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York College of Pennsylvania (Volume 1985-1986, Vol. 42) online

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og\', respirator}' therapy equipment cleaning and
sterilization. Pre- or Corequisite: S153, BSlll.
3 credit hours.

RT105 Medical Terminology for
Health Professions

An introduction to medical terminology including
prefixes, suffixes, roots, and abbreviations. Also in-
cluded are use of medical dicHonaries and the format
of the patient chart.
1 credit hour.

RTllO Oxygen Therapy and Cardiopulmonary
Resuscitation

An overview of the history of respiratory therapy and
the professional organizations related to respiratory
therapy. A comprehensive study of oxygen delivery
devices, oxygen analysis, cardiopulmonary resuscita-
tion, and artificial airways. This course includes certi-
fication in Basic Cardiac Life Support by the Ameri-
can Heart Association. Prerequisite: RTIOO. Coreq-
uisite: RTllS, RT120, RT130.
3 credit hours.

RT115 Bronchopulmonary Hygiene

An over\'iew of respiratory anatomy, physiology,
and pathophysiology. A comprehensive study of aer-
osol and humidity therap)', pharmacology of aerosol-
ized medications, chest physical therapy, intermit-
tent positive pressure breathing, and rehabilitation
and home care of the respiratory patient. Also in-
cluded is an introduction to physical examination of
the chest and chest x-ray interpretation. Prerequisite:
RTIOO. Corequisite: RTllO, RT120, RT130.
3 credit hours.

RT120 Mechanical Ventilation

A comprehensive study of the physiology of positive
pressure breathing, the design and function of con-
tinuous mechanical ventilators, techniques of contin-



uous ventilation, and monitoring of the patient re-
ceiving continuous ventilation. Prerequisite: RTIOO,
S153. Corequisite: RTllO, RT115, RT130.
4 credit hours.

RT125 Pulmonary Function Testing and
Interpretation

A study of pulmonary diagnostic procedures includ-
ing spirometry, lung volumes, diffusing capacity,
response to bronchodilator and bronchial challenge.
Also included is an introduction to exercise testing
and fiberoptic bronchoscopy. Prerequisite: RTIOO,
RT105, RTllO, RT115, RT12d, RT130.

2 credit hours.

RT130 Pathophysiology and Pharmacology of
Cardiopulmonary Disease

A comprehensive study of diseases of the respiratory
and cardiovascular systems, and the pharmacologic
treatment of cardiopulmonary diseases.

3 credit hours.

RT135 Pediatric Respiratory Therapy

An introduction to fetal development, evaluation of
the newborn, and cardiopulmonary diseases of in-
fants and children. A comprehensive study of airway
management, bronchopulmonary hygiene, continu-
ous positive airway pressure, and mechanical ventila-
tion of the pediatric patient. Prerequisite: Rl 100,
RT105, RTllO, RT115, RT120, RT130.
2 credit hours.

RT150 Clinical Practice I

An orientation to the hospital and departments re-
lated to respiratory therapy. An introduction to respi-
ratory therapy clinical practice (may include evening
rotations). Clinical competence in bland aerosol,
chest physiotherapy, aerosol therapy with medica-
tions, incentive spirometry, oxygen therapy. Coreq-
uisite: RTllO, RT115, RT130.

1 credit hour.

RT160 Clinical Practice 11

Clinical practice in respiratory therapy including rota-
tions through general therapy procedures, critical
respiratory care, and pulmonary function testing
(may include evening rt)tations). Clinical competence
in IFPB, mduced sputum, air compressors, ultrasonic
nebulizers, oxygen analysis, cuff pressure measure-
ment, Leukens Trap, oxygen titration, isolation pro-
cedures, secure endotracheal tube, suction through
airway. Prerequisite: RT150. Corequisite: RT120,
RT125.

2 credit hours.



99



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RT200 Clinical Correlation Conferences

A course designed to improve tiie communicative
skills of the student and aid the student in the correl-
ation of the patient's respiratory care to the patient's
total care. This is accomplished through use of pa-
tient case studies, review of current journal articles,
and presentation of a library research paper. Prereq-
uisite: RTIOO, RT105, RTllO, RT115, RT120, RT130,
BS212. Corequisite: BS213, RT125, RT130, RT135.
2 credit hours.

RT210 Evaluation of the Patient with
Pulmonary Disease

A comprehensive study of pulmonary evaluation
techniqaes including pulmonary history, chest physi-
cal diagnosis, pulmonary function interpretation, ar-
terial blood gas interpretation, and chest x-ray inter-
pretation. Special emphasis on patient response to
respiratory therapy with particular attention to goals
of therapy, delivery of therapy, and evaluation of re-
sponse to therapy. Prerequisite: Completion of fresh-
man year of RT program or permission of instructor.

2 credit hours.

RT220 Pulmonary/Renal Physiology
and Pharmacology

A comprehensive study of pulmonary physiology,
cardiovascular monitoring techniques, and pleural
drainage. Also included are the influences of pulmo-
nary and renal physiology on acid-base balance,
mechanism of action of bronchodilator drugs, and
neurologic aspects of respiratory care. Prerequisite:
Completion of freshman year of RT program or per-
mission of instructor.

3 credit hours.

RT230 Cardiac Physiology, Pharmacology,
and EKG Interpretation

A review of cardiac physiology and cardiac disease. A
comprehensive study of the EKG and pharmacologic
treatment of cardiac disease. Special emphasis on the
interrelationship of cardiac and pulmonary disease.
Prerequisite: Completion of freshman year of RT pro-
gram or permission of instructor.
2 credit hours.

RT240 Education and Management
Techniques in Health Care

An introduction to health care scheduling, budget-
ing, and supervisory principles. Also an introduction
to basic principles involved in the education of health
care personnel including educational planning, ob-
jective writing, and evaluation. Prerequisite: Permis-
sion of instructor or compleHon of first year of RT
program.

1 credit hour.



RT250 Clinical Practice III

Clinical practice in respiratory therapy including rota-
tions through general therapy procedures (including
limited evening, weekend, and night rotations), criti-
cal respiratory care, pulmonary function testing, sec-
ondary clinical affiliates (St. Joseph Hospital,
Hershey Medical Center, and Hanover VNA), clinical
laboratory and anesthesia. Clinical competence in
cardiopulmonary resuscitation, initiation of therapy,
tracheal intubation, arterial blood gas puncture and
analysis, ventilator monitoring, ventilator circuit
change, bedside parameters for weaning, extubation,
oxygen tents, post-op respiratory care, nasotracheal
suction, Birdmobile, infant CPAP, infant ventilator
set-ups, adult ventilator set-ups, IMV, PEEP/CPAP,
transport with Q-circle, pulmonary function testing,
respiratory equipment cleaning and maintenance.
Prerequisite: RT120, RT125, RT135, RT160.
4 credit hours.

RT255 Clinical Practice IV

Clinical practice in respiratory therapy including rota-
tions through general therapy procedures (may in-
clude evening rotations), critical respiratory care, and
pulmonary function testing. In addition to applica-
tion, emphasis will be placed on patient evaluation
and determination of appropriateness of therapy.
Clinical competency in cardiopulmonary resuscita-
tion, arterial blood gas puncture and analysis, venti-
lator monitoring, ventilator circuit change, oxygen
tents, spirometry. Prerequisite: RT120, RT125, RT160.
Corequisite: RT210.
1 credit hour.

RT260 Clinical Practice V

Clinical practice in respiratory therapy including rota-
tions through general therapy procedures, clinical
respiratory care, and pulmonary function testing
(may include evening rotations). In addition to appli-
cation, emphasis will be placed on patient evaluation
and determination of appropriateness of therapy.
Clinical competence in initiation of therapy, bedside
spirometry, nasotracheal suction, IMV, weaning from
mechanical ventilation. Prerequisite: RT250.
1 credit hour.

RT270 Clinical Practice VI

Clinical practice in respiratory therapy including rota-
tions through general therapy procedures (may in-
clude evening rotations), critical respiratory care, and
pulmonary function testing. In addition to applica-
tion, emphasis will be placed on patient evaluation
and determination of appropriateness of therapy.
Clinical competence in initiation of therapy, lung vol-
umes determination, PEEP/CPAP, extubation, post-



Course Descriptions



op respiratory care. Prerequisite; RT220, RT260.
1 credit hour.

RT280 Clinical Practive VII

Clinical practice in respiratory therapy including rota-
tions through general therapy procedures (including
limited evening, weekend, and night rotations), criti-
cal respirator)' care, pulmonary function testing, sec-
ondary clinical affiliates (St. Joseph Hospital,
Hershey Medical Center and Hanover VNA), clinical
laboratory, anesthesia, and respiratory therapy man-
agement and education. Clinical competence in adult
ventilator set-up, infant ventilator set-up, patient
transport with mechanical ventilation, exercise test-
ing, methacholine challenge testing, lung diffusion
testing, Birdmobile, respiratory equipment cleaning
and maintenance. In addition to application, empha-
sis will be placed on patient evaluation and determi-
nation of appropriateness of therapy. Prerequisite:
RT230, RT135, HR312, RT270. Prerequisite of Corequi-
site: RT240.

3 credit hours.

DEPARTMENT OF BUSINESS
ADMINISTRATION

The Department of Business Adminstration ac-
cepts all students manifesting a sincerity of purpose,
a commitment to work, and a desire to develop their
potential. All efforts are devoted to engender in stu-
dents the capacity to make sound judgments in their
business careers and personal lives. The business
curricula are designed to furnish the students with
education which will prepare them to enter into the
business community or to further their academic in-
terests.

The Department of Business Administration of-




fers baccalaureate degree programs in Accounting,
Business Education, Computer Information Systems,
Management, and Marketing. Minors may also be
earned in many of these programs. Associate degree
programs are offered in Accounting, Computer Infor-
mation Systems, Economics, Management, Market-
ing, Real Estate, Retailing, and four programs in the
Secretarial Specialist area: Executive, Legal, Medical
and Office Administration.

Normally, a student will take a minimum of 24
semester credits in the major subject for a Baccalaure-
ate degree (15-18 credits are required for a minor)
and 15 for an Associate degree. Each major program
also has some requirements for supporting courses
outside the major subject. In some cases these de-
partmental requirements also serve to fulfill the gen-
eral college requirements.

For guidance in scheduling see program listing
and course descriptions (including prerequisites
where applicable). All students should consult with
their assigned faculty advisors periodically and re-
view their checksheet of program requirements.

General Business

M260 Business Statistics
Fall-Spring Semesters

An introductory course in statistics. Coverage in-
cludes descriptive statistics, probability, interval esti-
mation and hypothesis testing, time series analysis,
and linear bivariate regression analysis. Prerequisite:
S153 or equivalent.

3 class periods. 3 credit hours.

M345 Business Law I
Fall Semester

A study of the development of the Uniform Commer-
cial Code, the Pennsylvania legal system, existing
courts and procedures; fundamental study of the law
of contracts, agency and commercial paper, and the
effect, relationships, rights and obligations arising
therefrom.

3 class periods. 3 credit hours.

M346 Business Law II
Spring Semester

A study of the effects, rights, and tibligations arising
from partnerships, corporations, personal property,
secured transactions, sales, bailments, common car-
riers, real estate, judgments, documents of title, and
.debtor-creditor relationships. Prerequisite: M345 or
equivalent.

3 class periods. 3 credit hours.



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of Pennsylvania



M498, M499 Independent Study

The Independent Study Program affords an opportu-
nity for the student who wishes to undertake a well-
defined research project. While the student conducts
his work under the guidance of a faculty member of
his own choosing, the project is carried out in an in-
dependent manner without regular class meetings.
Effective independent study is characterized by a re-
duction in formal instruction and an increase in the
individual student's responsibility and initiative in
the learning process.

1-3 credit hours each semester.

The above courses are used by many departmental
majors.

Accounting

M203-M204 Elementary Accounting
Fall-Spring Semesters

An introduction to the principles and concepts of ac-
counting. The first semester's work covers the com-
plete accounting cycle, including preparation of fi-
nancial statements. In the second semester, basic
concepts, partnerships, corporations, systems, and
accounting controls are studied. (M204 is optional for
Accounting majors following consultation with Advi-
sor.)

3 class periods. 3 credit hours each semester.

M301 Intermediate Accounting I
Fall-Spring Semesters

Study of the development of accounting principles
and professional practice, statement of income and
retained earnings, balance sheet, applications of
present and future values, cash and short-term in-
vestments, receivables, inventories, current liabilities
and contingencies. Prerequisite: M203.
3 class periods. 3 credit hours.

M302 Intermediate Accounting II
Fall-Spring Semesters

Topics included: Acquisition and disposal of plant
assets, depreciation and depletion, intangible assets,
long-term investments, long-term debt, stockholders
equity, stock rights, warrants, options, convertible
securities, treasury stock, earnings per share. Prereq-
uisite: M301.

3 class periods. 3 credit hours.

M305 Taxation I
Fall Semester

An introduction to Federal, state and local taxation.
Class work regularly includes preparation of princi-
pal tax reports, and analysis of the IRS code, state and
local tax laws and regulations. Prerequisite: M203 or



permission of the instructor.

3 class periods. 3 credit hours.
M306 Taxation II
Spring Semester

A study of the Internal Revenue Code, IRS Regula-
tions & U.S. court decisions as they relate to corpora-
tions, partnerships, trusts, gifts and estates. Tax plan-
ning and the effect of the tax law on business
decisions is emphasized. Research will be required to
demonstrate student's ability to research current tax
issues and present same in a written report. Prerequi-
site: M305.

3 class periods. 3 credit hours.

M307 Intermediate Accounting III
Fall-Spring Semesters

Topics included: pension plans, leases, income taxes,
accounting changes, statement of changes in financial
position, analysis of financial statements, accounting
for inflation, full disclosure in financial reporting,
review of the latest FASB Statements and Interpreta-
tions. Prerequisite: M302.

3 class periods. 3 credit hours.



102




Course Descriptions



M350 Cost Accounting I
Fall-Spring Semesters

Basic cost accounting principles and procedures are
studied. Overhead distribution and cost control ap-
plications, as well as budgetary forecasting and
standard costs. Prerequisite: M203.
3 class periods. 3 credit hours.

M351 Cost Accounting II
Spring Semester

A further study of Cost Accounting and its use as a
tool of management. The course stresses the analysis
and presentation of accounting data for use by man-
agement in decision making and planning. Subject
area to cover includes cost allocation, inventory plan-
ning and control, joint-product costs and by-product
costs, cost behavior patterns, and sales and produc-
tion mix. Prerequisite: M350.

3 class periods. 3 credit hours.

M401 Advanced Accounting
Fall Semester

A continuing study in depth of accounting principles
and current concepts in which theory and practice are
reconciled. This is a senior level course required of all
Accounting majors. Prerequisite: M302.
3 class periods. 3 credit hours.

M402 CPA Problems
Spring Semester

The study of CPA problems emphasizing the devel-
opment of the analytical capacity for those students
interested in public accounting. Problem solving and
intensive coverage of public accounting develop-
ments are given special attention. The four basic
areas of the CPA examination will be reviewed with
special emphasis on Accounting Practice and Ac-
counting Theory. Prerequisite: M401.
3 class periods. 3 credit hours.

M403 Auditing
Spring Semester

A studv of audit principles and current procedures,
including special techniques in the prevention and
detection of fraud, preparation of audit reports and
working papers, and internal audit methods. Special
attention is given to ADP audit procedures, prepara-
tion of audit programs, and AlCPA requirements
with respect to certification. Prerequisite: M301 or
permission of the instructor.

3 class periods. 3 credit hours.



M405, M406 Accounting Internship
Fall-Spring Semesters

Planned and supervised work experience at selected
cooperating firms. Supplementary training confer-
ence, reports and appraisals. Prerequisite: Junior
standing and departmental approval of each student
participant's individual program. Credit awarded will
be based on length and scope of each program.
3 credit hours each semester.

Business Education/Secretarial

M165 Mathematics of Business
Fall-Spring Semesters

A study of basic computational procedures with ap-
plication to problems of everday business practice.
Survey includes computation of taxes, insurance
rates, interest, annuities, retail prices, wages, and
depreciation. (Not open to junior & senior level Busi-
ness Administration majors without permission of
faculty advisor.)

3 class periods. 3 credit hours.

M183 Elementary Typewriting
Fall Semester

Designed for students with no or limited previous
training in typewriting. Development of basic key-
board skills within prescribed standards in the prepa-
ration of letters and various business forms. (A level
of placement test will be administered.)

4 class periods. 2 credit hours.

M184 Advanced Typewriting I
Fall-Spring Semesters

A continuation of M183. Emphasis is placed on fur-
ther development of basic skills in the preparation of
more advanced business forms and letters. Prerequi-
site: M183 or equivalent.

4 class periods. 3 credit hours.

M186 Advanced Typewriting II
Spring Semester

A continuation of M184 with further development
and refinement of typewriting skills. Prerequisite:
M184 or equivalent.

4 class periods. 2 credit hours.

M189 Word Processing/Records Management Con-
cepts
Fall-Spring Semesters

Designed to acquaint students with various word
processing concepts including rough drafts, form
documents, machine transcription and editing proce-
dures. Also covered are specific concepts of records
management, manual and electronic filing.
3 class periods. 3 credit hours.



York College



of Pennsylvania



M191 Shorthand I (Gregg Series 90)
Fall Semester

The development of the theory of writing the Gregg
(series 90) shorthand. Emphasis is placed on reading,
writing, and transcribing skills applicable to short-
hand to attain prescribed standards. (Test exemption
materials are available for students with a Century 21
shorthand background. Stenograph shorthand (ma-
chine) is available on an individualized learning basis
only.)

5 class periods. 3 credit hours.

M192 Shorthand II
Spring Semester

Includes a review of the Gregg Series 90 shorthand
system as applied to writing common business termi-
nology. Emphasis is placed on dictation speed and-
non-shorthand transcription factors to attain pre-
scribed dictation speeds transcribed in mailable form.
Prerequisite: M191 and M183 or equivalents.
5 class periods. 3 credit hours.

M283 Shorthand Transcription
Fall Semester

Designed to build and expand the shorthand vocabu-
lary germane to the student's area of concentration.
Sustained dictation and mailable transcription of cor-
respondence incorporating this shorthand vocabu-
lary is emphasized. Prescribed standards of speed
and accuracy are emphasized. Prerequisite: M184 and
M192 or equivalents.

5 class periods. 3 credit hours.

M286 Business Machines
Fall-Spring Semesters

Principles of operating the adding and calculating
machines used in modern accounting and business
offices are emphasized. Prescribed speed and accu-
racy standards are employed.

2 class periods. 1 credit hour.

M287 Office Procedures
Fall Semester

Basic knowledge in the various skills and procedures
required in an office. Includes instruction in the
preparation of business reports and forms, duplica-
Hon techniques, automatic typewriter/word proces-
sor applications, telephone techniques and office
communication. Prerequisite: M184 or equivalent.

3 class periods. 3 credit hours.



M292 Office Simulations
Spring Semester

This is an advanced-level course designed to develop
the operational competencies needed by the top-level
secretary. Word processing applications using simu-
lation packets and machine transcription wUl be used
to develop these skills germane to the student's area
of secretarial concentration; an analysis of interper-
sonal relations in the office also receives coverage.
Prescribed standards of speed and accuracy are em-
phasized. Prerequisite: M287 or equivalent.

6 class periods and 2 practice periods.

3 credit hours.

M294 Office Administration
Spring Semester

Examines the principles of scientific office manage-
ment in the areas of job analysis, the physical envi-
ronment (office design), work allocation, reprograph-
ics, and budgetary control. Emphasis will be placed
on office-related staffing, motivation, requisition/
management of office equipment (including word
processing/information processing). Some focus on
management of paper flow and telecommunications
is included. Prerequisite: Sophomore standing.
3 class periods. 3 credit hours.

M298 Secretarial Practicum

Planned and supervised work experience at selected
cooperating firms. Agencies will be carefully selected
to ensure that they will provide a variety of experi-
ences of educational value. The student will spend
120 hours with a selected agency plus conferences
with the supervising professor. Prerequisites: Full-
time secretarial Associate degree candidate, 45 or
more credits and 2.0 or better GPA.
3 credit hours.

M372 Principles of Business Education
Spring Semester

A study of the principles and problems of business
education today; research, standards, guidance prin-
ciples, follow-up and survey studies, courses of
study, public relations, and current legislation of vo-
cational business education are emphasized. The de-
sign of the secondary curricular structure is also dis-
cussed. Prerequisite: Junior or Senior standing.
3 class periods. 3 credit hours.

M471 The Teaching of Business Subjects
Fall Semester

Historical perspective on the development of the
business education curriculum in public schools, ob-
jectives, methods, and special considerations in the



104



Course Descriptions



planning, organizing, teaching, and evaluating of
business subjects taught in secondarj' schools. Pre-
requisite: Junior or Senior standing.

3 class periods.

1 one-hour laboratory period.

3 credit hours.

Computer Information Systems

M105 Principles of Computer Information

Systems
Fall-Spring Semesters

Business information systems, their flow processes,
and their design for automation, computers, periph-
eral equipment configurations, design of records
and file organization, and the writing of a manage-
ment application program in BASIC (Beginner's All-
purpose Symbolic Instruchon Code) are covered. In-
tended to ser\'e the needs of students from various
majors.

3 class periods. 3 credit hours.

M127 BASIC Programming on the Microcomputer*
Fall-Spring Semesters

Microcomputers and BASIC (Beginner's /411-Purpose
Symbolic instruction Code) are covered in progres-
sively more complex assignments via student elected
applications. (May be taken on a pass-fail basis.)
3 class periods. 3 credit hours.

M200 FORTRAN Programming*
Fall-Spring Semesters

The FORmula TRANslation programming language,
FORTRAN, is covered. Some flowcharting and use of
design, record and coding forms is required. Matri-


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Online LibraryYork College of PennsylvaniaYork College of Pennsylvania (Volume 1985-1986, Vol. 42) → online text (page 13 of 23)