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HARVARD UNIVERSITY.



LIBRARY

OF THB

MUSEUM OF COMPARATIVE ZO0LOGY.







^A^QimQiL,



OJlSJe^AK V\\o



\



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NOV 30 1901



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BECOKD OF THE PKOGKESS



OP THE



ZOOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF LONDON

DURING THE NINETEENTH CENTURY.



EDITED BY THE SECRETARY.



COMMON 8EAL OF THE
ZOOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF LONDON.



AjONDON :
PRINTED BY WILLIAM CLOWES AND SONS, LIMITED,
STAMFORD STREET AND CHARING CROSS.
1901.



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PKEFACE.



The Council having determined that a record of the
Society's work up to the close of the past century
should be prepared and published, a sub-committee of
the Publication Committee, consisting of Professor G. B.
Howes, F.E.S., Dr. A. Smith Woodward, F.K.S., the
Secretary, and the Vice-Secretary, was appointed to
consider the subject. In conformity with the report of
this sub-committee it was agreed by the Council that
the proposed volume should be entitled " A Eecord of the
Progress of the Zoological Society of London during
the Nineteenth Century/' and that it should contain the
Charter and By-laws, the List of Fellows in 1901, a list
of the Staff on January 1st, 1901, and a short History of
the Society.

The present volume has been prepared in conformity
with this arrangement.

As regards the " Short History of the Society," I was
fortunate enough to find that Mr. Henry Scherren, F.Z.S.,
was engaged in making researches on the early history of
the Society, and, with the approbation of the Council, I
was able to avail myself of his services for this part of the
work, to which he has devoted great care and attention.

By order of the Council, a copy of the Eecord of
Progress will be placed at the disposal of every Member
of the Society.

P. L. SCLATEE,

Secretary.
3, Hanover Square, W.
October 1st, 1901.



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CONTENTS.



Plan op the Gardens op the Zoological Society op
London in the Regent's Park, 1901.

I. The Charter op the Zoological Society op

London (incorporated March 27, 1829) . . 1

II. The By-laws op the Zoological Society op

London (in force on January 1, 1901) . . 7

III. List op the Fellows, and Honorary, Foreign,

and Corresponding Members and Medallists op
the Zoological Society op London (Corrected
to May 31, 1901) :—

Fellows ....... 25

Honorary Members . . . . .132

Foreign Members . . . . .133

Corresponding Members . . . .134

Medallists . . . . . . .142

IV. List op the Permanent Stapp op the Zoological

Society op London, December 31, 1900 . . 144

V. A Short History of the Zoological Society op

London ........ 145

Plan op the Gardens op the Zoological Society op

London in the Regent's Park, 1828 . .150

VI. List op the Principal Officers of the Society

from the Commencement .... 247



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I. THE CHAETEE



OF THE



ZOOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF LONDON.

(INCORPORATED MARCH 27, 1829.)



"George the Fourth by the Grace of God of the
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland King,
Defender of the Faith, To all to whom these Presents
shall come greeting: Whereas several of our loving
subjects are desirous of forming a Society for the objects of the
advancement of Zoology and Animal Physiology, and Society.
the introduction of new and curious subjects of the
Animal Kingdom ; and having subscribed and expended
considerable sums of money for that purpose, have
humbly besought Us to grant unto them, and to such
other persons as shall be elected as hereinafter is men-
tioned, our Eoyal Charter of Incorporation, for the
better carrying on the same : Now therefore know ye,
that We, being desirous to encourage so laudable an
undertaking, have of our especial grace, given and
granted, And We do hereby give and grant, that our incorpora-
right trusty and entirely beloved Cousin and Councillor tion -
Henry Marquis of Lansdowne, our right trusty and
well beloved George Lord Auckland, and our trusty and
well beloved Charles Baring Wall, Esquire, Joseph
Sabine, Esquire, and Nicholas Aylward Vigors, Esquire,
and such others as shall from time to time be appointed
and elected Fellows of the said Society in manner
hereinafter directed, and their Successors, shall for ever
hereafter be, by virtue of these presents, One Body
Politic and Corporate by the name of * The Zoological Corporate
Society of London/ for the purposes aforesaid, and Name -



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2 The Charter of the

by the name aforesaid, to have perpetual succession,
Common and to have a Common Seal, with power and authority
Seal# to alter, break and renew the same at their discretion ;

To sue and be and by the same name to sue, and be sued, to implead
sued, &c. an( j | 3e iHapieade^ an( j answer and be answered unto,

in every Court dr Place of Us, our Heirs and Successors.

And we do constitute and appoint, that the persons

hereby incorporated, and their successors, shall be for

Power to pur- ever able and capable in the law to purchase, receive

chase Lands, an( j possess to them and their Successors any Goods

&c, not ex- *- . .

ceedingattheand Chattels whatsoever, and (notwithstanding the

chaL^he 111 " sta * u * es °* Mortmain) to purchase, hold and enjoy to

yearly value them and their successors any Lands, Tenements, and

iLnt I of 5k Hereditaments whatsoever, not exceeding at the time

£2,000 in the or times of purchasing such Lands, Tenements, and

whole. Hereditaments, respectively, the yearly value at a Eack

Rent of Two Thousand Pounds in the whole. And We

First five do hereby declare and grant that they the said Henry

^Society Marquis of Lansdowne, George Lord Auckland, Charles

named. Baring Wall, Joseph Sabine, and Nicholas Aylward

Any three or Vigors, shall be the first Fellows of the said Society ;

shall, onor m aad *^ a * they or an J r three or more of them shall, and

before the may, on or before the twenty-ninth day of April One

1829, appoint* thousand eight hundred and twenty-nine, under their

t^M 6180118 res P ec ti ve h a ?ds in writing, appoint such other persons

bers of the to be Fellows, Honorary Members, Foreign Members,

Society. an( j Corresponding Members of the said Society, as they

may think fit. And We do further declare and grant,

that for the better government of the said Society, and

for the better management of the Concerns thereof,

there shall from the date of these presents, thenceforth

and for ever, be a President, Treasurer, Secretary, and

Council of the said Society; and that such Council

The Gouncil shall consist of twenty-one Fellows of the said Society,

Fe^s? 1 21 whereof the President, Treasurer, and Secretary shall

be three. And We do further declare, that the said

First Henry Marquis of Lansdowne shall be the first President,

Tourer and the sa ^ Joseph Sabine the first Treasurer, and the said

Secretary Nicholas Aylward Vigors the first Secretary. And that

named.



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Zoological Society of London. 3

they the said Henry Marquis of Lansdowne, George First Fellows,
Lord Auckland, Charles Baring Wall, Joseph Sabine, °J £kem h ma
and Nicholas Aylward Vigors, or any three or more of appoint a
them, shall, and may, under their respective hands, Council -
appoint such other discreet persons, being Fellows of
the said Society, to be Members of the said Council, as
they shall think fit, nevertheless so that the number
thereof shall not exceed twenty-one. And We do
further declare, the aforesaid President, Treasurer, and
Secretary, hereby appointed, and the Council to be
appointed as aforesaid, shall continue in such their First Council
respective offices until the twenty-ninth day of April ^u^ 1 ^ 6
One thousand eight hundred and twenty-nine. And 29, 1829.
We do further direct, that the Fellows of the said The Fellows,
Society, or any eleven or more of them, shall and may, °f them*shai£
on the said twenty-ninth day of April one thousand on the 29th
eight hundred and twenty-nine, and also shall and may every^ear,
on the twenty-ninth day of April, or as near thereto as F en ? 7 e » b ?

, , , . . , , ballot, five

conveniently may be, m every successive year, assemble Members of
together at the then last or other usual place of meeting *| ^J^
of the said Society, and by method of Ballot remove other Fellows
from the then present Council five of the persons of And"^^'
whom it shall be composed ; and also shall and may by remove or
the like method of Ballot elect five other persons, being othirperton
Fellows of the said Society, into the Council, in the who may have
room and stead of those so removed, who, together duirngthT*
with the persons not so removed, shall form the Council y ear in th ©
for the then next ensuing year ; and also shall and dying or° ne
may in like manner remove any other person from the resigning,
said Council who may have been elected as hereinafter
is provided, in the place of one dying or resigning, and
in like manner may either elect another Fellow of the
said Society in the room and stead of the one elected
as aforesaid, or re-elect the one so elected. And also
that the Fellows of the said Society, or any eleven or The Fellows
more of them, shall and may, at the time and in °J; fny eleven
manner aforesaid, by the like method of Ballot, elect elect from
from among the Members of the Council, when formed Jfiongst the

1 1 ? • * • 3 i i Council, a

and elected in manner aforesaid, one person to be President,

B 2



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4 The Charter of the

Treasurer, President, one person to be Treasurer, and one person

fo/thTSlra^ t0 be Secretar y of tlie said Society, for the year then
ing year. next ensuing. And We do further declare and grant,
that in case of the death or resignation of the President,
Treasurer, or Secretary, or of any other Member of the
Council for the time being of the said Society, the
Members for the time being of the Council of the said
The Council Society, or any five or more of them (the whole having
or any five of been duly summoned), shall and may from time to time,
within three within the space of three Calendar Months next after
months, fill guc j 1 feofih or resignation, or as near thereto as con-
vacancy in veniently may be, by method of Ballot elect some other
^^f by person being a Fellow of the said Society, to supply
death or the place of such President, Treasurer, or Secretary, or
resignation, q^qj. Member of the Council so dying or resigning ;
and the person so elected shall be and remain a Member
of the Council of the said Society, and President,
Treasurer, or Secretary, as the case may be, until the
next Annual General Meeting of the said Society
ensuing such election. And We do further will and
President to declare, that the President for the time being so soon
appoint six after his appointment as conveniently may be, shall
Co e uncu r to°be an ^ ma y nominate and appoint any number of persons,
Vice-Presi- being Members of the said Council, not exceeding six,
ensuing year, to be Vice-Presidents of the said Society for the year
ensuing; and in case of the death or resignation of
any person so appointed, he shall and may nominate
and appoint any other person, being a Member of the
Council, in the room or stead of the person so dying or
resigning, for the remainder of the year then ensuing.
And We do further declare and grant, that from and
after the said twenty-ninth day of April, one thousand
Fellows, or eight hundred and twenty-nine, the Fellows of the said
any eleven of Society, or any eleven or more of them, shall and may
the power of have the power from time to time, at the General
electing and Meetings of the said Society, to elect by method of
Members at Ballot such persons to be Fellows, Honorary Members,
General Foreign Members, and Corresponding Members of the
said Society, and such Fellows, Honorary Members,



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Zoological Society of London. 5

Foreign Members and Corresponding Members to
remove from the said Society, as they shall think fit.
And We do further declare and grant, that the Council Council, or
of the said Society for the time being, or any five or ?f y ^Tf h of
more of them (the whole having been duly summoned), whole having
shall and may from time to time nominate and appoint ^onedTto
such persons as they shall think proper, to be Officers appoint and
and Servants for carrying on and executing the neces- officers and
sary concerns of the said Society ; and such Officers and Servants.
Servants to remove as they shall see occasion ; and Council, or
also shall and may have power, according to the best them, V to°
of their judgment and discretion, to make and establish make Orders
such Orders and By-Laws as shall appear to them— and to
useful for the regulation of the said Society, for the *^» ^ 8 "
management of the Estates, Goods, Lands, Eevenues, repeal the
and Businesses thereof, and for fixing and determining same -
the times and places of meeting of the said Society, and
also the times, place, and manner of electing, appointing,
and removing all Fellows, Honorary Members, Foreign
Members, and Corresponding Members of the said
Society, and for regulating and ascertaining as well the
rights, privileges, and advantages as the qualifications
of persons to become Fellows, Honorary Members,
Foreign Members, and Corresponding Members of the
said Society respectively, and also the sum and sums
of money to be paid by them respectively, whether
upon admissions or otherwise, towards carrying on the
purposes of the said Society ; and the same Orders and
By-Laws from time to time, as they may see occa-
sion, to alter, suspend, or repeal, and to make such new
Orders and By-Laws in their stead as they shall think
most proper and expedient, so as the same be not
repugnant to these Presents, or the Laws of this our
Bealm. Provided that no By-Laws to be made, or Notice of By-
alteration or repeal of any By-Law shall be considered JjjJjJJ ^red
to have passed and be binding on the said Society until or repealed,
notice of such By-Laws or such alteration or repeal of ^ven at^ 1Cly
any By-Law shall have been publicly given at a General General
Meeting, nor until the same shall have been hung up b/suspended



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6 The Charter of the Zoological Society of London.

for 3 months in writing in some conspicuous place in the common
in the Meet- Meeting-room of the said Society during the space of

mg-room, and ° . ° r

confirmed by three calendar months, nor until the same shall have

efeven^r been c ° nfirmed b Y method of Ballot by the Fellows of

more Fellows the said Society, or any eleven or more of them, at the

General* next General Meeting of the said Society, to take place

Meeting after after such notices shall have been given as aforesaid. —

aforesaid. -k 1 witness whereof we have caused these our Letters

to be made Patent. Witness ourself at our Palace at

Westminster this twenty-seventh day of March in the

tenth year of our Reign.

" (By Writ of Privy Seal.)

" SCOTT."



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II. THE BY-LAWS

OP THE

ZOOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF LONDON.

(IN FORCE ON JANUARY 1, 1901.)



Chapter I.
Of the Fellows.

Sect. I. Every Candidate for admission as a Fellow of
the Society shall be proposed and recommended by three
or more Fellows, who shall at an Ordinary General
Meeting of the Society cause to be delivered to the
Secretary a paper signed by themselves, signifying the
name, description, and usual place of residence of such
person ; all which shall be certified by at least one of the
recommending Fellows, from his personal acquaintance
with the Candidate.

Sect. II. Every Certificate, having been read at one of
the Ordinary General Meetings, shall be hung up in some
common Room of the Society; and the person therein
recommended shall be balloted for at the next Ordinary
General Meeting after such reading.

Sect. III. No person shall be declared duly elected
unless two-thirds of the number of Fellows balloting shall
vote in his favour.

Sect. IV. Persons so elected shall have immediate
notice thereof transmitted* to them by the Secretary,
accompanied by a copy of the Charter and By-laws.

Sect. V. No person shall be deemed a Fellow until his
admission fee and contribution for the current year be
paid, or the annual payments be compounded for. If any
person elected as a Fellow shall omit to pay the admission
fee and annual contribution (or composition in lieu



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8 The By-Laws of the

thereof) within six months after the day of election, the
Council shall have authority to declare such election void,
unless the admission fee or annual subscription, or both
such payments, be remitted, in whole or in part, by
special order of the Council.

Sect. VI. The admission fee shall be £5. The annual
contribution of every Fellow elected on or before Dec. 6,
1832, shall be £2, and the composition in lieu thereof £20 :
the annual contribution of every Fellow elected after
Dec. 6, 1832, shall be £3, and the composition in lieu
thereof £30 ; but no Fellow elected on or after the first
day of October in any year shall be liable to pay the
annual contribution for that year.

Sect. VII. The payment of the admission fee shall
be considered as distinctly implying the acquiescence of
every Fellow elected into the Society in all the Eules,
Eegulations, and By-Laws thereof.

Sect. VIII. The annual contribution becomes due on
the 1st of January in every year in advance, and is
recoverable as a debt due from the Fellow to the Society
as upon a contract by him or her with the Society for the
payment of the same accordingly ; and if any Fellow
shall omit to pay the same within three months after it
becomes due, the Council shall be" empowered to prevent
such Fellow from exercising his privileges; provided
nevertheless that the Council shall have authority to
restore such defaulter upon payment of arrears.

Sect. IX. When toy Fellow shall be in arrear of his
annual contribution for two years on the day of any
Anniversary Meeting, he shall be apprised by letter,
addressed to his last known place of residence, that unless
the amount due by him be paid before the end of the
current year, his name shall be removed from the list of
Fellows ; and in the event of his omitting to pay the
amount within the time limited, whether the Society
have sued for the same or not, his name shall be removed
accordingly (except under special circumstances at the
discretion of the Council and to be recorded on its
minutes) ; but such removal shall not prejudice the right



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Zoological Society of London. 9

of the Society to sue for or recover the arrears then due
of his annual contribution; provided nevertheless that
the Council may, on ballot, restore the name of any
person so removed, who shall have paid, within two year&
after his removal, the arrears then and subsequently due
by him.

Sect. X. Any Fellow who shall be absent from the
United Kingdom during the space of one year shall, upon
previously giving to the Secretary notice in writing of his
intention, be exempt from the payment of his annual
contribution during such absence.

Sect. XI. Ladies may be admitted as Fellows upon
the same terms, with the same privileges, and under the
same regulations in all respects as gentlemen.

Sect. XII. No Dividend, Gift, Division, or Bonus,
shall be made by the Society, unto or between any of its
Members.

Chapter II.
Withdrawing and 'Removal of Fellows.

Sect. I. Every Fellow, having paid all fees due to the
Society, shall be at liberty to withdraw therefrom upon
giving notice in writing to the President or Secretary.

Sect. II. "Whenever it shall be proposed to remove any
Fellow from the Society, the same shall be done by a
resolution of Council, which shall be read at three suc-
cessive Ordinary General Meetings, and be suspended in
the intervals as in the case of Certificates, and at the last
of the said Meetings the proposition shall be balloted for ;
and if eleven or more'Fellows shall ballot, and two-thirds
of the Fellows .balloting shall vote for such Fellow's-
removal, he shall be removed from the Society accordingly*

Chapter III.
Privileges of Fellows.

Sect. I. The Fellows have the right to be present and
to. vote at all General Meetings ; to propose Candidates.



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10 The By-Laws of the

ior admission into the Society as Fellows ; and (under
such regulations and restrictions as the Council may
deem it expedient to adopt, subject to the approval of a
•General Meeting) to have personal access to the Gardens,
Museum, and other places of a similar nature in the
occupation of the Society ; as also to introduce either
in person or by signed orders, visitors to the same,
according to the regulations of Council.

Sect. II. No Fellow shall be entitled to vote on any
occasion until he shall have paid his Subscription for the
then current year.

Sect. III. Any Fellow of the Society, by making
application (in writing, if required) to the Secretary, may
have the liberty of inspecting any of the manuscript
books or papers belonging to the Society ; the Secretary
liaving it in his power, if he shall deem it expedient, to
refer such application to the Council, by whose direction,
should it be found necessary, the application may be


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Online LibraryZoological Society of LondonA record of the progress of the Zoological society of London during the ... → online text (page 1 of 23)