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York College of Pennsylvania (Volume 1985-1986, Vol. 42) online

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music program pamphlet and should be discussed
with the student's assigned faculty advisor who as-
sists in scheduling courses and performing groups.
Senior recital will be specified by faculty advisor.

Applied Music Courses

There is a special applied music fee for private
instruction in voice or any instrument. The fee will
depend upon the length of the weekly lesson. Once a
student makes arrangements with the instructor for
lessons the student is obligated to pay for the entire
semester.



Voice

Piano

Organ

Flute

Clarinet

Saxophone

Bassoon

Trumpet

Trombone

Baritone

French Horn

Tuba



MUlOl-
MU301-
MU103-
MU303-
MU105-
MU305-
MU107-
MU307-
MU109-
MU309-
MUlll-
MU311-
MU113-
MU313-
MU115-
MU315-
MUn7-
MU317-
MUn9-
MU319-
MU121-
MU321-
MU123-
MU323-



MU102,
MU302,
MU104,
MU304,
MU106,
MU306,
MU108,
MU308,
MUllO,
MU310,
MU112,
MU312,
MUIM,
MU314,
MUlie,
MU316,
MUllS,
MU318,
MU120,
MU320,
MU122,
MU322,
MU124,
MU324,



MU201-
MU401-
MU203-
MU403-
MU205-
MU405-
MU207-
MU407-
MU209-
MU409-
MU211-
MU411-
MU213-
MU413-
MU215-
MU415-
MU217-
MU417-
MU219-
MU419-
MU221-
MU421-
MU223-
MU423-



MU202;
MU402
MU204;
MU404
MU206;
MU406
MU208;
MU408
MU210;
MU410
MU212;
MU412
MU214;
MU414
MU216;
MU416
MU218;
MU418
MU220;
MU420
MU222;
MU422
MU224;
MU424



Violin



Viola



Cello



String Bass



Percussion



Oboe



Guitar



MU125-
MU325-
MU127-
MU327-
MU129-
MU329-
MU131-
MU331-
MU135-
MU335-
MU137-
MU337-
MU139-
MU339-



MU126,
MU326
MU128,
MU328
MU130,
MU330,
MU132,
MU332,
MU136
MU336
MU138
MU338,
MU140
MU340



MU225-
MU425-
MU227-
MU427-
MU229-
MU429-
MU231-
MU431-
MU235-
MU435-
MU237-
MU437-
MU239-
MU439-



MU226;
MU426
MU228;
MU428
MU230;
MU430
MU232;
MU432
MU236;
MU436
MU238;
MU438
MU240;
MU440



Students receive private instruction in the technique
and art of correct and expressive playing of the musi-
cal instruments. Music majors will choose a primary
instrument (to be taken eight semesters) and a sec-
ondary instrument (to be taken at least four semes-
ters). A piano proficiency exam, stressing sight-read-
ing and accompanying, must be passed, in most
cases, at the end of the Sophomore year.

1 one-half hour lesson weekly.

Vz credit each semester.

1 one-hour lesson weekly.

1 credit each semester.

MU133 Voice Class
Fall Semester

Group study of the fundamentals of the singing tech-
nique and vocal literature, with individual attention.
A prerequisite course for private vocal study.

2 classes weekly. 1 credit hour.

Performance Courses

MU141-MU142; MU241-MU242;
MU341-MU342; MU441-MU442
Choir

Good choral literature of various styles is studied,
including folk and religious music, classical and
semi-classical compositions. At least one public per-
formance is given each semester. A desire to sing is
the only prerequisite. Membership by audition by the
instructor.

3 rehearsals weekly.

1 credit each semester.



138



Course Descriptions



MU143-MU144; MU243-MU244;
MU343-MU344; MU443-MU444
Madrigal Singers

A vocal chamber group consisting of approximately
20 singers selected by audition, tor the purpose of
study and performance of Renaissance and Baroque
\'Ocal music plus 20th century vocal chamber music.
2 rehearsals weekly.

1 credit each semester.

MU145-MU146; MU245-MU246;
MU345-MU346; MU445-MU446
Guitar Ensemble

A studv of ensemble performance incorporating
works for two or more guitars, or guitars in combina-
tion with other instruments and voice. Literature
ranges from the Renaissance to contemporary.

2 hours. 1 credit each semester.

MU147-MU148; MU247-MU248;
MU347-MU348; MU447-MU448
Percussion Ensemble

To provide percussionists with an opportunity to play
challenging music written specifically for their instru-
ment. The percussion ensemble requires its members
to be schooled in all areas of percussion.
2 hours. 1 credit each semester.

MU151-MU152; MU251-MU252;
MU351-MU352; MU451-MU452
Concert Band

Training in the interpretation of concert band music:
the classics through contemporary pop literature. The
concert band performs concerts and supplies music
for graduation ceremonies. Membership is open to all
students who have had previous concert band or
stage band experience.
2 rehearsals weekly.

1 credit each semester.

MU153-MU154; MU253-MU254;
MU353-MU354; MU453-MU454
Stage Band

A jazz-oriented group of instrumentalists who per-
form for various functions both on and off campus.
Instrumentation: 4 trumpets, 2 alto saxes, 2 tenor
saxes, 1 baritone sax, 4 trombones, piano, bass, and
drums. Membership is open to ail students who have
had concert band or stage band experience.

2 rehearsals weekly.

1 credit each semester.



MU155-MU156; MU255-MU256;
MU355-MLI356; MU455-MU456
Symphony Orchestra

A concert organization which studies and performs
the standard orchestral literature and selected con-
temporary composition. Membership is required of
String majors and open to wind and percussion stu-
dents by audition.

Rehearsal as scheduled.

1 credit each semester.

Historical and Theoretical Courses

MU150 Music Fundamentals
Fall Semester

Music Fundamentals is an introduction to the study
of music theory. Music notation, scales, intervals,
chords, and rhythms are explored through seeing,
hearing, writing, singing, and playing.
3 class periods. 3 credit hours.

MU260 The Appreciation of Music
Fall-Spring Semesters

The study of Western man's changing attitude to-
ward himself and his environment and the musical
styles and techniques developed to express them.
3 class periods. 3 credit hours.

MU161 Music Theory I
Spring Semester

Study of music notation, basic musicianship, fig-
ured-bass harmony, and keyboard harmony. Prereq-
uisite: MU150 or permission of instructor.
3 class periods. 3 credit hours.

MU162 Aural Training I
Fall Semester

Development of the skills of sight-singing and me-
lodic, harmonic, and rhythmic dictation. Must be
taken in the same semester with MU161.
1 class period. 1 credit hour.

MU163 Music Theory II
Fall Semester

Continuation of MLI161, which is a prerequisite.
3 class periods. 3 credit hours.

MLn64 Aural Training II
Spring Semester

Continuation of MU162, which is a prerequisite.
Must be taken in the same semester with MU163.
1 class period. 1 credit hour.

MU261 Music Theory III
Spring Semester

Continuation of MU163, which is a prerequisite.
Emphasis is on the extra-tonal chords developed in
the nineteenth century.

3 class periods. 3 credit hours.



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of Pennsylvania



MU262 Aural Training III
Fall Semester

Continuation of MU164, which is a prerequisite.
Must be taken in the same semester with MU261.
1 class period. 1 credit hour.

MU263 Music Theory IV
Fall Semester

Continuation of MU261, which is a prerequisite.
Emphasis is on the styles developed in the twentieth
century.

3 class periods. 3 credit hours.

MU264 Aural Training IV
Spring Semester

Continuation of MU262, which is a prerequisite.
Must be taken in the same semester with MU263.

1 class period. 1 credit hour.

MU272 Jazz History
Spring Semester

Traces the historical development of jazz from its pre-
history at the end of the 19th century to the present.
3 class periods. 3 credit hours.

MU361 Music History I
Fall, even numbered years

A historical study of the various styles and forms of
music in western civilization from the time of earliest
recorded history until the eighteenth century.
3 class periods. 3 credit hours.

MU362 Music History II
Spring, odd numbered years

A historical study of the various styles and forms of
music in western civilization from the time of the
eighteenth century to the present.

3 class periods. 3 credit hours.

MU364 Counterpoint
Spring Semester

A study of the contrapuntal styles of the 18th & 19th
centuries. Prerequisite: MU263.

3 class periods. 3 credit hours.

MU461 Orchestration
Fall, odd numbered years

A study of the instruments of the orchestra and how
to compose and arrange music for them.

2 class periods. 2 credit hours.

MU462 Conducting
Spring, even numbered years

A study of the techniques of musical leadership, es-
pecially score preparation and gesture. Prerequisite:
MU461.

2 class periods. 2 credit hours.



MU498, MU499 Independent Study

The Independent Study Program affords an opportu-
nity for the student who wishes to undertake a well-
defined research project. While the student conducts
his work under the guidance of a faculty member of
his own choosing, the project is carried out in an in-
dependent manner without regular class meetings.
Effective independent study is characterized by a re-
duction in formal instruction and an increase in the
individual student's responsibility in the learning
process.

1 to 3 credits each semester.

Music Education Courses

MU374 Music in the Elementary School
Spring Semester

A study of the music subject matter, methods, and
activities appropriate for elementary general music.
Prerequisite: MU150 or permission of instructor.
3 class periods. 3 credit hours.

PHILOSOPHY AND RELIGION

Both philosophy and religion play important
roles in the humanities. Courses in philosophy offer
students a breadth of cultural grasp and a power of
logical analysis which are of value in many fields.
Studies in religion are designed to help students gain
an understanding of the history and literature of reli-
gion and insight into its nature and meaning.

Philosophy

P221 Introduction to Philosophy
Fall-Spring Semesters

An examination of the fundamental problems of phi-
losophy including a brief survey of the different phil-
osophical schools of thought of historical importance
and contemporary influence.

3 class periods. 3 credit hours.

P223 Modern Moral Values and Social Issues
Fall-Spring Semesters

This course attempts to apply philosophy to the prob-
lems and issues of contemporary life, such as moral
issues (attitudes towards sex, abortion, euthanasia,
homosexuality), political questions (equality of
women, reverse discrimination, civil disobedience,
conflicts between control and freedom), and contem-
porary religious and quasi-religious movements (the
cults and mysticism from Zen to sci-fi).
3 class periods. 3 credit hours.



140



Course Descriptions



P231 Introduction to Logic
Fall, even numbered years

An examination of the basic concepts of informal in-
ductive logic and formal deductive logic with exer-
cises which allow the student to apply these concepts
to arguments.

3 class periods. 3 credit hours.

P321 Epistemology

Spring, even numbered years

Studv of the theory of knowledge. The sources, na-
ture, methods, and validity of knowledge are ana-
Ivzed. Prerequisite: P221.

3 class periods. 3 credit hours.

P331 Metaphysics

Spring, odd numbered years

The study of being, existence, and reality in relation
to different philosophical systems. Prerequisite: P221.
3 class periods. 3 credit hours.

P341 Ethics
Fall Semester

Studv of the notions of right and wrong and the
good, according to ethical theories and practical ap-
plication. Prerequisite: P221.

3 class periods. 3 credit hours.

P343 Ethical Issues in Peace and Conflict
Spring Semester

A studv of central concerns related to war and peace
from an ethical perspective. The course will deal with
ethical principles regarding war, and consider such
issues as human rights, the causes of violence, eco-
logical disorders, population problems and distribu-
tion of global resources, from an ethical standpoint.
Prerequisite: P341 or permission of Instructor.
3 class periods. 3 credit hours.

P351 Aesthetics

Fall, even numbered years

An introduction to theories of art. Analysis of aes-
thetic experience, expression, creation, and structure.
The social role of art and function of aesthetic criti-
cism will be considered.

3 class periods. 3 credit hours.

P361 Contemporary Philosophy
Fall, odd numbered years

The study of contemporary philosophical trends,
both western and eastern, involving analysis, signifi-
cance, background and comparison. Prerequisite:
P221.

3 class periods. 3 credit hours.



Religion

P265 Living Religions
Fall Semester

An introduction to the world's living religions вАФ Hindu-
ism, Buddhism, Taoism, Confucianism, Judaism,
Christianity and Islam. The role of primitive religions
and the confrontation of religions in our contempo-
rary world will also be studied.

3 class periods. 3 credit hours.

P266 Biblical Religions
Spring Semester

An introduction to the Scriptures of Judaism and
Christianity. The historical, literary and religious as-
pects of the Biblical writings will be studied.
3 class periods. 3 credit hours.

P268 Religious Thought and Culture

in Western Civilization
Fall Semester

An investigation of the phenomenon of religion as it
has functioned in western culture. Some comparisons
with religion in eastern culture will be considered.
3 class periods. 3 credit hours.

P369 American Religious Thought

and Culture
Spring Semester

A study of the background of Catholicism, Protes-
tantism and Judaism in the United States, as well as
contemporary American religious movements.
3 class periods. 3 credit hours.




\brk College



of Pennsylvania



DEPARTMENT OF NURSING

The nursing program leads to the degree of
Bachelor of Science with a major in Nursing. The pro-
gram is four years in length and provides opportuni-
ties for generic, transfer, and registered nurse stu-
dents to be admitted to the program.

The purposes of the program are: 1) to prepare
qualified beginning professional nurses who will pro-
vide health service to individuals, families, groups,
and communities in a broad variety of health care set-
tings; 2) to provide an education which prepares the
graduate for advanced study in nursing; and 3) to
provide an educational foundation which prepares
the graduate to assume the responsibility for begin-
ning leadership in nursing.

The graduate of this program will have the foun-
dation for graduate study, will recognize the need for
continuing education, and will be eligible for the
State Board Examination for licensure as a Registered
Nurse.

Admission and Progression

The baccalaureate program in nursing is an
N.L.N, accredited four-year program which leads to
the degree of Bachelor of Science with a major in
Nursing. Admission to York College of Pennsylvania
does not automatically ensure admission to the nurs-
ing program. Admission tothe nursing program does
not automatically ensure progression to the Nursing
major courses which begin at the sophomore level.
All students are accepted on a space available basis.

To be admitted to the nursing program, appli-
cants must meet the following criteria: SAT scores of
900 or better; rank in the upper two-fifths of high
school class; and successful completion of one year of
academic Biology, one year of Chemistry, and Alge-
bra I and II. Transfer students are subject to these
same requirements.

Nursing is a highly structured, intensive pro-
gram which requires dedication and investment of
time. It is strongly recommended that BSlOO Funda-
mentals of Human Biology or BSlll Principles of Bi-
ology be taken by students whose science back-
ground is not strong prior to enrolling in Anatomy
and Physiology. These courses are usually offered at
York College in the fall, spring, and summer.

Requirements for progression to the sophomore
year of the nursing major and retention in the nurs-
ing major are an earned grade point average of 2.5 or
better and a minimum of 2.0 in each required sup-
porting course. In addition, desirable professional
qualities include: aptitude, self-discipline, integrity
and evidence of good physical and mental health.



Students transferring into the sophomore year
must take NlOl Introduction to Professional Nursing
prior to or concurrently with the first clinical nursing
course.

In order to enter the N300 sequence (the junior
level) a student must have earned a "2" or better in
two semesters of Anatomy and Physiology, one se-
mester of Microbiology, two semesters of Chemistry
and nursing courses numbered NlOl, N201, N211,
and N212.

To remain in and progress through the Nursing
major a "C" or better must be obtained in each re-
quired support and nursing course. To pass all clini-
cal nursing courses, a student must receive a satisfac-
tory grade ("2" or better) in both the clinical and the
classroom components of the courses.

A student who has received less than a C (2) in
any nursing course will be permitted to repeat the
course only one time.

CPR certification must be attained prior to enroll-
ment in the first clinical nursing course. American
Red Cross certification in First Aid must be attained
prior to the senior year.

Part-time students may complete all non-nursing
courses prior to registering for nursing courses.

Once admitted to the nursing major, nursing
courses must be completed in five years.

Health Certification, Transportation,
Insurance & Other Costs

Health Certification:

All students must be certified by a physician and
dentist to be of good health and capable of active par-
ticipation in clinical experiences. Physical and dental
certification is due the first of July preceeding the
sophomore, junior, and senior years. Forms are avail-
able in the Department office. The usual college ad-
mission physical examination is also required. Health
records must be submitted prior to registration or stu-
dents will not be permitted to register.

Transportation:

All students must provide their own transporta-
tion to all clinical facilities beginning with the sopho-
more year.

Liability Insurance:

All students in the sophomore, junior, and sen-
ior years registered for the clinical courses must carry
liability insurance payable at the College business of-
fice.

Uniforms:

Students must purchase specified York College
uniforms. These uniforms may only be worn during
planned clinical assignments supervised by YCP



Course Descriptions



nursing faculty.

Miscellaneous:

Other costs may include standardized tests,
medical insurance, immunizations, graduate pin,
subscriptions to professional journals, textbooks, ref-
erence books, and preparation of an application for
the State Board Examination.
Nursing

NlOl Introduction to Professional Nursing
Fall-Spring Semesters

A study of the evolution of professional nursing and
the forces in society which have influenced nursing.
The role of the nurse as a professional person, current
trends and issues in nursing, health care, the health
care deliver}^ system and the role of members of the
health care team will be explored.

2 class periods. 2 credit hours.

N201 Human Development and Health Care
Fall-Spring Semesters

A study of normal growth and development through
all life stages. Developmental assessment as part of
the nursing process. Concepts of community and
personal health explored and discussed. Selected
agencies providing care and services to clients
throughout the life span may be utilized for observa-
tional visits related to human development.
2 class periods. 2 credit hours.

N202 Nutrition in Health Care
Fall-Spring Semesters

A studv of normal nutrition and the motivational,
social, economic, and cultural factors influencing nu-
trition through all life stages. Assessment of the nu-
tritional states of clients as part of the nursing proc-
ess. Selected individuals and health care agencies
providing services to clients of all ages utilized for
assessment of client needs and for developing appro-
priate diets. Either prerequisite or corequisite: S123
and S124.

2 class periods. 2 credit hours.

N211 Principles of Health Care Practices I
Fall Semester

Principles underlying health care, human basic
needs, activities of daily living; and rehabilitation as
part of healthful living. Introduction to the nursing
process and the nursing history. Experience in utili-
zation of the nursing process with clients experienc-
ing minimal health needs as related to developmental
tasks. Selected processes of intervention. Learning
experiences in simulated or real clinical settings. Pre-
requisite: Admission to the Nursing major. Corequi-
site: BS212, N201.



2 class periods.

2 three-hour laboratory periods.

4 credit hours.

N212 Principles of Health Care Practices II
Spring Semester

A continuation of Principles of Health Care Practice 1.
Includes pharmacology and administration of medi-
cations; stress, adaptation and coping mechanisms;
basic nursing modalities; intervention and evaluation
of care processes. Practice includes selected physical
assessment, and cognitive, interpersonal, and psy-
chomotor skills to be mastered. Prerequisite: N201,
N211, BS212, BS241. Corequisite: N202, BS213.

2 class periods.

2 three-hour laboratory periods.

4 credit hours.

N220 Assessment Skills in Health

Care Practice
Fall-Spring Semesters

Basic assessment skills relative to physical examina-
tion and history taking are an integral part of the
nursing process. This course is designed to provide a
knowledge base of adult assessment skills. The em-
phasis of the course is the systematic evaluahon of
the body systems. Through practice and use of skills
learned, the student will develop an ability to identify
normal physical findings and to distinguish abnormal
signs. Assessments will include head and neck,
chest, heart, breast, musculoskeletal, abdomen, the
neurological system, and mental status assessment.
Adaptation of selected assessment skills to specific
age groups such as children and the elderly will also
be included. Lectures will be reinforced by laboratory
practice sessions.

3 class periods. 3 credit hours.

N230 Clinical Practice: Operating Room
Summer Session

An elective course. Application of the nursing proc-
ess in the nursing care of operative patients during
surgical procedures; study of Operating Room proce-
dures; supervised experience in nursing practice in
the Operating Room. Prerequisite: Completion of all
course requirements in the sophomore year.

1 class period.

2 three-hour laboratory periods.

3 credit hours.



York College



of Pennsylvania



N235 Applied Pharmacology

Principles of pharmacology applied to clinical nursing
care. In-depth study of selected groups of drugs and
related nursing activities associated with their use.
Laboratory sessions will be conducted on nursing
units of health care facilities. Prerequisite: N211,
N212.

2 class periods.

1 laboratory period.

3 credit hours.

N301 Family and Health in Long-Term Care
Fall-Spring Semesters

The family as a codeterminant of individual states of
health will be emphasized in relationship to bio-
psychosocial concerns of long-term and relatively
steady nature. Family assessment as part of nursing
process will be included. Values and patterns of indi-
viduals will be explored in relationship to individual
life experiences within a family and culture. Health
promotion, maintenance and restoration as well as
continuity of care will be stressed for both mental and
physical dimensions. Principles underlying the adap-
tation of behavior to that of others and to give circum-
stances and to changing the society through leader-
ship will be emphasized. A family study will be a
course requirement. Laboratory sessions will be con-
ducted in simulated and real laboratories such as hos-
pital in-patient settings and long-term care facilities in
the community. Prerequisite: N202, N212 and Junior
standing in the Nursing major.

3 class periods.

Laboratory periods which total twelve hours
each week.

7 credit hours.

N302 Family and Health in Child-Bearing

and Child-Rearing Families
Fall-Spring Semesters

The family as a codeterminant of individual states of
health will be emphasized in relationship to bio-
psychosocial concerns of normal maternity cycle, ef-
fects of newborn upon the family members, of illness
and hospitalization of child and family, of growth
and development deviations such as learning disabil-
ities, mental retardation and emotional problems.
Family assessment as part of nursing process will be
included. Values and patterns of individuals will be
explored in relationship to individual life experiences
within a family and culture. Health promotion, main-
tenance and restoration as well as continuity of care
will be stressed for both mental and physical dimen-


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