical Psychology —

Tests and Measurements

A sur\'ey of clinical methods, e\'aluation techniques,
and therapy practices, including ethical standards
and professional attitudes of clinical practice. Prereq-
uisite: B161 and junior or senior standing.
3 class periods. 3 credit hours.



B360 Developmental Psychology
Fall Semester

Concerned with the physical, social, emotional and
intellectual developmental processes from conception
to young adulthood. Opportunities will be provided
to observe children and to study the practical prob-
lems of child rearing.

3 class periods. 3 credit hours.

B362 Experimental Psychology
Fall-Spring Semester

Introduction to the experimental method including
experimental design, data collection, analysis of data
and writing research reports. Prerequisite: B260,
B161. Required of Behavioral Science and Psycho-
logy Majors.

2 lecture hours. 2 laboratory hours.

3 credit hours.

B364 Psychology of Adjustment
Fall Semester

An analysis of the determinants of a healthy person-
ality in such areas as emotion, self-concept, and inter-
personal relations. Prerequisite: B161.
3 class periods. 3 credit hours.

B367 Social Psychology
Spring Semester

Understanding the effect of the social environment
and the influence of others on individual behavior.
Prerequisites: B161, B185.

3 class periods. 3 credit hours.

B368 Psychology of Exceptional Children

A survey course of the major areas of exceptionality,
dealing with the etiology, diagnosis; and behavioral
implications of intellectual, physical, sensory, and
social-emotional deviations of children, particularly
as they pertain to the learning processes in educa-
ticm. Prerequisite: B161.

3 class periods. 3 credit hours.

B369 Psychology of Learning/

Behavior Modification
Fall Semester

Utilization of learning principles and theories in the
production of learned behavior. Emphasizes contem-
porary approaches to description and explanation of
learning phenomena. Lecture, readings and class-
room experiments. Prerequisite: B161.
3 class periods. 3 credit hours.



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B372 History and Systems of Psychology
Spring Semester

Analysis of the historical background and present
systems in the field of psychology; the various psy-
chological interpretations of man. Required of Psy-
chology majors. Prerequisite: B161.
3 class periods. 3 credit hours.

B461 Abnormal Psychology
Spring Semester

The causes, diagnosis, treatment and social signifi-
cance of various forms of problem behavior; attention
is given to the factors in adjustment in both the nor-
mal and deviant. Prerequisite: B161. Junior or Senior.
3 class periods. 3 credit hours.

B464 Physiological Psychology
Fall Semester

Introduction to the physiological and neurological
foundations of behavior. Prerequisite: Biology, and
General Psychology B161. Required of Psychology
majors.

3 class periods. 3 credit hours.

B475 Personality
Fall Semester

A critical survey of the theories of personality includ-
ing their origin, relevant research and application to
understanding human behavior. Prerequisite: B161.
3 class periods. 3 credit hours.

Recreation (Therapeutic/Community)

A major in Recreation, therapeutic or commu-
nity, is designed to prepare recreation specialists for a
variety of positions in both institutional and commu-
nity settings. The objectives of the program are: 1) to
provide a broad liberal education; 2) to develop skills
and attitudes to assist others to lead more active,
meaningful lives; and 3) to prepare students for entry
into recreation and leisure service occupations at the
professional level.

Two areas of emphasis will be available for stu-
dent choice. The Community Recreation option is
geared toward professional preparation for careers in
federal, state and local public recreation and park
agencies, quasi-public, and voluntary agencies,
armed forces, industrial recreation, commercial recre-
ation, church recreation, travel and tourism. Flexibil-
ity within this option will permit students to focus on
a specific agency or setting.



The second option is Therapeutic Recreation.
This provides the student wdth a knowledge of recre-
ation's potential contribution in a comprehensive
rehabOitation process. It is designed to prepare the
student to work with a broad range of disabilities —
mental, physical, and social. They will be trained to
develop and/or provide leadership in programs serv-
ing the mentally retarded, emotionally ill, physically
disabled, the imprisoned and parolee, the disadvan-
taged and aged in both institutional and community
services.

RlOl Recreation and Leisure in Modern Society
Fall-Spring Semesters

Surveys the present nature, scope, and significance
of recreation and leisure for all citizens including spe-
cialized groups. Emphasis will be on the opportuni-
ties, responsibilities, and requirements of profes-
sional recreational work. Required for majors.
3 class periods. 3 credit hours.

R103 Leadership in Recreation and

Leisure Activities
Fall-Spring Semesters

Investigates the special problems facing recreation
professionals in various types of group settings. Con-
sideration will be given to developing, supervising
and coordinating recreational programs. Required for
majors.

3 class periods. 3 credit hours.

R221 Recreation Practicum
Fall Semester

Provides early field experience by placement in a rec-
reational setting where the student will work 120
hours under careful supervision. Seminar sessions
will be conducted to share problems and experiences.
Required by advisement. Prerequisite: RlOl-103.
3 class periods. 3 credit hours.

R301 Group Dynamics and Leadership

An in-depth study of the reactions and relationships
between members of groups, supervision of staff and
volunteers, and techniques for guiding the interac-
tion toward defined goals.

3 class periods. 3 credit hours.

R310 Outdoor Recreation

Survey trends and issues in outdoor recreation, parks
and conservation, including agency resources, legis-
lation, and research. Includes outdoor recreation pro-
grams, resource management, and outdoor skills.
Prerequisite: RlOl.

3 class periods. 3 credit hours.



Course Descriptions



R331 Leadership in Therapeutic Recreation
Spring Semester

Gives training in group leadersliip and organization
and practical application of those techniques. Re-
quired for Therapeutic Recreation option.

1 class period.

1 three-hour laboratory period.

3 credit hours.

R333 Organizing Community Recreation
Spring Semester

Considers the nature of urban recreation and the peo-
ple it serves; studies means for mobilizing a commu-
nity for recreation, and the approaches for planning,
organizing and conducting programs. Required for
Community Recreation option.

3 class periods. 3 credit hours.

R341 Introduction to Therapeutic Recreation
Fall-Spring Semesters

Introduction to principles and techniques used in
serving special groups with physical, emotional or
social disability. Required for all majors.
3 class periods. 3 credit hours.

R343 Organizing Therapeutic Recreation
Fall Semester

Concerned with the practice of therapeutic recreation
and the specialized groups it serves; considers means
of organizing a community or institution for provid-
ing recreation to meet unique requirements. Surveys
approaches for planning, organizing and conducting
specially tailored programs. Required for Therapeutic
Recreation option.

3 class periods. 3 credit hours.

R392 Selected Topics in Recreation
Spring Semester

Exploration of issues, trends, and philosophies of
recreation including, but not limited to, commercial
recreation, travel and tourism.

3 class periods. 3 credit hours.



R421, R422,

R423, R424 Internships— Field Work in

Recreation and Leisure
Fall-Spring Semesters

A program to provide on-the-job experiences in ap-
plication of principles and techniques in either Com-
munity Recreation or Therapeutic Recreation. This
provides the student with the opportunity to develop
the art and skill of dealing with people in a profes-
sional capacity while under close supervision of an
experienced supervisor and a faculty member. (At
least 9 credit hours required of all majors.) Prerequi-
site; Major of second semester junior or first semester
senior standing.

120 work experience hours per 3 credit hours.

R450 Recreation Administration
Fall-Spring Semesters

This course will study the organizational patterns and
administrative problems involved in operating vari-
ous leisure service agencies: forms of organization,
planning, budget, personnel, liability, public rela-
tions and evaluation. Required for all majors of
senior standing.

3 class periods. 3 credit hours.

R491 Seminar in Recreation and

Leisure Studies
Fall-Spring Semesters

A study of the implications of leisure and recreation
as they relate to organization of recreation services.
Visits to a variety of recreation agencies will be em-
phasized. Prerequisite: Major of senior standing.
3 class periods. 3 credit hours.

R498, R499 Independent Study

Independent investigations of current problems fac-
ing the recreation field. These may include the philo-
sophical basis, delivery of services, professional
problems, needed research, and certification or
licensing.

1-3 credit hours each semester.

Sociology

Sociology deals with the nature and workings of
human group life.

A major in sociology is designed to provide prep-
aration for pursuing graduate study and/or entry into
vocations where sociological training is desirable
(e.g., social agencies, personnel work in business,
social planning in governmental agencies, and orga-
nizations in which survey research is conducted).



York College



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Major requirements are 30 hours of Sociology
including B185, B303, B304, B384, B491. AddiHonal
requirements are B161 (General Psychology), B260
(Statistics), and M105 (Principles of Computer
Information Systems).

An internship is available with local agencies
which allows qualified students to apply theory to
realistic situations.

Courses in Anthropology and Psychology are
available and useful adjuncts to all students in pro-
viding an understanding of other cultures.

B185 Introduction to Sociology
Fall-Spring Semesters

Designed to enable the student to obtain a better
understanding of group relations. Consideration is
given to the influence of heredity and environment
upon individual and group behavior, the examina-
tion of institutions, race relations in the United
States, and community services. Required of Socio-
logy majors.

3 class periods. 3 credit hours.

B251 Law and Society

An analysis of the interrelationship between the legal
and social order through the utilization of different
anthropological and sociological perspectives includ-
ing functional and conflict theory. Prerequisite: B185
or permission of the Instructor.

3 class periods. 3 credit hours.

B285 American Social Problems
Fall-Spring Semesters

A study of the contemporary sociological deviations
of crime, delinquency, racism, poverty, family and
industrial discord with emphasis on relevant experi-
mental data and methods for assessing causes and
remedies. Prerequisite: B185.

3 class periods. 3 credit hours.

B286 The Family
Spring Semester

The origin and history of the family; economic, politi-
cal, and social movements which have affected family
life, consideration of contemporary theories regard-
ing formation of personality, family adjustment, and
organization; consideration of practical approach to
preparation for marriage, family crises and adjust-
ments. Prerequisite: B185.

3 class periods. 3 credit hours.



B303 Development of Sociological Theory
Fall, odd numbered years

An analysis of the historical development of social
thought and theory from antiquity to the present.
Required of Sociology majors. Prerequisite: B185.
3 class periods. 3 credit hours.

B304 Contemporary Sociological Theory
Spring Semester

A study of the recent developments and main cur-
rents in contemporary sociological thought. The prin-
cipal sociological theorists and their contributions will
be analyzed. Prerequisite: B185. Required of Socio-
logy majors.

3 class periods. 3 credit hours.

B308 Design and Evaluation

of Social Service Programs
Fall Semester

Introduction to the principles and practice of program
design and evaluation in the social services. Tech-
niques of needs assessment, program planning and
evaluation will be studied. Prerequisite: B185 and
B161.

3 class periods. 3 credit hours.

B310 Sociology of Organizations

An analysis of organizations as social systems. The
structure of organizations, their patterns, and the
impact of society on organizations will be examined.
Prerequisite: B185.

3 class periods. 3 credit hours.
B311 Criminology
Fall-Spring Semesters

An analysis of criminal behavior, criminal law, penal
systems, program of crime control and the operation
of probation and parole.

3 class periods. 3 credit hours.

B315 Ethnic and Minority Relations
Spring Semester

Analysis of the bases of conflicts, accommodation
and assimilation of various ethnic, religious and racial
minorities in the United States. Prerequisite: B185.
3 class periods. 3 credit hours.

B376 Sociology of Religion
Spring, even numbered years

A survey of religious systems and their interrelation
with society and its institutions, with emphasis on
the social consequences and determinants of religious
behavior. Religious movements as well as institution-
alized religion will be examined.

3 class periods. 3 credit hours.



Course Descriptions



B384 Research Methodology
Spring, odd numbered years

The nature of the scientific method and basic research
techniques as applied to collection, analysis, and
interpretation of data. To be taken in their junior
\ear. Prerequisite: 3 hours of Statistics, and 9 hours of
Sociology. Required of Sociology majors.
3 class periods. 3 credit hours.

B387 Human Service Techniques
Fall-Spring Semesters

An analysis and application of skills in client-worker
relahonships, information gathering, interactional
skills, and the referral process.

3 class periods. 3 credit hours.

B388 Urban Sociology
Spring, odd numbered years

A study of the development of modern cities and
their impact upon society; discussion of problems
connected with urban living. Students use the City of
York and York County as special areas for research.
Prerequisite: B185.

3 class periods. 3 credit hours.

B465 Population and Demography
Fall, odd numbered years

Qualitative analysis of population; composition and
description. Major demographic processes: Fertility,
Mortality, Migration. Changing patterns in popula-
tion growth. Some important implications in world
population changes. Population policies. Population
of the United States. Prerequisite: B185.
3 class periods. 3 credit hours.

B471 Industrial Sociology
Fall Semester

Industrial and other work organizations studied as
social systems, with attention to both internal human
relations and to external relations with the commu-
nity. Prerequisite: B185.

3 class periods. 3 credit hours.

BIOLOGICAL SCIENCE
DEPARTMENT

A four-year program leading to the Bachelor of
Science degree is offered with emphasis in three
areas: Botany, Environmental, or Zoology. In addi-
tion, a person may not wish to "specialize" but rather
take their course work in the broad area of general
biology. A two-year curriculum leading to the Associ-
ate of Science degree in biology is also available. A
baccalaureate degree is offered in Health Record
Administration. These students are prepared to as-



sume positions in health care facilities as managers of
health information.

A four year Nuclear Medicine Technology pro-
gram affords students the opportunity to pursue a
nuclear medicine technologist career. Three years are
spent at York College followed by a clinical fourth
year at one of the affiliated hospitals of the South
Central Pennsylvania Consortium for Nuclear Medi-
cine Technology Training.

Respiratory Therapy Certificate and Associate of
Science Degree Programs are also available. Clinical
aspects of the programs are offered in conjunction
with York Hospital.

Pre-professional students in related fields such
as medicine, optometry, dentistry, osteopathy, cer-
tain paramedical fields and veterinary medicine are
able to select courses to satisfy transfer requirements.
A Health Professions Committee aids students who
have chosen one of these fields.

Equivalence to prerequisites can be obtained
through Credit by Examination or written permission
of instructor and department chairman.

Courses fall into two broad categories:

A. Non-majors. Courses, all 3 credits, numbered
BSlOO to 109 and 200 to 209 are designed for
students wanting to fulfill part or all of their
core science requirements in biology or to
take courses for enrichment. Majors, on ap-
proval of advisor, can take non-majors
courses for electives.

B. Majors. Course number BSlll is designed for
majors of biology or related fields. It is a pre-
requisite for all courses above the 210 level.
Non-majors are not restricted from enroll-
ment in these courses.

Courses for Non-Majors

BSlOO Fundamentals of Human Biology
Fall-Spring Semesters

Emphasis is placed upon developing a biological
awareness of self via the principles and systems ap-
proach to organ-systems of man; cellular structure,
physiology and reproduction; and the physicochemi-
cal basis of life.

2 class periods.

1 three-hour laboratory period.

3 credit hours.



\brk College



of Pennsylvania



BSlOl Field Natural History
Fall Semester

Designed primarily, but not exclusively, for individu-
als planning to work with people. Education majors,
recreation majors and those just interested in the
out-of-doors wOl find much to stimulate their inter-
ests and challenge the intellect. This will be an intro-
duction to the vast natural resources avaOable in the
immediate environment, the literature and other re-
source materials, and some methods for learning
about plants, animals and their ecology. Laboratory
periods will be spent primarily in the field.

2 class periods.

1 three-hour laboratory period.

3 credit hours.

BS102 Field Biology
Spring Semester

Outdoor laboratory or related experiences will coor-
dinate with natural history lectures and reading as-
signments to expose students to broader aspects of
selected plant and/or animal groups in their natural
ecological setting.

2 class periods.

1 three-hour laboratory period.

3 credit hours.

BS103 Introduction to Marine Biology
Fall Semester

This course will take an ecological approach to study-
ing Marine Biology by focusing on the environmental
characteristics, adaptations of organisms, and the
communities found in the major marine ecosystems
such as rocky shore, estuary, salt marsh, sandy
beach, and coral reef. The course will place more
emphasis on the biotic communities found in each of
these environments rather than the chemical and
physical aspects of those environments. Man's influ-
ence on these environments will also be studied.

3 class periods.

Laboratory optional — TEA (see BS109)

3 credit hours.

BS104 Introduction to Oceanography
Spring Semester

This course will cover the major aspects of oceanogra-
phy. The physical aspects of oceanography will be
stressed more than the biological aspects. Areas to be
covered will be plate tectonics, currents, tides, wind,
waves, light, sound, pressure, mineral resources,
and physical features of the ocean bottom. Man's use
of the influence on the oceans will also be stressed.

3 class periods.

Laboratory optional — TBA (see BS109)

3 credit hours.



BS105 Environmental Biology
Fall Semester

Designed for the non-biology major and the biology
education major, this course provides an integrated
approach to viewing environments. Emphasis will be
placed on the ecology of terrestrial ecosystems. Labo-
ratories will be experience-oriented centering on visi-
tations to natural and managed ecosystems.

2 class periods.

1 three-hour laboratory period.

3 credit hours.

BS109 Biology Field Experience

This course is offered to complement non-laboratory
biology courses and/or as an independent field expe-
rience. The experience is expected to tie together
many fundamental concepts whose integrated nature
cannot be illustrated by lecture. Appropriate readings
in conjunction with participation in various field trips
and one final paper will be required.

1 laboratory credit.

BSllO (BS200) Human Sexuality
Spring Semester

Human Sexuality is a three-credit, non-laboratory
course. It is designed to assist the student to become
more aware of and understand how to deal with
his/her own sexuality. It also provides opportunity to
develop more understanding of the integral compo-
nents of personality and behavior. The course inte-
grates sexuality with the physiological, sociological,
intellectual, emotional and spiritual aspects of the
whole person.

3 class periods. 3 credit hours.

BS201 Animal Behavior
Spring Semester

An introduction to animal behavior from the natural-
ist point of view. Current concepts are discussed.
Then major behavioral strategies observed in nature
and their adaptive values will be examined. Labora-
tory time will be primarily devoted to (1) observations
on a particular animal species of student's choice to
identify its basic behavior patterns and (2) discussion
of a single work that details behavior of some animal
species.

2 class periods.

1 three-hour laboratory period.

3 credit hours.



Course Descriptions



Courses for Majors in Biology
and Related Fields

BSlll Principles of Biology
Fall-Spring Semesters

Designed specifically for the major and related fields
to develop an appreciation and understanding of se-
lected basic biological principles.

3 class periods.

1 three-hour laboratory period.

4 credit hours.

BS211 Zoology
Spring Semester

A study of selected animal phyla with an emphasis
upon their evolution, taxonomy, behavior, ecology
and interactions with man. When practical, live rriate-
rials and field study will supplement laboratory
study. Prerequisite: BSlll.

3 class periods.

1 three-hour laboratory period.

4 credit hours.

BS212 Human Anatomy and Physiology
Fall Semester

Recommended for students seeking careers in health
related fields. A study of the structure and function of
the human body utilizing a systems approach. Em-
phasis wiU be placed on the gross and microscopic
anatomy as well as the physiology of the cell, skeletal
system, muscular system and nervous system.
Prerequisite: BSlll.

3 class periods.

1 three-hour laboratory period.

4 credit hours.

BS213 Human Anatomy and Physiology
Spring Semester

A continuation of B5212. Emphasis will be placed on
the gross and microscopic anatomy as well as the
physiolog}' of the cardiovascular, respiratory, uri-
nar\', reproductive, endocrine and digestive systems.
Prerequisite: BS212.


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Online LibraryYork College of PennsylvaniaYork College of Pennsylvania (Volume 1985-1986, Vol. 42) → online text (page 11 of 23)