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York College of Pennsylvania (Volume 1985-1986, Vol. 42) online

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tency in these areas and to challenge the student to
confront the fundamental questions of life.

Students majoring in History are required to take
a minimum of 36 credit hours in this field — including
15 hours of required courses. The program of studies
must include advanced courses in American, Euro-
pean, and Third World history to insure proper depth
in, and exposure to, the discipline. History majors are
required to complete 12 hours of a foreign language.

Required courses in International Studies con-
centration include the satisfactory completion of 12



Course Descriptions



hours in a foreign language. The program is oriented
toward the academic needs of those students plan-
ning to enter the various fields of international busi-
ness, government or international organizations.

All department majors must earn a 2.0 or better
in designated courses as specified by the department
for a given major.

Geography

G243 Introduction to Geography
Fall-Spring Semesters

The relation of man to his natural environment; mo-
tions of the earth, land forms, water bodies, weather,
climate, soils, and vegetation. Survey of major politi-
cal and cultural regions of the world, use of maps and
atlases.

3 class periods. 3 credit hours.

G244 World Resources and Industries
Spring Semester

An introductory survey and analysis of world pat-
terns of economic activity. Emphasis is placed on raw
material occurrence, resource potential, circulaHon of
trade, and services and principles governing the loca-
tion of manufacturing and commercial activity.
3 class periods. 3 credit hours.

G341 Geography of North America
Spring Semester

A regional studv of the United States and Canada
emphasizing phvsical, cultural and economic aspects
as well as geographic sub-regions. Emphasis on pop-
ulation patterns, sequent occupancy, and urban-
industrial growth. Not open to freshmen.
3 class periods. 3 credit hours.

G345 Urban Geography
Fall Semester

Systematic study of urban areas and metropolitan
groupings with special emphasis on North America.
Historic development of urban forms, land use, plan-
ning and rehabilitation are studied in the context of
the Southern Pennsylvania Region. Not open to
freshmen.

3 class periods. 3 credit hours.

G350 Survey of Canadat
Fall-Spring Semesters

Geographic interpretation of Canada emphasizing
physical environment, historical geography, econ-
omy, population trends, urbanism, bi-culturai ac-
commodation and relations with the U.S.A. Not open
to freshmen.

3 class periods. 3 credit hours.

tMav be used to satish' partially the Foreign Culture segment of College
General Requirements.



European History

H121, H122 The History of Western

Civilization I, lit
Fall-Spring Semesters

A survey of material from prehistory to the present;
the civilizations of the Near East and the Mediterra-
nean; medieval history; the Renaissance and Refor-
mahon; the expansion of Europe, the French Revolu-
tion; the Industrial Revolution; Nationalism in Italy,
Germany, and the Balkans; the first World War; post-
war Europe, the second World War and contempo-
rary history.

3 class periods. 3 credit hours each semester.

H224 Ancient History (Prehistory to 476)*

A study of the prehistory of man, the origins of civili-
zation in the Near East, the achievements of Greek
civilization, and the rise and decline of Roman power
in the Mediterranean with emphasis upon the politi-
cal, social, economic, and cultural aspects of classical
civilization.

3 class periods. 3 credit hours.

H225 Medieval Civilization*J

The political, economic, and intellectual evolution of
European civilization from the decline of the Roman
Empire to the late 14th century.

3 class periods. 3 credit hours.

H226 Renaissance and Reformation

(1400-1648)*t

The transition from medieval to modern Europe with
major emphasis upon significant intellectual, reli-
gious, political and economic changes during these
centuries.

3 class periods. 3 credit hours.

H330 History of the U.S.S.R.**t

A study of Russia from 1861 to present. Russia on the
eve of World War 1; an analysis of various revolutions
which have swept Russia; emphasis on internal, po-
litical, socio-economic and cultural developments
under the Communist regime; and expansion of Rus-
sia and communist power connected with World
War II and after.

3 class periods. 3 credit hours.

H332 Eastern and Central Europe**

A survey of the histories of Eastern and Central Euro-
pean countries with special emphasis on the contem-
porary history of the so-called "Soviet Bloc" nations
and their relative significance in the modern world.
3 class periods. 3 credit hours.

•Offered even,- other year.
"Offered every third semester.

X May be used to satisfj' partially the Foreign Culture segment of College
General Requirements.



York College



of Pennsylvania



H333, H334 History of England**

A survey of the major political, economic and social
trends in England from 55 B.C. to the present. The
first semester will trace the evolution of the English
people and their government from the Roman con-
quest to the end of the 17th century. The second se-
mester will concentrate on the major trends in Britain
and the Empire from 1700 to the present.

3 class periods. 3 credit hours each semester.

H411 European Intellectual HistoryJ

Students in this course will have the opportunity to
read, analyze, and discuss the works of some of the
greatest thinkers who have influenced the modern
age. While the focus will necessarily be on the works
themselves, an important objective of the course will
be to explore the mutually reinforcing relationship
which exists between the world of ideas and the
events which surround them.

3 class periods. 3 credit hours.

H427, H428 Modern Europe (1789 to present)

An analysis of the major political, economic, and so-
cial developments in Europe from the French Revolu-
tion. Major topics will include the French Revolution,
the Revolutions of 1830 and 1848, the unifications of
Germany and Italy, the problems of nationalism, and
imperialism in the first semester. The emergence of
communism. World Wars I and II, and the problems
of the postwar eras will be developed in the second
semester.

3 class periods. 3 credit hours each semester.

'Offered every other year.
**Offered every third semester.

pAay be used to satisfy partially the Foreign Culture segment of College
General Requirements.

American History

H221, H222 History of American Civilization I, II
Fall-Spring Semesters

An integrated survey of the cultural, social, political
and economic development of the United States from
1492 to the present. The first semester (H221) covers
the period from the Age of Exploration to the end of
the Civil War; the second semester (H222) traces
American development from Reconstruction to the
present. In both courses emphasis will be on the evo-
lution of a distinctive American culture and character.
3 class periods. 3 credit hours each semester.



H230 Race and Racism in the Americas*

A historical survey of race and racism in the Western
Hemisphere. Using comparative historical methods
this course will trace racism from the colonial era to
the present. It is not designed to provide solutions so
much as to provide the deeper insight into the prob-
lems.

3 class periods. 3 credit hours.

H245 The American Military Experience
Fall Semester

This course examines the origins and evolution of
American military institutions, traditions, and prac-
tices from 1775 to the present. It will emphasize mili-
tary policy, organization, technology, and employ-
ment together with their relation to contemporary
political, social, and economic developments during
the era under study.

3 class periods. 3 credit hours.

H342 Women in the United States: A History

This course will analyze the history of women in the
United States from the colonial period to the present.
The course will attempt to understand the impact
which political, social, economic, and racial aspects of
American history have had on American women,
and, conversely, the impact women in the United
States have had on developments within these areas.
3 class periods. 3 credit hours.

H360 (H322) American Colonial History

(1607-1775)**
Colonial origins of the United States including a
study of institutions, values, thought and cultural
development prior to the American Revolution. Em-
phasis is given to the roots of this nation's political,
economic, social and constitutional traditions.
3 class periods. 3 credit hours.

H361 (H324) The New American Nation

(1776-1815)**
Events, ideas and personalities associated with crea-
tion of the American Republic. Attention is centered
on those developments, values and attitudes in the
Federalist and Jeffersonian era which have influenced
the present meaning of America.

3 class periods. 3 credit hours.



'Offered every other year.
"Offered every third semester.



Course Descriptions



H362 (H325) The Jacksonian Era

(Middle Period, 1816-1850)
Fall, odd numbered years

An analysis of the political, economic and social
forces which characterized this period in American
histor)'. Growing sectional tensions, major personali-
ties, popular culture and seminal ideas will be
stressed.

3 class periods. 3 credit hours.

H363 (H329) Civil War and

Reconstruction, 1850-1877
Spring, even numbered years

A study of sectional discord and constitutional crises
as antecedents to secession and armed conflict. Em-
phasis will be placed on the political, social and eco-
nomic trends in the Civil War and in the Reconstruc-
tion Era as well as military history.
3 class periods. 3 credit hours.

H364 (H327) The Emergence of Modern
America, 1877-1914**

A continuation of the American history sequence
from the Civil War to the Wilson Era. Emphasis on
the Civil War legacy, economic growth and its conse-
quences, the GUded Age, overseas expansion and
rise of world power, protest and reform, including
the Progressive Movement.

3 class periods. 3 credit hours.

H365 (H326) Twentieth Century American History,

1914-present*
Fall Semester

An intensive examination of the political forces and
social factors from 1914 which combined to produce
the U.S. of today. Emphasis on America's growing
participation in world affairs.

3 class periods. 3 credit hours.

H370 (H321) American Constitutional
Thought*

Development of the American constitutional system
beginning with the English background and pro-
gressing to the present time. Emphasis given to his-
torical perspective, the evolution of the U.S. constitu-
tion and the impact of judicial interpretations and law
on a changing American society.
Xote; Credit allowed as either a History or Political
Science course.

3 class periods. 3 credit hours.



'Offered even* other year.
'Offered every third semester.



H429 War and Peace: The American
Diplomatic Experience*

An analysis of American diplomacy from the early
Republic to the present day with emphasis on the
period since Worki War II. Special attention is di-
rected toward the problems and challenges of con-
temporary American diplomatic practice.
3 class periods. 3 credit hours.

H441 American Economic History*

A study of the development of the American econ-
omy from Colonial times to present with an emphasis
on the late 19th and 20th centuries, stressing the
growth of labor, rise of big business, and the chang-
ing role of government in the nation's economy from
the Civil War to present.

3 class periods. 3 credit hours.

H449, H450 American Intellectual and
Cultural History*

A review of the main social and cultural currents in
American history since colonial times as reflected in
political and economic developments, social thought,
theology, science and philosophy with particular
emphasis on the interaction between ideas and social
structure.

3 class periods. 3 credit hours each semester.

Advanced History Courses

H300 Oral History: Techniques and Research

Oral history is a technique for creating and preserv-
ing original information. It is both a research method
and a teaching tool. Through informed and empa-
thetic interviewing, we acquire information about
families, individuals, and organizations. Conducted
properly, oral history is a limitless form for exploring
and documenting the variety of human experiences.
Local projects have included well known area resi-
dents, work with Crispus Attucks, the paper indus-
try. Holocaust survivors, Vietnam Veterans and the
Greek-American Community.

3 class periods. 3 credit hours.

H440 Seminar in History
Spring Semester

Selected topics dealing with research, methodology
and philosophy of historical thought. Open to seniors
with a concentration in history.

3 class periods. 3 credit hours.



•Offered every other year.



York College



of Pennsylvania



H460, H461 History Internship

Specialized liistorical experience withi a local histori-
cal agency. Emphasizes independent research in co-
operation with the participating institution. Depart-
mental approval is required in advance.
3-6 credit hours.

H498, H499 Independent Study

The Independent Study Program affords an opportu-
nity for the student v^ho wishes to undertake a well-
defined research project. While the student conducts
his work under the guidance of a faculty member of
his own choosing, the project is carried out in an in-
dependent manner without regular class meetings.
Effective independent study is characterized by a re-
duction in formal instruction and an increase in the
individual student's responsibility and initiative in
the learning process.

1-3 credit hours each semester

History— The Third World

H227, H228 History of Latin America*t

The first semester will concentrate upon a synthesis
and interpretation of the principal factors in the de-
velopment of Latin America to 1850. Major emphasis
will be on the Colonial Era. The second semester will
stress the major political, social, and economic devel-
opments of Latin American nations from the National
Period to the present. Events of the twentieth century
will be emphasized.

3 class periods. 3 credit hours each semester.

H250 American-East Asian Relations*!

The purpose of this course is to provide students with
an analysis of significant international events, issues
and problems in East Asia, including the role of the
United States in that region. First half: an examina-
tion of the nineteenth century East Asian diplomacy.
Second half: the U.S. policy toward East Asia from
1945 to present. Special attention will be given to the
following topics: American involvements in the Ko-
rean and Vietnamese wars, the Sino-Soviet dispute,
current American-Japanese trade relations, and Sino-
American detente.

3 class periods. 3 credit hours.



'Offered every other year.

|May be used to satisfy partially the Foreign Culture segment of College
General Requirements.



Intercultural Studies

The basic purpose of the Intercultural Studies
program is to offer students an introduction to Africa,
the Far East, Latin America, the Middle East, Russia
and Eastern Europe, and India as a means of broad-
ening their international awareness in a time of ex-
panding horizons. This introductory course achieves
maximum breadth through an interdisciplinary and
intercultural approach to meet the interest of those
students whose introductory work has given them a
desire for further studies, as well as to meet the needs
of students in other departments who, on an elective
basis, wish to study a non-Western world area inten-
sively, a number of advanced history and political sci-
ence courses are available.

Introductory Intercultural Studies
(offered every semester)^



X143


Introduction to Africa


Three credits


X144


Introduction to the






Far East


Three credits


X145


Introduction to






Latin America


Three credits


X146


Introduction to the






Middle East


Three credits


X147


Introduction to Russia






and Eastern Europe


Three credits


X148


Introduction to India


Three credits



Each of the above courses is an introductory survey of
the designated area. The course content is interdisci-
plinary and encompasses aspects of history, govern-
ment, sociology, anthropology, art, music, literature
and religion of the particular area.

Upper-level Intercultural Studies

PS243 Government and Politics of Africa*t

A discussion seminar on the government and politics
of representative African states. This study will also
consider the relevance of trends in governing struc-
tures, economic patterns, international relations and
nationalism in contemporary Africa.
3 class periods. 3 credit hours.

PS244 Government and Politics of the
Far East*t

The course will examine the rapidly changing socio-
economic, cultural, and political aspects of China and
Japan. Special attention is given to interpretations of
Maoism, the Cultural Revolution in China and its af-
termath.

3 class periods. 3 credit hours.



Course Descriptions



PS245 Government and Politics of
Latin America*+

A comparative study of the social forces, government
institutions and foreign policies of the Latin Ameri-
can nations.

3 class periods. 3 credit hours.

PS246 Government and Politics of the
Middle East*t

A broad study of the governments and political struc-
ture of different countries of the Middle East. Special
emphasis will be on the Socioeconomic and cultural
changes, nationalism, interpretation of the Arab-
Israeli conflict, Iranian Revolution, revival of Islam,
and foreign policies of Middle Eastern nations.
3 class periods. 3 credit hours.

PS247 Government and Politics of
the U.S.S.R.*t

A study and evaluation of the ideological and admin-
istrative functions of the Soviet government and the
Communist Party and their relaHonship to political,
socio-economic and cultural developments of the
Soviet State and Society.

3 class periods. 3 credit hours.

Government (Political Science) —
Public Administration

PSIOO Introduction to Political Science
Fall-Spring Semesters

An introduction to modern political science and the
political experience. Topics to be discussed will in-
clude the perennial problems of politics and public
policy as well as classical and modern approaches to
these problems. Special attention will be paid to the
key figures and schools of modern political science.
3 class periods. 3 credit hours.

PS241 American Government
Fall-Spring Semesters

A study of the structure and functions of American
national government, including the formal and infor-
mal roles of the Congress, the Presidency and the
Courts. The course will also include the nature of fed-
eralism and the extent of national power. Discussion
of current domestic and foreign policy issues will be
included in the course.

3 class periods. 3 credit hours.



'Offered e%er\' third semester.

+May be used to satisf)' partially the Foreign Culture segment of College
General Reauirements.



General Requirements.



PS242 State and Local Government
Fall-Spring Semesters

A study of the structure and functions of the major
types of state, county and city governments, regional
authorities; metropolitan areas. Special attention will
be given to the government of the state of Pennsylva-
nia and to the unique problems of contemporary
urban politics.

3 class periods. 3 credit hours.

PS251 (PC201) Introduction to Public

Administration
Fall Semester

An introductory study of structure, organizations,
direction and control of public departments and
agencies. The course will also focus on the relation-
ship of public and private administrations and the
implications of the American Federal System for Pub-
lic Administration.

3 class periods. 3 credit hours.

PS301 Comparative Government
Fall, odd numbered years

A comparative examination of the governmental sys-
tems and political processes of selected Western de-
mocracies, developing nations and communist states.
Special attention will be given to issues and problems
of the third world.

3 class periods. 3 credit hours.

PS302 International Relations
Spring Semester

An introduction to major influences in relations be-
tween states. Emphasis on theories of international
politics, international organization, particularly the
United Nations, international law, the role of the In-
ternational Court of Justice, big-power relations and
the problems of less-developed countries as they re-
late to international order.

3 class periods. 3 credit hours.

PS303 (PS460) American Foreign Policy
Fall, even numbered years

Concerns the formation and conducts of U.S. rela-
tions with other nations of the world; emphasis is
institutional with policy makers and policy execution
at the center. Fundamental American values in for-
eign policy and the roles of leaders instrumental in
creating and developing foreign policy objectives are
examined.

3 class periods. 3 credit hours.



129



York College



of Pennsylvania



PS305 Parties, Campaigns and Elections
Offered even numbered fall semesters

Election years

The nature and function of political parties in the
American two-party system; the impact of the mass
media and campaign reform on the electoral process;
third party movements; the future of both major po-
litical parties. Special attention will be paid to the
most recent Presidential nominations, campaigns,
and election.

3 class periods. 3 credit hours.

PS310 Decision Making in the Public Sector

A practical approach to the implementation of man-
agement techniques in the public sector with empha-
sis placed upon maximizing services within the con-
text of vacillating budgetary constraints. Attention is
given to the differences between the public and pri-
vate sector, (i.e., lack of profit motive, differences in
sales and advertising techniques, etc.), and the im-
pact of the political environment upon the public de-
cision-making process.

3 class periods. 3 credit hours.

PS312 Politics of Public Policy

Analysis of the development, implementation and
evaluation of public policy within the federal system.
The course will view the public policy from the per-
spective of the executive, legislative, judicial and bu-
reaucratic branches of government. In addition, em-
phasis will be placed on public input into the
governmental process.

3 class periods. 3 credit hours.

PS352 Introduction to Public Finance

This is an introductory course in Public Finance. The
course focuses on the scope of government authority,
theory of taxation, the sources of revenue for govern-
ment, the budgetary process in government and the
role of federalism in these relationships.
3 class periods. 3 credit hours.

PS355 The U.S. in the Contemporary World
Fall Semester

A study of current issues, problems, and characteris-
tics of the United States, with emphasis on foreign
policy, politics, cultural values, economics. Course
sometimes taught by way of team-teaching.
3 class periods. 3 credit hours.



PS360 Political Theory

An examination of selected themes and issues in Po-
litical Theory. Topics to be considered include the
nature of justice, the problem of community, theories
of obligation and rights, the nature of the state, the
problem of Historicism and Relativism. Special at-
tention will be paid to the implications of Modern
Thought.

3 class periods. 3 credit hours.

PS470 Readings in Public Administration

The application of theories of psychology, sociology,
and anthropology to the administrative sciences with
emphasis on the delivery of public services.
3 class periods. 3 credit hours.

PS490, 491 Government/Public Administration
Internship

Specialized governmental experience in a selected
city, county, state or federal agency. Independent
research may be a part of this experience. Depart-
mental approval is required in advance.
3-6 credit hours each semester.




Military Science

Army ROTC courses provide an understanding
of the fundamental concepts and principles of mili-
tary art and science. They strive to develop a basic
understanding of associated professional knowledge,
a strong sense of personal integrity, honor, and indi-
vidual responsibility, and an appreciation of the re-
quirements for national security. The objective is to
prepare students for commissioning and to establish
a sound basis for their future professional develop-
ment and effective performance in the army.



Course Descriptions


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Online LibraryYork College of PennsylvaniaYork College of Pennsylvania (Volume 1985-1986, Vol. 42) → online text (page 17 of 23)