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The Yorkshire
Archaeological Journal

Yorkshire Archaeological Society



^y^ 4-1.4'



Harbarlr College l.ibrars

FROM THE FUND OF

CHARLKS MINOT

(Glass of 1828)



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' I



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THE

YORKSHIRE ARCH^OLOGICAL
JOURNAL.



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THE



YORKSHIRE ARCH^OLOGICAL
JOURNAL.



PUBLISHED UNDER THE DIRECTION OF
THE COUNCIL



l?orft0b(rc Brcb«olofiical Society*
VOL. XVII.

^ISSUED TO MEMBERS ONLY.^



LEEDS:

PRINTED FOR THR SOCIETY BY

JOHN WHITEHEAD & SON, ALFRED STREET, BOAR LANE.

MCMIII.



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xA



^s^ frh4-




TrioLi r/y<-<- ^ ^ ^



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r



PREFACE.



The contents of this volume do not call for any special
remark. Mr. J, Eyre Poppleton is to be congratulated
on the completion of his description of the Church Bells
of the West Riding. Those in the North Riding still
remain to be done. Mr. Mill Stephenson has sent a
further instalment of his most valuable series of papers
on the Monumental Brasses in this county, this time one
containing those in the North Riding. The concluding
paper, describing the brasses existing in the city of York,
will appear in the next volume. Canon Fowler has
again proved himself a good friend of the Society by
sending articles on matters of a more or less ecclesias-
tical nature. Writers of articles in former volumes, as
Mr, Chadwick, Dr. Leadman, Mr. Clay, Dr. Fairbank, and
Canon Wordsworth, continue to show their interest in
the Society by contributing to the pages of the JournaL
A considerable portion of Paver's Marriage Licenses is
given in this volume.

The Council desires to take this opportunity of thank-
ing all these and other contributors for their various
papers, and has only to add that in this, as in former
volumes, the contributors alone are responsible for the
opinions and statements made in their several papers.

lo. Park Street, Leeds,
October^ 1903.



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CONTENTS.



Preface
Contents .
Illustrations .
Addenda et Corrigenda .



FAGB
V

vii
ix
xi



Notes on the Bells of the Ancient
Churches in the West Riding of



Yorkshire .





. J. Eyre Poppleton .


1


Do.


do.


do.


192


Do.


do.


do.


434


'. Hilda





Alex. D. H. Leadman,
F.S.A.


33



Robert H. Skaife



The Will of Timothy Bright, M.D.,
Rector of Meihley and Barwick-
in-Elmet, 161 5

Testamentum Willelmi de Ledes,
filii et heredis Rogeri de Ledes,
Factum ....

Yorkshire Briefs

Danby v. Sydenham : A Restoration
Chancery Suit

The Normanby Effigy

Yorkshire Deeds

Humberston's Survey

Paver's Marriage Licenses (Part XVI) J. W. Clay, F.S.A.

Early Inscription in Bilsdale
Church ....



SO

55
59

72

94

96

129

155

237



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VUl CONTENTS.

Notes on Yorkshire Churches

The Feast Days of St. Hilda

Some Legends of St. Nicholas, with
special reference to the Seal of
pocklington grammar school .

Monumental Brasses in the North
Riding ....

Vescy of Brampton-en-le-Morthen

IN THE PARISH OF TrEETON, CO.

York, and their Descendants .

Grave-Slab of Abbot Barwick in
Selby Abbey Church, 1526

Treason in 1685

Two Yorkshire Charms or Amulets:
Exorcisms and Adjurations

The Rectory of Fishlake .

Kirklees Priory

Notes : —

LXXXII.— Haliwerfolk .

LXXXIII. — Inscription formerly
at Dewsbury



Sir Stephen Glynne,




Bart.


241


George Buchannan


249


Canon J. T. Fowler,




D.C.L., F.S,A.


254


Mill Stephenson,




B.A., F.S.A.


261



C. E. B. Bowles, M.A. 340



Canon J. T. Fowler,



D.C.L., F.S.A.


373




374


Rev. Christopher




Wordsworth, M.A.


377


F. R. Fairbank, M.D.,




F.S.A.


413


S. J. Chadwick, F.S.A.


420


Canon J. T. Fowler,




D.C.L., F.S.A.


127


do.


128



Index



. 463



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ILLUSTRATIONS.



FAGB

Yorkshire Church Bells— Plates IX-XV . to face i

Plates XVI-XX . „ 192

Seal of Whitby Abbey . , • »i 43

Seals of the Corporation of Hartlepool • « 43

Harwood Dale Chapel — From the South-East . . » 78

From the South-West. „ 78

South Door • »> 79

Interior, looking East . . „ 79

The Normanby Effigy — Left side • » 94

Right side . . . ,, 94

Plate of Seals • . . . • }> 100

Inscriptions in Bilsdale and Kirkdale Churches „ 237

Seal of Pocklington Grammar School „ 254

Monumental Brasses: —

Alddoroughy near Boroughbridge — William de Aldeburgh,

■ circa 1360 .... 264

By/and Abbey — Casement of Brass to an Abbot,

fifteenth century . . . to face 268

Farcett — Mrs. Anne Underbill, 1637 . . • ,1 276

GilHngy near Helmsiey — Robert Wellington, Rector, 1503 „ 276

Helmsley — Crest of the Manners Family . 281

Hornby — Christopher Conyers and wife Ellen, 1443 • ^84

„ ' Thomas Mountford, 1489, and wife Agnes io face 286

Kirby Moorside — Lady Brooke, 1600 „ 292

Kirkleatham — Dorothy Turner, 1628 . „ 296

„ Robert Coulthirst, 1631 . . 299



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X ILLUSTRATION^!.

PACK

Monumental Brasses {continued)'.—

Roxby Chapel — Thomas Boynton, Esq., 1523 . to face 304

Sessay — Thomas Magnus, Archdeacon of the East

Riding, 1550 .... 310

„ Palimpsest Portions of Brass to Thomas Magnus 311

Sheriff Hutton — Thomas and Agnes Wytham,

circa 1480 .... to face 314

„ Mary Hall, 1657 . . 319

West Tanfield — Thomas Sutton, Rector, circa 1490 . 320

Topcliffe — Thomas de Topclyff and wife Mabel, 1391 to face 326

Wensley — Sir Simon Wensley, Rector, circa 1360 . 334

W^rZ/jf^f— Ralph Wiclif, 1606 . . 338

The Hall, Brampton-en-le-Morthen . . , to face 360

Incised Slab from Selby Abbey Church —

John Barwick, Abbot 1 522-1526 . „ 373

Two Charms from the Ingleby Arncliffe Crucifix . „ 402



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ADDENDA ET CORRIGENDA.



Page 33, notes, col. 2, line 11. For Hillersley read Hillerslev.

„ 46, line 2 from bottom. For so read to.

„ 47, line 9. For so read to.

,, 57, line II from bottom. October 9, 1635. Licence for Mary and Dorothy
Falkingham, sisters of John Falkingham, to enter upon the manor of
Norlhall-juxla-Leeds. (Deputy Keeper of Public Records Reports^
xlviii, 547.)

,, 58, lines 7 and 8. Colonel Edmund ^Ison points out that Mr. Skaife has
made a mistake as to the position of the manor of North Hall.
This manor was situated near the bottom of Lady Lane, pretty nearly
due north from the parish church. See Thoresby Society^ ix, 2, and
accompanying map. Mr. Skaife Sifates that the manor was on the
east side of Leeds, but he has hardly made sufficient allowance for
the growth of the town since Elizabeth's reign. The Northall Street
mentioned in Mr. Skaife's article leads from Burley Street to Kirkstall
Road, not to Wellington Road, which is on the other side of the river.

,, 66, line 5. For Quarters read Quarter Sessions.

,, 77, line II from bottom. For Anne read Elizabeth.

,, 87, note 3. For an account of brasses of the Danby family at Kirkby
Knowle see page 290.

„ 104, line 8 from bottom. For Marlon's read Martin's.

„ 109, line 3 from bottom. For Gosser recui Goffer, and also on page no, line 2.

,, III, notes, col. 2, line 3. For Robert read Richard.

,, 118, line 13. For I. T. readT. H. These are the initials of Thomas Howden.
Sheriffs were first instituted in York in the place of bailiffs in the
year 1396.

,, 119, line 12. Isabel Maulevcrer was daughter of Robert Urswick.
(Vol. X, I49«.)

„ 1 88, line 20. For Osbaldkirk read Oswaldkirk.

„ 239, line 4 from bottom. For AEDpARD read EADpARD.

fi 338, lines 4 and 12. For Roger read Ralph.

„ 342, line 13. For Alice read Isabel.

,, 344, line 3 from bottom. For Thryburgh read Thrybergh, and also on

page 345» line 3.

„ 360, line 19 from bottom. For Matildore recui Matild?.



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^r 7^ ^



THE



YORKSHIRE



Hrcba^ologtcal Journal.



PUBLISHED UNDER THE DIRECTION OF
THE COUNCIL

OP THE

l?orft0bire Hrcba^ological Society



Part 65.

(BEING THE FIRST FART OF VOLUME XVII.)
IISSUED TO MEMBERS ONLY.']



LEEDS:

PRINTED FOR THE SOCIETY BY

JOHN WHITEHEAD & SON, ALFRED STREET, BOAR LANE.

MCMil.



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K^^ The Council of the Society are not responsible for any
statements or opinions expressed in the YORKSHIRE
ARCH>EOLOGICAL JOURNAL, the Authors of the various
Papers being alone responsible for the same.



CONTENTS OF PART 65.

(Being the First part of Volume XVII.)



PAOB

Bells in the West Riding of
Yorkshire J. Eyre Poppleton . . i

St. Hilda A. D. H. Leadman, F.S.A. 33

Will of Timothy Bright, M.D.,
Rector of Methley and Bar-
wick-in-Elmet, 1 61 5 .50

Testamentum Willelmi de Ledes,
FiLii et heredis Rogeri de
Ledes Robert H. Skaife . . 55

Yorkshire Briefs 59

Danby V, Sydenham : A Restora-
tion Chancery Suit 72

The Normanby Effigy 94

Yorkshire Deeds 96

Notes — LXXXIL — Haliwerfolk Rev. Canon Fowler, F.S.A. 127
LXXXin. — Inscription

formerly at Dewsbury ,, „ „ „ 128



fillttgtrationjs.



• Yorkshire Church Bells -Plates ix-xv

^ Seal of Whitby Abbey

• Seals of the Corporation of Hartlepool .
^ Harwood Dale Chapel from the South

J ,, „ FROM THE South-west

• „ ,, from the South-east

^ „ ,, Interior looking East

• The Normanby Effigy — Left Side .

„ „ Right Side



to face



FAUK

I

43
43

78

79
94
94



CJe lotkgjite jpamfj i^gbter ^otutg.

The Society was formed in 1899 for the purpose of printing the older Registers
of the county. The following have been either issued or are in the press : — York—
St. Michael-le-Belfrey, Burton Fleming, Horbury, Winestead, Lin ton-in- Craven,
Stokesley, Patrington, Blacktoft, Scorborough, Bingley, Kippax, Hampsthwaite, Wath-
on-Deame, and Brantingham.

Subscription, One Guinea per annum. President: Sir George Armytage, Bart.;
Hon, Treasurer: J. W. FouRNESS, Victoria Chambers, South Parade, Leeds; Hon.
Secretaries: Francis Collins, M.D., Pateley Bridge; G. D. Lumb, 65, Albion Street,
■■'"' '^ to whom applications for membership should be sent.



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56.



Plate IX.



54.



57-



58.

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64.



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Plate XI








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Plate XII







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Plate XIII,



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Plate XIV.



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Plate XIV.



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Plate XV.



66.



69. 67.

70.



72-
73-
71-



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AS<L IU,<>,1



THE



[orblire ^rc|$0l00kal InirrnaL



NOTES ON THE BELLS

OF THE ANCIENT CHURCHES OF THE

WEST RIDING OF YORKSHIRE.

By J. EYRE POPPLETON.



'* Continued from VoL XVI, page 83,)

DIOCESE OF YORK.

Archdeaconry of York {continued).



{The Jig^tres in brackets throufihout these notes refer to the illusiraiioHs.)



(e) Deanery of Selby.
BRAMHAM (All Saints). Six bells.

These were cast in 1875 ^Y Messrs. Warner & Co., and have
only the makers' name, &c.

The three old bells which previously hung in the tower were
destroyed by a fire on Christmas Day, 1874. I am told that they
bore only the names of two or three churchwardens.

BRAYTON (St. Wilfrid). Three bells.

1. GLORIA IN ALTISSIMIS DEO 1 769

(lower) l^n!f"k ^'^^ frieze of bells similar to <')

30 in. dia.

2. GLORIA IN ALTISSIMVS DEO 1706

(lower) {ew}^'^ 33 in. dia.

35i in. dia.
VOL. XVII. A



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2 THE YORKSHIRE ARCHi^SOLOGICAL JOURNAL.

CAWOOD (All Saints). Three bells.

1. GLORIA IN ALTISSIMIS DEO 1674

(lower) EW ^'^ 32 in. clia.

2. * (55) Smtit M-VL^xtt ©ta )e>ro ;Ci.ofai0 ^'>

34i in. disi.

3. GLORIA DEO PAX HOMINIBVS W.M.VIC. 1674

(lower) G.W. i.T. ^Z^,^s {il\^'^

36 in. dia.

The second bell is said to have been brought from the Chapel

of the old Palace at Cawood of the Archbishop of York. Up to

about 1850 a bell was rung every Sunday at 8 a.m.

HAZLEWOOD CASTLE CHAPEL (St. Leonard). One bell.

GLORIA IN ALTISSIMIS DEO 1680

(lower) RECAST BY MEARS & STAINBANK LONDON 1 869

There were formerly two bells. This chapel was formerly a
Parish Church, and was granted to the Vavasour of the day in
reward for his loyalty during the threatened attack of the Spanish
Armada, It is said to be, with one exception, the only Parish
Church in England which has never witnessed the Anglican rite
{Church Times^ 11 January, 1889).

LEAD (St. Mary).

There is now one bell, 8 in. diameter, without mark or inscription,
but the old bell-cot has evidently been made for one much larger.

KIRBY WHARFE (St. John Baptist). Three bells.

1. GOD SAVE OVR CHVRCH AND QVEEN 160I W O <3»)

(lower) Royal arms (See Plate xiv.)

32 in. dia.

2. (This bell has no inscription or mark, but I judge it to be of

1 8th century.)

34 in. dia.

3. lESVS BE OVR SPEED 1623

36 in. dia.

LOTHERTON CHAPEL. One bell.

DALTON YORK FECIT 1 777

MONK FRYSTON (St. Mary). Three bells.

1. SING PRAISE TO THE LORD 1658 <*>

2. JESVS SAVE OVR CHVRCH 1610

3. GLORIA IN EXCELSIS DEO 1675

/I \ r « CHVRCH / SS ) (i)

(lower) T, B wARDKN \ Eborr



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BELLS IN THE WEST RIDING OF YORKSHIRE. 3

NEWTON KYME (St. Andrew). Three bells.

1. VENITE EXVLTEMVS DOMINO 1768 |^Rb^"[

2. TE DEUM LAUDAMUS 1 768 ^DaUonV

3. THOMAS FAIRFAX ESQ« PATRON 1 ^^''o f

V Ebor J

(on rim) THESE three bells were recast and enlarged

BY A LEGACY LEFT BY NICHOLAS GIRLING LATE
rector OF THIS PARISH 1 768

RYTHER (All Saints). One bell.

J. WARNER & SONS CRESCENT FOUNDRY LONDON 1 856



PATENT.

The two former bells, having been cracked by ringing at the
Squire's birth or wedding, were recast into the above.

SAXTON (All Saints). Three bells.

I. * «55) WBLiWimsi SSallag ©e aaiton^*) atmiger fecit jFieti fHe(^>
[Arms of France and England quarterly.<59)]
(lower) *«^5) Sancte iWtergareta ©ra Pro K0f««»4><59)

133 in. dia.
£^6,) j^omen iWagtialene Campana d&nti
""''' i«el0We(59)(64)

36 in. dia.

3. 1^1 (62) In fRxxliisi 2nnig Uewnet Campana Joijannig (59) (64)
SELBY (St. Mary and St. Germans). Eight bells.

1. MEARS LONDON FECIT

(lower) VENITE EXULTEMUS DOMINO JAMES AUDUS 1 863

SEMPER PARATUS

2. MEARS LONDON FECIT

(lower) BENEDICITE OMNIA OPERA

ROBERT ADAMS SELBY JOHN ADAMS SHEFFIELD 1 863

3. T MEARS OF LONDON FECIT 182I

4. CANTATE DOMINO CANTICVM NOVVM 171O

(lower) {il^<"

35J in. dia.

{a) William dc Sallay was Lord of His grandfather was Sheriff of York in
the Manor of Saxton, and died in 1492 I397-S-
( Yorkshire Archaologi£al/ournali x, 300).



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4 THE YORKSHIRE ARCH^OLOGICAL JOURNAL,

5. SOLI DEO GLORIA PAX HOMINIBVS 1710 MICHAEL MARSHALL

(lower) {E^forr^'^

37J m. dia.

6. VOCO VENI PRECARE 17x0 GALFRID RISHTON MINISTER

40J in. dia.

7. VT TVBA SIC SONITV DOMINI CONDVCO COHORTES 1710

(lower) {itV'^

44 in. dia.

8. MEARS LONDON FECIT

DE PROFUNDIS CLAMAVI

OLIM CAMPANA SANCTI GERMANI RECONFLATA 1710

JOHN WAUD \

JOHN COCK I

^ GUARDIAN I
RICH MORRITT I

JEF PALMER /

ITERVM RECONFLATA I 863

F W HARPER MINISTER

HENRY GREEVES CURATE

THOMAS STANDERINC; \

CHARLES SMITH

y CHURCHWARDENS
GEORGE CHEESMAN

JAMES ARMSTRONG f

(Weight, i8f cwt.)

There was formerly a bell having —

I E \

LAVDATE DOMINUM 1 733 V*^^f''Jj

32f in. dia.

{Mountain,)

Robert Auby gave a ring of bells to the church in 1 6 14. A

tablet let into the west wall of the north transept records this as

follows : —

" Rofet Auby panniculari's.

"Vir honest's atq : de reipub huius oppidi optime

" merit* in honore dei et ornamentu huius ecctiae .

"S. Germani de Selby hoc classicu Tintinabuloru deo

"patriae et patriae deo ex meris suis expensis dicavit

**et in perpetuum consecravit.

"Anno Dni 1614."

The same man devised lands in Selby for maintaining a chime
of bells. jQ$ per annum is now paid out of the foeffee^s estates on
this account.

(Cfiarity Commissioners^ Report^ West Riding, pp. 1 09-1 10.)



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BELLS IN THE WEST RIDING OF YORKSHIRE. 5

Michael Marshall, who died ist January, 1619, gave a bell and
;;^5o to this church.

In 1882 I was told by the clerk that a bell was rung daily at
eight p.m. in winter. \ bell is now rung on weekdays at six a.ni.
and on Sundays at eight a.m.

The chimes formerly went at five and nine a.m. and noon.

(AforrM )
SHERBURN IN-ELMET (All Saints). Eight bells.

1. I CAST BY JOHN WARNER & SONS L^^ LONDON 1897

2. I DIAMOND JUBILEE gUEEN VICTORLV 1 897

M. E. JENKINS VICAR
JOHN COOKE



. CHURCHWARDENS
ARTHUR THOMPSON



I

(Weight, 5 cwt. 3 qrs. each.)

3. CAST BY JOHN WARNER & SONS LONDON 1 878
(lower) THIS BELL WAS GIVEN BY

Wm day . EVERSLEY . GARTH .
SHERBURN . 1 875
(lower) THE LORD TO PRAISE MY VOICE i'LL RAISE

4. SUM DECOHI ECCLESI/E PINUS CEU MONTIBUS ALTIS 1750

( E \(d)

5. HUC PROPERATE MEA VOCE SONANTE VIRI 1750 \^|{'^''j

6. VOX MI HI DATA SACRA EST MAN I BUS ME TANGITE

CASTIS 1750 { Seller r
I Ebor^

7. CAST BY JOHN WARNER & SONS LONDON 1 878

(lower) CAELORUM . SANCTIS . LIMINA . SACRA PATENT . 1750

8. * CUM . SONO . BUSTA . MORI . CUM

PULPITA . VIVERE . DISCE . 1750
(lower) WIL . GILL . VICAR . THO . BONNEL . ROB .

GIBSON . GEO . THO . TURNER . CURATE
WIL . KNOWLES . MICH . HALLILEY .
CLARKSON . CHURCHWARDENS
- RECAST 1878
(lower) JAS. MATTHEWS - VICAR . W. B. BROUGHTON CURATE
H. H. MAWSON I
G. L. LEWIS f CHURCHWARDENS

CAST BY J. WARNER & SONS LONDON 1 878

(Weight, 13 cwt.)
^ A Mtiall mark, similar lo (i), not (5).



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6 THE YORKSHIRE ARCH^OLOGICAL JOURNAL.

In the Exchequer — Queen's Rememb' Miscellanea, 2 and 3
P. and M. y*, is an Indenture, as follows : —

"This Indenture made the xxiiij daye of November in the
second and third yere of the rayne of our soveraigne lord and lady
Phillipe and Mary by the Grace of God Kinge and Quyne of
Ingland France Naples Jerusalem and Ireland Defendours of the
Faythe Princes of Spaine and Giselle Archduke of Austryge Dukes
of Myllan Burgondy and Brabant countyes of Haspurch Flanderres and
Tyroll (1555) Bytwyxte Harry Say vail Esquyer survayare in the West
Rydinge in the Countie of Yorke to owr said soveriynge lord and
lady of the one partye and Syr Henry Hublethorne Knight and
John White of London Alderman of the other partye Wytnesseth
that the said Syr Henry Hobblethorne and John White have
resayvyd at the delyvery of the sayd Harry Sayvayll by forse of a
warrant beringe date the xxiiij daye of Auguste in the fyrst and
second yere of the rayne of our said soveraigne lord and ladye
Phillipe and Marye direct from the right honorable Marcis of
Winchester Lord High tresurer of Ingland and Syr John Baker vice
tresurer of the number of iiij belles remayninge in Sherborne in the
countye of York the ierons taken owte and alowd wayinge thyrtie
one hondreth a halffe and fourten powndes wayght and the charges
dysbursed by the said Sir Henry Hoblethorn and John White
about the wayinge therof and other wyse abowt the same amounteth
unto the some of fyftye fyve shillinges and ten pence as more
playnely appereth by a byll of parsell to this indenture annyxed
In wytnesse wherof as well the said Syr Herry Hoblethorne and
John Whyte as the sayd Syr Herry Sayvayll to this indentures
interchangable have put to ther hand the day and yere above wrytten

By me Herry Hoblethorne
And by me John White.

Costs and charges leyd forthe and expences abowte the taking

forthe and wayinge of the belles remayninge at Scherborne in
Yorkshire : —

For caridge from Scherborne by watter and land

to Hull xvjs iiij^

For cranedge and porters ther and wayinge xj* x**
For survayers charges his servants and horsse

for iiij dayes to delyver the belles wayed . xxvij* viij^

Summa Totallis . . lv« x^^"



Digitized by VjOOQIC



BELLS IN THE WEST RIDING OF YORKSHIRE. 7

From this there appear to have been in the sixteenth century at
least four bells. I gather from the expression "belles remayninge^'
that there may have been more. In 1750 there were three large
bells, then recast into five, of which the firesent 4, 5, and 6 remain.
The third bell was given by Mr. William Day in 1875, l>cing cast by
Messrs. Mears. In 1878 it was found to be too light and also out of
tune, and was recast by Messrs. Warner.

Rev. William Gill was also Vicar of Kirk Fenton, and died
2nd February, 1756.

For the death bell here they ring —

For a man, three strokes three times \
For a woman, two strokes three times then pause

For a boy, three strokes once I and repeat.

For a girl, two strokes once j

TADCASTER (Sl Mary). Six bells.

1. CRY ALOUD LIFT UP THY VOICR LIKE A TRUMPET

2. PRAISE GOD IN THE FIRMAMENT OF HIS POWER

3. MY SOUND IS SWEET ATTEND THE SOLEMN CALL

4. GOD SAVE HIS CHURCH OUR KING AND REALM

5. GLORY TO GOD IN THE HIGHEST HALLELUJAH

IT IS REMARKABLE THAT THESE BKI LS WERE MOULDED IN
THE SIVERE FROST 1 783-4

6. HERE GOD PRESIDES HIS PRESENCE FILLS THE PLACE

JOHN CROSSLEY A.M. VICAR

JOHN POITER AND

RICHARD ILES CHURCHWARDENS 1 784

On each bell also—

C & R D ALTON YORK FOUNDERS 1 784

THORPE ARCH (All Saints). Three bells.

I. iL&s'&is :eer^58) ®isc:bi s^&&j^ 1630 1 h



Online LibraryYorkshire Archaeological SocietyYorkshire archaeological journal, Volume 17 → online text (page 1 of 50)